GSC Falls to UTC 35-0

The Gilmer Free Press

Glenville State’s high-powered offense was unable to get things going against FCS foe UT-Chattanooga Thursday evening, falling by a 35-0 score.

The Pioneers were outscored 21-0 in the first quarter before their defense stepped up. GSC gave up just one third-quarter touchdown and a fourth-quarter score against the home team, which received votes in this week’s FCS Top 25.

The Mocs struck quickly, taking just two plays to cover 49 yards for a 7-0 lead just 1:46 into the game.  UTC added two scoring drives in the first that took combined 5:01 on 13 plays.

GSC was limited to 78 yards of total offense, with 61 coming via the air attack.

Darold Hughes, the reigning WVIAC Offensive Player of the Week, connected on 13 passes with a long of 16 yards. He rushed five times for a loss of 15 yards. The Pioneers’ ground game managed just 17 yards in the game. Rahmann Lee rushed for a team-best 26 yards on nine carries. Robert Jiles led the receivers with three catches for 22 yards.

On special teams, Tanner Collins trotted out to punt seven times. He averaged 39.6 yards per punt with a long of 58. Two of Collins’ kicks were pinned inside the 20.

Terry Reese had a spectacular day on the defensive side of the ball. He registered 14 total tackles, 11 of which were solo stops. One tackle went for a loss of two yards. Reese also had a pass break-up and an interception. Nate Ingersoll added seven solo tackles for the Pioneers.

  Scoring Summary  

            Glenville State (1-2) vs. Chattanooga (1-2)

Date: September 13, 2012 • Site: Chattanooga, TN  • Stadium: Finley Stadium      •  Attendance: 9077

Score by Quarters  Score 
Glenville State     0  0  0  0  0 
Chattanooga         21  0  7  7  35 

1st  13:14  UTC     T. Robinson 44 yd pass from Jacob Huesman (Nick Pollard kick) 
         2 plays, 49 yards, TOP 0:35  0 - 7 
    08:04  UTC     Faysal Shafaat 10 yd pass from Jacob Huesman (Nick Pollard kick) 
         6 plays, 42 yards, TOP 2:21  0 - 14 
    03:45  UTC     Keon Williams 1 yd run (Nick Pollard kick) 
         7 plays, 36 yards, TOP 2:41  0 - 21 
3rd  04:37  UTC     Marquis Green 5 yd run (Nick Pollard kick) 
         3 plays, 28 yards, TOP 0:40  0 - 28 
4th  10:34  UTC     Marquis Green 8 yd run (Nick Pollard kick) 
         10 plays, 66 yards, TOP 4:10  0 - 35 

Kickoff time: 7:05 PM  • End of Game: 9:42    • Total elapsed time: 2:37  
Referee: L. Saunders    •  Umpire: S. Jackson    •  Linesman: C. Conway      •  Line judge: T. Mock      •  Back judge: L. Hedrick    •  Field judge: L. Smith      •  Side judge: J. Neal      •  Scorer: D. Kennedy    • 
Temperature: 80      • Wind: 6 SE    • Weather: Partly Cloudy

Team Statistics

 Team Totals  GSC  UTC 
    Rushing  18 
    Passing  12 
    Rushing Attempts  21  55 
    Average Per Rush  0.8  4.2 
    Rushing Touchdowns 
    Yards Gained Rushing  50  262 
    Yards Lost Rushing  33  32 
    Completions-Attempts-Int  13-24-1  20-33-1 
    Average Per Attempt  2.5  7.5 
    Average Per Completion  4.7  12.4 
    Passing Touchdowns 
    Total offense plays  45  88 
    Average Gain Per Play  1.7  5.4 
Fumbles: Number-Lost  2-1  1-0 
Penalties: Number-Yards  7-39  4-35 
PUNTS-YARDS  7-277  1-49 
    Average Yards Per Punt  39.6  49.0 
    Net Yards Per Punt  37.6  49.0 
    Inside 20 
    50+ Yards 
    Fair catch 
KICKOFFS-YARDS  1-75  6-362 
    Average Yards Per Kickoff  75.0  60.3 
    Net Yards Per Kickoff  54.0  42.3 
Punt returns: Number-Yards-TD  0-0-0  4-14-0 
    Average Per Return  0.0  3.5 
Kickoff returns: Number-Yds-TD  6-108-0  1-21-0 
    Average Per Return  18.0  21.0 
Interceptions: Number-Yds-TD  1-0-0  1-6-0 
Fumble Returns: Number-Yds-TD  0-0-0  0-0-0 
Miscellaneous Yards 
Possession Time  22:39  37:21 
    1st Quarter  6:48  8:12 
    2nd Quarter  4:00  11:00 
    3rd Quarter  7:39  7:21 
    4th Quarter  4:12  10:48 
Third-Down Conversions  2 of 12  10 of 17 
Fourth-Down Conversions  1 of 2  0 of 2 
Red-Zone Scores-Chances  0-0  4-7 
Sacks By: Number-Yards  1-2  4-32 
PAT Kicks  0-0  5-5 
Field Goals  0-0  0-1 


2012: WVIAC Week 3 Men’s Cross Country Preview


Seven WVIAC men’s cross country times will compete in various meets this weekend.

Bluefield State, Concord, Davis & Elkins, Ohio Valley, Seton Hill, West Virginia Wesleyan and Wheeling Jesuit will all be in action.

Bluefield State and Concord will both make the short trek to Blacksburg on Friday evening for the Virginia Tech Invitational. It is the season opener for the Big Blues while the Mountain Lions last raced at the Coastal Carolina Invitational, taking third.

The Griffins will partake in the 34th annual National Catholic Invitational Friday evening while the Bobcats will take part in the Adidas Classic. SHU won the Green Terror XC Challenge last week while WVWC took home the Forest Festival title. The Bobcats are paced by WVIAC Runner of the Week Nathan Whitacre.

Ohio Valley hosts the Fighting Scots Invitational Saturday. The Senators will participate in the event. OVU raced in the Forest Festival last week, marking the first event of the 2012 season for the squad. D&E hosted the Forest Festival, taking fourth.

The Cardinals head to Kutztown, PA, to take part in the Division-II Team Challenge. It marks the first time the team has competed since September 01, when the squad hosted the Bob Creamer Memorial.

Friday, September 14, 2012:
Bluefield State at Virginia Tech Invitational
Concord at Virginia Tech Invitational
Seton Hill at National Catholic Invitational
West Virginia Wesleyan at Adidas Classic

Saturday, September 15, 2012:
Davis & Elkins at Fighting Scots Invitational
Ohio Valley at Fighting Scots Invitational
Wheeling Jesuit at D-II Team Challenge

WVU and Marshall Football - 09.15.12

The Gilmer Free Press


The ninth-ranked Mountaineers had the weekend off.

They took down Marshall in their opener a week earlier, 69-34, and will travel to Washington, DC to plat against James Madison this Saturday.

West Virginia looks to get its high-powered offense motoring and its young defense improving in its second game of the season Saturday at FedEx Field, home of the Washington Redskins.

WVU will be taking on James Madison for the second time since 2004. The Dukes are ranked fourth in the Football Championship Series following a 2-0 start.

This game was scheduled to get a West Virginia game into the D.C.-Baltimore market and for the Redkins to get more events in their stadium, something more NFL teams are doing.

The Mountaineers had a week off after defeating Marshall in its opener. The offense was in mid-season form against the Herd putting up 69 points on the board, but the defense gave up 34.

James Madison upset Virginia Tech two years ago and the Dukes are generally regarded as a solid football team that shouldn’t be taken lightly.

Kickoff from FedEx Field is 4:30 PM.



The Thundering Herd returned to Huntington after their season opening loss to West Virginia to play Western Carolina of the FCS.

Marshall’s offense gained 615 yards of total offense as it flew past the Catamounts for a 52-24 victory.

It was the most yards in a game for MU since it gained 604 against Kent State on October 11, 2003.

Rakeem Cato finished with 377 passing yards to eclipse the 300-passing yard mark for the second straight game.

The Thundering Herd held WCU without a first down until the 14:07 mark of the second quarter.

Marshall will host its former MAC rival, Ohio University, on Saturday for its final tuneup before starting league play.

2012: WVIAC Week 3 Women’s Cross Country Preview


Nine WVIAC women’s cross country teams are slated to compete this weekend.

Bluefield State, Charleston, Concord, Davis & Elkins, Ohio Valley, Pitt-Johnstown, Seton Hill, West Virginia Wesleyan and Wheeling Jesuit will all race.

On Friday, Bluefield State, Charleston and Concord will all participate in the Virginia Tech Invitational. The Lady Blues will be competing in their first meet of the 2012 season. The Golden Eagles will be paced by reigning co-WVIAC Runner of the Week Debbie Amos while the Mountain Lions are coming off a strong third-place finish at the Coastal Carolina Invitational.

The Griffins will participate in the 34th annual National Catholic Invitational. The squad is led by Jeannie Bujdos, who has earned at least a share of the WVIAC Runner of the Week honor each time her team has competed. The team is coming off a title at the Green Terror XC Challenge.

The Bobcats will also compete Friday evening, this time at the Adidas Classic. WVWC is coming off a first-place finish at the Forest Festival. There, Erika Walker took home the individual title. 

On Saturday, The Senators travel to Vienna where the team will participate at the Fighting Scots Invitational. D&E is coming off a sixth-place finish at the Forest Festival last weekend.

OVU competed last weekend at the Forest Festival, marking the first time the team hit the courses in 2012. The squad hosts the Fighting Scots Invitational.

The Lady Cats will participate at the Juniata College Invitational Saturday morning. UPJ has competed in each of the first two weekends of the season, finishing sixth at the SHU Invitational Sept. 1 and ninth at the Waynesburg College Invitational last weekend.

The Cardinals head to Kutztown, Pa., to take part in the D-II Team Challenge. It marks the first time WJU will compete away from home this season, having only raced Sept. 1 at the Bob Creamer Memorial.

Friday, September 14, 2012:
Bluefield State at Virginia Tech Invitational
Charleston at Virginia Tech Invitational
Concord at Virginia Tech Invitational
Seton Hill at National Catholic Invitational
West Virginia Wesleyan at Adidas Classic

Saturday, September 15, 2012:
Davis & Elkins at Fighting Scots Invitational
Ohio Valley at Fighting Scots Invitational
Pitt-Johnstown at Juniata Invitational
Wheeling Jesuit at D-II Team Challenge

Sylvia Lurene Lunsford

The Gilmer Free Press

Sylvia Lurene Lunsford is the name chosen for the third child born to Roberta and Terry Lunsford.

She was born August 30, 2012 at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Hospital of Weston.

The little girl weighed 7-pounds, 4-ounces.

The mother is the former Roberta Helmick of Walkersville, WV.

Both mother and father are employed by Stonewall Resort.

Maternal grandparents are Dave and Debbie Helmick of Walkersville, WV.

Paternal grandparents are Mike and Barbara Lunsford of Camden, WV.

Schaffer Scott

The Gilmer Free Press

Schaffer Scott is the name chosen for the second child, a son, born to Stacy Scott and Dr. Robin Myers Bartlett.

He was born in Taylor Mill, KY, on August 24, 2012.

He weighed 8-pounds, 3-ounces.

He has one sibling, Morgan Lynn.

Maternal grandparents are Robert and Penny Myers of Sitman, PA.

Paternal grandparents are Frieda and the late Gail Bartlett of Bridgeport, WV.

Paternal great-grandparents are the late Harry and Thelma Short of Weston, WV.

Daimeon Zane

The Gilmer Free Press

Ciji Fittro of Clarksburg announces the birth of her fourth child, a son, Daimeon Zane.

He was born August 29, 2012 at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Hospital of Weston.

The little boy weighed 7-pounds, 5-ounces.

Maternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Fittro of Weston, WV.

May Marie Fritz

The Gilmer Free Press

May Marie Fritz is the name chosen for the daughter born to Tabitha Fritz of Burnsville, WV.

She was born August 27, 2012 at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Hospital of Weston.

The little girl weighed 5-pounds, 14-ounces and she has one sibling, Jordan Radcliff.

Maternal grandparents are John and Dotty Fritz of Burnsville, WV.

Taylor Cheyenne Smith

The Gilmer Free Press

Tracy Harris and Kirk Smith of Valley Chapel, WV announce the birth of their daughter, Taylor Cheyenne Smith.

She was born August 29, 2012 at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Hospital of Weston.

The little girl has one sibling, Ethan Queen.

The mother is the former Tracy Dawn Chidester and is a homemaker.

The father is employed by C & J Gasfield Services.

Maternal grandparents are Delores Karickhoff and Randy Chidester of Buckhannon, WV.

Paternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Harold Smith of Weston, WV.

Cabe Isaac

The Gilmer Free Press

Cabe Isaac is the name chosen for a son born to Ricky and Tosha Clem of Weston, WV.

He was boy was born August 07, 2012 at United Hospital Center of Clarksburg.

The little boy weighed 7-pounds, 5-ounces and has two siblings, Cameron and Carter Clem.

The mother is the former Tosha Fisher and is a home maker.

The father is a heavy equipment operator.

Maternal grandparent is Jeff Fisher of Weston, WV.

Paternal grandparents are Rick and Pam Clem of Weston, WV.

G-Comm™: Why Americans Must End America’s Self-Generating Wars [Encore]

This commentary was published on September 05, 2012 on GFP. With all the recent events globally, it is even more important for everyone to read this.

End Wars…..Save American Lives…..Save Innocent Lives
Stop Foreign Aides…..Help America Instead

The most urgent political challenge to the world today is how to prevent the so-called “pax Americana” from progressively degenerating, like the 19th-century so-called “pax Britannica” before it, into major global warfare. I say “so-called,” because each “pax,” in its final stages, became less and less peaceful, less and less orderly, more and more a naked imposition of belligerent competitive power based on inequality.

To define this prevention of war as an achievable goal may sound pretentious. But the necessary steps to be taken are above all achievable here at home in America. And what is needed is not some radical and untested new policy, but a much-needed realistic reassessment and progressive scaling back of two discredited policies that are themselves new, and demonstrably counterproductive.

I am referring above all to America’s so-called War on Terror. American politics, both foreign and domestic, are being increasingly deformed by a war on terrorism that is counter-productive, producing more terrorists every year than eliminates. It is also profoundly dishonest, in that Washington’s policies actually contribute to the funding and arming of the jihadists that it nominally opposes.

Above all the War on Terror is a self-generating war, because, as many experts have warned, it produces more terrorists than it eliminates. And it has become inextricably combined with America’s earlier self-generating and hopelessly unwinnable war, the so-called War on Drugs.

The two self-generating wars have in effect become one. By launching a War on Drugs in Colombia and Mexico, America has contributed to a parastate of organized terror in Colombia (the so-called AUC, United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia) and an even bloodier reign of terror in Mexico (with 50,000 killed in the last six years).1 By launching a War on Terror in Afghanistan in 2001, America has contributed to a doubling of opium production there, making Afghanistan now the source of 90% of the world’s heroin and most of the world’s hashish.2

Americans should be aware of the overall pattern that drug production repeatedly rises where America intervenes militarily – Southeast Asia in the 1950s and 60s, Colombia and Afghanistan since then. (Opium cultivation also increased in Iraq after the 2003 US invasion.)3 And the opposite is also true: where America ceases to intervene militarily, notably in Southeast Asia since the 1970s, drug production declines.4

Both of America’s self-generating wars are lucrative to the private interests that lobby for their continuance.5 At the same time, both of these self-generating wars contribute to increasing insecurity and destabilization in America and in the world.

The Gilmer Free Press

Thus, by a paradoxical dialectic, America’s New World Order degenerates progressively into a New World Disorder. And at home the seemingly indomitable national security state, beset by the problems of poverty, income disparity, and drugs, becomes, progressively, a national insecurity state and one gripped by political gridlock.

The purpose of this paper is to argue, using the analogy of British errors in the late 19th century, for a progressive return to a more stable and just international order, by a series of concrete steps, some of them incremental. Using the decline of Britain as an example, I hope to demonstrate that the solution cannot be expected from the current party political system, but must come from people outside that system.

The Follies of the Late 19th Century Pax Britannica

The final errors of British imperial leaders are particularly instructive for our predicament today. In both cases power in excess of defense needs led to more and more unjust, and frequently counter-productive, expansions of influence. My account in the following paragraphs is one-sidedly negative, ignoring positive achievements abroad in the areas of health and education. But the consolidation of British power led to the impoverishment abroad of previously wealthy countries like India, and also of British workers at home.6

A main reason for the latter was, as Kevin Phillips has demonstrated, the increasing outward flight of British investment capital and productive capacity:

Thus did Britain slip into circumstances akin to those of the United States in the 1980s and most of the 1990s – slumping nonsupervisory wage levels and declining basic industries on one hand, and at the other end of the scale a heyday for banks, financial services, and securities, a sharp rise in the portion of income coming from investment, and a stunning%age of income and assets going to the top 1%.7

The dangers of increasing income and wealth disparity in Britain were easily recognized at the time, including by the young politician Winston Churchill.8 But only a few noticed the penetrating analysis by John A. Hobson in his book Imperialism (1902), that an untrammeled search for profit that directed capital abroad created a demand for an oversized defense establishment to protect it, leading in turn to wider and wilder use abroad of Britain’s armies. Hobson defined the imperialism of his time, which he dated from about 1870, as “a debasement … of genuine nationalism, by attempts to overflow its natural banks and absorb the near or distant territory of reluctant and inassimilable peoples.”9

The earlier British empire could be said by a British historian in 1883 to have been “acquired in a fit of absence of mind,“ but this could not be said of Cecil Rhodes’s advances in Africa. Maldistribution of wealth was an initial cause of British expansion, and also an inevitable consequence of it. Much of Hobson’s book attacked western exploitation of the Third World, especially in Africa and Asia.10 He thus echoed Thucydides description of

how Athens was undone by the overreaching greed (pleonexia) of its unnecessary Sicilian expedition, a folly presaging America’s follies in Vietnam and Iraq [and Britain’s in Afghanistan and the Transvaal]. Thucydides attributed the rise of this folly to the rapid change in Athens after the death of Pericles, and in particular to the rise of a rapacious oligarchy.11

Both the apogee of the British empire and the start of its decline can be dated to the 1850s. In that decade London instituted direct control over India, displacing the nakedly exploitative East India Company.

But in the same decade Britain sided with France’s nakedly expansionist Napoleon III (and the decadent Ottoman empire) in his ambitions against Russia’s status in the Holy Land. Although Britain was victorious in that war, historians have since judged that victory to be a chief cause of the breakdown in the balance of power that had prevailed in Europe since the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Thus the legacy of the war for Britain was a more modernized and efficient army, together with a more insecure and unstable world. (Historians may in future come to judge that NATO’s Libyan venture of 2011 played a similar role in ending the era of U.S.-Russian détente.)

The Crimean War also saw the emergence of perhaps the world’s first significant antiwar movement in Britain, even though that movement is often remembered chiefly for its role in ending the active political roles of its main leaders, John Cobden and John Bright.12 In the short run, Britain’s governments and leaders moved to the right, leading (for example) to Gladstone’s bombardment of Alexandria in 1882 to recover the debts owed by the Egyptians to private British investors.

Reading Hobson’s economic analysis in the light of Thucydides, we can focus on the moral factor of emergent hubristic greed (pleonexia) fostered by unrestrained British power. In 1886 the discovery of colossal gold deposits in the nominally independent Boer Republic of the Transvaal attracted the attention of Cecil Rhodes, already wealthy from South African diamonds and mining concessions he had acquired by deceit in Matabeleland. Rhodes now saw an opportunity to acquire goldfields in the Transvaal as well, by overthrowing the Boer government with the support of the uitlanders or foreigners who
had flocked to the Transvaal.

In 1895, after direct plotting with the uitlanders failed, Rhodes, in his capacity as Prime Minister of the British Cape Colony, sponsored an invasion of Transvaal with the so-called Jameson Raid, a mixed band of Mounted Police and mercenary volunteers. The raid was not only a failure, but a scandal: Rhodes was forced to resign as Prime Minister and his brother went to jail. The details of the Jameson raid and resulting Boer War are too complex to be recounted here; but the end result was that after the Boer War the goldfields fell largely into the hands of Rhodes.

The next step in Rhodes’ well-funded expansiveness was his vision of a Cape-to-Cairo railway through colonies all controlled by Britain. As we shall see in a moment, this vision provoked a competing French vision of an east-east railway, leading to the first of a series of crises from imperial competition that progressively escalated towards World War I.

According to Carroll Quigley, Rhodes also founded a secret society for the further expansion of the British empire, an offshoot of which was the Round Table which in turn generated the Royal Institute of International Affairs. In 1917 some members of the American Round Table also helped found the RIIA’s sister organization, the New York-based Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).13

The Gilmer Free Press

Some have found Quigley’s argument overstated. But whether one agrees with him or not, one can see a continuity between the expansionist acquisitiveness of Rhodes in Africa in the 1890s and the post-war acquisitiveness of UK and American oil corporations in the CFR-backed coups in Iran (1953), Indonesia (1965), and Cambodia (1970).14 In all these cases private acquisitive greed (albeit of corporations rather than an individual) led to state violence and/or war as a matter of public policy. And the outcomes enriched and strengthened private corporations in what I have called the American war machine, thus rendering less weak those institutions representing the public interest.

My main point is that the progressive build-up of the British navy and armies provoked, predictably, a responsive build-up from other powers, particularly France and Germany; and this ultimately made World War I (and its sequel, World War II) all but inevitable. In retrospect it is easy to see that the arms build-up contributed, disastrously, not to security but to more and more perilous insecurity, dangerous not just to the imperial powers themselves but to the world. Because American global dominance surpasses what Britain’s ever was, we have not hitherto seen a similar backlash in competitiveness from other states; but we are beginning to see a backlash build-up (or what the media call terrorism) from increasingly oppressed peoples.

In retrospect one can see also that the progressive impoverishment of India and other colonies guaranteed that the empire would become progressively more unstable, and doomed in its last days to be shut down. This was not obvious at the time; and comparatively few Britons in the 19th century, other than Hobson, challenged the political decisions that led from the Long Depression of the 1870s to the European “Scramble for Africa,” and the related arms race.15 Yet when we look back today on these decisions, and the absurd but ominous crises they led to in distant corners of Africa like Fashoda (1898) and Agadir (1911), we have to marvel at the short-sighted and narrow stupidity of the so-called statesmen of that era.16

We also note how international crises could be initially provoked by very small, uncontrolled, bureaucratic cabals. The Fashoda incident in South Sudan involved a small troupe of 132 French officers and soldiers who had trekked for 14 months, in vain hopes of establishing a west-to-east French presence across Africa (thus breaching Rhodes’ vision of a north-to-south British presence.17 The 1911 provocative arrival (in the so-called “Panther leap” or Panzersprung) of the German gunboat Panzer at Agadir in Morocco was the foolish brainchild of a Deputy Secretary of Foreign Affairs; its chief result was the cementing of the Anglo-French Entente Cordiale, thus contributing to Germany’s defeat in World War I.18


The Pax Americana in the Light of the Pax Britannica

The world is not condemned to repeat this tragedy under the Pax Americana. Global interdependence and above all communications have greatly improved. We possess the knowledge, the abilities, and the incentives to understand historical processes more skillfully than before. Above all it is increasingly evident to a global minority that American hypermilitarism, in the name of security, is becoming – much like British hypermilitarism in the 19th century—a threat to everyone’s security, including America’s, by inducing and increasingly seeking wider and wider wars.

There is one consolation for Americans in this increasing global disequilibrium. As the causes for global insecurity become more and more located in our own country, so also do the remedies. More than their British predecessors, Americans have an opportunity that other peoples do not, to diminish global tensions and move towards a more equitable global regimen. Of course one cannot predict that such a restoration can be achieved. But the disastrous end of the Pax Britannica, and the increasingly heavy burdens borne by Americans, suggest that it is necessary. For American unilateral expansionism, like Britain’s before it, is now contributing to a breakdown of the understandings and international legal arrangements (notably those of the UN Charter) that for some decades contributed to relative stability.

It needs to be stated clearly that the American arms build-up today is the leading cause in the world of a global arms build-up – one that is ominously reminiscent of the arms race, fuelled by the British armaments industry, that led to the 1911 Agadir incident and soon after to World War I. But today’s arms build-up cannot be called an arms race: it is so dominated by America (and its NATO allies, required by NATO policy to have compatible armaments) that the responsive arms sales of Russia and China are small by comparison:

In 2010 …the United States maintained its dominating position in the global arms bazaar, signing $21.3 billion in worldwide arms sales, or 52.7% of all weapons deals, ….

Russia was second with $7.8 billion in arms sales in 2010, or 19.3% of the market, compared with $12.8 billion in 2009. Following the United States and Russia in sales were France, Britain, China, Germany and Italy.19

A year later America’s total dominance of overseas arms sales had more than doubled, to represent 79% of global arms sales:

Overseas weapons sales by the United States totaled $66.3 billion last year, or more than three-quarters of the global arms market, valued at $85.3 billion in 2011. Russia was a distant second, with $4.8 billion in deals.20

And what is NATO’s primary activity today requiring arms? Not defense against Russia, but support for America in its self-generating War on Terror, in Afghanistan as once in Iraq. The War on Terror should be seen for what it really is: a pretext for maintaining a dangerously oversized U.S. military, in an increasingly unstable exercise of unjust power.

In other words America is by far the chief country flooding the world with armaments today. It is imperative that Americans force a reassessment of this incentive to global poverty and insecurity. We need to recall Eisenhower’s famous warning in 1953 that “Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, is in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.”21

It is worth recalling that President Kennedy, in his American University speech of June 10, 1963, called for a vision of peace that would explicitly not be “a Pax Americana enforced on the world by American weapons of war.”22 His vision was wise, if short-lived. After sixty years of the American security system – the so-called “Pax Americana” – America itself is ever more caught up in an increasingly paranoid condition of psychological insecurity. Traditional features of American culture – such as respect for habeas corpus and international law – are being jettisoned at home and abroad because of a so-called terrorist threat that is largely of America’s own making.


The Covert US-Saudi Alliance and the War on Terror

Of the $66.3 billion in U.S. overseas arms sales in 2011, over half, or $33.4 billion, consisted of sales to Saudi Arabia. This included dozens of Apache and Black Hawk helicopters, weapons described by the New York Times, as needed for defense against Iran, but more suitable for Saudi Arabia’s increasing involvement in aggressive asymmetric wars (e.g. in Syria).23

These Saudi arms sales are not incidental; they reflect an agreement between the two countries to offset the flow of US dollars to pay for Saudi oil. During the oil price hikes of 1971 and 1973 Nixon and Kissinger negotiated a deal with both Saudi Arabia and Iran to pay significantly higher prices for crude, on the understanding that the two countries would then recycle the petrodollars by various means, prominently arms deals.24

The wealth of the two nations, America and Saudi Arabia, has become ever more interdependent. This is ironic. In the words of a leaked US cable, “Saudi donors remain the chief financiers of Sunni militant groups like Al Qaeda.”25 The Rabita or Muslim World League, launched and largely funded by the Saudi royal family, has provided an international meeting place for international Salafists including some al Qaeda leaders.26

In short, the wealth generated by the Saudi-American relationship is funding both the al Qaeda-type jihadists of the world today and America’s self-generating war against them. The result is an incremental militarization of the world abroad and America at home, as new warfronts in the so-called War on Terror emerge, predictably, in previously peaceful areas like Mali.

The media tend to present the “War on Terror” as a conflict between lawful governments and fanatical peace-hating Islamist fundamentalists. In fact in most countries, America and Britain not excepted, there is a long history of occasional collaboration with the very forces which at other times they oppose.

Today America’s foreign policies and above all covert operations are increasingly chaotic. In some countries, notably Afghanistan, the US is fighting jihadists that the CIA supported in the 1980s, and that are still supported today by our nominal allies Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. In some countries, notably Libya, we have provided protection and indirect support to the same kind of jihadis. In some countries, notably Kosovo, we have helped bring these jihadis to power.27

One country where American authorities conceded its clients were supporting jihadis is Yemen. As Christopher Boucek reported some years ago to the Carnegie Endowment of International Peace,

Islamist extremism in Yemen is the result of a long and complicated set of developments. A large number of Yemeni nationals participated in the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan during the 1980s. After the Soviet occupation ended, the Yemeni government encouraged its citizens to return and also permitted foreign veterans to settle in Yemen. Many of these Arab Afghans were co-opted by the regime and integrated into the state’s various security apparatuses. Such co-optation was also used with individuals detained by the Yemeni government after the September 11 terrorist attacks. As early as 1993, the U.S. State Department noted in a now-declassified intelligence report that Yemen was becoming an important stop for many fighters leaving Afghanistan. The report also maintained that the Yemeni government was either unwilling or unable to curb their activities. Islamism and Islamist activists were used by the regime throughout the 1980s and 1990s to suppress domestic opponents, and during the 1994 civil war Islamists fought against southern forces.28

In March 2011 the same scholar, Christopher Boucek, observed that America’s war on terror had resulted in the propping up of an unpopular government, thus helping it avoid needed reforms:

Well, I think for—our policy on Yemen has been terrorism—has been terrorism and security and al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, to the exclusion of almost everything else. I think, despite what—what people in the administration say, we have been focused on terrorism. We have not been focused on the systemic challenges that Yemen faces: unemployment, governance abuses, corruption. I think these are the things that will bring down the state. It’s not AQAP….. everyone in Yemen sees that we’re supporting the regimes, at the expense of the Yemeni people.29

Stated more bluntly: One major reason why Yemen (like other countries) remains backward and a fertile ground for jihadi terrorism is America’s war on terror itself.

America’s is not the only foreign security policy contributing to the crisis in Yemen. Saudi Arabia has had a stake in reinforcing the jihadi influence in republican Yemen, ever since the Saudi royal family in the 1960s used conservative hill tribes in northern Yemen to repel an attack on southern Saudi Arabia by the Nasser-backed republican Yemeni government.30

These machinations of governments and their intelligence agencies can create conditions of impenetrable obscurity. For example, as Sen. John Kerry has reported, one of the top leaders of Al Qaeda in the Arab Peninsula (AQAP) “is a Saudi citizen who was repatriated to Saudi Arabia from Guantanamo in November 2007 and returned to militancy [in Yemen] after completing a rehabilitation course in Saudi Arabia.”31

Like other nations, America is no stranger to the habit of making deals with al Qaeda jihadis, to aid them to fight abroad in areas of mutual interest—such as Bosnia – in exchange for not acting as terrorists at home. This practice clearly contributed to the World Trade Center bombing of 1993, when at least two of the bombers had been protected from arrest because of their participation in a Brooklyn-based program preparing Islamists for Bosnia. In 1994 the FBI secured the release in Canada of a U.S.-Al Qaeda double agent at the Brooklyn center, Ali Mohamed, who promptly went on to Kenya where (according to the 9/11 Commission Report) he “led” the organizers of the 1998 attack on the U.S. Embassy.32


Saudi Arabian Support for Terrorists

Perhaps the foremost practitioner of this game is Saudi Arabia, which has not only exported jihadis to all parts of the globe but (as previously noted) has financed them, sometimes in alliance with the United States. A New York Times article in 2010 about leaked diplomatic cables quoted from one of the diplomatic dispatches: “Saudi donors remain the chief financiers of Sunni militant groups like Al Qaeda.”33

Back in 2007 the London Sunday Times also reported that

wealthy Saudis remain the chief financiers of worldwide terror networks. ‘If I could somehow snap my fingers and cut off the funding from one country, it would be Saudi Arabia,‘ said Stuart Levey, the US Treasury official in charge of tracking terror financing.34

Similar reports of Saudi funding have come from authorities in Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, according to Rachel Ehrenfeld:

Pakistani police reported in 2009 that Saudi Arabia’s charities continue to fund al Qaeda, the Taliban and Pakistan’s Lashkar-e-Tayyiba. The report said the Saudis gave $15 million to jihadists, including those responsible for suicide attacks in Pakistan and the death of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

In May 2010, Buratha News Agency, an independent news source in Iraq, reported on a leaked Saudi intelligence document showing continued Saudi governmental support for al Qaeda in Iraq in the form of cash and weapons…. An article in the May 31, 2010, edition of The Sunday Times in London revealed that the Afghan financial intelligence unit, FinTRACA, reported that since 2006, at least $1.5 billion from Saudi Arabia was smuggled into Afghanistan, headed most probably to the Taliban.“35

However the Saudi backing of al Qaeda was not, according to the Times, limited to funds:

In recent months, Saudi religious scholars have caused consternation in Iraq and Iran by issuing fatwas calling for the destruction of the great Shi’ite shrines in Najaf and Karbala in Iraq, some of which have already been bombed. And while prominent members of the ruling al-Saud dynasty regularly express their abhorrence of terrorism, leading figures within the kingdom who advocate extremism are tolerated.

Sheikh Saleh al-Luhaidan, the chief justice, who oversees terrorist trials, was recorded on tape in a mosque in 2004, encouraging young men to fight in Iraq. “Entering Iraq has become risky now,” he cautioned. “It requires avoiding those evil satellites and those drone aircraft, which own every corner of the skies over Iraq. If someone knows that he is capable of entering Iraq in order to join the fight, and if his intention is to raise up the word of God, then he is free to do so.”36

The Example of Mali

Something similar is happening today in Africa, where Saudi Wahhabist fundamentalism “has grown in recent years in Mali with young imams returning from studying on the Arab peninsula.”37 The world

press, including Al Jazeera, has reported on the destruction of historic tombs by local jihadis:

Fighters from the al-Qaeda-linked group Ansar Dine, controlling northern Mali, have destroyed two tombs at the ancient Djingareyber mud mosque in Timbuktu, an endangered World Heritage site, witnesses say…. The new destruction comes after attacks last week on other historic and religious landmarks in Timbuktu that UNESCO called “wanton destruction”. Ansar Dine has declared the ancient Muslim shrines “haram”, or forbidden in Islam. The Djingareyber mosque is one of the most important in Timbuktu and was one of the fabled city’s main attractions before the region became a no-go area for tourists. Ansar Dine has vowed to continue destroying all the shrines “without exception” amid an outpouring of grief and outrage both at home and abroad.38

But most of these stories (including al Jazeera’s) have failed to point out that the destruction of tombs has long been a Wahhabi practice not only endorsed but carried out by the Saudi government:

In 1801 and 1802, the Saudi Wahhabis under Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Saud attacked and captured the holy Muslim cities of Karbala and Najaf in Iraq, massacred parts of the Muslim population and destroyed the tombs of Husayn ibn Ali who is the grandson of Muhammad, and son of Ali (Ali bin Abu Talib), the son-in-law of Muhammad). In 1803 and 1804 the Saudis captured Makkah and Medina and destroyed historical monuments and various holy Muslim sites and shrines, such as the shrine built over the tomb of Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad, and even intended to destroy the grave of Muhammad himself as idolatrous. In 1998 the Saudis bulldozed and poured gasoline over the grave of Aminah bint Wahb, the mother of Muhammad, causing resentment throughout the Muslim World.39


The Chance of Peace and Insecurity, the Chief Impediment to It

Today one must distinguish between the Saudi Arabian Kingdom and the Wahhabism promoted by senior Saudi clerics and some members of the Saudi Royal Family. King Abdullah in particular has reached out to other religions, visiting the Vatican in 2007 and encouraging an interfaith conference with Christian and Jewish leaders, which took place in 2008.

In 2002 Abdullah, as Crown Prince, also submitted a proposal for Arab-Israeli peace to a summit of Arab League nations. The plan, which has been endorsed by Arab League governments on many occasions, called for normalizing relations between the entire Arab region and Israel, in exchange for a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories (including East Jerusalem) and a “just settlement” of the Palestinian refugee crisis based on UN Resolution 194. It was spurned in 2002 by Israel’s Sharon and also by Bush and Cheney, who at the time were determined to go to war in Iraq. But as David Ottaway of the Woodrow Wilson Center has noted,

Abdullah’s 2002 peace plan remains an intriguing possible basis for U.S.-Saudi cooperation on the Israeli-Palestinian issue. Abdullah’s proposal was endorsed by the entire Arab League at its 2002 summit; Israeli President Shimon Peres and Olmert both referred to it favorably; and Barack Obama, who chose the Saudi-owned al Arabiya television station for his first interview after taking office, praised Abdullah for his “great courage” in making the peace proposal. However, the presumed new Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, has strongly opposed the Saudi plan, particularly the idea that East Jerusalem should be the capital of a Palestinian state.40

The plan has no traction in 2012, with Israel hinting at action against Iran and America paralyzed by an election year. However Israeli President Shimon Peres welcomed the initiative in 2009; and George Mitchell, President Obama’s special envoy to the Middle East, announced in the same year that the Obama administration intended to “incorporate” the initiative into its Middle East policy.41

These voices of support indicate that a peace agreement in the Middle East is theoretically possible, but by no means do they make it likely. Any peace settlement would require trust, and trust is difficult when all parties are beset by a sense of insecurity about their nations’ futures. Pro-Zionist commentators like Charles Krauthammer recall that for thirty years before Camp David, the destruction of Israel was “the unanimous goal of the Arab League.”42 Many Palestinians, and most of Hamas, fear that a peace settlement would leave unsatisfied, and indeed extinguish, their demands for a just settlement of grievances.

Insecurity is particularly widespread in the Middle East because of the widespread resentment there against injustice, which insecurity both grows from and propagates. Much of the global status quo has its origins in injustice; but the injustice in the Middle East, on all sides, is extreme, recent, and ongoing. I say this only to offer this advice to Americans: to keep in mind that the issues of security and justice cannot be separated.

Above all, one thing called for is compassion. We as Americans must understand that both Israelis and Palestinians live in conditions not remote from a state of war; yet both have reason to fear that a peace settlement might leave them even worse off than in their present uncomfortable situation. Too many innocent civilians have been killed in the Middle East. American actions should not increase that number.

This sense of insecurity, the major impediment to peace, is not confined to the Middle East. Since 9/11 Americans have experienced the anguish of insecurity, and this is the major reason why there is so little American resistance to the manifest follies of the Bush-Cheney-Obama War on Terror.

The War on Terror promises to make America more secure, yet in fact continues to guarantee the proliferation of America’s terrorist enemies. It also continues to disseminate the War into new battlefields, notably Pakistan and Yemen. By thus creating its own enemies, the War on Terror, now solidly entrenched in bureaucratic inertia, seems likely to continue unabated. In this it is much like the equally ill-considered War on Drugs, dedicated to maintaining the high costs and profits that attract new traffickers.

Above all this contributes to Islamic insecurity as well, causing more and more Muslims to deal with the fear that civilians, not just jihadi terrorists, will be the victims of drone attacks. Insecurity in the Middle East is the major obstacle to peace there. Palestinians live in daily fear of oppression by West Bank settlers and retaliation by the Israeli state. The Israelis live in constant fear of hostile neighbors. So does the Saudi royal family. Insecurity and instability have increased together since 9/11 and the War on Terror.

Middle Eastern insecurity replicates itself on a wider and wider scale. Israeli fear of Iran and Hizbollah is matched by Iranian fear of Israeli threats of massive attacks on its nuclear installations. And recently former U.S. hawks like Zbigniew Brzezinski have warned that an Israeli attack on Iran could lead to a longer war that spreads elsewhere.43

Above all, in my opinion, Americans should fear the insecurity spread by

drone attacks. If not soon stopped, America’s drone attacks threaten to do what America’s atomic attacks did in 1945: lead to a world in which many powers, not just one, possess this weapon and may possibly use it. In this case the most likely new target by far would be the United States.

How long will it be, I wonder, before a prevailable force of Americans will recognize the predictable course of this self-generating war, and mobilize against it?


What Is to Be Done?

This paper has argued, using the analogy of British errors in the late 19th century, for a progressive return to a more stable and just international order, by a series of concrete steps, some of them incremental:

1) a progressive reduction of America’s bloated military and intelligence budgets, over and above that already contemplated for financial reasons.

2) a progressive phase-out of the violent aspects of the so-called war on terror, while retaining traditional law enforcement means for dealing with terrorists

3) Much of the recent intensification of American militarism can be traced to the “state of emergency” proclaimed on September 14, 2001, and renewed annually by American presidents ever since. We need an immediate termination of this state of emergency, and a reassessment of all the so-called “continuity of government” (COG) measures associated with it – warrantless surveillance, warrantless detention, and the militarization of domestic American security.44

4) a return to strategies for dealing with the problem of terrorists that rely primarily on civilian policing and intelligence.

Forty years ago I would have appealed to Congress to take these steps to defuse the state of paranoia we are living under. Today I have come to see that Congress itself is dominated by the powers that profit from what I have called America’s global war machine. The so-called “statesmen” of America are as dedicated to the preservation of American dominance as were their British predecessors.

But to say this is not to despair of America’s ability to change direction. We should keep in mind that four decades ago domestic political protest played a critical role in helping to end an unjustified war in Vietnam. It is true that in 2003 similar protests – involving one million Americans – failed to impede America’s entry into an unjustified war in Iraq. Nevertheless, the large number of protesters, assembled under relatively short notice, was impressive. The question is whether protesters can adapt their tactics to new realities and mount a sustained and effective campaign.

Under the guise of COG planning, the American war machine has been preparing for forty years to neutralize street antiwar protests. Taking cognizance of this, and using the folly of British hypermilitarism as an example, today’s antiwar movement must learn how to apply coordinated pressure within American institutions – not just by “occupying” the streets with the aid of the homeless. It is not enough simply to denounce, as did Churchill in 1908, the increasing disparity of wealth between rich and poor. One must go beyond this to see the origins of this disparity in dysfunctional institutional arrangements that are corrigible. And one of the chief of these is the so-called War on Terror.

No one can predict the success of such a movement. But I believe that global developments will persuade more and more Americans that it is necessary. It should appeal to a broad spectrum of the American electorate, from the viewers of Democracy Now on the left to the libertarian followers of Murray Rothbard, Ron Paul, and Lew Rockwell on the right.

And I believe also that a well-coordinated nonviolent antiwar minority – of from two to five million, acting with the resources of truth and common sense on their side – can win. America’s core political institutions at present are both dysfunctional and unpopular: Congress in particular has an approval rating of about ten%. A more serious problem is the determined resistance of corporate and personal wealth to reasonable reforms; but the more nakedly wealth shows its undemocratic influence, the more evident will become the need to curb its abuses. Currently wealth has targeted for removal Congress members who have been guilty of compromise to solve government problems. Surely there is an American majority out there to be mobilized for a return to common sense.

Clearly new strategies and techniques of protest will be needed. It is not the purpose here to define them, but future protests – or cyberprotests – will predictably make more skillful use of the Internet.

I repeat that one cannot be confident of victory in the struggle for sanity against special interests and ignorant ideologues. But with the increasing danger of a calamitous international conflict, the need to mobilize for sanity is increasingly clear. The study of history is one of the most effective ways to avoid repeating it.

Are these hopes for protest mere wishful thinking? Very possibly. But, wishful or not, I consider them to be necessary.

Peter Dale Scott, a former Canadian diplomat and English Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, is the author of Drugs Oil and War, The Road to 9/11, and The War Conspiracy: JFK, 9/11, and the Deep Politics of War. His most recent book is American War Machine: Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection and the Road to Afghanistan. His website, which contains a wealth of his writings, is here.

Recommended citation: Peter Dale Scott, “Why Americans Must End America’s Self-Generating Wars,“ The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol 10, Issue 36, No. 2, September 03, 2012.


1 Oliver Villar and Drew Cottle, Cocaine, Death Squads, and the War on Terror: U.S. Imperialism and Class Struggle in Colombia (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2011); Peter Watt and Roberto Zepeda, Drug War Mexico: Politics, Neoliberalism and Violence in the New Narcoeconomy (London: Zed Books, 2012); Mark Karlin, “How the Militarized War on Drugs in Latin America Benefits Transnational Corporations and Undermines Democracy,” Truthout, August 05, 2012.

2 Peter Dale Scott, American War Machine: Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection, and the Road to Afghanistan (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2010), 217-37.

3 Patrick Cockburn, “Opium: Iraq’s deadly new export,” Independent (London), May 23, 2007.

4 Scott, American War Machine, 134-40.

5 See Mark Karlin, “How the Militarized War on Drugs in Latin America Benefits Transnational Corporations and Undermines Democracy,” Truthout, August 05, 2012.

6 Sekhara Bandyopadhyaya, From Plassey to Partition: A History of Modern India (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004), 231.

7 Kevin Phillips, Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich (New York: Broadway Books, 2002), 185.

8 “The seed of imperial ruin and national decay – the unnatural gap between the rich and the poor…. the swift increase of vulgar, jobless luxury – are the enemies of Britain” (Winston Churchill, quoted in Phillips, Wealth and Democracy, 171).

9 John A. Hobson, Imperialism (London: Allen and Unwin, 1902; reprint, 1948), 6. The book’s chief impact in Britain at the time was to permanently stunt Hobson’s career as an economist.

10 Hobson, Imperialism, 12. Cf. Arthur M. Eckstein, “Is There a ‘Hobson–Lenin Thesis’ on Late Nineteenth-Century Colonial Expansion?“ Economic History Review, May 1991, 297–318, especially 298-300.

11 Peter Dale Scott, “The Doomsday Project, Deep Events, and the Shrinking of American Democracy,“ Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, January 21, 2011,

12 See Ralph Raico, “Introduction,” Great Wars and Great Leaders: A Libertarian Rebuttal (Auburn, AL: Mises Institute, 2010),

13 Carroll Quigley, Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time (G,S,G, & Associates, 1975); Carroll Quigley, The Anglo-American Establishment (GSG Associates publishers, 1981), Discussion in Laurence H. Shoup and William Minter, The Imperial Brain Trust: The Council on Foreign Relations & United States Foreign Policy (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1977), 12-14; Michael Parenti, Contrary Notions: The Michael Parenti Reader , 332.

14 For the little-noticed interest of oil companies in Cambodian offshore oilfields, see Peter Dale Scott, The War Conspiracy: JFK, 9/11, and the Deep Politics of War (Ipswich, MA: Mary Ferrell Foundation, 2008), 216-37.

15 Thomas Pakenham, Scramble for Africa: The White Man’s Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876-1912 (New York: Random House, 1991).

16 See the various books by Barbara Tuchman, notably The March of Folly: From Troy to Vietnam (New York: Knopf, 1984).

17 Pakenham, Scramble for Africa.

18 E. Oncken, Panzersprung nach Agadir. Die deutsche Politik wtihrend der zweiten Marokkokrise 1911 (Dilsseldorf, 1981). Panzersprung in German has come to be a metaphor for any gratuitous exhibition of gunboat diplomacy.

19 Thom Shanker, “Global Arms Sales Dropped Sharply in 2010, Study Finds,” New York Times, September 23, 2011.

20 Thom Shanker, “U.S. Arms Sales Make Up Most of Global Market,” New York Times, August 27, 2012.

21 Stephen Ambrose, Eisenhower: Soldier and President (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990), 325,

22 Robert Dallek, An unfinished life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963 (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 2003.). 50.

23 Shanker, “U.S. Arms Sales Make Up Most of Global Market,” New York Times, August 27, 2012.

24 Scott, The Road to 9/11, 33-37.

25 Scott Shane and Andrew W. Lehren, “Leaked Cables Offer Raw Look at U.S. Diplomacy,” New York Times, Hovember 29, 2010. Cf. Nick Fielding and Sarah Baxter, “Saudi Arabia is hub of world terror: The desert kingdom supplies the cash and the killers,” Times (London), 2007,

26 The United Nations has listed the branch offices in Indonesia and the Philippines of the Rabita’s affiliate, the International Islamic Relief Organization, as belonging to or associated with al-Qaeda.

27 See Peter Dale Scott, “Bosnia, Kosovo, and Now Libya: The Human Costs of Washington’s On-Going Collusion with Terrorists,“ Asian-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, July 29, 2011; also William Blum, “The United States and Its Comrade-in-Arms, Al Qaeda,” Counterpunch, August 13, 2012,

28 Christopher Boucek, “Yemen: Avoiding a Downward Spiral,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 12.

29 “In Yemen, ‘Too Many Guns and Too Many Grievances’ as President Clings to Power,” PBS Newshour, March 21, 2011,

30 Robert Lacey, The Kingdom: Arabia and the House of Sa’ud (New York: Avon, 1981), 346-47, 361.

31 John Kerry, Al Qaeda in Yemen and Somalia: A Ticking Time Bomb: a Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations (Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 2010), 10.

32 Scott, The Road to 9/11, 152-56.

33 Scott Shane and Andrew W. Lehren, “Leaked Cables Offer Raw Look at U.S. Diplomacy,” New York Times, November 29, 2010.

34 Nick Fielding and Sarah Baxter, “Saudi Arabia is hub of world terror,” Sunday Times (London), November 04, 2007: “Extremist clerics provide a stream of recruits to some of the world’s nastiest trouble spots. An analysis by NBC News suggested that the Saudis make up 55% of foreign fighters in Iraq. They are also among the most uncompromising and militant.”

35 Rachel Ehrenfeld, “Al-Qaeda’s Source of Funding from Drugs and Extortion Little Affected by bin Laden’s Death,” Cutting Edge, May 09, 2011,

36 Sunday Times (London), November 04, 2007.

37 BBC, July 17, 2012,

38 Al Jazeera, July 19, 2012,

39 The Weekly Standard, May 30, 2005, Cf. Newsweek, May 30, 2005. Adapted from Hilmi Isik Advice for the Muslim, (Istanbul: Hakikat Kitabevi).

40 David Ottaway, “The King and Us: U.S.-Saudi Relations in the Wake of 9/11, Foreign Affairs, May-June 2009.

41 Barak Ravid, “U.S. Envoy: Arab Peace Initiative Will Be Part of Obama Policy,” Haaretz, April 05, 2009. David Ottaway, “The King and Us Subtitle: U.S.-Saudi Relations in the Wake of 9/11, Foreign Affairs, May-June 2009.

42 Charles Krauthammer, “At Last, Zion: Israel and the Fate of the Jews,” Weekly Standard, May 11, 1998.

43 “We have no idea how such a wald r wouend,” [Brzezinski] said. “Iran has military capabilities, it could retaliate by destabilizing Iraq” (Salon, March 14, 2012).

44 See Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007), 183-242; Peter Dale Scott, “Is the State of Emergency Superseding our Constitution? Continuity of Government Planning, War and American Society,” Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, November 28, 2010

~~  Professor Peter Dale Scott ~~

Fishing Report – 09.13.12


The reservoir level is at summer pool.  Anglers should call the Beech Fork Corps of Engineers office at 304.525.4831 for more information.  Bass fishing should be picking up as water temperatures start to cool.  Try fishing early in the morning or near dusk to beat the heat, channel catfish will be actively feeding during this time as well.  Hybrid striped bass and white bass can be caught using white lures.

Fishing on the lake is good.  Largemouth and smallmouth bass are being caught at dawn and dusk and during the night using surface lures, and soft plastics.  Stripers and hybrids have been seen schooling and chasing shad around the pit area.  Try shad like lures and surface lures to garner strikes when they appear at the surface.  Catfish anglers are finding success by fishing during the evenings and night using cut bait and prepared dip baits.  For more information call Corps of Engineers at 304.466.0156.

The lake is at summer pool.  Lots of bass are being caught in and around cover.  Bluegill and crappie are also being caught on live bait in any type of cover.  Reports of musky being caught while trolling in the lake.  A few trout still remain in the tailwaters.  For more information call Corps of Engineers at 304.853.2398.

The reservoir level is at summer pool.  For more information call the Corps of Engineers recorded message at 304.849.9861.  Bass will begin to pick up as the water temperatures begin to drop.  Try fishing near logs, stumps and fish attracting brush piles.  Musky will be found near bush piles and fallen trees.  Channel catfish and flatheads will be good throughout the day.  Try crappie fishing around standing timber or trees that have fallen into the water.

Fishing on the lake is good.  Spotted bass can be found along drop-offs and points extending into the lake at this time of the year.  Good baits are plastic jigs, live shad, or crayfish.  Hybrid striped bass are also available for anglers at R.D. Bailey right now.  Best baits are lures such as rattletraps, spoons, or white/chartreuse jigs.  Anglers may also want to try chicken livers for this hard fighting fish.  For more information call the Corps of Engineers recorded message at 304.664.9587.

Stephens is very clear.  To improve the odds of catching fish, use light line, cast far, and reduce noise, fish quietly and carefully.  As mentioned previously, anglers fishing at dawn, dusk and into the night are finding greater success due to limited boat traffic and cooler conditions.  These anglers are using mostly surface lures like jitterbugs, buzz baits and prop baits for success.  Bass are also being caught using wacky rigged worms in various colors at various depths.  Catfish have been recently caught using chicken livers, worms and prepared dip baits.

The lake is at summer pool.  Fishing is good.  Bass are being caught in and around cover.  Bluegill and crappie are also hitting live bait and jigs around beaver huts and fish attractors.  Trout fishing has been good.  Try trolling a shallow running plug or jig.  A few perch have been caught in the upper end on minnows.

The lake is five feet below summer pool and clear.  Fishing is good.  Bass are being caught in and around cover.  Bluegill and crappie are also hitting live bait.  Reports of large musky being caught while trolling the past few weeks.  Channel catfish have also been caught.  A few trout still remain in the tailwaters.  Before heading to the lake please call Corps of Engineers at 304.269.7463.

The lake is at summer pool.  Bass are being caught in about 10 to 15 feet of water.  For walleye try rocky points, drop offs and at the mouth of small tributaries entering the lake A few have been caught as deep as 50 feet).  If you are looking for a back country fishing experience, hike down in the Gauley River gorge and enjoy some fantastic fishing.  For more information call Corps of Engineers at 304.872.3412.

The lake is at summer pool and clear.  Fishing is good.  Bass have moved deeper because of warm water temperatures.  Most are being caught in and around cover.  Bluegill and crappie are also hitting live bait.  The tailwaters are low and clear.  A few trout still remain in the tailwaters.  Before heading to the lake please call Corps of Engineers at 304.765.2705.

The lake is about 15 feet below summer pool level and falling slowly.  Water temperature is 78 degrees from the surface to 30 feet, 77 degrees at 50 feet, 75 degrees at 75 feet and 72 degrees at 100 feet.  Fish for walleye in 40 to 60 feet of water during the day.  They move into shallow water at night to feed.  White bass schools can be seen breaking water throughout the lake at dawn and dusk.  Cast crank baits, plastic grubs, or spoons to the schools as they surface and move around.  Bass tournament success continues to be good.

There are lots of walleye and trout in the tailwater.  An extra stocking of large brood trout occurred last month.  Walleye fishing is best during higher flows 1,500 to 5,000 cubic feet per second and trout fishing is best at low flows less than 1,000 cubic feet per second).  Walleye can be caught using 1/8 to 1/4.ounce jigs with 3.inch plastic grubs.  Chartreuse is a good color.  Call the Corps of Engineers telephone hotline at 304.265.5953 for daily lake and tailwater conditions.


OHIO RIVER (New Cumberland, Pike Island and Hannibal pools and tailwaters)
Bass fishing success has been good throughout the river.  There are lots of hybrid striped bass, sauger, walleye and white bass in the tailwaters and the river is in great fishing condition.  Walleye and sauger will start feeding about an hour before sunset and then throughout the night.  Jigs with minnows are particularly good baits but 3.inch plastic grubs and deep running crank baits are also productive.  Hybrid striped bass will also move in and out of the tailwaters and can be caught using large crank baits, casting spoons or cut bait.

The water level is at a seasonal low and the best fishing is at dawn and dusk.  Hybrid striped bass will move in and out of the tailwaters and can be caught using large crank baits or casting spoons.  Sauger and walleye start biting for about an hour at dusk.  The shoreline from the Morgantown lock to the mouth of Deckers Creek is always a good place to fish from the shore.  Smallmouth bass are also abundant in this area.  This is also a good time for catfish throughout the pools in 15 to 20 feet of water.

The shoreline across from the Sunset Beach cove to the I-68 bridge is a good area to catch large sunfish.  Channel catfish are doing well and 2 to 3.pounders are abundant throughout the lake but the best area for catfish is upstream of Mt. Chateau.  Nightcrawlers on a number 6 hook with a ½- to 1-ounce egg sinker will catch catfish.  Bass tournaments continue to be successful.  Fish for walleye after dark along the shoreline when fish move into shallow water to feed.


South Branch and Cacapon Rivers
Flows in streams and rivers throughout the eastern panhandle are near normal flow for this time of year; however, localized thunderstorms have caused some streams in the Eastern Panhandle to rise and become turbid.  Water temperatures have dropped to near 70 degrees in the past few days and anglers on the South Branch continue to be successful catching smallmouth bass.  Try using slow moving plastics in deep pools and topwater lures in shallow areas and just off the shore.  Many smallmouth bass in the South Branch have been tagged as part of a fish movement and fish health study.  If you catch a tagged fish, please clip off the tag and return it to DNR for a reward.  Recent biological surveys also indicate excellent channel catfish populations throughout the South Branch.

A fishing guide is available for the Eastern panhandle which includes a stream map and can be obtained free of charge from any of our district offices.

Shenandoah River
Flows in the Shenandoah River are near normal flow and in great fishing condition.  Try fishing for smallmouth bass with crankbaits and topwaters near the head of pools around large rocks or other structure.  The WVDNR in cooperation with Jefferson County Parks and Recreation have extended the boat ramp at the Moulton Park public access and it is now usable.

North Branch River
Flows in the North Branch is near 150 cfs and projected to remain at the current level for several more days.  An artificial varied flow event is scheduled to occur at the end of September.

Small Impoundments
Small impoundments are in great fishing condition.  Recent biological surveys have indicated excellent largemouth bass population.  Most small impoundments are stratified which means low oxygen levels will occur in deep water so fish shallow.  A new impoundment has been created at the Edwards Run Wildlife Management Area in Hampshire County and has been stocked with sunfish, smallmouth bass and channel catfish.

Jennings Randolph Lake
Jennings Randolph Lake is currently 29 feet below conservation pool and continuing to drop.  The WV ramp is now closed for the season but the MD boat ramp will remain open.  Anglers are still reporting good catches of smallmouth bass on crankbaits and topwaters.  Jennings Randolph Lake has a dedicated phone line for up-to-date recreational information 304.355.2890.

Mt. Storm Lake
Anglers at Mt. Storm Lake should target striped bass, black bass and walleye.  Fish can be caught throughout the lake but many anglers do well fishing with chicken livers near the discharges.  Biological surveys have indicated excellent bass and walleye populations.


Water levels are normal and clear.  If you are looking for a place to go, please check the fishing regulations and the WVDNR website for a list of public access sites or call your local WVDNR district office for some advice and a place to fish.  Summer is a great time of year to introduce a young person to fishing.  Take a kid fishing this weekend; go see what you have been missing.  National Hunting and Fishing Days is just a few weeks away.  September 22nd and 23rd at Stonewall Jackson State Park.  Trout still remain in local rivers and streams.


The New and Greenbrier rivers are providing excellent fishing opportunities for smallmouth bass.  The season is upon us.  Some of the biggest smallmouth bass are caught in the fall over the next two months due to optimal temperature levels.  Flows are low and clear, allowing for wade fishing in the New and Greenbrier rivers.  Be safe if wading and wear a PFD.  Smallmouth anglers are finding success using a variety of baits and lures.  Continue to fish during dawn and dusk and low light periods, but as the month progresses, start to fish also more during the day.  We are transitioning into one of the prime time to fish for smallmouth bass and other species, over the next two months.  During these optimal times, good fishing can occur any time of the day due to more preferred temperature levels in stream for all species.  Try surface lures but don’t be afraid to try your favorite bait or lure during the next few months.  Carp or ‘the WV bonefish’ are also very prevalent in the New and Greenbrier rivers, and are easily spotted under low flow conditions.  With a little stealth one can easily approach these fish to within easy casting distance.  For a real challenge try sight casting to large carp in the shallows using small nymphs and odd flies.  Despite an unfitting bad reputation with some, carp will provide an unforgettable angling experience on light tackle, give it a try.  A recent angler reported catching and releasing a 17 lb. carp on his fly rod in the New River near Hinton.  District 4 small impoundments offer good bass, catfish and bluegill opportunities, give them a try as well.  Rain showers have raised some District 4 streams this week, with rain expected off and on the rest of the week.  This is a good time to get out due to increased flows after a long period of summer flows, stream fish will be biting good.


Lower Ohio and Kanawha Rivers
Tailwater fishing should be excellent.  Jigs with minnows could provide some excellent catches of sauger, white bass, hybrid striped bass and freshwater drum.  If artificial baits are your preference white and chartreuse are good colors to try.  Blue, flathead and channel catfish activity is picking up.

Guyandotte, Coal, Poca, Elk, and Mud Rivers
Flows are low but local conditions will vary with the current spotty but strong storms we have been having.

Small Impoundments
Bluegill and bass will be feeding and can be caught with nightcrawlers or artificial baits.  Fishing for channel catfish in the evening should be excellent.


Late summer is an excellent time to fish Ohio River tailwaters.  Anglers fishing below the Belleville dam are catching white bass, hybrid striped bass, and a few other species.  Lead headed jigs with twister tails white or chartreuses), which are fished along the bottom, are the lure of choice.  Recently, heavy metal lures have also been successful.  Best spots to fish these areas include eddies and back-current sections, and anywhere that river flows are unusual.  Schools of hybrid striped bass will periodically move up to the surface to ambush prey, so keep a look out for this activity.  When this activity is seen, agitator bobbers fished with rubber minnow imitations or fresh bait fished with surf casting equipment, generally provides the best result.  Fishing along the Willow Island tailwaters is restricted due to hydro-power development.  Anglers now have access only to a point approximately 150 yards below the dam, and flows have changed significantly.

Elsewhere on the Ohio River, fishing for catfish has been good.  Channel catfish anglers should use nightcrawlers, chicken liver, or prepared catfish type baits.  Live fish should be used for flatheads.  Good fishing sites for catfish include deep areas along islands and tributary mouths.

Fishing has been good for largemouth bass in area lakes.  Spinner baits, rubber worms, crank baits, and surface lures are producing bass in areas of good cover.  Good choices for area lakes include Mountwood in Wood County, Conaway Run in Tyler, Charles Fork in Roane, North Bend in Ritchie County, and Elk Fork, Woodrum, and O’Brien in Jackson County.  These lakes can also supply good bluegill fishing.  For sunfish use trout magnets or spinners, small jigs, or small worms.

Local musky streams should be fishable this weekend.  This time of year musky anglers use large crank baits or jurk baits and best spots are usually around fallen trees or riffle areas.

Stream Conditions

NORTHERN   Levels       Conditions
Ohio River (Wheeling)   Normal   Clear    
Fish Creek   Normal   Clear    
Fishing Creek   Normal   Clear    
Big Sandy (Preston)   Normal   Clear    
Monongahela River   Normal   Clear    
Wheeling Creek   Normal   Clear    
Buffalo Creek   Normal   Clear    
Blackwater River   Normal   Clear    
S. Branch (Potomac)   Normal   Clear    
S. Branch (Smoke Hole)   Normal   Clear    
Shenandoah River   Normal   Clear    
Patterson Creek   Normal   Clear    
N. Fork S. Branch   Normal   Clear    
Cacapon River   Normal   Clear    
Back Creek   Normal   Clear    
Opequon Creek   Normal   Clear    
Lost River   Normal   Clear    
CENTRAL Levels Conditions
Elk (Sutton) Low     Clear    
Little Kanawha Low     Clear    
Elk (Clay) Low     Clear    
West Fork River Low     Clear    
Gauley River Low     Clear    
Cranberry River Low     Clear    
Cherry River Low     Clear    
Cherry River (N. Fork) Low     Clear    
Cherry River (S. Fork) Low     Clear    
Williams River Low     Clear    
Knapps River Low     Clear    
Greenbrier (E&W Forks) Low     Clear    
Little River Low     Clear    
Shavers Fork Low     Clear    
Buckhannon River Low     Clear    
Holly River Low     Clear    
Elk River (Webster) Low     Clear    
Elk River (Back Fork) Low     Clear    
SOUTHERN Levels Conditions
New River (Hinton) Low     Clear    
Greenbrier (Hinton) Low     Clear    
Greenbrier (Ronceverte)   Normal   Clear    
Anthony Creek   Normal   Clear    
Big  Creek   Normal   Clear    
Meadow River   Normal   Clear    
Turkey Creek Low     Clear    
Potts Creek Low     Clear    
Second Creek Low     Clear    
Pinnacle Creek   Normal   Clear    
Horse Creek Lake   Normal   Clear    
Big Huff Creek   Normal   Clear    
Indian Creek   Normal   Clear    
Glade Creek (New River)   Normal   Clear    
Marsh Fork   Normal   Clear    
New River (Gauley)   Normal   Clear    
Glade Creek (Man)   Normal   Clear    
Camp Creek   Normal   Clear    
East River   Normal   Clear    
Fork Creek   Normal   Clear    
Dry Fork Creek   Normal   Clear    
Berwind Lake    Normal   Clear    
Little Kanawha River   Normal     Milky  
Ohio River   Normal     Milky  
Hughes River   Normal     Milky  

Bon Appétit: Mac and Corn

The Gilmer Free Press


  1 (14.75 ounce) can creamed corn
  1 (11.25 ounce) can corn
  1 cup macaroni
  1/2 cup butter
  8 ounces cubed processed cheese food


Mix together creamed corn, whole kernel corn, and uncooked macaroni.

Slice the butter or margarine, and mix into the corn mixture along with the cheese.

Place in a buttered casserole dish.


Bake at 350 degrees F (175 degrees C) for 30 minutes.

Uncover, stir, and bake uncovered for 30 more minutes.

Daily G-Eye™: 09.14.12

The Gilmer Free Press

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Stargazing - 09.14.12


The small constellation Lacerta, the lizard, is high overhead this evening, lodged between the prominent constellations Cygnus and Andromeda.

The hazy band of the Milky Way runs through it.

BL Lacertae

Lacerta, the lizard, is a small constellation that’s lodged between Cygnus and Andromeda. The hazy band of the Milky Way runs through it, so you might expect its best-known objects to reside inside our galaxy. In fact, though, none of Lacerta’s stars is particularly bright, so its best-known object is a strange galaxy nearly a billion light-years beyond its stars.

For decades, astronomers mistook that object for a mere star in the Milky Way. But in 1929, they discovered that its light varied from night to night. They christened the object BL Lacertae.

In the 1960s, though, astronomers realized that BL Lacertae was no star. Instead, they detected the fuzzy glow of a galaxy around it. What’s more, the object emitted lots of radio waves — something that no “normal” star does.

Other distant galaxies resemble BL Lacertae — so much so that BL Lacertae serves as the prototype for an entire class of these objects. All of them shine profusely at all wavelengths, from radio to visible light to gamma rays.

Each galaxy is powered by a large black hole at its center. Material falling into the black hole gets heated to extreme temperatures, so it emits huge amounts of radiation. Some of this material shoots away from the black hole as high-speed jets. In BL Lacertae, the jet happens to be aimed right at us, so even slight changes in its angle can cause the variability that first caught astronomers’ attention nearly a century ago.

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