History | WayBackWhen™ | FlashBack™

History, WayBackWhen™, FlashBack™

WayBackWhen™: October 18

Today is Friday, October 18, the 291st day of 2013. There are 74 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“Slow down and enjoy life. It’s not only the scenery you miss by going too fast — you also miss the sense of where you are going and why.“ — Eddie Cantor, American comedian-singer (1892-1964).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 18, 1962, James D. Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins were honored with the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.

On this date:

In 1685, King Louis XIV signed the Edict of Fontainebleau, revoking the Edict of Nantes that had established legal toleration of France’s Protestant population, the Huguenots.

In 1812, during the War of 1812, the British ship HMS Frolic was captured off the Virginia coast by the crew of the USS Wasp, which was in turn captured by the HMS Poictiers.

In 1867, the United States took formal possession of Alaska from Russia.

In 1892, the first long-distance telephone line between New York and Chicago was officially opened (it could only handle one call at a time).

In 1912, black boxer Jack Johnson was arrested in Chicago, accused of violating the Mann Act because of his relationship with his white girlfriend, Lucille Cameron. (The case collapsed when Cameron refused to cooperate, but Johnson was later re-arrested and convicted on the testimony of a former mistress, Belle Schreiber.)

In 1922, the British Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (later the British Broadcasting Corp.) was founded.

In 1931, inventor Thomas Alva Edison died in West Orange, N.J., at age 84.

In 1944, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia during World War II.

In 1961, the movie musical “West Side Story,“ starring Natalie Wood and Richard Beymer, premiered in New York, the film’s setting.

In 1969, the federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates (SY’-kluh-maytz) because of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.

In 1971, the Knapp Commission began public hearings into allegations of corruption in the New York City police department (the witnesses included Frank Serpico).

In 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act, overriding President Richard M. Nixon’s veto.

In 1977, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers.

In 1982, former first lady Bess Truman died at her home in Independence, Mo., at age 97.

In 2001, CBS News announced that an employee in anchorman Dan Rather’s office had tested positive for skin anthrax. Four disciples of Osama bin Laden were sentenced in New York to life without parole for their roles in the deadly 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa.

Ten years ago:

Pope John Paul II celebrated a Mass at the Vatican marking the 20th anniversary of his election to the papacy.

The New York Yankees defeated the San Diego Padres, 9-3, to take a 2-games-to-none lead in the World Series.

Five years ago:

President George W. Bush, speaking at Camp David, said he would host an international summit in response to the global financial crisis, but did not set a date or place for the meeting. Anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr urged Iraq’s parliament to reject a pact that would extend U.S. presence in Iraq for three years.

Soul singer Dee Dee Warwick died in Essex County, N.J. at age 63.

One year ago:

In a case that would go to the Supreme Court, the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals in New York ruled that a federal law defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman is unconstitutional and said the gay population has “suffered a history of discrimination.“

Just 48 hours after a confrontational debate, President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney appeared at the annual Alfred E. Smith Memorial Foundation Dinner in New York.

Obama joked that he did better in the second presidential debate because he got a good long nap in the first one, while Romney quipped that the white-tie gala gave him and his wife Ann the chance to dress as they do around the house.

The Detroit Tigers completed a four-game sweep of the New York Yankees, winning the finale of the American League Championship Series 8-1.

The St. Louis Cardinals beat the San Francisco Giants 8-3 to take a 3-1 lead in the National League Championship Series.

Today’s Birthdays:

Rock-and-roll performer Chuck Berry is 87

Sportscaster Keith Jackson is 85

Actress Dawn Wells is 75

College and Pro Football Hall-of-Famer Mike Ditka is 74

Singer-musician Russ Giguere is 70

Actor Joe Morton is 66

Actress Pam Dawber is 63

Author Terry McMillan is 62

Writer-producer Chuck Lorre is 61

Gospel singer Vickie Winans is 60

Director-screenwriter David Twohy (TOO’-ee) is 58

International Tennis Hall of Famer Martina Navratilova is 57

Boxer Thomas Hearns is 55

Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme is 53

Actress Erin Moran is 53

Jazz musician Wynton Marsalis is 52

Actor Vincent Spano is 51

Rock musician Tim Cross is 47

Tennis player Michael Stich (shteek) is 45

Singer Nonchalant is 40

Actress Joy Bryant is 39

Rock musician Peter Svenson (The Cardigans) is 39

Actor Wesley Jonathan is 35

Rhythm-and-blues singer-actor Ne-Yo is 34

Country singer Josh Gracin is 33

Country musician Jesse Littleton (Marshall Dyllon) is 32

Jazz singer-musician Esperanza Spalding is 29

Actress-model Freida Pinto is 29

Actor Zac Efron is 26

Actress Joy Lauren is 24

Actor Tyler Posey is 22

Flashback: What Happened on October 17, ....


•  1895 The Board of Regents purchased property near the Norfolk and Western Railroad line for the first building of the Bluefield Colored Institute, which later became Bluefield State College, Mercer County.

•  1899 Sixty-two coal miners at the Smokeless Mine in Fayette County returned to work at their former wages. They had been on strike since September 20, demanding an advanced mining rate.

•  1923 Edgar Combs plead guilty to the murder of John Gore during the Battle of Blair Mountain. In December 1926, he was pardoned by Governor Gore.

•  1956 Governor Marland testified before a federal grand jury in Huntington, concerning allegations of political kickbacks received by a Republican National Committee member from Texas.

•  1983 A gas explosion destroyed a Foodland on Davis Creek near Charleston. National media arrived on the scene due to original estimates of between ten to fifteen dead. However, no one was killed.

WayBackWhen™: October 17

Today is Thursday, October 17, the 290th day of 2013. There are 75 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 17, 1777, British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne surrendered to American troops in Saratoga, N.Y., in a turning point of the Revolutionary War.

On this date:

In 1610, French King Louis XIII, age 9, was crowned at Reims, five months after the assassination of his father, Henry IV.

In 1711, Jupiter Hammon, the first black poet to have his work published in America, was born on Long Island, N.Y., into a lifetime of slavery.

In 1807, Britain declared it would continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they held U.S. citizenship.

In 1912, Pope John Paul I was born Albino Luciani at Forno di Canale, Italy.

In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion. (Sentenced to 11 years in prison, Capone was released in 1939.)

In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

In 1941, the U.S. destroyer Kearny was damaged by a German torpedo off the coast of Iceland; 11 people died.

In 1961, French police attacked Algerians protesting a curfew in Paris. (The resulting death toll varies widely, with some estimates of up to 200.)

In 1973, Arab oil-producing nations announced they would begin cutting back oil exports to Western nations and Japan; the result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974.

In 1987, first lady Nancy Reagan underwent a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.

In 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 63 people and causing $6 billion worth of damage.

In 1992, Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori was fatally shot by Rodney Peairs in Baton Rouge, La., after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs’ door while looking for a Halloween party. (Peairs was acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay more than $650,000 to Hattori’s family.)

Ten years ago:

Fire killed six people in a high-rise county building in Chicago.

The House and Senate voted to spend some $87 billion earmarked for securing peace and eliminating terrorist threats in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Five years ago:

Wall Street ended a tumultuous week that turned out to be its best in five years.

The Dow Jones industrial average lost 127 points, closing at 8,852.22, but turned in the strong week because of two huge days of gains — a record 936-point jump the previous Monday and an increase of 401 points on Thursday.

Four Tops frontman Levi Stubbs died in Detroit at age 72.

One year ago:

Federal authorities in New York said a Bangladeshi student was arrested in an FBI sting after he tried to detonate a phony 1,000-pound truck bomb outside the Federal Reserve building in Manhattan. (Quazi Mohammad Rezwanul Ahsan Nafis later pleaded guilty to attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction and attempting to provide material support to al-Qaida and was sentenced to 30 years in prison.)

Nike said it was cutting its ties with Lance Armstrong, citing insurmountable evidence that the cyclist participated in doping and misled the company for more than a decade.

The St. Louis Cardinals took a 2-1 lead in the National League Championship Series by beating San Francisco 3-1 in a game delayed three and a-half hours by rain at Busch Stadium.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Marsha Hunt is 96

Actress Julie Adams is 87

Newspaper columnist Jimmy Breslin is 83

Country singer Earl Thomas Conley is 72

Singer Jim Seals (Seals & Crofts) is 71

Singer Gary Puckett is 71

Actor Michael McKean is 66

Actress Margot Kidder is 65

Actor George Wendt is 65

Actor-singer Bill Hudson is 64

Astronaut Mae Jemison is 57

Country singer Alan Jackson is 55

Movie critic Richard Roeper is 54

Movie director Rob Marshall is 53

Actor Grant Shaud is 53

Animator Mike Judge is 51

Rock singer-musician Fred LeBlanc (Cowboy Mouth) is 50

Actor-comedian Norm Macdonald is 50

Singer Rene’ Dif is 46

Reggae singer Ziggy Marley is 45

Golfer Ernie Els is 44

Singer Chris Kirkpatrick (‘N Sync) is 42

Rapper Eminem is 41

Singer Wyclef Jean (zhahn) is 41

Actress Sharon Leal is 41

Actor Matthew Macfadyen is 39

Rock musician Sergio Andrade (an-DRAY’-day) is 36

Actor Chris Lowell is 29

Actor Dee Jay Daniels is 25

Flashback: What Happened on October 16, ....


•  1923 WSAZ radio went on the air in Pomeroy, OH. In 1927, the station relocated in Huntington.

•  1942 A flood of both the Potomac River and the Shenandoah River devastated much of Jefferson County, especially in the Harpers Ferry area.

•  1943 The Greenbrier Hotel at White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, was dedicated as a military hospital, the Ashford General Hospital.

•  1951 A riot broke out at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County). Prisoners went “on strike” in the prison yard and were “locked out” by Warden Orel Skeen. The “strike” ended when prisoners became hungry. The National Warden’s Association determined the riot occurred due to crowded conditions.

•  1980 Democratic Governor Jay Rockefeller, former Republican Governor Arch Moore, and Libertarian Jack Kelly met in a gubernatorial debate in Charleston.

•  1992 Marshall University President J. Wade Gilley announced he would establish and head a new board to manage the school’s student newspaper The Parthenon, yearbook, and radio station in response to the newspaper’s decision to publicize the name of a rape victim.

•  1992 The United States Supreme Court refused to hear the appeal of former State Senate Majority Leader Si Boettner of Kanawha County, in his attempt to regain a suspended law license. In 1989, Boettner had been convicted on charges of income tax evasion.

WayBackWhen™: October 16

Today is Wednesday, October 16, the 289th day of 2013. There are 76 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“To walk into history is to be free at once, to be at large among people.” — Elizabeth Bowen, Irish-born author (1899-1973).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 16, 1962, President John F. Kennedy was informed by national security adviser McGeorge Bundy that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.

On this date:

In 1793, during the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette, the queen of France, was beheaded.

In 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led a group of 21 men in a raid on Harpers Ferry in western Virginia. (Ten of Brown’s men were killed and five escaped. Brown and six followers ended up being captured; all were executed.)

In 1901, Booker T. Washington dined at the White House as the guest of President Theodore Roosevelt, whose invitation to the black educator sparked controversy.

In 1912, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series, defeating the New York Giants in Game 8, 3-2 (Game 2 had ended in a tie on account of darkness).

In 1942, the ballet “Rodeo” (roh-DAY’-oh), with music by Aaron Copland and choreography by Agnes de Mille, premiered at New York’s Metropolitan Opera House.

In 1943, Chicago Mayor Edward J. Kelly officially opened the city’s new subway system during a ceremony at the State and Madison street station.

In 1952, the Charles Chaplin film “Limelight” premiered in London.

In 1962, the New York Yankees won the World Series, defeating the San Francisco Giants in Game 7 at Candlestick Park, 1-0.

In 1972, a twin-engine plane carrying U.S. House Majority Leader Hale Boggs, D-La., and U.S. Rep. Nick Begich, D-Alaska, disappeared while flying over a remote region of Alaska; the aircraft was never found.

In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla (voy-TEE’-wah) to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II.

In 1987, a 58-1/2-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.

In 1991, a deadly shooting rampage took place in Killeen, Texas, as George Hennard opened fire at a Luby’s Cafeteria, killing 23 people before taking his own life.

Ten years ago:

The U.N. Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting more troops and money to help stabilize Iraq and speed its independence.

Three American soldiers were killed during a clash at a Shiite Muslim cleric’s headquarters in Karbala.

Pope John Paul II celebrated his 25 years as pontiff before a huge crowd in St. Peter’s Square.

The New York Yankees won the American League Championship Series, defeating the Boston Red sox 6-5 in Game 7.

Five years ago:

A volatile Wall Street pulled off another stunning U-turn, transforming a 380-point loss for the Dow Jones industrial average into a 401-point gain.

One year ago:

With national polls showing a dead heat three weeks before Election Day, President Barack Obama and Republican nominee Mitt Romney met for their second debate.

During the town-hall-style encounter in suburban New York, Obama accused Romney of favoring a “one-point plan” to help the rich at the expense of the middle class, while Romney countered by saying “the middle class has been crushed over the last four years.”

The Detroit Tigers beat the New York Yankees 2-1 to go up 3-0 in the American League Championship Series.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Angela Lansbury is 88

Author Gunter Grass is 86

Actor-producer Tony Anthony is 76

Actor Barry Corbin is 73

Sportscaster Tim McCarver is 72

Rock musician C.F. Turner (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 70

Actress Suzanne Somers is 67

Rock singer-musician Bob Weir is 66

Producer-director David Zucker is 66

Record company executive Jim Ed Norman is 65

Actor Daniel Gerroll is 62

Actor Morgan Stevens is 62

Actress Martha Smith is 61

Comedian-actor Andy Kindler is 57

Actor-director Tim Robbins is 55

Actor-musician Gary Kemp is 54

Singer-musician Bob Mould is 53

Actor Randy Vasquez is 52

Rock musician Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 51

Actor Todd Stashwick is 45

Jazz musician Roy Hargrove is 44

Actress Terri J. Vaughn is 44

Singer Wendy Wilson (Wilson Phillips) is 44

Rapper B-Rock (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 42

Rock singer Chad Gray (Mudvayne) is 42

Actor Paul Sparks is 42

Actress Kellie Martin is 38

Singer John Mayer is 36

Actor Jeremy Jackson is 33

Actress Caterina Scorsone is 33

Actress Brea Grant is 32

Flashback: What Happened on October 15, ....


•  1839 West Virginia governor Aretas Brooks Fleming was born in Middletown, Monongalia County, present-day Fairmont in Marion County.

•  1912 Governor Glasscock lifted martial law in the Paint Creek strike area.

•  1948 Lemuel Steed was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Fayette County.

•  1951 A coal mine gas explosion in the Bunker Mine at Cassville on Scott’s Run, Monongalia County, killed 10. Mine owned by the Trotter Coal Company.

WayBackWhen™: October 15

Today is Tuesday, October 15, the 288th day of 2013. There are 77 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“The conventional view serves to protect us from the painful job of thinking.“ — John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian-born American economist (1908-2006).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 15, 1917, Dutch dancer Mata Hari, convicted of spying for the Germans, was executed by a French firing squad outside Paris.

On this date:

In 1858, the seventh and final debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Alton, Ill.

In 1860, 11-year-old Grace Bedell of Westfield, N.Y., wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, suggesting he could improve his appearance by growing a beard.

In 1928, the German dirigible Graf Zeppelin landed in Lakehurst, N.J., completing its first commercial flight across the Atlantic.

In 1937, the Ernest Hemingway novel “To Have and Have Not” was first published by Charles Scribner’s Sons.

In 1945, the former premier of Vichy France, Pierre Laval, was executed for treason.

In 1946, Nazi war criminal Hermann Goering (GEH’-reeng) fatally poisoned himself hours before he was to have been executed.

In 1951, the classic sitcom “I Love Lucy” premiered on CBS with the episode “The Girls Want to Go to the Nightclub.“

In 1964, it was announced that Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev (KROOSH’-chef) had been removed from office.

In 1969, peace demonstrators staged activities across the country as part of a “moratorium” against the Vietnam War.

In 1976, in the first debate of its kind between vice presidential nominees, Democrat Walter F. Mondale and Republican Bob Dole faced off in Houston.

In 1991, despite sexual harassment allegations by Anita Hill, the Senate narrowly confirmed the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, 52-48.

In 1997, British Royal Air Force pilot Andy Green twice drove a jet-powered car in the Nevada desert faster than the speed of sound, officially shattering the world’s land-speed record. NASA’s plutonium-powered Cassini spacecraft rocketed flawlessly toward Saturn.

Ten years ago:

Eleven people were killed when a Staten Island ferry slammed into a maintenance pier. (The ferry’s pilot, who’d blacked out at the controls, later pleaded guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter.)

Doctors in Florida removed the feeding tube of Terri Schiavo (SHY’-voh), a severely brain-damaged woman at the center of a right-to-die battle. (The tube was reinserted, then removed again, as the legal battle played out, ending with Schiavo’s death in March 2005.)

An explosion ripped apart a U.S. diplomatic vehicle in the Gaza Strip, killing three Americans. China launched its first manned space mission.

The Florida Marlins won the National League championship with a 9-6 victory over the Chicago Cubs in Game 7.

Five years ago:

Republican John McCain repeatedly assailed Democrat Barack Obama’s character and campaign positions on taxes, abortion and more in a debate at Hofstra University; Obama parried each accusation, and leveled a few of his own, saying “100%“ of McCain’s campaign ads were negative.

The Philadelphia Phillies beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-1 to win the NL championship series 4-1 for its first pennant since 1993.

Pop star Madonna and movie director Guy Ritchie announced they were divorcing after nearly eight years of marriage.

Actress-singer Edie Adams died in Los Angeles at age 81.

Longtime game show host Jack Narz died in Los Angeles at age 85.

One year ago:

In interviews with CNN and Fox News, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton took responsibility for security at the U.S. consulate in Libya, where the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans were killed in a September 11, 2012, attack.

The San Francisco Giants evened the National League Championship series 1-1 with a 7-1 win over the St. Louis Cardinals.

Today’s Birthdays:

Former auto executive Lee Iacocca is 89

Jazz musician Freddy Cole is 82

Singer Barry McGuire is 78

Actress Linda Lavin is 76

Rock musician Don Stevenson (Moby Grape) is 71

Actress-director Penny Marshall is 70

Baseball Hall of Famer Jim Palmer is 68

Singer-musician Richard Carpenter is 67

Actor Victor Banerjee is 67

Tennis player Roscoe Tanner is 62

Singer Tito Jackson is 60

Actor-comedian Larry Miller is 60

Actor Jere Burns is 59

Actress Tanya Roberts is 58

Movie director Mira Nair is 56

Britain’s Duchess of York, Sarah Ferguson, is 54

Chef Emeril Lagasse is 54

Rock musician Mark Reznicek (REHZ’-nih-chehk) is 51

Singer Eric Benet is 47

Actress Vanessa Marcil is 45

Singer-actress-TV host Paige Davis is 44

Country singer Kimberly Schlapman is 44

Actor Dominic West is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Ginuwine is 43

Actor Chris Olivero is 34

Christian singer-actress Jaci (JAK’-ee) Velasquez is 34

Actor Brandon Jay McLaren is 33

Rhythm-and-blues singer Keyshia Cole is 32

Tennis player Elena Dementieva is 32

Actor Vincent Martella (“Everybody Hates Chris”) is 21

Actress Bailee Madison (“Trophy Wife”) is 14

Flashback: What Happened on October 14, ....


•  1884 Democrat Emanuel Willis Wilson of Charleston was elected governor.

•  1949 The first television station in the state, WSAZ-TV, went on the air in Huntington.

•  1992 Former Logan County Sheriff Earl Ray Tomblin, Sr., began a fifteen-month federal prison sentence for bribing a public official.

WayBackWhen™: October 14

Today is Monday, October 14, the 287th day of 2013. There are 78 days left in the year. This is the Columbus Day observance in the United States, as well as Thanksgiving Day in Canada.

Thought for Today:

“Sometimes we have to get really high to see how small we are.“ — Skydiver Felix Baumgartner, after becoming the first man to shatter the sound barrier without using a jet or a spacecraft.

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 14, 1912, former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive candidate, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank. Despite the wound, Roosevelt went ahead with a scheduled speech, declaring, “It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose.“

On this date:

In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.

In 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England, accused of committing treason against Queen Elizabeth I. (Mary was beheaded in February 1587.)

In 1890, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.

In 1908, the E.M. Forster novel “A Room With a View” was first published by Edward Arnold of London.

In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.

In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.

In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. (“Chuck”) Yeager (YAY’-gur) broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.

In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggested the idea of a Peace Corps while addressing an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

In 1961, the Frank Loesser (LEH’-sur) musical “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying,“ starring Robert Morse as J. Pierrepont Finch, opened on Broadway.

In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1977, singer Bing Crosby died outside Madrid, Spain, at age 74.

In 1987, a 58-hour drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center; she was rescued on Oct. 16.

Ten years ago:

John Allen Muhammad pleaded not guilty to murder as the first trial in the deadly Washington-area sniper rampage got under way in Virginia Beach, Va. (Muhammad was later convicted of killing Dean Harold Meyers and executed in 2009.)

The United States vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for building a barrier that cut into the West Bank.

In Game 6 of the National League Championship Series, a Cubs fan inadvertently deflected a foul ball away from the outstretched glove of Chicago outfielder Moises Alou; the Florida Marlins, down 3-0 at the time, rallied to win the game and went on to win Game 7 and advance to the World Series, where they beat the New York Yankees.

Five years ago:

Big banks started falling in line behind a revised bailout plan that was fast becoming more of a buy-in; the Bush administration announced it would fork over as much as $250 billion in exchange for partial ownership.

A grand jury in Orlando, Fla. returned charges of first-degree murder, aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter against Casey Anthony in the death of her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee. (She was acquitted in July 2011.)

Syria formally recognized Lebanon for the first time by establishing diplomatic relations with its neighbor. Canada’s Conservative Party won in national elections but fell short of a parliamentary majority.

One year ago:

Former Sen. Arlen Specter died at 82 of complications from non-Hodgkins lymphoma.

For most of his 30 years representing Pennsylvania in the U.S. Senate, Specter was a Republican, though he began his political career as a Democrat and returned to that party in 2009.

Daredevil skydiver Felix Baumgartner became the first man to shatter the sound barrier without traveling in a jet or a spacecraft, jumping from a balloon 24 miles above the New Mexico desert.

Sixty-five years after becoming the first human to fly faster than the speed of sound, 89-year-old retired Air Force Brig. Gen. Chuck Yeager commemorated the event by smashing through the sound barrier again, this time in the backseat of an F-15.

The St. Louis Cardinals beat the San Francisco Giants 6-4 in Game 1 of the National League Championship Series, while the Detroit Tigers blanked the New York Yankees 3-0 to take a 2-0 lead in the American League Championship Series.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Roger Moore is 86

Classical pianist Gary Graffman is 85

Movie director Carroll Ballard is 76

Former White House counsel John W. Dean III is 75

Country singer Melba Montgomery is 76

Fashion designer Ralph Lauren is 74

Singer Sir Cliff Richard is 73

Actor Udo Kier is 69

Singer-musician Justin Hayward (The Moody Blues) is 67

Actor Harry Anderson is 61

Actor Greg Evigan is 60

TV personality Arleen Sorkin is 58

World Golf Hall of Famer Beth Daniel is 57

Singer-musician Thomas Dolby is 55

Actress Lori Petty is 50

MLB manager Joe Girardi is 49

Actor Steve Coogan is 48

Singer Karyn White is 48

Actor Edward Kerr is 47

Actor Jon Seda is 43

Country musician Doug Virden is 43

Country singer Natalie Maines (The Dixie Chicks) is 39

Actress-singer Shaznay Lewis (All Saints) is 38

Singer Usher is 35

TV personality Stacy Keibler is 34

Actor Ben Whishaw is 33

Actor Jordan Brower is 32

Director Benh Zeitlin is 31

Actress Skyler Shaye is 27

Actor-comedian Jay Pharoah (TV: “Saturday Night Live”) is 26

Flashback: What Happened on October 13, ....


•  1746 While surveying land for Lord Thomas Fairfax, Thomas Lewis reached the crest of the Allegheny Mountains in present-day West Virginia.

•  1874 Congressional elections were held in West Virginia with Democrat Benjamin Wilson of Harrison County defeating Republican Nathan Goff, Jr., of Harrison County by a margin of 12,799 to 12,631 in the First District; Democrat Charles J. Faulkner of Berkeley County defeating Independent Alexander R. Boteler of Jefferson County and incumbent Republican John Marshall Hagans of Monongalia County by margins of 11,500 to 8,064 and 434, respectively, in the Second District; and Democrat Frank Hereford of Monroe County defeating Republican John S. Witcher of Cabell County by a margin of 13,524 to 7,745 in the Third District. In this third district, future House of Representatives and United States Senate member Democrat John E. Kenna of Kanawha County received 3 votes, his first votes for a national office.

•  1923 Aretas Brooks Fleming, eighth West Virginia governor, died in Fairmont.

•  1934 The first WWVA Jamboree Harvest Home Festival was held at the Capitol Theatre in Wheeling.

•  1988 WBES - FM radio went on the air in Dunbar, Kanawha County. It was owned by Mills Broadcasting, Inc., of Salem, Harrison County.

•  1992 The United States Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal of former State Senate President Larry Tucker of Summersville, Nicholas County. He had been convicted and jailed on charges of obstruction of justice and perjury.

WayBackWhen™: October 13

Today is Sunday, October 13, the 286th day of 2013. There are 79 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“There are some things one can only achieve by a deliberate leap in the opposite direction. One has to go abroad in order to find the home one has lost.“ — Franz Kafka, Austrian author (1883-1924).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 13, 1962, Edward Albee’s searing four-character drama “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?“ opened on Broadway with Arthur Hill as George, Uta Hagen as Martha, George Grizzard as Nick and Melinda Dillon (whose 23rd birthday it was) as Honey.

On this date:

In A.D. 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina (ag-rih-PEE’-nuh).

In 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.

In 1775, the United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.

In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.

In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai B’rith (buh-NAY’ brith) was founded in New York City.

In 1845, Texas voters ratified a state constitution.

In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington.

In 1944, American troops entered Aachen, Germany, during World War II.

In 1960, John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon held the third televised debate of their presidential campaign (Nixon was in Los Angeles, Kennedy in New York).

In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; 16 survivors who resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive were rescued more than two months later.

In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak (HAHS’-nee moo-BAH’-rahk) the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.

Ten years ago:

The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution expanding the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.

Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a controversial redistricting bill designed to put more Republicans in the Texas congressional delegation.

Rep. Dennis Kucinich, D-Ohio, formally kicked off his presidential bid.

Five years ago:

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average gained a shocking 936 points after eight days of losses.

American Paul Krugman won the Nobel prize in economics for his work on international trade patterns.

Las Vegas gaming executive Frank “Lefty” Rosenthal, who inspired the film “Casino,“ died in Miami Beach at age 79.

One year ago:

Iran’s foreign ministry said it was ready to show flexibility at nuclear talks to ease Western concerns over Tehran’s nuclear program.

The Detroit Tigers beat the New York Yankees 6-4 in the first game of the American League Championship Series.

Today’s Birthdays:

Playwright Frank D. Gilroy is 88

Gospel singer Shirley Caesar is 76

Actress Melinda Dillon is 74

Singer-musician Paul Simon is 72

Actress Pamela Tiffin is 71

Musician Robert Lamm (Chicago) is 69

Country singer Lacy J. Dalton is 67

Actor Demond Wilson is 67

Singer-musician Sammy Hagar is 66

Actor John Lone is 61

Model Beverly Johnson is 61

Producer-writer Chris Carter is 57

Actor Reggie Theus (THEE’-us) is 56

Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., is 55

Singer Marie Osmond is 54

Rock singer Joey Belladonna is 53

Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer is 53

NBA coach Doc Rivers is 52

Actress T’Keyah Crystal Keymah (tuh-KEE’-ah KRYS’-tal kee-MAH’) is 51

College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 51

Actress Kelly Preston is 51

Country singer John Wiggins is 51

Actor Christopher Judge is 49

Actress Kate Walsh is 46

Rhythm-and-blues musician Jeff Allen (Mint Condition) is 45

Actress Tisha Campbell-Martin is 45

Classical singer Carlos Marin (Il Divo) is 45

Olympic silver-medal figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 44

Country singer Rhett Akins is 44

Classical crossover singer Paul Potts (TV: “Britain’s Got Talent”) is 43

TV personality Billy Bush is 42

Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 42

Rock musician Jan Van Sichem Jr. (K’s Choice) is 41

Rhythm-and-blues singers Brandon and Brian Casey (Jagged Edge) are 38

Actress Kiele Sanchez is 37

NBA All-Star Paul Pierce is 36

Singer Ashanti (ah-SHAHN’-tee) is 33

Christian rock singer Jon Micah Sumrall (Kutless) is 33

Olympic gold medal swimmer Ian Thorpe is 31

Flashback: What Happened on October 12, ....


•  1861 The Virginia Republican newspaper resumed publication in Martinsburg, Berkeley County. It had ceased publication in June due to pressure from the Union Army.

•  1863 The West Virginia Legislature repealed portions of the old Virginia Code concerning slaves and free African-Americans.

•  1877 West Virginia governor Howard Mason Gore was born in Coal District, Harrison County, near Clarksburg.

•  1893 The Summersville Normal School, Nicholas County, was incorporated.

•  1956 It was revealed that Governor Marland and State Treasurer William H. Ansel, Jr., had been subpoenaed in the income tax evasion trial of Kanawha County political boss Homer W. Hanna of Charleston.

•  1976 The call letters of WHIS - AM - FM were changed to WHAJ in honor of station founders Hugh Shott, Jr., and Jim Shott.

•  1980 An article in the Washington Post tied current UMW president Sam Church and former president Arnold Miller to a scandal involving the National Bank of Washington.

•  1992 Democratic State Senator Charlotte Pritt of Kanawha County announced she would actively pursue a write-in campaign for governor.

WayBackWhen™: October 12

Today is Saturday, October 12, the 285th day of 2013. There are 80 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“To know one’s self is wisdom, but not to know one’s neighbors is genius.“ — Minna Antrim, American writer (1861-1950).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On October 12, 1962, the devastating Columbus Day Storm, also known as the “Big Blow,“ struck the Pacific Northwest, resulting in some 50 deaths.

On this date:

In 1492 (according to the Old Style calendar), Christopher Columbus arrived with his expedition in the present-day Bahamas.

In 1810, the German festival Oktoberfest was first held in Munich to celebrate the wedding of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

In 1870, General Robert E. Lee died in Lexington, Va., at age 63.

In 1915, English nurse Edith Cavell was executed by the Germans in occupied Belgium during World War I.

In 1933, bank robber John Dillinger escaped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sheriff, Jess Sarber.

In 1942, during World War II, American naval forces defeated the Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced during a Columbus Day celebration at Carnegie Hall in New York that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens.

In 1960, Japanese Socialist Party leader Inejiro Asanuma was stabbed to death during a televised debate in Tokyo by an ultranationalist student, Otoya Yamaguchi, who hanged himself in jail.

In 1971, the rock opera “Jesus Christ Superstar” opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway.

In 1986, the superpower meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland, ended in stalemate, with President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev unable to agree on arms control or a date for a full-fledged summit in the United States.

In 1987, former Gov. Alfred (“Alf”) M. Landon, R-Kan., died at his Topeka home at age 100.

In 1997, singer John Denver was killed in the crash of his privately built aircraft in Monterey Bay, Calif.; he was 53.

In 2000, 17 sailors were killed in a suicide bomb attack on the destroyer USS Cole in Yemen.

Ten years ago:

A suicide attack outside a Baghdad hotel full of Americans killed six bystanders.

Doctors in Dallas succeeded in separating 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt.

Germany won the Women’s Soccer World Cup 2-1 over Sweden in the eighth minute of overtime.

Hall of Fame jockey Bill Shoemaker died in San Marino, California, at age 72.

Philanthropist Joan B. Kroc died in Rancho Santa Fe, California, at age 75.

British wartime hero Patrick Dalzel-Job, whose exploits made him a model for James Bond, died in Plockton, Scotland, at age 90.

Five years ago:

Global finance ministers meeting in Washington kept searching for ways to tackle the unfolding financial crisis; in Paris, nations in Europe’s single-currency zone agreed to temporarily guarantee bank refinancing and pledged to prevent bank failures.

North Korea said it would resume dismantling its main nuclear facilities, hours after the United States removed the communist country from a list of states that sponsored terrorism.

A Soyuz spacecraft carrying Richard Garriott, the sixth paying space traveler, along with another American and a Russian crew member lifted off from Kazakhstan for the international space station.

The Arizona Cardinals became the first team in NFL history to block a punt to score the winning TD in overtime in their 30-24 victory over the Dallas Cowboys.

One year ago:

Thousands of supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi clashed in Cairo’s Tahrir Square in the first such violence since Morsi took office more than three months earlier.

Soft drink makers, restaurateurs and other businesses filed suit to stop New York City from prohibiting the sale of super-sized, sugary drinks in restaurants, cafeterias and concession stands.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Antonia Rey is 86

Comedian-activist Dick Gregory is 81

Former Sen. Jake Garn, R-Utah, is 81

Singer Sam Moore (formerly of Sam and Dave) is 78

Broadcast journalist Chris Wallace is 66

Actress-singer Susan Anton is 63

Rock singer-musician Pat DiNizio is 58

Actor Carlos Bernard is 51

Jazz musician Chris Botti (BOH’-tee) is 51

Rhythm-and-blues singer Claude McKnight (Take 6) is 51

Rock singer Bob Schneider is 48

Actor Hugh Jackman is 45

Actor Adam Rich is 45

Rhythm-and-blues singer Garfield Bright (Shai) is 44

Country musician Martie Maguire (Courtyard Hounds, The Dixie Chicks) is 44

Actor Kirk Cameron is 43

Olympic gold medal skier Bode Miller is 36

Actor Marcus T. Paulk (“Moesha”) is 27

Actor Josh Hutcherson is 21

Flashback: What Happened on October 11, ....


•  1862 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was appointed Confederate Lieutenant General.

•  1891 The cornerstone for Fleming Hall, the first building of the West Virginia Colored Institute, which later became West Virginia State College, was laid at Institute, Kanawha County.

•  1898 Work on the final lock and dam on the Kanawha River was completed, improving navigation and resulting in rapid growth of the coal industry in the Kanawha Valley, Kanawha County.

•  1979 The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fined the American Cyanamid plant at Willow Island (Pleasants County) $10,000 for coercing women into sterilization and exposing both men and women to dangerous levels of lead. In 1978, the company implemented a fetal protection policy prohibiting women of child-bearing age from working on the production line where they were exposed to a number of chemicals. The plant reduced the number of chemicals to which women could be exposed from 29 to 1 (lead), virtually eliminating their chances of employment. Five women chose to be sterilized to keep their jobs. The company later closed the pigments department in which the five women had worked. The Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International filed a class action lawsuit in federal court on behalf of the women. In 1984, Judge Robert Bork found in favor of American Cyanamid, ruling the women had not been forced into their decisions to be sterilized.

•  1983 Democratic House Speaker Clyde See announced his candidacy for governor several weeks after Democratic Senate Majority Leader Warren McGraw had announced.

•  1984 The second senatorial debate was held between Democrat Governor Jay Rockefeller and Republican John Raese.

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