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History, WayBackWhen™

WayBackWhen™: October 06

Today is Sunday, October 06, the 279th day of 2013. There are 86 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Talking comes by nature, silence by wisdom.“ — Author unknown.


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 06, 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of “The Jazz Singer,“ starring Al Jolson, a movie that featured both silent and sound-synchronized sequences.


On this date:

In 1536, English theologian and scholar William Tyndale, who was the first to translate the Bible into Early Modern English, was executed for heresy.

In 1683, thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany, arrived in Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America’s oldest settlements.

In 1884, the Naval War College was established in Newport, R.I.

In 1928, Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.

In 1939, as remaining military resistance in Poland crumbled, Adolf Hitler delivered a speech to the Reichstag blaming the Poles for the Nazi-Soviet invasion of their country.

In 1949, U.S.-born Iva Toguri D’Aquino, convicted of treason for being Japanese wartime broadcaster “Tokyo Rose,“ was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison (she ended up serving more than six).

In 1958, the nuclear submarine USS Seawolf surfaced after spending 60 days submerged.

In 1973, war erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday.

In 1976, in his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Gerald R. Ford asserted there was “no Soviet domination of eastern Europe.“ (Ford later conceded he’d misspoken.)

In 1979, Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.

In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.

In 1989, actress Bette Davis died in Neuilly-sur-Seine (nu-yee-sur-sehn), France, at age 81.


Ten years ago:

American Paul Lauterbur and Briton Peter Mansfield won the Nobel Prize for medicine for discoveries that led to magnetic resonance imaging.

Democrat Bob Graham announced on CNN’s “Larry King Live” that he was ending his presidential campaign.

Akhmad Kadyrov (kuh-DEE’-ruhv), Russia’s hand-picked man to lead Chechnya, was declared winner of the republic’s presidential election. (He was assassinated in May 2004.)


Five years ago:

As Wall Street reeled and global markets plunged, President George W. Bush said the U.S. economy was going to be “just fine” in the long run, but cautioned that the massive rescue plan would take time to work.

The Dow industrial average dropped to 9,955, its first close below 10,000 since 2004.

Germany’s Harald zur Hausen and French researchers Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in medicine.


One year ago:

Five terror suspects, including Egyptian-born preacher Mustafa Kamel Mustafa, widely known as Abu Hamza al-Masri, arrived in the United States from England and appeared in court in New York and Connecticut.

Mustafa is accused of conspiring with some Seattle men to set up a terrorist training camp in Oregon and of helping abduct two American tourists and 14 other people in Yemen in 1998.


Today’s Birthdays:

Broadcaster and writer Melvyn Bragg is 74

Actress Britt Ekland is 71

Singer Millie Small is 67

The president of Sinn Fein (shin fayn), Gerry Adams, is 65

Singer-musician Thomas McClary is 64

Musician Sid McGinnis (TV: “Late Show with David Letterman”) is 64

CBS chief executive officer Les Moonves is 64

Rock singer Kevin Cronin (REO Speedwagon) is 62

Rock singer-musician David Hidalgo (Los Lobos) is 59

Former NFL player and coach Tony Dungy is 58

Actress Elisabeth Shue is 50

Singer Matthew Sweet is 49

Actress Jacqueline Obradors is 47

Country singer Tim Rushlow is 47

Rock musician Tommy Stinson is 47

Actress Amy Jo Johnson is 43

Actress Emily Mortimer is 42

Actor Lamman (la-MAHN’) Rucker is 42

Actor Ioan Gruffudd (YOH’-ihn GRIH’-fihth) is 40

Actor Jeremy Sisto is 39

Rhythm-and-blues singer Melinda Doolittle (TV: “American Idol”) is 36

Actor Wes Ramsey is 36

Flashback: What Happened on October 05, ....

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•  1770 George Washington left Mount Vernon accompanied by Dr. James Craik to locate lands in the Ohio Valley for himself and other soldiers from the French and Indian War.

•  1940 The West Virginia Historical Society was reorganized, the third such organization in the state’s history. The new group sponsored the publication of West Virginia History: A Quarterly Magazine.

•  1956 United States District Attorney for Southern West Virginia Duncan Daugherty of Huntington announced that he had requested Governor Marland to testify before an October 17 grand jury concerning Republican kickbacks from political appointees and that the Federal Bureau of Investigation would also be conducting an investigation of the charges.

•  1983 Kaiser Aluminum announced the recall of 150 employees at its plant in Ravenswood (Jackson County). The original layoffs dated to 1981.

•  1992 The UMW opened contract talks with the Independent Bituminous Coal Bargaining Alliance, a new management coalition, since the Bituminous Coal Operators Association had not yet begun negotiations on a new contract. The current contract was scheduled to expire in February 1993.

WayBackWhen™: October 05

Today is Saturday, October 05, the 278th day of 2013. There are 87 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“America has believed that in differentiation, not in uniformity, lies the path of progress. It acted on this belief; it has advanced human happiness, and it has prospered.“ — Louis D. Brandeis (1856-1941).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 05, 1921, the World Series was carried on radio for the first time as Newark, N.J. station WJZ (later WABC) relayed a telephoned play-by-play account of the first game from the Polo Grounds, where the New York Giants were facing the New York Yankees, to a studio announcer who repeated the information on the air. (Although the Yankees won the opener, 3-0, the Giants won the series, 5 games to 3.)


On this date:

In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kan.

In 1910, Portugal was proclaimed a republic following the abdication of King Manuel II in the face of a coup d’etat.

In 1931, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon completed the first non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean, arriving in Washington state some 41 hours after leaving Japan.

In 1941, former Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis — the first Jewish member of the nation’s highest court — died in Washington at age 84.

In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered the first televised White House address as he spoke on the world food crisis.

In 1953, Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson.

In 1962, The Beatles’ first hit recording, “Love Me Do,“ was released in the United Kingdom by Parlophone Records. The first James Bond theatrical feature, “Dr. No” starring Sean Connery as Agent 007, premiered in London.

In 1969, the British TV comedy program “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” made its debut on BBC 1.

In 1970, British trade commissioner James Richard Cross was kidnapped in Canada by militant Quebec separatists; he was released the following December.

In 1981, President Ronald Reagan signed a resolution granting honorary American citizenship to Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving thousands of Hungarians, most of them Jews, from the Nazis during World War II.

In 1988, Democrat Lloyd Bentsen lambasted Republican Dan Quayle during their vice-presidential debate, telling Quayle, “Senator, you’re no Jack Kennedy.“

In 1990, a jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by the late Robert Mapplethorpe.

In 2001, tabloid photo editor Robert Stevens died from inhaled anthrax, the first of a series of anthrax cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Washington. Barry Bonds set a new mark for home runs in a single season, hitting numbers 71 and 72, but San Francisco was eliminated from the playoffs with an 11-10 loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers.


Ten years ago:

Israel bombed an Islamic Jihad base in Syria in the first Israeli attack deep inside Syrian territory in three decades.

A woman opened fire at an Atlanta church before Sunday services, killing her mother and the minister before committing suicide.

The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.


Five years ago:

Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin defended her claim that Barack Obama “pals around with terrorists,“ referring to his association on a charity board a few years earlier with 1960s radical Bill Ayers.

Obama accused John McCain’s campaign of trying to distract votes with “smears” rather than talking about substance.


One year ago:

A month before the presidential election, unemployment fell to its lowest level, 7.8%, since President Barack Obama took office; some Republicans questioned whether the numbers had been manipulated.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Glynis Johns is 90

Comedian Bill Dana is 89

Actor Peter Brown is 78

College Football Hall of Fame coach Barry Switzer is 76

Rhythm-and-blues singer Arlene Smith (The Chantels) is 72

Singer-musician Steve Miller is 70

Sen. Benjamin L. Cardin, D-Md., is 70

Rock singer Brian Johnson (AC/DC) is 66

Actress Karen Allen is 62

Writer-producer-director Clive Barker is 61

Rock musician David Bryson (Counting Crows) is 59

Rock singer and famine-relief organizer Bob Geldof is 59

Architect Maya Lin is 54

Actor Daniel Baldwin is 53

Rock singer-musician Dave Dederer is 49

Hockey Hall of Famer Mario Lemieux is 48

Actor Guy Pearce is 46

Actress Josie Bissett is 43

Singer-actress Heather Headley is 39

Pop-rock singer Colin Meloy (The Decemberists) is 39

Rock musician Brian Mashburn (Save Ferris) is 38

Actress Parminder Nagra (pahr-MIHN’-da NAH’grah) is 38

Actor Scott Weinger is 38

Actress Kate Winslet is 38

Rock musician James Valentine (Maroon 5) is 35

Rock musician Paul Thomas (Good Charlotte) is 33

Actor Jesse Eisenberg is 30

TV personality Nicky Hilton is 30

Rhythm-and-blues singer Brooke Valentine is 28

Actor Joshua Logan Moore is 19

Flashback: What Happened on October 04, ....

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•  1862 The Virginia General Assembly adopted a joint resolution guaranteeing the construction of a railroad from northwestern Virginia in present-day West Virginia to the Atlantic Ocean upon the conclusion of the war.

•  1890 President Harrison appointed Henry G. Davis to the Intercontinental Railway Commission, established to construct a railroad from the United States to South America.

•  1897 Forty-five coal miners at the Kanawha County mines of the Thomas-Scholz Coal Company returned to work at their former rates for coal mined. They had been on strike since August 17, demanding higher rates.

•  1915 The Lundale Coal Company acquired the holdings of the Kohinoor Coal and Coke Company, Logan County, being leased from the Buffalo Coal and Coke Company.

Daily G-Eye™ : 10.04.13

The Gilmer Free Press


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WayBackWhen™: October 04

Today is Friday, October 04, the 277th day of 2013. There are 88 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Knowledge is like a garden: if it is not cultivated, it cannot be harvested.“ — Guinean saying.


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 04, 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit. James R. Hoffa was elected president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The family comedy series “Leave It to Beaver” premiered on CBS.


On this date:

In 1777, Gen. George Washington’s troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pa., resulting in heavy American casualties.

In 1822, the 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, was born in Delaware, Ohio.

In 1861, during the Civil War, the United States Navy authorized construction of the first ironclad ship, the USS Monitor.

In 1887, the International Herald Tribune had its beginnings as the Paris Herald, a European edition of the New York Herald.

In 1931, the comic strip “Dick Tracy,“ created by Chester Gould, made its debut.

In 1940, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini conferred at Brenner Pass in the Alps.

In 1958, the first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.

In 1959, the Soviet Union launched Luna 3, a space probe which transmitted images of the far side of the moon.

In 1960, an Eastern Air Lines Lockheed L-188A Electra crashed on takeoff from Boston’s Logan International Airport, killing all but 10 of the 72 people on board.

In 1970, rock singer Janis Joplin, 27, was found dead in her Hollywood hotel room.

In 1976, agriculture secretary Earl Butz resigned in the wake of a controversy over a joke he’d made about blacks.

In 1980, fire broke out aboard the Dutch cruise vessel Prinsendam in the Gulf of Alaska, forcing the 520 people aboard to abandon ship; no deaths or serious injury resulted. (The ship capsized and sank a week later.)

In 1991, 26 nations, including the United States, signed the Madrid Protocol, which imposed a 50-year ban on oil exploration and mining in Antarctica.


Ten years ago:

A Palestinian woman blew herself up inside a restaurant in Haifa, Israel, killing 21 bystanders.


Five years ago:

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met with her Indian counterpart, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, in New Delhi, where they lauded but did not sign a new agreement opening up U.S. nuclear trade with India.

The U.S. military said it had killed an al-Qaida in Iraq leader (Mahir Ahmad Mahmud al-Zubaydi) suspected of masterminding one of the deadliest attacks in Baghdad, several other recent bombings and the 2006 videotaped killing of a Russian official.

A North Korean news agency reported on leader Kim Jong Il’s first public appearance in nearly two months.


One year ago:

A day after his first debate with Mitt Romney, which had been widely seen as a victory for Romney, President Barack Obama suggested that his Republican rival hadn’t been candid about his policy positions during the faceoff.

The Nielsen company said an estimated 67.2 million people had watched the debate; it was the biggest TV audience for a presidential debate since 1992.


Today’s Birthdays:

Country singer Leroy Van Dyke is 84

Actress Felicia Farr is 81

Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Sam Huff is 79

Actor Eddie Applegate is 78

Author Jackie Collins is 76

Author Roy Blount Jr. is 72

Author Anne Rice is 72

Actress Lori Saunders (“Petticoat Junction”) is 72

Baseball manager Tony La Russa is 69

Actor Clifton Davis is 68

The former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Mike Mullen, is 67

Actress Susan Sarandon is 67

Blues musician Duke Robillard is 65

Playwright Lee Blessing is 64

Actor Armand Assante is 64

Actor Alan Rosenberg is 63

Actor Christoph Waltz is 57

Actor Bill Fagerbakke (FAY’-guhr-bah-kee) is 56

Music producer Russell Simmons is 56

Actress-singer Wendy Makkena is 55

Musician Chris Lowe (The Pet Shop Boys) is 54

Country musician Gregg “Hobie” Hubbard (Sawyer Brown) is 53

Actor David W. Harper is 52

Singer Jon Secada is 52

TV personality John Melendez is 48

Actor Liev Schreiber is 46

Actor Abraham Benrubi is 44

Country singer-musician Heidi Newfield is 43

Singer-guitarist M. Ward (She & Him) is 40

Actress Alicia (ah-LEE’-see-ah) Silverstone is 37

Actor Phillip Glasser is 35

Rock singer-musician Marc Roberge (O.A.R.) is 35

Actor Brandon Barash is 34

Actress Rachael Leigh Cook is 34

Actor Jimmy Workman is 33

Bassist Cubbie Fink (Foster the People) is 31

Rhythm-and-blues singer Jessica Benson (3lw) is 26

Actor Michael Charles Roman is 26

Figure skater Kimmie Meisner is 24

Actress Dakota Johnson is 24

Actress Leigh-Anne Pinnock (Little Mix) is 23

Actor Ryan Scott Lee is 17

Flashback: What Happened on October 03, ....

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•  1763 About 150 troops under Colonel Charles Lewis defeated Native American warriors in a skirmish during Pontiacs War on the headwaters of the South Fork near Fort Seybert, present-day Pendleton County.

•  1861 An artillery battle was fought at Greenbrier Bridge, near Bartow, Pocahontas County.

•  1956 An a televised appearance, Governor Marland denied the solicitation of compulsory political contributions from state employees and accused a Republican national committee member, originally presumed to be West Virginia Chair Walter S. Hallanan of Charleston, of taking a mandatory percentage of postmasters’ salaries in exchange for guaranteeing their appointments.

•  1960 Governor Cecil Underwood called a special session of the West Virginia Legislature. During the session, a program was passed providing medical care for the elderly not previously covered by the Department of Public Assistance.

WayBackWhen™: October 03

Today is Thursday, October 03, the 276th day of 2013. There are 89 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“The worst disease in the world is the plague of vengeance.“—Dr. Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (1893-1990).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 03, 1990, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a reunified country.


On this date:

In 1226, St. Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order, died; he was canonized in 1228.

In 1789, President George Washington declared Nov. 26, 1789, a day of Thanksgiving to express gratitude for the creation of the United States of America.

In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day.

In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Office of Economic Stabilization.

In 1951, the New York Giants captured the National League pennant by a score of 5-4 as Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer off the Brooklyn Dodgers’ Ralph Branca in the “shot heard ‘round the world.“

In 1961, “The Dick Van Dyke Show,“ also starring Mary Tyler Moore, made its debut on CBS.

In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.

In 1970, the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was established under the Department of Commerce.

In 1991, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.

In 1995, the jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star not guilty of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman (however, Simpson was later found liable in a civil trial).

In 2002, five people were shot to death in the Washington, D.C. area within a 14-hour period, beginning the hunt for the “Beltway Sniper.“ (In all, ten people were killed; mastermind John Allen Muhammad and teenage accomplice Lee Boyd Malvo were later caught.)


Ten years ago:

A tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of duo “Siegfried & Roy” during a performance in Las Vegas, leaving the superstar illusionist in critical condition on his 59th birthday.

Illustrator and children’s book author William Steig died in Boston at age 95.


Five years ago:

Amid dire warnings of economic disaster, a reluctant Congress abruptly reversed course and approved a historic $700 billion government bailout of the battered financial industry; President George W. Bush swiftly signed it.

Thirteen years to the day after O.J. Simpson was acquitted of murdering his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, the former football star was found guilty of robbing two sports-memorabilia dealers at gunpoint in a Las Vegas hotel room. (Simpson was later sentenced to nine to 33 years in prison.)


One year ago:

An aggressive Mitt Romney sparred with President Barack Obama on the economy and domestic issues in their first campaign debate.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton promised a full and transparent probe of the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, that killed the U.S. ambassador to Libya and three other Americans.


Today’s Birthdays:

Basketball Hall of Famer Marques O. Haynes is 87

Composer Steve Reich is 77

Rock and roll star Chubby Checker is 72

Actor Alan Rachins is 71

Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., is 70

Magician Roy Horn is 69

Singer Lindsey Buckingham is 64

Jazz musician Ronnie Laws is 63

Blues singer Keb’ Mo’ is 62

Former astronaut Kathryn Sullivan is 62

Baseball Hall of Famer Dave Winfield is 62

Baseball Hall of Famer Dennis Eckersley is 59

Civil rights activist Rev. Al Sharpton is 59

Actor Hart Bochner is 57

Actor Peter Frechette is 57

Golfer Fred Couples is 54

Actor-comedian Greg Proops is 54

Actor Jack Wagner is 54

Rock musician Tommy Lee is 51

Actor Clive Owen is 49

Actress Janel Moloney is 44

Singer Gwen Stefani (steh-FAH’-nee) (No Doubt) is 44

Pop singer Kevin Richardson is 42

Rock singer G. Love is 41

Actress Keiko Agena (KAY’-koh ah-GAYN’-ah) is 40

Actress Neve Campbell is 40

Singer India.Arie (ah-REE’) is 38

Rapper Talib Kweli (tuh-LIB’ kwah-LEE’) is 38

Actress Alanna Ubach is 38

Actor Seann (cq) William Scott is 37

Actress Shannyn Sossamon is 35

Rock musician Josh Klinghoffer (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 34

Actor Seth Gabel is 32

Rock musician Mark King (Hinder) is 31

Actor Erik Von Detten is 31

Singer-musician Cherrill Green (Edens Edge) is 30

Actress Tessa Thompson is 30

Actress-singer Ashlee Simpson is 29

GSC’s Ashley Hopkins Gives Appalachian Cultural Pride Program at Gilmer County Historic Society

Ashley Hopkins, Glenville State College Student Support Services Teacher and Counselor, presented a program on Appalachian Cultural Pride to the Gilmer County Historic Society on Wednesday September 18, 2013.

Hopkins, who is working for her Doctorate of Education at Ohio University, exchanged thoughts on the stereotyping of the Appalachian people with an engaged audience. Other topics touched on in the presentation were social movements in Appalachia, regional economics, and the connection between arts and cultural pride.

The Gilmer Free Press


“Stereotyping,” Hopkins said, “is a normal thought process that allows people to categorize an incredibly complex world.  However, taken to an extreme it can unfairly characterize ethnic groups and cultures. Appalachians have long been portrayed in literature and the media as ignorant hillbillies, lacking social, economic and educational skills.”

Citing examples such as movies like ‘Deliverance’ and ‘Wrong Turn’, as well as contemporary reality/documentary TV shows like ‘The Wild Wonderful Whites of West Virginia’ and MTV’s ‘Buck Wild’, Hopkins built the case that by focusing on negative depictions of the mountain people, the media has overlooked the far more common Appalachian traits of hard work, family values, patriotism, self-reliance and culture—including art, music, dance, storytelling, poetry and film.

Hopkins then pivoted to sharing videos, music from 2/3rds Goat, a poem titled Affrilachia, by black Appalachian writer Frank X. Walker, and other sources that celebrate the culture.  She concluded her talk by advocating for assets-based thinking for Appalachians and for the integration of Appalachian literature and history in grade and high school curriculums.

Dr. Art DeMatteo, President of the Society and Professor of History at Glenville State College, said this of the event, “Ms. Hopkins poignant topic, and the diverse resource materials she shared, evoked an unusually strong and positive emotional response from the enthusiastic attendees. We’ll look forward to having her back soon.”

Ms. Hopkins has a Bachelor of Arts in English from Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio and a Master’s in Education from Ohio University in Athens, Ohio.  She also holds a graduate certificate in Women and Gender Studies. Currently she is pursuing an Ed. D. at Ohio University where she is studying Educational Administration with an emphasis in Appalachian Literature and Education.

For more information on the presentation or GSC Student Support Services, contact Hopkins at 304.462.6150 or

Flashback: What Happened on October 02, ....

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•  1867 Storer College in Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, admitted its first students.

•  1929 The West Virginia Public Service Commission consolidated two submitted projects of the New- Kanawha Power Company, a subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation, into one project: the construction of the Hawks Nest Tunnel and Dam at Boncar, Fayette County. Earlier in the year, the Electro Metallurgical Company, another Union Carbide subsidiary and the recipient of the subsequent power from the new dam, had purchased area mines from the West Virginia Eagle Coal Company to provide an ample coal supply to power the new plant. A tramway connecting the coal mine and the new plant at Boncar was completed in February 1932.

•  1938 The Methodist churches in Clendenin (Kanawha County) merged, the first such merger of Protestant factions in the state.

•  1955 WHTN - TV television station went on the air in Huntington. It was owned by the Greater Huntington Theater Corporation. It later changed its call letters to WOWK - TV.

•  1978 The American Cyanamid Company Willow Island plant (Pleasants County) reduced the number of chemicals to which women could be exposed from 29 to 1 (lead), virtually eliminating their chances of employment. Earlier in the year, the company had implemented a fetal protection policy prohibiting women of child-bearing age from working on the production line where they were exposed to a number of chemicals. Five women chose to be sterilized to keep their jobs. The company was later fined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). From the 1940s to 1973, the American Cyanamid had never hired a woman. However, due to federal pressure, they hired 36 between 1974 and 1976, with production increasing immediately.

•  1979 Former liquor commissioner J. Richard Barber was sentenced to 3 years in federal prison for extortion, mail fraud, and racketeering.

WayBackWhen™: October 02

Today is Wednesday, October 02, the 275th day of 2013. There are 90 days left in the year.


Thought for Today: ]There’s one way to find out if a man is honest — ask him. If he says ‘yes,‘ you know he is crooked.“ — Groucho Marx (born this date in 1890, died in 1977).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 02, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court as the court opened its new term.

On this date:

In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, NY, during the Revolutionary War.

In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.

In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson suffered a serious stroke at the White House that left him paralyzed on his left side.

In 1941, during World War II, German armies launched an all-out drive against Moscow.

In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the two-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.

In 1950, the comic strip “Peanuts,“ created by Charles M. Schulz, was syndicated to seven newspapers.

In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.

In 1970, one of two chartered twin-engine planes flying the Wichita State University football team to Utah crashed into a mountain near Silver Plume, Colo., killing 31 of the 40 people on board.

In 1971, the music program “Soul Train” made its debut in national syndication.

In 1985, actor Rock Hudson died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 59 after battling AIDS.

In 2001, NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided “clear and conclusive” evidence of Osama bin Laden’s involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington.

In 2002, the Washington, D.C. area sniper attacks began as a resident of Silver Spring, Md., was shot and killed in a store parking lot in Wheaton; the next day, five people were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt lasting three weeks.

In 2006, an armed milk truck driver took a group of girls hostage in an Amish schoolhouse in Nickel Mines, Pa., killing five of them and wounding five others befo


Ten years ago:

The Los Angeles Times published allegations that California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger had sexually harassed six women in the past; the actor acknowledged “bad behavior” on his part, and apologized.

The House voted 281-142 to prohibit doctors from carrying out what abortion opponents called partial birth abortion.

South African J.M. Coetzee (kut-SEE’-uh) won the 2003 Nobel Prize for literature. Former Labor Secretary John Dunlop died at age 89.


Five years ago:

Republican Sarah Palin and Democrat Joe Biden sparred over taxes, energy policy and the Iraq war in a high-profile vice-presidential debate at Washington University in St. Louis, in which Palin sought to reclaim her identity as a feisty reformer and Biden tried to undercut the maverick image of GOP presidential hopeful John McCain.

More than a year after millionaire adventure Steve Fossett vanished on a solo flight over California’s rugged Sierra Nevada, searchers found the wreckage of his plane but no body inside. (Fossett’s remains were discovered in late Oct. 2008.)


One year ago:

Vice President Joe Biden said the middle class had been “buried” during the last four years, a statement that Republicans immediately seized upon as an unwitting indictment of the Obama administration.

A judge in Pennsylvania ruled that the state’s tough new voter identification requirement could not be enforced in the upcoming presidential election.


Today’s Birthdays:

Country singer-musician Leon Rausch (Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys) is 86

Retired MLB All-Star Maury Wills is 81

Movie critic Rex Reed is 75

Singer-songwriter Don McLean is 68

Cajun/country singer Jo-el Sonnier (sahn-YAY’) is 67

Actor Avery Brooks is 65

Fashion designer Donna Karan is 65

Photographer Annie Leibovitz is 64

Rock musician Mike Rutherford (Genesis, Mike & the Mechanics) is 63

Singer-actor Sting is 62

Actress Lorraine Bracco is 59

Country musician Greg Jennings (Restless Heart) is 59

Rock singer Phil Oakey (The Human League) is 58

Rhythm-and-blues singer Freddie Jackson is 55

Singer-producer Robbie Nevil is 55

Retro-soul singer James Hunter is 51

Rock musician Bud Gaugh (Sublime, Eyes Adrift) is 46

Folk-country singer Gillian Welch is 46

Country singer Kelly Willis is 45

Actor Joey Slotnick is 45

Rhythm-and-blues singer Dion Allen (Az Yet) is 43

Actress-talk show host Kelly Ripa (TV: “Live with Kelly and Michael”) is 43

Singer Tiffany is 42

Rock singer Lene Nystrom is 40

Actor Efren Ramirez is 40

Rhythm-and-blues singer LaTocha Scott (Xscape) is 40

Gospel singer Mandisa (TV: “American Idol”) is 37

Actress Brianna Brown is 34

Rock musician Mike Rodden (Hinder) is 31

Rock singer Brittany Howard (Alabama Shakes) is 25

Actress Samantha Barks is 23

Flashback: What Happened on October 01, ....

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•  1896 The first rural free delivery in the United States was installed at Charles Town, Jefferson County. At the time, William L. Wilson of Charles Town was serving as United States Postmaster-Government.

•  1901 Miner’s Hospital No. 3 was opened in Fairmont, Marion County.

•  1925 The West Virginia Department of Agriculture entered a cooperative agreement with the Federal Department of Agriculture to create a Crop and Livestock Reporting Service as a division of the State Department of Agriculture.

•  1950 WEIF - AM radio went on the air, the first radio station in Moundsville, Marshall County.

•  1957 The day after 100 to 150 white students walked out of classes at Matoaka High School, Mercer County, in protest of integration, two African-American students were beaten as they got off the bus at the same school.

•  1981 The law went into effect requiring all West Virginia motor vehicle owners to maintain insurance.

•  1984 The first senatorial debate was held between Democrat Governor Jay Rockefeller and Republican John Raese.

•  1992 United States Senator from West Virginia Jay Rockefeller was named as one of the five national co-chairpeople for the presidential campaign of Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton. His role was designated as campaign health-care spokesperson.

WayBackWhen™: October 01

Today is Tuesday, October 01, the 274th day of 2013. There are 91 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Anything one man can imagine, other men can make real.“—Jules Verne, French author (1828-1905).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 01, 1908, Henry Ford introduced his Model T automobile to the market.


On this date:

In 1861, during the Civil War, the Confederate navy captured the Union steamer Fanny in North Carolina’s Pamlico Sound.

In 1910, the offices of the Los Angeles Times were destroyed by a bomb explosion and fire; 21 Times employees were killed.

In 1932, Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees made his supposed called shot, hitting a home run against Chicago’s Charlie Root in the fifth inning of Game 3 of the World Series, won by the New York Yankees 7-5 at Wrigley Field.

In 1936, Gen. Francisco Franco was proclaimed the head of an insurgent Spanish state.

In 1937, Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black delivered a radio address in which he acknowledged being a former member of the Ku Klux Klan, but said he had dropped out of the organization before becoming a U.S. senator.

In 1940, the first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, 160 miles in length, was opened to the public.

In 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China during a ceremony in Beijing. A 42-day strike by the United Steelworkers of America began over the issue of retirement benefits.

In 1961, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit his 61st home run during a 162-game season, compared to Babe Ruth’s 60 home runs during a 154-game season. (Tracy Stallard of the Boston Red Sox gave up the round-tripper; the Yankees won 1-0.)

In 1962, Johnny Carson debuted as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show,“ beginning a nearly 30-year run; after being introduced to the audience by Groucho Marx, Carson received his first guests, actor-singer Rudy Vallee, actress Joan Crawford, singer Tony Bennett and comedian Mel Brooks.

In 1964, the Free Speech Movement was launched at the University of California at Berkeley.

In 1972, the book “The Joy of Sex” by Alex Comfort was first published by Mitchell Beazley of London.

In 1982, Sony began selling the first commercial compact disc player, the CDP-101, in Japan.

In 1987, eight people were killed when an earthquake measuring magnitude 5.9 struck the Los Angeles area.


Ten years ago:

The United States took over the month-long presidency of the U.N. Security Council at a time when it was campaigning for approval of a new resolution aimed at getting more countries to contribute troops and money to Iraq.

Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh resigned from his ESPN sports job after stirring controversy by suggesting Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Donovan McNabb was overrated because the media wanted to see a black quarterback succeed.


Five years ago:

After one spectacular failure in the House, the $700 billion financial industry bailout won lopsided passage in the Senate, 74-25, after it was loaded with tax breaks and other sweeteners.

Nick Reynolds, a founding member of the Kingston Trio, died in San Diego at age 75.

TV actor House Peters Jr., the original “Mr. Clean,“ died in Los Angeles at age 92.


One year ago:

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem, addressing the U.N. General Assembly, accused some Security Council members of supporting “terrorism” in his country.

North Korea warned that a “hostile” U.S. policy had left the Korean peninsula a spark away from a nuclear war.

“Family Guy” creator Seth MacFarlane was named as host of the 2013 Academy Awards.


Today’s Birthdays:

Former President Jimmy Carter is 89

Actress-singer Julie Andrews is 78

Actress Stella Stevens is 75

Rock musician Jerry Martini (Sly and the Family Stone) is 70

Baseball Hall-of-Famer Rod Carew is 68

Jazz musician Dave Holland is 67

Actor Stephen Collins is 66

Actress Yvette Freeman is 63

Actor Randy Quaid is 63

Rhythm-and-blues singer Howard Hewett is 58

Alt-country-rock musician Tim O’Reagan (The Jayhawks) is 55

Singer Youssou N’Dour is 54

Actor Esai Morales is 51

Retired MLB All-Star Mark McGwire is 50

Actor Christopher Titus is 49

Actress-model Cindy Margolis is 48

Rock singer-musician Kevin Griffin (Better Than Ezra) is 45

Actor Zach Galifianakis (ga-lih-fih-NA’-kihs) is 44

Singer Keith Duffy is 39

Actress Sarah Drew is 33

Actress Jurnee Smollett is 27

Actress Brie Larson is 24

Flashback: What Happened on September 30, ....

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•  1869 The first West Virginia History Society was organized in Morgantown.

•  1870 Flooding of the Shenandoah River at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County caused numerous loss of lives and destruction of property, particularly on Virginius Island.

•  1872 The new West Virginia Constitution went into effect.

•  1872 African-American educator Fannie Cobb Carter was born in Charleston.

•  1921 The Charleston Lions Club was chartered, the first such organization in the state.

•  1944 The Kanawha County Circuit Court temporarily blocked the firing of West Virginia University President Charles Lawall.

•  1957 One hundred to 150 white students walked out of classes at Matoaka High School, Mercer County, in protest of integration. The following day, two African-American students were beaten. That same week, similar demonstrations were held elsewhere in Mercer County and McDowell County and a fight erupted between African-American players of Stoco High School and white players of Trap Hill.

•  1981 WPMW - FM radio went on the air, the first radio stations in Mullens, Wyoming County. It was owned by Slab Fork Broadcasting.

•  1992 The West Virginia Citizen Action Group reported a decrease in toxic emissions into the air, land, and water in West Virginia from 1989 to 1990, with Kanawha County, Brooke County, and Marshall County leading the state in toxic releases in the latter year.

•  1992 A national study was released indicating West Virginia ranked last in the country in terms of women employment, at 44%.

WayBackWhen™: September 30

Today is Monday, September 30, the 273rd day of 2013. There are 92 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Nothing you can’t spell will ever work.“—Will Rogers, American humorist (1879-1935).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 30, 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California.


On this date:

In 1777, the Continental Congress—forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces—moved to York, Pa.

In 1791, Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premiered in Vienna, Austria.

In 1809, a treaty was signed by Indiana Territory Gov. William Henry Harrison and representatives of four Indian tribes under which the Indians sold some 3 million acres of land to be used for U.S. settlements.

In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.“

In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

In 1954, the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy.

In 1962, black student James Meredith was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day.

In 1986, the U.S. released accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Soviets released American journalist Nicholas Daniloff.

In 1988, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.

In 2001, under threat of U.S. military strikes, Afghanistan’s hard-line Taliban rulers said explicitly for the first time that Osama bin Laden was still in the country and that they knew where his hideout was located.


Ten years ago:

The FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.

Eighteen accused al-Qaida sympathizers were convicted in Belgium’s biggest terrorism trial.


Five years ago:

Congressional leaders and President George W. Bush rummaged through ideas new and old, desperately seeking to change a dozen House members’ votes and pass a multibillion-dollar economic rescue plan.

Wall Street regained hope as the Dow industrials rose 485 points.

More than 200 people were killed in a stampede of pilgrims at a Hindu temple in Jodhpur, India. J.L. Chestnut Jr., the first black lawyer in Selma, Ala. and a prominent attorney in civil rights cases across a half century, died in Birmingham at age 77.


One year ago:

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, writing in The Wall Street Journal, said President Barack Obama has “misunderstood” American values in his policies toward other countries.

Looking to lower expectations in advance of his first debate against Mitt Romney, President Barack Obama described himself as just an “OK” debater.

Mike Trout of the Los Angeles Angels became the first rookie in Major League history to hit 30 home runs and steal 40 bases in a season.


Today’s Birthdays:

Nobel Peace Laureate Elie Wiesel (EL’-ee vee-ZEHL’) is 85

Actress Angie Dickinson is 82

Singer Cissy Houston is 80

Singer Johnny Mathis is 78

Actor Len Cariou is 74

Singer Marilyn McCoo is 70

Former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert is 68

Pop singer Sylvia Peterson (The Chiffons) is 67

Actor Vondie Curtis-Hall is 63

Actress Victoria Tennant is 63

Actor John Finn is 61

Rock musician John Lombardo is 61

Singer Deborah Allen is 60

Actor Calvin Levels is 59

Actor Barry Williams is 59

Singer Patrice Rushen is 59

Actress Fran Drescher is 56

Country singer Marty Stuart is 55

Actress Debrah Farentino is 54

Rock musician Bill Rieflin (R.E.M.) is 53

Former Sen. Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., is 53

Actress Crystal Bernard is 52

Actor Eric Stoltz is 52

Rapper-producer Marley Marl is 51

Country singer Eddie Montgomery (Montgomery-Gentry) is 50

Rock singer Trey Anastasio is 49

Actress Monica Bellucci is 49

Rock musician Robby Takac (TAY’-kak) (Goo Goo Dolls) is 49

Actress Lisa Thornhill is 47

Actress Andrea Roth is 46

Actor Silas Weir Mitchell is 44

Actor Tony Hale is 43

Actress Jenna Elfman is 42

Actor Ashley Hamilton is 39

Actress Marion Cotillard (koh-tee-YAHR’) is 38

Actor Stark Sands is 35

Actor Mike Damus is 34

Tennis player Martina Hingis is 33

Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Moceanu (moh-chee-AH’-noo) is 32

Actress Lacey Chabert (shuh-BEHR’) is 31

Actor Kieran Culkin is 31

Singer-rapper T-Pain is 29

Flashback: What Happened on September 29, ....

image

•  1861 The Kanawha River rose 16.9 feet above flood stage, resulting in the highest recorded flood in the history of Charleston.

•  1864 The American Oil and Mining Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Jacob Goehring, Benjamin S. Fox, Solomon Wanamaker, Daniel Goehring, W. J. K. Kline, A. L. K. Kline of Irwin, PA; and H. G. Lomison of Greensburg, PA. The company’s main office was at Irwin’s Station, PA, with a branch at Hughes River Junction, Wirt County.

•  1870 The West Virginia Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind was opened in Romney, Hampshire County, with H. H. Hollister as principal. The school is now known as the West Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind.

•  1913 The Island Creek Block Coal Company leased 50 acres of land at the mouth of Cow Creek, Logan County, from S. B. Browning and others.

•  1992 Michael Cox, former vice president of the defunct Magnet Bank, pleaded guilty to making false statements about financial relationships with three borrowers, including businessman Fred Haddad of Charleston, Kanawha County.

WayBackWhen™: September 29

Today is Sunday, September 29, the 272nd day of 2013. There are 93 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Justice cannot be for one side alone, but must be for both.“ — Eleanor Roosevelt, American first lady (1884-1962)


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 29, 1789, the U.S. War Department established a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.


On this date:

In 1829, London’s reorganized police force, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty.

In 1862, Prussia’s newly appointed minister-president, Otto von Bismarck, delivered a speech to the country’s parliament in which he declared the issue of German unification would be decided “not through speeches and majority decisions” but by “iron and blood (Eisen und Blut).“ (Some references give the date of this speech as Sept. 30, 1862.)

In 1907, the foundation stone was laid for the Washington National Cathedral, which wasn’t fully completed until this date in 1990.

In 1912, movie director Michelangelo Antonioni was born in Ferrara, Italy.

In 1938, British, French, German and Italian leaders concluded the Munich Agreement, which was aimed at appeasing Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.

In 1957, the New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds, losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates, 9-1. (The Giants moved to San Francisco.)

In 1978, Pope John Paul I was found dead in his Vatican apartment just over a month after becoming head of the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1982, Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide claimed the first of seven victims in the Chicago area. (To date, the case remains unsolved.)

In 1986, the Soviet Union released Nicholas Daniloff, an American journalist confined on spying charges.

In 1987, Henry Ford II, longtime chairman of Ford Motor Co., died in Detroit at age 70.

In 2001, President George W. Bush condemned Afghanistan’s Taliban rulers for harboring Osama bin Laden and his followers as the United States pressed its military and diplomatic campaign against terror.

In 2005, John G. Roberts Jr. was sworn in as the nation’s 17th chief justice after winning Senate confirmation.


Ten years ago:

The White House denied that President Bush’s top political adviser,

Karl Rove, had leaked CIA agent Valerie Plame’s identity to retaliate against her husband, an opponent of the administration’s Iraq policy.

President Bush signed legislation to ratify the Federal Trade Commission’s authority to set up a national do-not-call list for telemarketers.


Five years ago:

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 777 points after the House defeated, 228-205, a $700 billion emergency rescue for the nation’s financial system, leaving both parties and the Bush administration scrambling to pick up the pieces.


One year ago:

Omar Khadr, the last Western detainee held at the U.S. military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, returned to Canada after a decade in custody.

Former New York Times publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger died at the age of 86.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Lizabeth Scott is 92

Conductor Richard Bonynge is 83

Actress Anita Ekberg is 82

Writer-director Robert Benton is 81

Singer Jerry Lee Lewis is 78

Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is 77

Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., is 71

Actor Ian McShane is 71

Jazz musician Jean-Luc Ponty is 71

Lech Walesa (lehk vah-WEN’-sah), the former president of Poland, is 70

Television-film composer Mike Post is 69

Actress Patricia Hodge is 67

TV personality Bryant Gumbel is 65

Rock singer-musician Mark Farner is 65

Rock singer-musician Mike Pinera is 65

Country singer Alvin Crow is 63

Actor Drake Hogestyn is 60

Broadcast journalist Gwen Ifill is 58

Former child actor Ken Weatherwax (TV: “The Addams Family”) is 58

Olympic gold medal runner Sebastian Coe is 57

Singer Suzzy Roche (The Roches) is 57

Comedian-actor Andrew “Dice” Clay is 56

Rock singer John Payne (Asia) is 55

Actor Roger Bart is 51

Singer-musician Les Claypool is 50

Actress Jill Whelan is 47

Actor Luke Goss is 45.

Rock musician Brad Smith (Blind Melon) is 45

Actress Erika Eleniak is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Devante Swing (Jodeci) is 44

Country singer Brad Cotter (“Nashville Star”) is 43

Actress Emily Lloyd is 43

Actress Natasha Gregson Wagner is 43

Actress Rachel Cronin is 42

Country musician Danick Dupelle (Emerson Drive) is 40

Actor Alexis Cruz is 39

Actor Zachary Levi is 33

Country singer Katie McNeill (3 of Hearts) is 31

Rock musician Josh Farro is 26

Actor Doug Brochu is 23

Singer Phillip Phillips is 23

Actress Clara Mamet is 19

Flashback: What Happened on September 28, ....

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•  1865 The Wirt Oil and Mining Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: James C. Clarke, Robert Black, William L. Evans, James J. Hazlett, Jacob Turney, George Dorn, John C. McCausland, Israel Uncapher, Edward Keenan, William Dixon, Richard Coulter of Greensburg, PA; Welsh, Evans and Company, Samuel Long, William A. Stokes of Westmoreland County, PA; John P. Kilgore, Alexander J. Keenan of Venango County, PA; Alexander Kilgore, William Welsh of Ludwick, PA; John Hugus, Simon Hugus of Salem, PA; John A. Meredith of Pittsburgh, PA; Jay Cadwell, of Lancaster, PA; John L. Chambers, Castner Hanway of Latrobe, PA; Joseph Walthour, Elias Shotts, Joseph M. Stephenson of Adamsburgh, PA; and John P. Clarke of Wirt County. The company’s purpose was to mine oil, coal, and other extractive minerals in the state, with its main office in Burning Springs, Wirt County.

•  1973 Jay Rockefeller became president of West Virginia Wesleyan College.

•  1973 The $10.1 million contract was awarded to a firm from Springfield, Ohio for construction of The Cultural Center beside the State Capitol in Charleston.

•  1974 WCLG - FM radio went on the air in Morgantown, the sister station to WCLG - AM.

•  1978 A general railroad strike began in West Virginia. Norfolk & Western (N&W) employees had already been on strike.

WayBackWhen™: September 28

Today is Saturday, September 28, the 271th day of 2013. There are 94 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“A great truth is a truth whose opposite is also a truth.“ — Thomas Mann, German writer (1875-1955).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 28, 1787, the Congress of the Confederation voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.


On this date:

In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.

In 1542, Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrived at present-day San Diego.

In 1781, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their successful siege of Yorktown, Va.

In 1850, flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.

In 1920, eight members of the Chicago White Sox were indicted for allegedly throwing the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in what became known as the “Black Sox” scandal. Despite initial confessions by several of the players, all were acquitted at trial; still, all eight were banned from baseball for life.

In 1924, two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.

In 1939, during World War II, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty calling for the partitioning of Poland, which the two countries had invaded.

In 1960, Ted Williams hit a home run in his last career at-bat as his team, the Boston Red Sox, defeated the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 at Fenway Park.

In 1989, deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72.

In 1991, jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.

In 2001, President George W. Bush told reporters the United States was in “hot pursuit” of terrorists behind the Sept. 11 attacks. The U.N. Security Council approved a sweeping resolution sponsored by the United States requiring all 189 U.N. member nations to deny money, support and sanctuary to terrorists.

In 2002, Iraq defiantly rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.


Ten years ago:

A massive blackout struck almost all of Italy, leaving millions of people without power.

Pope John Paul II appointed 31 cardinals.

A bomb exploded outside an upscale nightclub in southwestern Colombia, killing at least 13 people.

Movie director Elia (EEL’-ee-ah) Kazan died in New York at age 94.

Tennis champion Althea Gibson died in East Orange, NJ, at age 76.


Five years ago:

President George W. Bush urged Congress to pass a $700 billion rescue plan for beleaguered financial companies, saying in a written statement, “Without this rescue plan, the costs to the American economy could be disastrous.“

Chinese astronauts aboard the Shenzhou 7 returned to Earth after completing their country’s first spacewalk mission.

Austrian 16-year-olds voted for the first time in parliamentary elections under a law adopted in 2007.


One year ago:

Citing national security risks, President Barack Obama blocked a Chinese company from owning four wind farm projects in northern Oregon near a Navy base where the U.S. military flies unmanned drones and electronic-warfare planes on training missions.

The Obama administration sought to rally Syria’s opposition with pledges of $45 million in new nonlethal and humanitarian assistance.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Brigitte Bardot is 79

Singer Ben E. King is 75

Actor Joel Higgins is 70

Actor Jeffrey Jones is 67

Singer Helen Shapiro is 67.

Movie writer-director-actor John Sayles is 63

Rock musician George Lynch is 59

Zydeco singer-musician C.J. Chenier (sheh-NEER’) is 56

Actor Steve Hytner is 54

Actress-comedian Janeane Garofalo (juh-NEEN’ guh-RAH’-fuh-loh) is 49

Country singer Matt King is 47

Actress Mira Sorvino is 46

TV personality Moon Zappa is 46

Actress-model Carre Otis is 45

Actress Naomi Watts is 45

Country singer Karen Fairchild (Little Big Town) is 44

Country musician Chuck Crawford is 40

Country singer Mandy Barnett is 38

Rapper Young Jeezy is 36

World Golf Hall of Famer Se Ri Pak is 36

Actor Peter Cambor is 35

Writer-producer-director-actor Bam Margera is 34

Actress Melissa Claire Egan is 32

Actress Jerrika Hinton is 32

Actress Hilary Duff is 26

Actress Skye McCole Bartusiak is 21

Actor Keir Gilchrist is 21

Flashback: What Happened on September 27, ....

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•  1777 Native Americans burned down Shepherds Fort at the forks of Wheeling, Ohio County. It had been constructed in 1775, by Colonel David Shepherd, who rebuilt the fort on the same site in 1790. That same day Native Americans attacked troops from Hampshire County under Captain William Forman (or Foreman) at present-day Moundsville, Marshall County. They had been stationed at Fort Henry in Wheeling.

•  1903 Fire destroyed the Leon Building, the N&W Hotel, a “pop” factory, and a restaurant in Williamson, Mingo County.

•  1960 Vice President Richard Nixon spoke at the Charleston Civic Center in his presidential campaign against John Kennedy.

•  1973 Conservative journalist William F. Buckley spoke at West Virginia Tech. When asked if the Watergate scandal had damaged the conservative cause, he gave no reply.

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