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Flashback: What Happened on October 15, ....

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•  1839 West Virginia governor Aretas Brooks Fleming was born in Middletown, Monongalia County, present-day Fairmont in Marion County.

•  1912 Governor Glasscock lifted martial law in the Paint Creek strike area.

•  1948 Lemuel Steed was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Fayette County.

•  1951 A coal mine gas explosion in the Bunker Mine at Cassville on Scott’s Run, Monongalia County, killed 10. Mine owned by the Trotter Coal Company.

WayBackWhen™: October 15

Today is Tuesday, October 15, the 288th day of 2013. There are 77 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“The conventional view serves to protect us from the painful job of thinking.“ — John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-born American economist (1908-2006).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 15, 1917, Dutch dancer Mata Hari, convicted of spying for the Germans, was executed by a French firing squad outside Paris.


On this date:

In 1858, the seventh and final debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Alton, Ill.

In 1860, 11-year-old Grace Bedell of Westfield, N.Y., wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, suggesting he could improve his appearance by growing a beard.

In 1928, the German dirigible Graf Zeppelin landed in Lakehurst, N.J., completing its first commercial flight across the Atlantic.

In 1937, the Ernest Hemingway novel “To Have and Have Not” was first published by Charles Scribner’s Sons.

In 1945, the former premier of Vichy France, Pierre Laval, was executed for treason.

In 1946, Nazi war criminal Hermann Goering (GEH’-reeng) fatally poisoned himself hours before he was to have been executed.

In 1951, the classic sitcom “I Love Lucy” premiered on CBS with the episode “The Girls Want to Go to the Nightclub.“

In 1964, it was announced that Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev (KROOSH’-chef) had been removed from office.

In 1969, peace demonstrators staged activities across the country as part of a “moratorium” against the Vietnam War.

In 1976, in the first debate of its kind between vice presidential nominees, Democrat Walter F. Mondale and Republican Bob Dole faced off in Houston.

In 1991, despite sexual harassment allegations by Anita Hill, the Senate narrowly confirmed the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, 52-48.

In 1997, British Royal Air Force pilot Andy Green twice drove a jet-powered car in the Nevada desert faster than the speed of sound, officially shattering the world’s land-speed record. NASA’s plutonium-powered Cassini spacecraft rocketed flawlessly toward Saturn.


Ten years ago:

Eleven people were killed when a Staten Island ferry slammed into a maintenance pier. (The ferry’s pilot, who’d blacked out at the controls, later pleaded guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter.)

Doctors in Florida removed the feeding tube of Terri Schiavo (SHY’-voh), a severely brain-damaged woman at the center of a right-to-die battle. (The tube was reinserted, then removed again, as the legal battle played out, ending with Schiavo’s death in March 2005.)

An explosion ripped apart a U.S. diplomatic vehicle in the Gaza Strip, killing three Americans. China launched its first manned space mission.

The Florida Marlins won the National League championship with a 9-6 victory over the Chicago Cubs in Game 7.


Five years ago:

Republican John McCain repeatedly assailed Democrat Barack Obama’s character and campaign positions on taxes, abortion and more in a debate at Hofstra University; Obama parried each accusation, and leveled a few of his own, saying “100%“ of McCain’s campaign ads were negative.

The Philadelphia Phillies beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-1 to win the NL championship series 4-1 for its first pennant since 1993.

Pop star Madonna and movie director Guy Ritchie announced they were divorcing after nearly eight years of marriage.

Actress-singer Edie Adams died in Los Angeles at age 81.

Longtime game show host Jack Narz died in Los Angeles at age 85.


One year ago:

In interviews with CNN and Fox News, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton took responsibility for security at the U.S. consulate in Libya, where the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans were killed in a September 11, 2012, attack.

The San Francisco Giants evened the National League Championship series 1-1 with a 7-1 win over the St. Louis Cardinals.


Today’s Birthdays:

Former auto executive Lee Iacocca is 89

Jazz musician Freddy Cole is 82

Singer Barry McGuire is 78

Actress Linda Lavin is 76

Rock musician Don Stevenson (Moby Grape) is 71

Actress-director Penny Marshall is 70

Baseball Hall of Famer Jim Palmer is 68

Singer-musician Richard Carpenter is 67

Actor Victor Banerjee is 67

Tennis player Roscoe Tanner is 62

Singer Tito Jackson is 60

Actor-comedian Larry Miller is 60

Actor Jere Burns is 59

Actress Tanya Roberts is 58

Movie director Mira Nair is 56

Britain’s Duchess of York, Sarah Ferguson, is 54

Chef Emeril Lagasse is 54

Rock musician Mark Reznicek (REHZ’-nih-chehk) is 51

Singer Eric Benet is 47

Actress Vanessa Marcil is 45

Singer-actress-TV host Paige Davis is 44

Country singer Kimberly Schlapman is 44

Actor Dominic West is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Ginuwine is 43

Actor Chris Olivero is 34

Christian singer-actress Jaci (JAK’-ee) Velasquez is 34

Actor Brandon Jay McLaren is 33

Rhythm-and-blues singer Keyshia Cole is 32

Tennis player Elena Dementieva is 32

Actor Vincent Martella (“Everybody Hates Chris”) is 21

Actress Bailee Madison (“Trophy Wife”) is 14

Flashback: What Happened on October 14, ....

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•  1884 Democrat Emanuel Willis Wilson of Charleston was elected governor.

•  1949 The first television station in the state, WSAZ-TV, went on the air in Huntington.

•  1992 Former Logan County Sheriff Earl Ray Tomblin, Sr., began a fifteen-month federal prison sentence for bribing a public official.

WayBackWhen™: October 14

Today is Monday, October 14, the 287th day of 2013. There are 78 days left in the year. This is the Columbus Day observance in the United States, as well as Thanksgiving Day in Canada.


Thought for Today:

“Sometimes we have to get really high to see how small we are.“ — Skydiver Felix Baumgartner, after becoming the first man to shatter the sound barrier without using a jet or a spacecraft.


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 14, 1912, former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive candidate, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank. Despite the wound, Roosevelt went ahead with a scheduled speech, declaring, “It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose.“


On this date:

In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.

In 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England, accused of committing treason against Queen Elizabeth I. (Mary was beheaded in February 1587.)

In 1890, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.

In 1908, the E.M. Forster novel “A Room With a View” was first published by Edward Arnold of London.

In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.

In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.

In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. (“Chuck”) Yeager (YAY’-gur) broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.

In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggested the idea of a Peace Corps while addressing an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

In 1961, the Frank Loesser (LEH’-sur) musical “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying,“ starring Robert Morse as J. Pierrepont Finch, opened on Broadway.

In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1977, singer Bing Crosby died outside Madrid, Spain, at age 74.

In 1987, a 58-hour drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center; she was rescued on Oct. 16.


Ten years ago:

John Allen Muhammad pleaded not guilty to murder as the first trial in the deadly Washington-area sniper rampage got under way in Virginia Beach, Va. (Muhammad was later convicted of killing Dean Harold Meyers and executed in 2009.)

The United States vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for building a barrier that cut into the West Bank.

In Game 6 of the National League Championship Series, a Cubs fan inadvertently deflected a foul ball away from the outstretched glove of Chicago outfielder Moises Alou; the Florida Marlins, down 3-0 at the time, rallied to win the game and went on to win Game 7 and advance to the World Series, where they beat the New York Yankees.


Five years ago:

Big banks started falling in line behind a revised bailout plan that was fast becoming more of a buy-in; the Bush administration announced it would fork over as much as $250 billion in exchange for partial ownership.

A grand jury in Orlando, Fla. returned charges of first-degree murder, aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter against Casey Anthony in the death of her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee. (She was acquitted in July 2011.)

Syria formally recognized Lebanon for the first time by establishing diplomatic relations with its neighbor. Canada’s Conservative Party won in national elections but fell short of a parliamentary majority.


One year ago:

Former Sen. Arlen Specter died at 82 of complications from non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

For most of his 30 years representing Pennsylvania in the U.S. Senate, Specter was a Republican, though he began his political career as a Democrat and returned to that party in 2009.

Daredevil skydiver Felix Baumgartner became the first man to shatter the sound barrier without traveling in a jet or a spacecraft, jumping from a balloon 24 miles above the New Mexico desert.

Sixty-five years after becoming the first human to fly faster than the speed of sound, 89-year-old retired Air Force Brig. Gen. Chuck Yeager commemorated the event by smashing through the sound barrier again, this time in the backseat of an F-15.

The St. Louis Cardinals beat the San Francisco Giants 6-4 in Game 1 of the National League Championship Series, while the Detroit Tigers blanked the New York Yankees 3-0 to take a 2-0 lead in the American League Championship Series.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Roger Moore is 86

Classical pianist Gary Graffman is 85

Movie director Carroll Ballard is 76

Former White House counsel John W. Dean III is 75

Country singer Melba Montgomery is 76

Fashion designer Ralph Lauren is 74

Singer Sir Cliff Richard is 73

Actor Udo Kier is 69

Singer-musician Justin Hayward (The Moody Blues) is 67

Actor Harry Anderson is 61

Actor Greg Evigan is 60

TV personality Arleen Sorkin is 58

World Golf Hall of Famer Beth Daniel is 57

Singer-musician Thomas Dolby is 55

Actress Lori Petty is 50

MLB manager Joe Girardi is 49

Actor Steve Coogan is 48

Singer Karyn White is 48

Actor Edward Kerr is 47

Actor Jon Seda is 43

Country musician Doug Virden is 43

Country singer Natalie Maines (The Dixie Chicks) is 39

Actress-singer Shaznay Lewis (All Saints) is 38

Singer Usher is 35

TV personality Stacy Keibler is 34

Actor Ben Whishaw is 33

Actor Jordan Brower is 32

Director Benh Zeitlin is 31

Actress Skyler Shaye is 27

Actor-comedian Jay Pharoah (TV: “Saturday Night Live”) is 26

Flashback: What Happened on October 13, ....

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•  1746 While surveying land for Lord Thomas Fairfax, Thomas Lewis reached the crest of the Allegheny Mountains in present-day West Virginia.

•  1874 Congressional elections were held in West Virginia with Democrat Benjamin Wilson of Harrison County defeating Republican Nathan Goff, Jr., of Harrison County by a margin of 12,799 to 12,631 in the First District; Democrat Charles J. Faulkner of Berkeley County defeating Independent Alexander R. Boteler of Jefferson County and incumbent Republican John Marshall Hagans of Monongalia County by margins of 11,500 to 8,064 and 434, respectively, in the Second District; and Democrat Frank Hereford of Monroe County defeating Republican John S. Witcher of Cabell County by a margin of 13,524 to 7,745 in the Third District. In this third district, future House of Representatives and United States Senate member Democrat John E. Kenna of Kanawha County received 3 votes, his first votes for a national office.

•  1923 Aretas Brooks Fleming, eighth West Virginia governor, died in Fairmont.

•  1934 The first WWVA Jamboree Harvest Home Festival was held at the Capitol Theatre in Wheeling.

•  1988 WBES - FM radio went on the air in Dunbar, Kanawha County. It was owned by Mills Broadcasting, Inc., of Salem, Harrison County.

•  1992 The United States Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal of former State Senate President Larry Tucker of Summersville, Nicholas County. He had been convicted and jailed on charges of obstruction of justice and perjury.

WayBackWhen™: October 13

Today is Sunday, October 13, the 286th day of 2013. There are 79 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“There are some things one can only achieve by a deliberate leap in the opposite direction. One has to go abroad in order to find the home one has lost.“ — Franz Kafka, Austrian author (1883-1924).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 13, 1962, Edward Albee’s searing four-character drama “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?“ opened on Broadway with Arthur Hill as George, Uta Hagen as Martha, George Grizzard as Nick and Melinda Dillon (whose 23rd birthday it was) as Honey.


On this date:

In A.D. 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina (ag-rih-PEE’-nuh).

In 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.

In 1775, the United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.

In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.

In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai B’rith (buh-NAY’ brith) was founded in New York City.

In 1845, Texas voters ratified a state constitution.

In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington.

In 1944, American troops entered Aachen, Germany, during World War II.

In 1960, John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon held the third televised debate of their presidential campaign (Nixon was in Los Angeles, Kennedy in New York).

In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; 16 survivors who resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive were rescued more than two months later.

In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak (HAHS’-nee moo-BAH’-rahk) the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.


Ten years ago:

The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution expanding the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.

Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a controversial redistricting bill designed to put more Republicans in the Texas congressional delegation.

Rep. Dennis Kucinich, D-Ohio, formally kicked off his presidential bid.


Five years ago:

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average gained a shocking 936 points after eight days of losses.

American Paul Krugman won the Nobel prize in economics for his work on international trade patterns.

Las Vegas gaming executive Frank “Lefty” Rosenthal, who inspired the film “Casino,“ died in Miami Beach at age 79.


One year ago:

Iran’s foreign ministry said it was ready to show flexibility at nuclear talks to ease Western concerns over Tehran’s nuclear program.

The Detroit Tigers beat the New York Yankees 6-4 in the first game of the American League Championship Series.


Today’s Birthdays:

Playwright Frank D. Gilroy is 88

Gospel singer Shirley Caesar is 76

Actress Melinda Dillon is 74

Singer-musician Paul Simon is 72

Actress Pamela Tiffin is 71

Musician Robert Lamm (Chicago) is 69

Country singer Lacy J. Dalton is 67

Actor Demond Wilson is 67

Singer-musician Sammy Hagar is 66

Actor John Lone is 61

Model Beverly Johnson is 61

Producer-writer Chris Carter is 57

Actor Reggie Theus (THEE’-us) is 56

Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., is 55

Singer Marie Osmond is 54

Rock singer Joey Belladonna is 53

Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer is 53

NBA coach Doc Rivers is 52

Actress T’Keyah Crystal Keymah (tuh-KEE’-ah KRYS’-tal kee-MAH’) is 51

College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 51

Actress Kelly Preston is 51

Country singer John Wiggins is 51

Actor Christopher Judge is 49

Actress Kate Walsh is 46

Rhythm-and-blues musician Jeff Allen (Mint Condition) is 45

Actress Tisha Campbell-Martin is 45

Classical singer Carlos Marin (Il Divo) is 45

Olympic silver-medal figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 44

Country singer Rhett Akins is 44

Classical crossover singer Paul Potts (TV: “Britain’s Got Talent”) is 43

TV personality Billy Bush is 42

Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 42

Rock musician Jan Van Sichem Jr. (K’s Choice) is 41

Rhythm-and-blues singers Brandon and Brian Casey (Jagged Edge) are 38

Actress Kiele Sanchez is 37

NBA All-Star Paul Pierce is 36

Singer Ashanti (ah-SHAHN’-tee) is 33

Christian rock singer Jon Micah Sumrall (Kutless) is 33

Olympic gold medal swimmer Ian Thorpe is 31

Flashback: What Happened on October 12, ....

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•  1861 The Virginia Republican newspaper resumed publication in Martinsburg, Berkeley County. It had ceased publication in June due to pressure from the Union Army.

•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature repealed portions of the old Virginia Code concerning slaves and free African-Americans.

•  1877 West Virginia governor Howard Mason Gore was born in Coal District, Harrison County, near Clarksburg.

•  1893 The Summersville Normal School, Nicholas County, was incorporated.

•  1956 It was revealed that Governor Marland and State Treasurer William H. Ansel, Jr., had been subpoenaed in the income tax evasion trial of Kanawha County political boss Homer W. Hanna of Charleston.

•  1976 The call letters of WHIS - AM - FM were changed to WHAJ in honor of station founders Hugh Shott, Jr., and Jim Shott.

•  1980 An article in the Washington Post tied current UMW president Sam Church and former president Arnold Miller to a scandal involving the National Bank of Washington.

•  1992 Democratic State Senator Charlotte Pritt of Kanawha County announced she would actively pursue a write-in campaign for governor.

WayBackWhen™: October 12

Today is Saturday, October 12, the 285th day of 2013. There are 80 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“To know one’s self is wisdom, but not to know one’s neighbors is genius.“ — Minna Antrim, American writer (1861-1950).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 12, 1962, the devastating Columbus Day Storm, also known as the “Big Blow,“ struck the Pacific Northwest, resulting in some 50 deaths.


On this date:

In 1492 (according to the Old Style calendar), Christopher Columbus arrived with his expedition in the present-day Bahamas.

In 1810, the German festival Oktoberfest was first held in Munich to celebrate the wedding of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

In 1870, General Robert E. Lee died in Lexington, Va., at age 63.

In 1915, English nurse Edith Cavell was executed by the Germans in occupied Belgium during World War I.

In 1933, bank robber John Dillinger escaped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sheriff, Jess Sarber.

In 1942, during World War II, American naval forces defeated the Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced during a Columbus Day celebration at Carnegie Hall in New York that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens.

In 1960, Japanese Socialist Party leader Inejiro Asanuma was stabbed to death during a televised debate in Tokyo by an ultranationalist student, Otoya Yamaguchi, who hanged himself in jail.

In 1971, the rock opera “Jesus Christ Superstar” opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway.

In 1986, the superpower meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland, ended in stalemate, with President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev unable to agree on arms control or a date for a full-fledged summit in the United States.

In 1987, former Gov. Alfred (“Alf”) M. Landon, R-Kan., died at his Topeka home at age 100.

In 1997, singer John Denver was killed in the crash of his privately built aircraft in Monterey Bay, Calif.; he was 53.

In 2000, 17 sailors were killed in a suicide bomb attack on the destroyer USS Cole in Yemen.


Ten years ago:

A suicide attack outside a Baghdad hotel full of Americans killed six bystanders.

Doctors in Dallas succeeded in separating 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt.

Germany won the Women’s Soccer World Cup 2-1 over Sweden in the eighth minute of overtime.

Hall of Fame jockey Bill Shoemaker died in San Marino, California, at age 72.

Philanthropist Joan B. Kroc died in Rancho Santa Fe, California, at age 75.

British wartime hero Patrick Dalzel-Job, whose exploits made him a model for James Bond, died in Plockton, Scotland, at age 90.


Five years ago:

Global finance ministers meeting in Washington kept searching for ways to tackle the unfolding financial crisis; in Paris, nations in Europe’s single-currency zone agreed to temporarily guarantee bank refinancing and pledged to prevent bank failures.

North Korea said it would resume dismantling its main nuclear facilities, hours after the United States removed the communist country from a list of states that sponsored terrorism.

A Soyuz spacecraft carrying Richard Garriott, the sixth paying space traveler, along with another American and a Russian crew member lifted off from Kazakhstan for the international space station.

The Arizona Cardinals became the first team in NFL history to block a punt to score the winning TD in overtime in their 30-24 victory over the Dallas Cowboys.


One year ago:

Thousands of supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi clashed in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in the first such violence since Morsi took office more than three months earlier.

Soft drink makers, restaurateurs and other businesses filed suit to stop New York City from prohibiting the sale of super-sized, sugary drinks in restaurants, cafeterias and concession stands.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Antonia Rey is 86

Comedian-activist Dick Gregory is 81

Former Sen. Jake Garn, R-Utah, is 81

Singer Sam Moore (formerly of Sam and Dave) is 78

Broadcast journalist Chris Wallace is 66

Actress-singer Susan Anton is 63

Rock singer-musician Pat DiNizio is 58

Actor Carlos Bernard is 51

Jazz musician Chris Botti (BOH’-tee) is 51

Rhythm-and-blues singer Claude McKnight (Take 6) is 51

Rock singer Bob Schneider is 48

Actor Hugh Jackman is 45

Actor Adam Rich is 45

Rhythm-and-blues singer Garfield Bright (Shai) is 44

Country musician Martie Maguire (Courtyard Hounds, The Dixie Chicks) is 44

Actor Kirk Cameron is 43

Olympic gold medal skier Bode Miller is 36

Actor Marcus T. Paulk (“Moesha”) is 27

Actor Josh Hutcherson is 21

Flashback: What Happened on October 11, ....

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•  1862 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was appointed Confederate Lieutenant General.

•  1891 The cornerstone for Fleming Hall, the first building of the West Virginia Colored Institute, which later became West Virginia State College, was laid at Institute, Kanawha County.

•  1898 Work on the final lock and dam on the Kanawha River was completed, improving navigation and resulting in rapid growth of the coal industry in the Kanawha Valley, Kanawha County.

•  1979 The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fined the American Cyanamid plant at Willow Island (Pleasants County) $10,000 for coercing women into sterilization and exposing both men and women to dangerous levels of lead. In 1978, the company implemented a fetal protection policy prohibiting women of child-bearing age from working on the production line where they were exposed to a number of chemicals. The plant reduced the number of chemicals to which women could be exposed from 29 to 1 (lead), virtually eliminating their chances of employment. Five women chose to be sterilized to keep their jobs. The company later closed the pigments department in which the five women had worked. The Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International filed a class action lawsuit in federal court on behalf of the women. In 1984, Judge Robert Bork found in favor of American Cyanamid, ruling the women had not been forced into their decisions to be sterilized.

•  1983 Democratic House Speaker Clyde See announced his candidacy for governor several weeks after Democratic Senate Majority Leader Warren McGraw had announced.

•  1984 The second senatorial debate was held between Democrat Governor Jay Rockefeller and Republican John Raese.

WayBackWhen™: October 11

Today is Friday, October 11, the 284th day of 2013. There are 81 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“When a friend speaks to me, whatever he says is interesting.“ — Jean Renoir, French movie director (1894-1979).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 11, 1962, Pope John XXIII convened the first session of the Roman Catholic Church’s Second Vatican Council, also known as “Vatican 2.“

On this date:

In 1779, Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski, fighting for American independence, died two days after being wounded during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Ga.

In 1811, the first steam-powered ferryboat, the Juliana (built by John Stevens), was put into operation between New York City and Hoboken, N.J.

In 1862, during the Civil War, Confederate forces led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart looted the town of Chambersburg, Pa.

In 1890, the Daughters of the American Revolution was founded in Washington, D.C.

In 1910, Theodore Roosevelt became the first former U.S. president to fly in an airplane during a visit to St. Louis, Mo.

In 1932, the first American political telecast took place as the Democratic National Committee sponsored a program from a CBS television studio in New York.

In 1942, the World War II Battle of Cape Esperance began in the Solomon Islands, resulting in an American victory over the Japanese.

In 1958, the lunar probe Pioneer 1 was launched; it failed to go as far out as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the atmosphere.

In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham aboard. The government of Panama was overthrown in a military coup.

In 1984, space shuttle Challenger astronaut Kathryn Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev opened two days of talks concerning arms control and human rights in Reykjavik, Iceland.

In 1992, in the first of three presidential debates, three candidates faced off against each other in St. Louis, Mo. — President George H.W. Bush, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton and businessman Ross Perot.


Ten years ago:

A team of 18 doctors at Children’s Medical Center Dallas began complicated separation surgery for 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt; the successful operation was completed in 34 hours.

Clerks for three major supermarket chains in Southern California began a 4 1/2-month strike after negotiations with store officials broke off.

Ivan A. Getting, a Cold War scientist who conceived the Global Positioning Satellite system, died in Coronado, Calif., at age 91.


Five years ago:

President George W. Bush and foreign financial officials, meeting at the White House, displayed joint resolve in combating the unfolding financial crisis.

Austrian far-right politician Joerg Haider (yorg HY’-dur), 58, was killed in a car accident.

Composer and arranger Neal Hefti, who wrote the themes for the movie “The Odd Couple” and the TV show “Batman,“ died in Toluca Lake, Calif., at age 85.

One year ago:

Vice President Joe Biden and Republican opponent Paul Ryan squared off in their only debate of the 2012 campaign.

The two interrupted each other repeatedly as they sparred over topics including the economy, taxes and Medicare.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Earle Hyman is 87

Former U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry is 86

Actor Ron Leibman is 76

Actor Amitabh Bachchan is 71

Country singer Gene Watson is 70

Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., is 63

Rhythm-and-blues musician Andrew Woolfolk is 63

Actress-director Catlin Adams is 63

Country singer Paulette Carlson is 62

Actor David Morse is 60

Actor Stephen Spinella is 57

Pro Football Hall of Famer Steve Young is 52

Actress Joan Cusack is 51

Rock musician Scott Johnson (Gin Blossoms) is 51

Comedy writer and TV host Michael J. Nelson is 49

Actor Sean Patrick Flanery is 48

College Football Hall of Famer and former NFL player Chris Spielman is 48

Actor Luke Perry is 47

Country singer-songwriter Todd Snider is 47

Actor-comedian Artie Lange is 46

Actress Jane Krakowski is 45

Rapper U-God (Wu-Tang Clan) is 43

Rapper MC Lyte is 42

Figure skater Kyoko Ina is 41

Actor/writer Nat Faxon is 38

Singer NeeNa Lee is 38

Actress Emily Deschanel is 37

Actor Matt Bomer is 36

Actor Trevor Donovan is 35

Actress Michelle Trachtenberg is 28

Golfer Michelle Wie is 24

Braxton County Civil War Battle Re-enactment in Burnsville Cancelled Due to Government Shutdown

The Gilmer Free Press

A Civil War battle reenactment at Burnsville Lake in Braxton County has been canceled because of the partial federal government shutdown.

The Battle of Bulltown reenactment was scheduled for October 12, 2013 at the lake’s Bulltown Campground.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said all of its campgrounds and day-use parks across the nation are closed.

These facilities will not reopen until the shutdown is lifted.

The Battle of Bulltown occurred October 13, 1863.

Flashback: What Happened on October 10, ....

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•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature altered the boundary line between Raleigh County and Mercer County. That same day, the legislature also established the official boundary lines of Clay County and changed the name of its county seat to Henry.

•  1887 The West Virginia Transcript Publishing Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Z. E. Thorn, J. P. Saunders, S. W. Cain, D. C. Casto, D. Burns, J. H. Bumgarner, F. D. Pomroy, W. E. Hall, William Beard, A. Morrow, S. B. Sayre, H. A. Wise of Elizabeth, Wirt County; J. A. Rathbone, T. J. Owens, N. B. Armstrong of Reedy Ripple, Roane County; Floyd Hickman, G. W. Strong, L. Merrill of Newark, Wirt County; and H. B. Pribble of Freeport, WV. The company’s purpose was to publish a newspaper and print books in Elizabeth, with its main office in Elizabeth.

•  1968 A controversy arose when Republican Congressman and candidate for governor Arch Moore presented a document transferring the Marshall County estate of W. J. G. Taylor which had been pending for over 6 years to the West Virginia Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Huntington. The Marshall County commissioner of accounts announced that this failed to meet the statutory requirement, but the matter was deferred until after the November election. In 1973, it was revealed that Moore had transferred 900 shares of Standard Oil Company stock from Taylor’s estate to himself in November 1963.

•  1983 WRRR - FM radio went on the air, the first radio station in St. Marys, Pleasants County. It was owned by the Seven Ranges Radio Company.

WayBackWhen™: October 10

Today is Thursday, October 10, the 283rd day of 2013. There are 82 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“I have a strong moral sense — by my standards.“ — Rex Stout, American writer (1886-1975).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 10, 1962, President John F. Kennedy, responding to the thalidomide birth defects crisis, signed an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requiring pharmaceutical companies to prove that their products were safe and effective prior to marketing.


On this date:

In 1845, the U.S. Naval Academy was established in Annapolis, Md.

In 1911, Chinese revolutionaries launched an uprising which led to the collapse of the Qing (or Manchu) Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China. California voters approved Proposition 4, giving women the right to vote, and Proposition 7, which established the initiative process for proposing and enacting new laws.

In 1913, the Panama Canal was effectively completed as President Woodrow Wilson sent a signal from the White House by telegraph, setting off explosives that destroyed a section of the Gamboa dike.

In 1935, the George Gershwin opera “Porgy and Bess,“ featuring an all-black cast, opened on Broadway; it ran for 124 performances.

In 1938, Nazi Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland (soo-DAYT’-uhn-land).

In 1943, Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after the official was refused seating in a Howard Johnson’s restaurant near Dover, Del.

In 1967, the Outer Space Treaty, prohibiting the placing of weapons of mass destruction on the moon or elsewhere in space, entered into force.

In 1970, Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte was kidnapped by the Quebec Liberation Front, a militant separatist group. (Laporte’s body was found a week later.) Fiji became independent after nearly a century of British rule.

In 1973, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned his office.

In 1982, Father Maximilian Kolbe, who died in the Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp, was canonized by Pope John Paul II.

In 1985, U.S. fighter jets forced an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro (ah-KEE’-leh LOW’-roh) to land in Italy, where the gunmen were taken into custody.


Ten years ago:

Iranian writer and activist Shirin Ebadi (shih-REEN’ eh-BAH’-dee) won the Nobel Peace Prize.

Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh announced during his syndicated radio show that he was addicted to painkillers and was checking into a rehab center.


Five years ago:

Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announced the government had decided to go forward with a plan to buy a part ownership in a broad array of American banks in response to the financial meltdown. Connecticut’s Supreme Court ruled that gay couples had the right to marry, making the state the third behind Massachusetts and California to legalize such unions.

An Alaska legislative committee released a report saying Gov. Sarah Palin had violated state ethics laws and abused her power by trying to have her former brother-in-law fired as a state trooper.

Finland’s ex-president Martti Ahtisaari (MAHR’-tee ah-tih-ZAH’-ree) received the Nobel Peace Prize.


One year ago:

President Barack Obama conceded he did poorly the previous week in his first debate with Republican rival Mitt Romney, telling ABC he “had a bad night.“

Romney barnstormed battleground state Ohio and released a new commercial pledging not to raise taxes.

The remains of 10-year-old Jessica Ridgeway were found in a park five days after the suburban Denver fifth-grader disappeared while walking to school. (A 17-year-old boy who lived a mile away was later charged with killing and dismembering her.)

Football star-turned-actor Alex Karras died at age 77.


Today’s Birthdays:

Former Illinois Sen. Adlai Stevenson III is 83

Actor Peter Coyote is 72

Entertainer Ben Vereen is 67

Singer John Prine is 67

Actor Charles Dance is 67

Rock singer-musician Cyril Neville (The Neville Brothers) is 65

Actress Jessica Harper is 64

Author Nora Roberts (aka “J.D. Robb”) is 63

Singer-musician Midge Ure is 60

Rock singer David Lee Roth is 59

Actor J. Eddie Peck is 55

Country singer Tanya Tucker is 55

Actress Julia Sweeney is 54

Actor Bradley Whitford is 54

Musician Martin Kemp is 52

Rock musician Jim Glennie (James) is 50

Actress Rebecca Pidgeon is 48

Rock musician Mike Malinin (mah-LIHN’-ihn) (Goo Goo Dolls) is 46

NFL quarterback Brett Favre is 44

Actress Joelle Carter is 44

Actress Wendi McLendon-Covey is 44

Actor/TV host Mario Lopez is 40

Race driver Dale Earnhardt Jr. is 39

Actress Jodi Lyn O’Keefe is 35

Singer Mya is 34

Actor Dan Stevens (TV: ex-“Downton Abbey”) is 31

Singer Cherie is 29

Actress Aimee Teegarden is 24

Flashback: What Happened on October 09, ....

image

•  1877 The first Jackson County Fair began at present-day Ripley.

•  1899 The Pocahontas Coal River and Kanawha Railway Company was incorporated in West Virginia. It later changed its name to the Coal River and Western Railway Company and was acquired by the Coal River Railway Company and eventually became part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.

•  1911 The YMCA building on Capitol Street, Charleston, was dedicated, on property donated by Henry Gassaway Davis, who also donated property for the Davis Child Shelter on Washington Street.

•  1973 Fayette County voters approved a bond for construction and improvement of schools.

WayBackWhen™: October 09

Today is Wednesday, October 09, the 282nd day of 2013. There are 83 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“There is nothing harder than the softness of indifference.“ — Clare Boothe Luce (1903-1987).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 09, 1813, Giuseppe Verdi, the composer of such classic operas as “Aida,“ “La Traviata,“ “Rigoletto” and “Il Trovatore,“ was born in the Italian village of Le Roncole. (There is some dispute over Verdi’s date of birth, with numerous sources saying he was actually born on Oct. 10.)


On this date:

In 1446, the Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.

In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.

In 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.

In 1910, a coal dust explosion at the Starkville Mine in Colorado left 56 miners dead.

In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.

In 1936, the first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.

In 1940, rock and roll legend John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.

In 1946, the Eugene O’Neill drama “The Iceman Cometh” opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.

In 1958, Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)

In 1962, Uganda won autonomy from British rule.

In 1974, businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany (at his request, he was buried in Jerusalem).

In 1987, author, politician and diplomat Clare Boothe Luce died in Washington at age 84.


Ten years ago:

A suicide car bombing at a Baghdad police station killed eight people; Spanish military attache Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez was shot to death in Baghdad.


Five years ago:

Calm gave way to fear in financial markets, turning a relatively steady day into a rout that pushed the Dow Jones industrials below 9,000 — to 8,579.19 — for the first time in five years.

Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio of France won the Nobel Prize in literature.


One year ago:

Former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky was sentenced to 30 to 60 years in prison following his July conviction on 45 counts of sexual abuse of boys.

The producers of “Sesame Street” asked President Barack Obama’s re-election campaign to take down an ad featuring Big Bird, saying the Sesame Workshop is a nonpartisan nonprofit and does not participate in political campaigns.

The ad mocked Mitt Romney’s vow to end federal funding for public broadcasting.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Fyvush Finkel is 91

Retired MLB All-Star Joe Pepitone is 73

Former Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., is 72

Rhythm-and-blues singer Nona Hendryx is 69

Singer Jackson Browne is 65

Actor Gary Frank is 63

Actor Richard Chaves is 62

Actor Robert Wuhl is 62

Actress-TV personality Sharon Osbourne is 61

Actor Tony Shalhoub is 60

Actor Scott Bakula is 59

Musician James Fearnley (The Pogues) is 59

Actor John O’Hurley is 59

Writer-producer-director-actor Linwood Boomer is 58

Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Mike Singletary is 55

Actor Michael Pare is 55

Jazz musician Kenny Garrett is 53

Rock singer-musician Kurt Neumann (The BoDeans) is 52

Country singer Gary Bennett is 49

Movie director Guillermo del Toro is 49

British Prime Minister David Cameron is 47

Singer P.J. Harvey is 44

World Golf Hall of Famer Annika Sorenstam is 43

Country singer Tommy Shane Steiner is 40

Actor Steve Burns is 40

Sean Lennon is 38

Actor Randy Spelling is 35

Christian hip-hop artist Lecrae is 34

Actor Brandon Routh is 34

Actor Zachery Ty Bryan is 32

Actress Spencer Grammer is 30

Actor Tyler James Williams (“Everybody Hates Chris”) is 21

Country singer Scotty McCreery (TV: “American Idol” winner) is 20

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