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History, WayBackWhen™, FlashBack™

Flashback: What Happened on October 10, ....


•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature altered the boundary line between Raleigh County and Mercer County. That same day, the legislature also established the official boundary lines of Clay County and changed the name of its county seat to Henry.

•  1887 The West Virginia Transcript Publishing Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Z. E. Thorn, J. P. Saunders, S. W. Cain, D. C. Casto, D. Burns, J. H. Bumgarner, F. D. Pomroy, W. E. Hall, William Beard, A. Morrow, S. B. Sayre, H. A. Wise of Elizabeth, Wirt County; J. A. Rathbone, T. J. Owens, N. B. Armstrong of Reedy Ripple, Roane County; Floyd Hickman, G. W. Strong, L. Merrill of Newark, Wirt County; and H. B. Pribble of Freeport, WV. The company’s purpose was to publish a newspaper and print books in Elizabeth, with its main office in Elizabeth.

•  1968 A controversy arose when Republican Congressman and candidate for governor Arch Moore presented a document transferring the Marshall County estate of W. J. G. Taylor which had been pending for over 6 years to the West Virginia Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Huntington. The Marshall County commissioner of accounts announced that this failed to meet the statutory requirement, but the matter was deferred until after the November election. In 1973, it was revealed that Moore had transferred 900 shares of Standard Oil Company stock from Taylor’s estate to himself in November 1963.

•  1983 WRRR - FM radio went on the air, the first radio station in St. Marys, Pleasants County. It was owned by the Seven Ranges Radio Company.

WayBackWhen™: October 10

Today is Thursday, October 10, the 283rd day of 2013. There are 82 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“I have a strong moral sense — by my standards.“ — Rex Stout, American writer (1886-1975).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 10, 1962, President John F. Kennedy, responding to the thalidomide birth defects crisis, signed an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requiring pharmaceutical companies to prove that their products were safe and effective prior to marketing.

On this date:

In 1845, the U.S. Naval Academy was established in Annapolis, Md.

In 1911, Chinese revolutionaries launched an uprising which led to the collapse of the Qing (or Manchu) Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China. California voters approved Proposition 4, giving women the right to vote, and Proposition 7, which established the initiative process for proposing and enacting new laws.

In 1913, the Panama Canal was effectively completed as President Woodrow Wilson sent a signal from the White House by telegraph, setting off explosives that destroyed a section of the Gamboa dike.

In 1935, the George Gershwin opera “Porgy and Bess,“ featuring an all-black cast, opened on Broadway; it ran for 124 performances.

In 1938, Nazi Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland (soo-DAYT’-uhn-land).

In 1943, Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after the official was refused seating in a Howard Johnson’s restaurant near Dover, Del.

In 1967, the Outer Space Treaty, prohibiting the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.

In 1970, Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte was kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. (Laporte’s body was found a week later.) Fiji became independent after nearly a century of British rule.

In 1973, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned his office.

In 1982, Father Maximilian Kolbe, who died in the Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp, was canonized by Pope John Paul II.

In 1985, U.S. fighter jets forced an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro (ah-KEE’-leh LOW’-roh) to land in Italy, where the gunmen were taken into custody.

Ten years ago:

Iranian writer and activist Shirin Ebadi (shih-REEN’ eh-BAH’-dee) won the Nobel Peace Prize.

Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh announced during his syndicated radio show that he was addicted to painkillers and was checking into a rehab center.

Five years ago:

Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announced the government had decided to go forward with a plan to buy a part ownership in a broad array of American banks in response to the financial meltdown. Connecticut’s Supreme Court ruled that gay couples had the right to marry, making the state the third behind Massachusetts and California to legalize such unions.

An Alaska legislative committee released a report saying Gov. Sarah Palin had violated state ethics laws and abused her power by trying to have her former brother-in-law fired as a state trooper.

Finland’s ex-president Martti Ahtisaari (MAHR’-tee ah-tih-ZAH’-ree) received the Nobel Peace Prize.

One year ago:

President Barack Obama conceded he did poorly the previous week in his first debate with Republican rival Mitt Romney, telling ABC he “had a bad night.“

Romney barnstormed battleground state Ohio and released a new commercial pledging not to raise taxes.

The remains of 10-year-old Jessica Ridgeway were found in a park five days after the suburban Denver fifth-grader disappeared while walking to school. (A 17-year-old boy who lived a mile away was later charged with killing and dismembering her.)

Football star-turned-actor Alex Karras died at age 77.

Today’s Birthdays:

Former Illinois Sen. Adlai Stevenson III is 83

Actor Peter Coyote is 72

Entertainer Ben Vereen is 67

Singer John Prine is 67

Actor Charles Dance is 67

Rock singer-musician Cyril Neville (The Neville Brothers) is 65

Actress Jessica Harper is 64

Author Nora Roberts (aka “J.D. Robb”) is 63

Singer-musician Midge Ure is 60

Rock singer David Lee Roth is 59

Actor J. Eddie Peck is 55

Country singer Tanya Tucker is 55

Actress Julia Sweeney is 54

Actor Bradley Whitford is 54

Musician Martin Kemp is 52

Rock musician Jim Glennie (James) is 50

Actress Rebecca Pidgeon is 48

Rock musician Mike Malinin (mah-LIHN’-ihn) (Goo Goo Dolls) is 46

NFL quarterback Brett Favre is 44

Actress Joelle Carter is 44

Actress Wendi McLendon-Covey is 44

Actor/TV host Mario Lopez is 40

Race driver Dale Earnhardt Jr. is 39

Actress Jodi Lyn O’Keefe is 35

Singer Mya is 34

Actor Dan Stevens (TV: ex-“Downton Abbey”) is 31

Singer Cherie is 29

Actress Aimee Teegarden is 24

Flashback: What Happened on October 09, ....


•  1877 The first Jackson County Fair began at present-day Ripley.

•  1899 The Pocahontas Coal River and Kanawha Railway Company was incorporated in West Virginia. It later changed its name to the Coal River and Western Railway Company and was acquired by the Coal River Railway Company and eventually became part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.

•  1911 The YMCA building on Capitol Street, Charleston, was dedicated, on property donated by Henry Gassaway Davis, who also donated property for the Davis Child Shelter on Washington Street.

•  1973 Fayette County voters approved a bond for construction and improvement of schools.

WayBackWhen™: October 09

Today is Wednesday, October 09, the 282nd day of 2013. There are 83 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“There is nothing harder than the softness of indifference.“ — Clare Boothe Luce (1903-1987).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 09, 1813, Giuseppe Verdi, the composer of such classic operas as “Aida,“ “La Traviata,“ “Rigoletto” and “Il Trovatore,“ was born in the Italian village of Le Roncole. (There is some dispute over Verdi’s date of birth, with numerous sources saying he was actually born on Oct. 10.)

On this date:

In 1446, the Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.

In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.

In 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.

In 1910, a coal dust explosion at the Starkville Mine in Colorado left 56 miners dead.

In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.

In 1936, the first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.

In 1940, rock and roll legend John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.

In 1946, the Eugene O’Neill drama “The Iceman Cometh” opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.

In 1958, Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)

In 1962, Uganda won autonomy from British rule.

In 1974, businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany (at his request, he was buried in Jerusalem).

In 1987, author, politician and diplomat Clare Boothe Luce died in Washington at age 84.

Ten years ago:

A suicide car bombing at a Baghdad police station killed eight people; Spanish military attache Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez was shot to death in Baghdad.

Five years ago:

Calm gave way to fear in financial markets, turning a relatively steady day into a rout that pushed the Dow Jones industrials below 9,000 — to 8,579.19 — for the first time in five years.

Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio of France won the Nobel Prize in literature.

One year ago:

Former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky was sentenced to 30 to 60 years in prison following his July conviction on 45 counts of sexual abuse of boys.

The producers of “Sesame Street” asked President Barack Obama’s re-election campaign to take down an ad featuring Big Bird, saying the Sesame Workshop is a nonpartisan nonprofit and does not participate in political campaigns.

The ad mocked Mitt Romney’s vow to end federal funding for public broadcasting.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Fyvush Finkel is 91

Retired MLB All-Star Joe Pepitone is 73

Former Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., is 72

Rhythm-and-blues singer Nona Hendryx is 69

Singer Jackson Browne is 65

Actor Gary Frank is 63

Actor Richard Chaves is 62

Actor Robert Wuhl is 62

Actress-TV personality Sharon Osbourne is 61

Actor Tony Shalhoub is 60

Actor Scott Bakula is 59

Musician James Fearnley (The Pogues) is 59

Actor John O’Hurley is 59

Writer-producer-director-actor Linwood Boomer is 58

Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Mike Singletary is 55

Actor Michael Pare is 55

Jazz musician Kenny Garrett is 53

Rock singer-musician Kurt Neumann (The BoDeans) is 52

Country singer Gary Bennett is 49

Movie director Guillermo del Toro is 49

British Prime Minister David Cameron is 47

Singer P.J. Harvey is 44

World Golf Hall of Famer Annika Sorenstam is 43

Country singer Tommy Shane Steiner is 40

Actor Steve Burns is 40

Sean Lennon is 38

Actor Randy Spelling is 35

Christian hip-hop artist Lecrae is 34

Actor Brandon Routh is 34

Actor Zachery Ty Bryan is 32

Actress Spencer Grammer is 30

Actor Tyler James Williams (“Everybody Hates Chris”) is 21

Country singer Scotty McCreery (TV: “American Idol” winner) is 20

Flashback: What Happened on October 08, ....


•  1764 Harman Blennerhassett was born in Hampshire, England.

•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature altered the boundary line between Ritchie County and Gilmer County.

•  1953 WTAP - TV went on the air, the first television station in Parkersburg. It was owned by the Frank Bear Group.

•  1974 Approximately 3,000 Kanawha County coal miners went on strike honoring a picket line set up by opponents of controversial textbooks.

•  1992 Congress gave final passage to a bill protecting health-care benefits for up to 200,000 retired coal miners.

WayBackWhen™: October 08

Today is Tuesday, October 08, the 281st day of 2013. There are 84 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“There is an abiding beauty which may be appreciated by those who will see things as they are and who will ask for no reward except to see.“ — Vera Brittain, British author (1893-1970).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 08, 1871, the Great Chicago Fire erupted; fires also broke out in Peshtigo, Wis., and in several communities in Michigan.

On this date:

In 1869, the 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce (puhrs), died in Concord, N.H.

In 1918, U.S. Army Cpl. Alvin C. York led an attack that killed 25 German soldiers and captured 132 others in the Argonne Forest in France.

In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was indicted by a grand jury in New Jersey for murder in the death of the son of Charles A. Lindbergh.

In 1944, “The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet,“ starring Ozzie and Harriet Nelson, made its debut on CBS Radio.

In 1945, President Harry S. Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.

In 1956, Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in Game 5, 2-0.

In 1957, the Brooklyn Baseball Club announced it was accepting an offer to move the Dodgers from New York to Los Angeles.

In 1962, Chuck Hiller of the San Francisco Giants became the first National Leaguer to hit a World Series grand slam; the shot came in Game 4 against New York Yankees pitcher Marshall Bridges. (The final score of the game was Giants 7, Yankees 3.)

In 1967, former British Prime Minister Clement Attlee died in London at age 84.

In 1970, Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.

In 1982, all labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.

In 1992, former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt died in Unkel, Germany, at age 78.

Ten years ago:

A day after being elected governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger said he was promised “a very smooth transition” by ousted Gov. Gray Davis and vowed to “open up the books” in dealing the state’s ailing economy.

Americans Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon won the Nobel Prize in chemistry; American Robert Engle and Briton Clive Granger won the Nobel Prize in economics.

Jarome Iginla of the Calgary Flames was tabbed to become the first black captain in NHL history.

Five years ago:

After a day of bouncing higher and lower, Wall Street plunged again.

The Dow Jones industrial average lost another 189 points to close at 9,258 — the sixth straight day of losses for the Dow.

German farmer Karl Merk, who received the world’s first complete double arm transplant, told reporters that incredulity gave way to joy when he woke from surgery to discover he had arms again.

Japan’s Osamu Shimomura and Americans Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien won the Nobel Prize in chemistry.

Stage and TV actress Eileen Herlie died in New York at age 90.

One year ago:

Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney accused President Barack Obama of being too passive in his dealings with conflicts in the Middle East.

Speaking at Virginia Military Institute, Romney called for the U.S. to work with other countries to arm the rebels in Syria.

Obama declared a national monument at the Keene, Calif., home of Cesar Chavez, the late founder of the United Farmworkers Union.

Auto club AAA said the average price for a gallon of regular gasoline in California had climbed to $4.67, the highest in the nation, amid refinery disruptions and corrosion issues in an important pipeline.

Today’s Birthdays:

Entertainment reporter Rona Barrett is 77

Actor Paul Hogan is 74

Rhythm-and-blues singer Fred Cash (The Impressions) is 73

Civil rights activist Rev. Jesse Jackson is 72

Comedian Chevy Chase is 70

Author R.L. Stine is 70

Actor Dale Dye is 69

Country singer Susan Raye is 69

TV personality Sarah Purcell is 65

Actress Sigourney Weaver is 64

Rhythm-and-blues singer Robert “Kool” Bell (Kool & the Gang) is 63

Producer-director Edward Zwick is 61

Country singer-musician Ricky Lee Phelps is 60

Actor Michael Dudikoff is 59

Comedian Darrell Hammond is 58

Actress Stephanie Zimbalist is 57

Rock musician Mitch Marine is 52

Actress Kim Wayans is 52

Rock singer Steve Perry (Cherry Poppin’ Daddies) is 50

Actor Ian Hart is 49

Gospel/rhythm-and-blues singer CeCe Winans is 49

Rock musician C.J. Ramone (The Ramones) is 48

Actress-producer Karyn Parsons is 47

Singer-producer Teddy Riley is 47

Actress Emily Procter is 45

Actor Dylan Neal is 44

Actor-screenwriter Matt Damon is 43

Actress Kristanna Loken is 34

Rhythm-and-blues singer Byron Reeder (Mista) is 34

Actor Nick Cannon is 33

Actor Max Crumm is 28

Singer-songwriter-producer Bruno Mars is 28

Actor Angus T. Jones is 20

Actress Molly Quinn is 20

Flashback: What Happened on October 07, ....


•  1763 The king of England announced the Proclamation of 1763 prohibiting settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains in an attempt to avoid conflict with Native Americans.

•  1861 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was appointed Confederate Major General and assigned to the Shenandoah Valley.

•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature altered the boundary line between Wood County and Wirt County.

•  1887 The Glenville and Weston Telephone Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: S. B. Brown, Verona Maple, W. T. Wiant, N. M. Bennett, and John S. Brannon, all of Glenville, Gilmer County. The company’s purpose was to install telephone and telegraph lines in Gilmer County, Lewis County, Braxton County, Calhoun County, Roane County, and Doddridge County, with its main office in Glenville.

•  1974 Seventeen school textbook protestors were arrested in St. Albans for blocking the garage to prevent children from being bused to school.

•  1984 An ad appeared in the New York Times supporting abortion rights for women. It was signed by a number of Roman Catholic priests and nuns, including Barbara Ferraro and Patricia Hussey of Charleston. They were later threatened with expulsion from the Catholic church.

•  1992 An Air National Guard C-130E transport plane from Martinsburg, Berkeley County, crashed into the house of Milton Barnhart near Berkeley Springs, Morgan County, killing all six crew members. Barnhart was only slightly injured and there were no other injuries on the ground.

WayBackWhen™: October 07

Today is Monday, October 07, the 280th day of 2012. There are 85 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“If a man happens to find himself, he has a mansion which he can inhabit with dignity all the days of his life.“ — James Michener, American author (1907-1997).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 07, 1929, former Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall, one of the main figures of the Teapot Dome scandal, went on trial in Washington, D.C., charged with accepting a bribe from oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny. (Fall was found guilty and sentenced to a year in prison and fined $100,000; he ended up serving nine months. Ironically, Doheny was acquitted at trial of offering the bribe that Fall was convicted of taking.)

On this date:

In 1612, Italian poet Giovanni Battista Guarini died in Venice.

In 1777, the second Battle of Saratoga began during the American Revolution. (British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne surrendered ten days later.)

In 1849, author Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore at age 40.

In 1858, the fifth debate between Illinois senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Galesburg.

In 1910, a major wildfire devastated the northern Minnesota towns of Spooner and Baudette, charring at least 300,000 acres. Some 40 people are believed to have died.

In 1949, the Republic of East Germany was formed.

In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon held their second televised debate, in Washington, D.C.

In 1982, the Andrew Lloyd Webber-Tim Rice musical “Cats” opened on Broadway. (The show closed Sept. 10, 2000, after a record 7,485 performances.)

In 1985, Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro (ah-KEE’-leh LOW’-roh) in the Mediterranean. (The hijackers, who killed Jewish American tourist Leon Klinghoffer, surrendered two days after taking over the ship.)

In 1991, University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill publicly accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments when she worked for him; Thomas denied Hill’s allegations.

In 1992, trade representatives of the United States, Canada and Mexico initialed the North American Free Trade Agreement during a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas.

In 2001, the current war in Afghanistan started as the United States and Britain launched air attacks against military targets and Osama bin Laden’s training camps in the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks.

Ten years ago:

California voters recalled Gov. Gray Davis and elected Arnold Schwarzenegger their new governor.

Turkey’s parliament voted overwhelmingly to allow Turkish troops to be sent to Iraq.

Ten Southeast Asian nations signed an accord establishing a Europe-like economic community by 2020.

American scientists Alexei Abrikosov and Anthony Leggett and Russian Vitaly Ginzburg won the Nobel Prize in physics for their work in how matter can behave at extremely low temperatures.

Five years ago:

The misery worsened on Wall Street, as the Dow lost more than 500 points and all the major indexes slid more than 5 percent.

In their second presidential debate, held at Belmont University in Nashville, Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain clashed repeatedly over the causes and cures for the economic crisis. Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa of Japan and Yoichiro Nambu of the United States won the Nobel Prize in physics.

One year ago:

Venezuela’s National Electoral Council announced that President Hugo Chavez had won re-election for the third time. (Chavez died in March 2013 at age 58 after at two-year battle with cancer.)

Today’s Birthdays:

Retired South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu is 82

Comedian Joy Behar (TV: ex-“The View”) is 71

Former National Security Council aide Lt. Col. Oliver North (ret.) is 70

Rock musician Kevin Godley (10cc) is 68

Actress Jill Larson is 66

Country singer Kieran Kane is 64

Singer John Mellencamp is 62

Rock musician Ricky Phillips is 62

Actress Mary Badham (Film: “To Kill a Mockingbird”) is 61

Actress Christopher Norris is 60

Rock musician Tico Torres (Bon Jovi) is 60

Cellist Yo-Yo Ma is 58

Gospel singer Michael W. Smith is 56

Actor Dylan Baker is 55

Recording executive and TV personality Simon Cowell (TV: “The X Factor”) is 54

Rock musician Charlie Marinkovich (Iron Butterfly) is 54

Country singer Dale Watson is 51

Pop singer Ann Curless (Expose) is 50

Rhythm-and-blues singer Toni Braxton is 46

Rock singer-musician Thom Yorke (Radiohead) is 45

Rock musician-dancer Leeroy Thornhill is 44

Actress Nicole Ari Parker is 43

Actress Allison Munn is 39

Rock singer-musician Damian Kulash (KOO’-lahsh) is 38

Singer Taylor Hicks (“American Idol”) is 37

Actor Omar Benson Miller is 35

Electronic musician Flying Lotus (AKA Stephen Ellison) is 30

MLB player Evan Longoria is 28

Actress Amber Stevens is 27

Flashback: What Happened on October 06, ....


•  1888 The Weston and Centreville Telephone and Telegraph Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: J. H. Bare, J. B. Finster of Weston, Lewis County; L. H. Morrison, V. S. Bennett of Rock Cave, Upshur County; and F. C. Pifer of Buckhannon, Upshur County. The company’s purpose was to operate telephone and telegraph lines along the roads and public highways throughout Lewis County, Upshur County, Braxton County, Randolph County, and Webster County, with its main office in Weston, Lewis County.

•  1956 Governor Marland responded to Southern West Virginia District Attorney Duncan Daugherty denying that he had accused any Republican National Committee member from West Virginia of any allegations and that his accusal referred to a person from Texas.

•  1981 Former Governor Arch Moore testified at a hearing as to why he had negotiated what was believed by many to be a small settlement with the Pittston Coal Company concerning the 1972 Buffalo Creek Flood.

•  1992 On its last day of the session, Congress failed to pass a bill which would have made it easier to collect black lung benefits.

WayBackWhen™: October 06

Today is Sunday, October 06, the 279th day of 2013. There are 86 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“Talking comes by nature, silence by wisdom.“ — Author unknown.

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 06, 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of “The Jazz Singer,“ starring Al Jolson, a movie that featured both silent and sound-synchronized sequences.

On this date:

In 1536, English theologian and scholar William Tyndale, who was the first to translate the Bible into Early Modern English, was executed for heresy.

In 1683, thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany, arrived in Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America’s oldest settlements.

In 1884, the Naval War College was established in Newport, R.I.

In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.

In 1939, as remaining military resistance in Poland crumbled, Adolf Hitler delivered a speech to the Reichstag blaming the Poles for the Nazi-Soviet invasion of their country.

In 1949, U.S.-born Iva Toguri D’Aquino, convicted of treason for being Japanese wartime broadcaster “Tokyo Rose,“ was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison (she ended up serving more than six).

In 1958, the nuclear submarine USS Seawolf surfaced after spending 60 days submerged.

In 1973, war erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday.

In 1976, in his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Gerald R. Ford asserted there was “no Soviet domination of eastern Europe.“ (Ford later conceded he’d misspoken.)

In 1979, Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.

In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.

In 1989, actress Bette Davis died in Neuilly-sur-Seine (nu-yee-sur-sehn), France, at age 81.

Ten years ago:

American Paul Lauterbur and Briton Peter Mansfield won the Nobel Prize for medicine for discoveries that led to magnetic resonance imaging.

Democrat Bob Graham announced on CNN’s “Larry King Live” that he was ending his presidential campaign.

Akhmad Kadyrov (kuh-DEE’-ruhv), Russia’s hand-picked man to lead Chechnya, was declared winner of the republic’s presidential election. (He was assassinated in May 2004.)

Five years ago:

As Wall Street reeled and global markets plunged, President George W. Bush said the U.S. economy was going to be “just fine” in the long run, but cautioned that the massive rescue plan would take time to work.

The Dow industrial average dropped to 9,955, its first close below 10,000 since 2004.

Germany’s Harald zur Hausen and French researchers Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in medicine.

One year ago:

Five terror suspects, including Egyptian-born preacher Mustafa Kamel Mustafa, widely known as Abu Hamza al-Masri, arrived in the United States from England and appeared in court in New York and Connecticut.

Mustafa is accused of conspiring with some Seattle men to set up a terrorist training camp in Oregon and of helping abduct two American tourists and 14 other people in Yemen in 1998.

Today’s Birthdays:

Broadcaster and writer Melvyn Bragg is 74

Actress Britt Ekland is 71

Singer Millie Small is 67

The president of Sinn Fein (shin fayn), Gerry Adams, is 65

Singer-musician Thomas McClary is 64

Musician Sid McGinnis (TV: “Late Show with David Letterman”) is 64

CBS chief executive officer Les Moonves is 64

Rock singer Kevin Cronin (REO Speedwagon) is 62

Rock singer-musician David Hidalgo (Los Lobos) is 59

Former NFL player and coach Tony Dungy is 58

Actress Elisabeth Shue is 50

Singer Matthew Sweet is 49

Actress Jacqueline Obradors is 47

Country singer Tim Rushlow is 47

Rock musician Tommy Stinson is 47

Actress Amy Jo Johnson is 43

Actress Emily Mortimer is 42

Actor Lamman (la-MAHN’) Rucker is 42

Actor Ioan Gruffudd (YOH’-ihn GRIH’-fihth) is 40

Actor Jeremy Sisto is 39

Rhythm-and-blues singer Melinda Doolittle (TV: “American Idol”) is 36

Actor Wes Ramsey is 36

Flashback: What Happened on October 05, ....


•  1770 George Washington left Mount Vernon accompanied by Dr. James Craik to locate lands in the Ohio Valley for himself and other soldiers from the French and Indian War.

•  1940 The West Virginia Historical Society was reorganized, the third such organization in the state’s history. The new group sponsored the publication of West Virginia History: A Quarterly Magazine.

•  1956 United States District Attorney for Southern West Virginia Duncan Daugherty of Huntington announced that he had requested Governor Marland to testify before an October 17 grand jury concerning Republican kickbacks from political appointees and that the Federal Bureau of Investigation would also be conducting an investigation of the charges.

•  1983 Kaiser Aluminum announced the recall of 150 employees at its plant in Ravenswood (Jackson County). The original layoffs dated to 1981.

•  1992 The UMW opened contract talks with the Independent Bituminous Coal Bargaining Alliance, a new management coalition, since the Bituminous Coal Operators Association had not yet begun negotiations on a new contract. The current contract was scheduled to expire in February 1993.

WayBackWhen™: October 05

Today is Saturday, October 05, the 278th day of 2013. There are 87 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“America has believed that in differentiation, not in uniformity, lies the path of progress. It acted on this belief; it has advanced human happiness, and it has prospered.“ — Louis D. Brandeis (1856-1941).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 05, 1921, the World Series was carried on radio for the first time as Newark, N.J. station WJZ (later WABC) relayed a telephoned play-by-play account of the first game from the Polo Grounds, where the New York Giants were facing the New York Yankees, to a studio announcer who repeated the information on the air. (Although the Yankees won the opener, 3-0, the Giants won the series, 5 games to 3.)

On this date:

In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kan.

In 1910, Portugal was proclaimed a republic following the abdication of King Manuel II in the face of a coup d’etat.

In 1931, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon completed the first non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean, arriving in Washington state some 41 hours after leaving Japan.

In 1941, former Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis — the first Jewish member of the nation’s highest court — died in Washington at age 84.

In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered the first televised White House address as he spoke on the world food crisis.

In 1953, Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson.

In 1962, The Beatles’ first hit recording, “Love Me Do,“ was released in the United Kingdom by Parlophone Records. The first James Bond theatrical feature, “Dr. No” starring Sean Connery as Agent 007, premiered in London.

In 1969, the British TV comedy program “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” made its debut on BBC 1.

In 1970, British trade commissioner James Richard Cross was kidnapped in Canada by militant Quebec separatists; he was released the following December.

In 1981, President Ronald Reagan signed a resolution granting honorary American citizenship to Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving thousands of Hungarians, most of them Jews, from the Nazis during World War II.

In 1988, Democrat Lloyd Bentsen lambasted Republican Dan Quayle during their vice-presidential debate, telling Quayle, “Senator, you’re no Jack Kennedy.“

In 1990, a jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by the late Robert Mapplethorpe.

In 2001, tabloid photo editor Robert Stevens died from inhaled anthrax, the first of a series of anthrax cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Washington. Barry Bonds set a new mark for home runs in a single season, hitting numbers 71 and 72, but San Francisco was eliminated from the playoffs with an 11-10 loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Ten years ago:

Israel bombed an Islamic Jihad base in Syria in the first Israeli attack deep inside Syrian territory in three decades.

A woman opened fire at an Atlanta church before Sunday services, killing her mother and the minister before committing suicide.

The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.

Five years ago:

Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin defended her claim that Barack Obama “pals around with terrorists,“ referring to his association on a charity board a few years earlier with 1960s radical Bill Ayers.

Obama accused John McCain’s campaign of trying to distract votes with “smears” rather than talking about substance.

One year ago:

A month before the presidential election, unemployment fell to its lowest level, 7.8%, since President Barack Obama took office; some Republicans questioned whether the numbers had been manipulated.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Glynis Johns is 90

Comedian Bill Dana is 89

Actor Peter Brown is 78

College Football Hall of Fame coach Barry Switzer is 76

Rhythm-and-blues singer Arlene Smith (The Chantels) is 72

Singer-musician Steve Miller is 70

Sen. Benjamin L. Cardin, D-Md., is 70

Rock singer Brian Johnson (AC/DC) is 66

Actress Karen Allen is 62

Writer-producer-director Clive Barker is 61

Rock musician David Bryson (Counting Crows) is 59

Rock singer and famine-relief organizer Bob Geldof is 59

Architect Maya Lin is 54

Actor Daniel Baldwin is 53

Rock singer-musician Dave Dederer is 49

Hockey Hall of Famer Mario Lemieux is 48

Actor Guy Pearce is 46

Actress Josie Bissett is 43

Singer-actress Heather Headley is 39

Pop-rock singer Colin Meloy (The Decemberists) is 39

Rock musician Brian Mashburn (Save Ferris) is 38

Actress Parminder Nagra (pahr-MIHN’-da NAH’grah) is 38

Actor Scott Weinger is 38

Actress Kate Winslet is 38

Rock musician James Valentine (Maroon 5) is 35

Rock musician Paul Thomas (Good Charlotte) is 33

Actor Jesse Eisenberg is 30

TV personality Nicky Hilton is 30

Rhythm-and-blues singer Brooke Valentine is 28

Actor Joshua Logan Moore is 19

Flashback: What Happened on October 04, ....


•  1862 The Virginia General Assembly adopted a joint resolution guaranteeing the construction of a railroad from northwestern Virginia in present-day West Virginia to the Atlantic Ocean upon the conclusion of the war.

•  1890 President Harrison appointed Henry G. Davis to the Intercontinental Railway Commission, established to construct a railroad from the United States to South America.

•  1897 Forty-five coal miners at the Kanawha County mines of the Thomas-Scholz Coal Company returned to work at their former rates for coal mined. They had been on strike since August 17, demanding higher rates.

•  1915 The Lundale Coal Company acquired the holdings of the Kohinoor Coal and Coke Company, Logan County, being leased from the Buffalo Coal and Coke Company.

Daily G-Eye™ : 10.04.13

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WayBackWhen™: October 04

Today is Friday, October 04, the 277th day of 2013. There are 88 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“Knowledge is like a garden: if it is not cultivated, it cannot be harvested.“ — Guinean saying.

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 04, 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit. James R. Hoffa was elected president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The family comedy series “Leave It to Beaver” premiered on CBS.

On this date:

In 1777, Gen. George Washington’s troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pa., resulting in heavy American casualties.

In 1822, the 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, was born in Delaware, Ohio.

In 1861, during the Civil War, the United States Navy authorized construction of the first ironclad ship, the USS Monitor.

In 1887, the International Herald Tribune had its beginnings as the Paris Herald, a European edition of the New York Herald.

In 1931, the comic strip “Dick Tracy,“ created by Chester Gould, made its debut.

In 1940, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini conferred at Brenner Pass in the Alps.

In 1958, the first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.

In 1959, the Soviet Union launched Luna 3, a space probe which transmitted images of the far side of the moon.

In 1960, an Eastern Air Lines Lockheed L-188A Electra crashed on takeoff from Boston’s Logan International Airport, killing all but 10 of the 72 people on board.

In 1970, rock singer Janis Joplin, 27, was found dead in her Hollywood hotel room.

In 1976, agriculture secretary Earl Butz resigned in the wake of a controversy over a joke he’d made about blacks.

In 1980, fire broke out aboard the Dutch cruise vessel Prinsendam in the Gulf of Alaska, forcing the 520 people aboard to abandon ship; no deaths or serious injury resulted. (The ship capsized and sank a week later.)

In 1991, 26 nations, including the United States, signed the Madrid Protocol, which imposed a 50-year ban on oil exploration and mining in Antarctica.

Ten years ago:

A Palestinian woman blew herself up inside a restaurant in Haifa, Israel, killing 21 bystanders.

Five years ago:

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met with her Indian counterpart, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, in New Delhi, where they lauded but did not sign a new agreement opening up U.S. nuclear trade with India.

The U.S. military said it had killed an al-Qaida in Iraq leader (Mahir Ahmad Mahmud al-Zubaydi) suspected of masterminding one of the deadliest attacks in Baghdad, several other recent bombings and the 2006 videotaped killing of a Russian official.

A North Korean news agency reported on leader Kim Jong Il’s first public appearance in nearly two months.

One year ago:

A day after his first debate with Mitt Romney, which had been widely seen as a victory for Romney, President Barack Obama suggested that his Republican rival hadn’t been candid about his policy positions during the faceoff.

The Nielsen company said an estimated 67.2 million people had watched the debate; it was the biggest TV audience for a presidential debate since 1992.

Today’s Birthdays:

Country singer Leroy Van Dyke is 84

Actress Felicia Farr is 81

Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Sam Huff is 79

Actor Eddie Applegate is 78

Author Jackie Collins is 76

Author Roy Blount Jr. is 72

Author Anne Rice is 72

Actress Lori Saunders (“Petticoat Junction”) is 72

Baseball manager Tony La Russa is 69

Actor Clifton Davis is 68

The former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Mike Mullen, is 67

Actress Susan Sarandon is 67

Blues musician Duke Robillard is 65

Playwright Lee Blessing is 64

Actor Armand Assante is 64

Actor Alan Rosenberg is 63

Actor Christoph Waltz is 57

Actor Bill Fagerbakke (FAY’-guhr-bah-kee) is 56

Music producer Russell Simmons is 56

Actress-singer Wendy Makkena is 55

Musician Chris Lowe (The Pet Shop Boys) is 54

Country musician Gregg “Hobie” Hubbard (Sawyer Brown) is 53

Actor David W. Harper is 52

Singer Jon Secada is 52

TV personality John Melendez is 48

Actor Liev Schreiber is 46

Actor Abraham Benrubi is 44

Country singer-musician Heidi Newfield is 43

Singer-guitarist M. Ward (She & Him) is 40

Actress Alicia (ah-LEE’-see-ah) Silverstone is 37

Actor Phillip Glasser is 35

Rock singer-musician Marc Roberge (O.A.R.) is 35

Actor Brandon Barash is 34

Actress Rachael Leigh Cook is 34

Actor Jimmy Workman is 33

Bassist Cubbie Fink (Foster the People) is 31

Rhythm-and-blues singer Jessica Benson (3lw) is 26

Actor Michael Charles Roman is 26

Figure skater Kimmie Meisner is 24

Actress Dakota Johnson is 24

Actress Leigh-Anne Pinnock (Little Mix) is 23

Actor Ryan Scott Lee is 17

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