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History | WayBackWhen™

History, WayBackWhen™

WayBackWhen™: September 24

Today is Tuesday, September 24, the 267th day of 2013. There are 98 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“History is mostly guessing, the rest is prejudice.“—Will (1885-1981) and Ariel Durant (1898-1981), American historians.


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 24, 1976, former hostage Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery in San Francisco carried out by the Symbionese Liberation Army. Hearst was released after 22 months after receiving clemency from President Jimmy Carter.


On this date:

In 1789, Congress passed a Judiciary Act, which provided for an attorney general and a Supreme Court.

In 1869, thousands of businessmen were ruined in a Wall Street panic known as Black Friday after financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market.

In 1929, Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY-2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.

In 1948, Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio propagandist “Axis Sally,“ pleaded not guilty in Washington, D.C., to charges of treason. Gillars, later convicted, ended up serving 12 years in prison.

In 1955, President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver.

In 1961, “Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color” premiered on NBC.

In 1963, the U.S. Senate ratified a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing.

In 1969, the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (later seven) began. Five of the defendants were later convicted of crossing state lines to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention, but the convictions were ultimately overturned.

In 1991, kidnappers in Lebanon freed British hostage Jack Mann after holding him captive for more than two years. Children’s author Theodor Seuss Geisel (GY’-zul), better known as Dr. Seuss, died in La Jolla, Calif., at age 87.

In 2001, President George W. Bush ordered a freeze on the assets of 27 people and organizations with suspected links to terrorism, including Islamic militant Osama bin Laden, and urged other nations to do likewise.


Ten years ago:

After four turbulent months, three special legislative sessions and two Democratic walkouts, both houses of the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature adopted redistricting plans favoring the GOP.

The top candidates vying to replace California Governor Gray Davis joined in a lively debate.


Five years ago:

Officials reopened Galveston, Texas, to residents who were warned about Hurricane Ike’s debris and disruption of utilities.

Japanese lawmakers elected Taro Aso, leader of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, prime minister.


One year ago:

President Barack Obama told the ABC talk show “The View” that the deadly attack earlier in the month on the U.S. diplomatic compound in Benghazi, Libya, was not the result of mob violence; he said “there’s no doubt” that the assault wasn’t spontaneous.

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney accused Obama of minimizing the Benghazi attack as a mere “bump in the road.“

Provocative ads began appearing in New York City subways, equating Muslim radicals with savages.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor-singer Herb Jeffries is 102

Actress Sheila MacRae is 92

Rhythm-and-blues singer Sonny Turner (The Platters) is 74

Singer Barbara Allbut (The Angels) is 73

Singer Phyllis “Jiggs” Allbut (The Angels) is 71

Singer Gerry Marsden (Gerry and the Pacemakers) is 71

News anchor Lou Dobbs is 68

Pro and College Football Hall of Famer Joe Greene is 67

Actor Gordon Clapp is 65

Songwriter Holly Knight is 57

Former U.S. Rep. Joseph Kennedy II, D-Mass., is 61

Actor Kevin Sorbo is 55

Christian/jazz singer Cedric Dent (Take 6) is 51

Actress-writer Nia Vardalos is 51

Country musician Marty Mitchell is 44

Actress Megan Ward is 44

Singer-musician Marty Cintron (No Mercy) is 42

Contemporary Christian musician Juan DeVevo (Casting Crowns) is 38

Actor Justin Bruening is 34

Olympic gold medal gymnast Paul Hamm (hahm) is 31

Actor Erik Stocklin is 31

Actor Kyle Sullivan is 25

Flashback: What Happened on September 23, ....

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•  1863 Joseph H. Diss Debar of Doddridge County designed the state seal.

•  1948 Mathew Perison was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Logan County.

•  1958 A group of mostly white residents of Edwight petitioned the Raleigh County Board of Education to desegregate a modern African-American school. Originally, the board had decided to integrate it as a junior high school due to the overcrowding of the all-white Marsh Fork School about three miles away. However, the decision was reversed after African-American residents protested.

•  1973 Former UMW president Tony Boyle attempted suicide, the day he was to begin serving a sentence for misuse of union funds.

•  1980 Former President Gerald Ford appeared at a fundraiser in Charleston for former Governor Moore in his gubernatorial campaign.

•  1983 Employees of the Weirton Steel plant in Weirton (Hancock County) voted to purchase the plant themselves from the National Steel Corporation.

WayBackWhen™: September 23

Today is Monday, September 23, the 266th day of 2013. There are 99 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“The only interesting answers are those which destroy the questions.“—Susan Sontag, American author and critic (1933-2004).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 23, 1952, Sen. Richard M. Nixon, R-Calif., salvaged his vice-presidential nomination by appearing live on television to refute allegations of improper campaign fundraising. (The address became known as the “Checkers” speech because of Nixon’s on-air reference to the family pet, a dog named Checkers.)


On this date:

In 63 B.C., Caesar Augustus, the first Roman emperor, was born.

In 1779, during the Revolutionary War, the American warship Bon Homme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, defeated the HMS Serapis in battle.

In 1780, British spy John Andre was captured along with papers revealing Benedict Arnold’s plot to surrender West Point to the British.

In 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis more than two years after setting out for the Pacific Northwest.

In 1846, Neptune was identified as a planet by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle (GAH’-luh).

In 1908, an apparent baserunning error by Fred Merkle of the New York Giants cost his team a victory against the Chicago Cubs and left the game tied 1-1. The Cubs won a rematch and with it, the National League pennant.

In 1912, Mack Sennett’s first Keystone short subject, a “split-reel” of two comedies both starring Mabel Normand and Ford Sterling (“Cohen Collects a Debt” and “The Water Nymph”), was released. Houston’s William Marsh Rice Institute, later renamed Rice University, opened for classes on the 12th anniversary of Rice’s death.

In 1949, President Harry S. Truman announced there was evidence the Soviet Union had recently conducted a nuclear test explosion. The test had been carried out on Aug. 29, 1949.

In 1957, nine black students who’d entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a white mob outside.

In 1962, “The Jetsons,“ an animated cartoon series about a Space Age family, premiered as the ABC television network’s first color program.

In 1973, former Argentine president Juan Peron won a landslide election victory that returned him to power; his wife, Isabel, was elected vice president.

In 1981, the Reagan administration announced plans for what became known as Radio Marti.

In 2001, President George W. Bush returned the American flag to full staff at Camp David, symbolically ending a period of national mourning for the 9/11 attacks on New York’s World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Thousands gathered at New York’s Yankee Stadium to offer prayers for the victims of terrorism; Mayor Rudolph Giuliani pledged that “our skyline will rise again.“ Thirteen coal miners were killed in explosions at the Blue Creek Mine Number 5 in Brookwood, Ala.


Ten years ago:

Speaking at the United Nations, President George W. Bush rejected calls from France and Germany to hasten the transfer of power in Iraq, insisting the shift to self-government could be “neither hurried nor delayed.“

A federal appeals court unanimously put California’s recall election back on the calendar for October 07.


Five years ago:

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (ah-muh-DEE’-neh-zhahd) accused what he called “a few bullying powers” of trying to thwart his country’s peaceful nuclear program and declared in a speech before the U.N. General Assembly that “the American empire” was nearing collapse.

A 22-year-old gunman opened fire at his trade school in Finland, killing 10 people before fatally shooting himself.


One year ago:

“Homeland” won the Emmy Award for best drama series, and its stars Claire Danes and Damian Lewis each won leading actor awards.

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney told reporters he would spend less time raising money and more time with voters.

The Libyan militia suspected in the attack on the U.S. diplomatic compound that killed the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans said it had disbanded on orders of the country’s president.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Mickey Rooney is 93

Singer Julio Iglesias is 70

Actor Paul Petersen (“The Donna Reed Show”) is 68

Actress-singer Mary Kay Place is 66

Rock star Bruce Springsteen is 64

Rock musician Leon Taylor (The Ventures) is 58

Actress Rosalind Chao is 56

Golfer Larry Mize is 55

Actor Jason Alexander is 54

Actress Elizabeth Pena is 54

Actor Chi McBride is 52

Country musician Don Herron (BR549) is 51

Actor Erik Todd Dellums is 49

Actress LisaRaye is 47

Singer Ani (AH’-nee) DiFranco is 43

Rock singer Sarah Bettens (K’s Choice) is 41

Recording executive Jermaine Dupri is 41

Actor Kip Pardue is 37

Actor Anthony Mackie is 35

Pop singer Erik-Michael Estrada (“Making the Band”) is 34

Actress Aubrey Dollar is 33

Tennis player Melanie Oudin (oo-DAN’) is 22

Flashback: What Happened on September 22, ....

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•  1852 The Weston Branch of the Exchange Bank of Virginia, Lewis County, was opened. The bank profited from construction of the Weston and Gauley Bridge Turnpike and the Northwestern Virginia Railroad.

•  1887 The Weston Central Telephone Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: G. M. Burns of Burnsville, Gilmer County; J. S. Hyer of Braxton Court House (Sutton), Braxton County; George I. Davison of Jacksonsville, WV; N. B. Newlon and J. B. Finster of Weston, Lewis County. The company’s purpose was to install telephone lines in Lewis County, Braxton County, Gilmer County, Calhoun County, Upshur County, and Webster County, with its main office in Weston.

•  1890 The Sutton Building and Loan Association was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: L. M. Wade, J. M. Morrison, John L. Gaston, F. J. Baxter, and Charles E. Baab, all of Sutton, Braxton County. The association’s main office was in Sutton.

•  1909 The principal of West Virginia Colored Institute J. McHenry Jones died in Institute, Kanawha County, of Bright’s Disease at the age of 50.

•  1982 Vice President George Bush campaigned in Charleston for Republican Representative Mick Staton.

WayBackWhen™: September 22

Today is Sunday, September 22, the 265th day of 2013. There are 100 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Autumn, the year’s last, loveliest smile.“ — William Cullen Bryant, American poet (1794-1878).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 22, 1776, Nathan Hale was hanged as a spy by the British during the Revolutionary War.


On this date:

In 1792, the French Republic was proclaimed.

In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of January 1, 1863.

In 1927, Gene Tunney successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title against Jack Dempsey in the famous “long-count” fight in Chicago.

In 1949, the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb.

In 1950, Omar N. Bradley was promoted to the rank of five-star general, joining an elite group that included Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall and Henry H. “Hap” Arnold.

In 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission issued rules prohibiting racial discrimination on interstate buses.

In 1964, the musical “Fiddler on the Roof” opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 3,242 performances.

In 1975, Sara Jane Moore attempted to shoot President Gerald R. Ford outside a San Francisco hotel, but missed. (Moore served 32 years in prison before being paroled on Dec. 31, 2007.)

In 1980, the Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.

In 1985, rock and country music artists participated in “FarmAid,“ a concert staged in Champaign, Ill., to help the nation’s farmers.

In 1989, songwriter Irving Berlin died in New York City at age 101.

In 2001, President George W. Bush consulted at length with Russian President Vladimir Putin (POO’-tihn) as the United States mustered a military assault on terrorism in the wake of Sept. 11.


Ten years ago:

A suicide car bombing outside U.N. offices in Baghdad killed an Iraqi policeman.

NATO allies picked Dutch Foreign Minister Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (yahp dee hohp SKEHF’-ur) as the alliance’s next secretary-general.

Actor Gordon Jump died at age 71.


Five years ago:

Jury selection began in Washington for the federal corruption trial of Sen. Ted Stevens,R-Alaska. (Jurors later found that Stevens had lied on Senate financial disclosure forms to conceal hundreds of thousands of dollars in gifts and home renovations from a wealthy oil contractor, but the Justice Department later moved to dismiss the indictment because prosecutors had mishandled the case; Stevens lost his re-election bid.)

Marjorie Knoller, whose dogs viciously attacked and killed her neighbor, Dianne Whipple, in their San Francisco apartment building in 2001, was sentenced to 15 years to life in prison after her second-degree murder conviction was reinstated.

The U.S. Mint unveiled the first changes to the penny in 50 years, with Abraham Lincoln’s portrait still on the obverse side, but new designs replacing the Lincoln Memorial on the reverse side.


One year ago:

President Barack Obama campaigned before a crowd of 18,000 in Wisconsin, the home of GOP vice presidential candidate Paul Ryan.

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi urged the government of Syria to bring an end to that country’s 18-month-old civil war.

In the aftermath of the killing of the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans, residents of the Libyan city of Benghazi protested at the compounds of several militias, vowing to rid themselves of armed factions and Islamic extremists.


Today’s Birthdays:

Baseball Hall of Fame manager Tommy Lasorda is 86

NBA Commissioner David Stern is 71

Musician King Sunny Ade (ah-DAY’) is 67

Actor Paul Le Mat is 67

Capt. Mark Phillips is 65

Rock singer David Coverdale (Deep Purple, Whitesnake) is 62

Actress Shari Belafonte is 59

Singer Debby Boone is 57

Country singer June Forester (The Forester Sisters) is 57

Singer Nick Cave is 56

Rock singer Johnette Napolitano is 56

Actress Lynn Herring is 56

Classical crossover singer Andrea Bocelli (an-DRAY’-ah boh-CHEL’-ee) is 55

Singer-musician Joan Jett is 55

Actor Scott Baio is 53

Actress Catherine Oxenberg is 52

Actress Bonnie Hunt is 52

Actor Rob Stone (“Mr. Belvedere”) is 51

Musician Matt Sharp is 44

Rock musician Dave Hernandez is 43

Rhythm-and-blues singer Big Rube (Society of Soul) is 42

Actress Mireille Enos is 38

Actress Daniella Alonso is 35

Actor Michael Graziadei (GRAHT’-zee-uh-day-ee) is 34

Actress Ashley Drane (Eckstein) is 32

Actor Tom Felton is 26

Actress Juliette Goglia is 18

Flashback: What Happened on September 21, ....

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•  1774 Forces under Colonel Andrew Lewis reached the site of present-day Charleston on their march to the Battle of Point Pleasant, Mason County.

•  1862 A skirmish took place at Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County. Union forces recaptured the town and began establishing more permanent fortifications than previously existed.

•  1898 J. McHenry Jones was chosen as principal of the West Virginia Colored Institute, which later became West Virginia State College, in Institute, Kanawha County.

•  1904 Presbyterian affiliated Davis and Elkins College opened in Elkins, Randolph County, with J. E. Jodgson as president.

•  1912 Mother Jones spoke to striking coal miners on the lawn of the Y.M.C.A. in Charleston, Kanawha County.

•  1992 The National Institute of Chemical Studies in Charleston, Kanawha County, presented former head of the federal Environmental Protection Agency William D. Ruckelshaus with the Russell S. Wehrle Award.

WayBackWhen™: September 21

Today is Saturday, September 21, the 264th day of 2013. There are 101 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“The crisis of yesterday is the joke of tomorrow.“ — H.G. Wells, English author (born this day in 1866, died 1946).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 21, 1912, magician Harry Houdini first publicly performed his so-called Chinese Water Torture Cell trick at the Circus Busch in Berlin, escaping after being immersed upside-down in a vertical water tank, his ankles secured in a set of stocks which made up the tank lid, which was locked into place.


On this date:

In 1792, the French National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy.

In 1893, one of America’s first horseless carriages was taken for a short test drive in Springfield, Mass., by Frank Duryea, who had designed the vehicle with his brother, Charles.

In 1897, the New York Sun ran its famous editorial, written anonymously by Francis P. Church, which declared, “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus.“

In 1912, legendary cartoon animator Chuck Jones was born in Spokane, Wash.

In 1937, “The Hobbit,“ by J.R.R. Tolkien, was first published by George Allen & Unwin Ltd. of London.

In 1938, a hurricane struck parts of New York and New England, causing widespread damage and claiming some 700 lives.

In 1948, Milton Berle made his debut as permanent host of “The Texaco Star Theater” on NBC-TV.

In 1962, “The Jack Paar Program,“ a weekly, prime-time show that followed Paar’s stint on “The Tonight Show,“ began a three-year run.

In 1970, “NFL Monday Night Football” made its debut on ABC-TV as the Cleveland Browns defeated the visiting New York Jets, 31-21.

In 1982, Amin Gemayel, brother of Lebanon’s assassinated president-elect, Bashir Gemayel, was himself elected president. National Football League players began a 57-day strike, their first regular-season walkout.

In 1987, NFL players called a strike, mainly over the issue of free agency. (The 24-day walkout prompted football owners to hire replacement players.)

In 1989, Hurricane Hugo crashed into Charleston, S.C. (the storm was blamed for 26 directly caused U.S. deaths). Twenty-one students in Alton, Texas, died when their school bus, involved in a collision with a soft-drink delivery truck, careened into a water-filled pit.


Ten years ago:

Former Citigroup CEO John S. Reed was named temporary head of the New York Stock Exchange.

Paul Martin was elected by Canada’s Liberal Party to succeed Jean Chretien (zhahn kreh-TYEN’) as prime minister.

NASA’s aging Galileo spacecraft deliberately plunged into Jupiter’s turbulent atmosphere, bringing a fiery conclusion to a 14-year exploration of the solar system’s largest planet and its moons.


Five years ago:

South African President Thabo Mbeki (TAH’-boh um-BEH’-kee) announced his resignation.

“Mad Men” became the first basic-cable show to win the top series Emmy; “30 Rock” and its stars Tina Fey and Alec Baldwin won comedy awards.

The United States took back the Ryder Cup with a 16 1/2-11 1/2 victory over Europe.

Baseball said farewell to the original Yankee Stadium as the Bronx Bombers defeated the Baltimore Orioles 7-3.


One year ago:

No one was injured when a plane carrying Ann Romney made an emergency landing in Denver after smoke filled the cabin.

The wife of the Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney was traveling from Omaha, Neb., to Los Angeles, when an apparent electrical fire broke out.

A man was bitten multiple times after leaping from a monorail into a tiger exhibit at the Bronx Zoo.

People lined up to buy Apple’s iPhone5 as it went on sale in the United States and several other countries.


Today’s Birthdays:

Poet-songwriter Leonard Cohen is 79

Author-comedian Fannie Flagg is 72

Producer Jerry Bruckheimer is 70

Musician Don Felder is 66

Author Stephen King is 66

Basketball Hall of Famer Artis Gilmore is 64

Actor-comedian Bill Murray is 63

Hall of Fame jockey Eddie Delahoussaye is 62

Rock musician Philthy Animal is 59

Former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd is 56

Movie producer-writer Ethan Coen is 56

Actor-comedian Dave Coulier is 54

Actor David James Elliott is 53

Actress Serena Scott-Thomas is 52

Actress Nancy Travis is 52

Actor Rob Morrow is 51

Retired MLB All-Star Cecil Fielder is 50

Actress Cheryl Hines is 48

Country singer Faith Hill is 46

Rock musician Tyler Stewart (Barenaked Ladies) is 46

Country singer Ronna Reeves is 45

Actress-talk show host Ricki Lake is 45

Rapper Dave (De La Soul) is 45

Actor Rob Benedict is 43

Actor James Lesure is 42

Actor Alfonso Ribeiro is 42

Actor Luke Wilson is 42

Actor Paulo Costanzo is 35

Actor Bradford Anderson is 34

Actress Autumn Reeser is 33

TV personality Nicole Richie is 32

Actress Maggie Grace is 30

Actor Joseph Mazzello is 30

Rapper Wale (WAH’-lay) is 29

Actors Nikolas and Lorenzo Brino are 15

Plan to Protect the ‘Birthplace of Rivers’ as National Monument Announced

The Gilmer Free Press

The Birthplace of Rivers Initiative, a broad statewide coalition of communities, businesses, sportsmen, river organizations, recreation and conservation groups, made public specifics of a proposal to permanently protect an iconic part of West Virginia’s Monongahela National Forest as the Birthplace of Rivers National Monument.

The proposal is the result of a collaborative process to solicit feedback over the past year from various stakeholders and the general public. The full proposal is available at www.BirthplaceOfRivers.org. Today’s release of a specific proposal is an important next step in a public process to discuss the value of preserving the recreational, scenic and heritage-based traditions West Virginians cherish on the Mountain State’s public lands.

“It is essential that we permanently preserve this area so we have clean water and healthy lands to pass down as our legacy to our children,” said Angie Rosser, Executive Director of the West Virginia Rivers Coalition. “After much collaboration, we now have a proposal that will protect the natural and cultural resources of the land while fostering economic development and maintaining access for fishing, hunting and other outdoor recreational activities that are important to many user groups and local communities.”


Treasured landscapes

The aptly named Birthplace of Rivers National Monument is the home to the headwaters of six of West Virginia’s most highly regarded rivers - the Cranberry, Cherry, Elk, Gauley, Williams and Greenbrier Rivers. The proposed monument is limited to federal land managed by the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), including the:

— Cranberry Wilderness which features dense forests of red spruce, trout streams and black bear habitat;

— Tea Creek Backcountry, with some on the best mountain biking best trails in the Mid-Atlantic;

— Cranberry Glades, a unique series of tundra-like bogs which shelter migratory birds and rare plants;

— The site of the former Mill Point Federal Prison which imprisoned prohibition moonshiners and conscientious objectors;

— The iconic Falls of Hills Creek which includes West Virginia’s second-highest waterfall; and

— The Highland Scenic Highway which skirts the Cranberry Wilderness, providing unparalleled views of the Williams River Valley.

Many of these special features are protected under temporary guidelines, which are always subject to future administrative changes. Such changes could drastically alter the way these areas are managed, and could compromise some of West Virginia’s most popular scenic areas and most visited outdoor recreation destinations. The Birthplace of Rivers National Monument would safeguard these unique areas from potential threats by solidifying the intent of most of the area’s current management.


Monument proposal: Continued access, recreation and restoration

A national monument designation would permanently protect the iconic resources in this area while providing the flexibility to meet place-specific management and access needs identified by the community.

Under the proposal, the U.S. Forest Service would continue to manage the area. Activities such as hunting, trapping and hunting with dogs would be allowed and ecosystem restoration and management by the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources (WVDNR) to improve fish and game habitat would continue.

Establishment of the monument would not close any motorized routes currently open to the public and mountain biking would continue to be allowed on recognized trails. No new roads could be created in the national monument except for public safety or to provide necessary access to further the values for which the monument was established.

The monument proposal also calls for a flexible approach to spruce and spruce-hardwood restoration, a key management objective currently emphasized in much of the area. In a letter to the Pocahontas County Commission earlier this year, USFS Chief Thomas Tidwell has indicated to local officials that national monuments have strong potential to improve local economies through tourism and restoration activities.

As a national monument the federal lands within the monument would be permanently protected from potential industrial activities. A designation would also preserve valid existing rights such as previously-existing leases, grazing and rights-of-way. No private lands would be affected by the proposed monument.

“A National Monument would provide a balanced, flexible designation that serves as an honor to the Mountain State and meet the access and management needs of this special area,” said Mike Costello, Executive Director of the West Virginia Wilderness Coalition. “The current proposal reflects a sincere willingness from many West Virginians to come to the table and collectively address certain issues and create a vision for what we want the protected future of this special land to look like.”


Economic benefits of monument designation

In addition to establishing stronger protections, a recent independent economic report indicates that a national monument designation could support 143 jobs and bring a total of $5.2 million in economic activity to the region annually. The designation could also generate a total of more than $800,000 annually in tax revenue which would help support libraries, hospitals, emergency services and local arts programs.

“This is an important step toward a brighter economic future for this region of West Virginia,” says Lewisburg Mayor John Manchester. “Signature protected lands like national monuments have been shown to make communities more attractive places for people to live and work. Local residents are likely to see numerous benefits including additional jobs, greater support for community institutions and more entrepreneurial opportunities.”


Opportunity to protect land that defines the Mountain State

The Birthplace of Rivers is home to some of West Virginia’s most dramatic vistas, tallest waterfalls, cleanest waterways, and a series of sphagnum bogs forgotten by time. The national monument would also marry West Virginians’ love for the land and its renowned musical heritage.

“The natural beauty of our Mountain State is one of the greatest gifts God has given to West Virginia. Establishing the Birthplace of Rivers National Monument will allow us to pass this legacy on to our children” said Rev. Jeffrey S. Allen, Executive Director of the West Virginia Council of Churches. “This endeavor is about preserving the history, the heritage, and the rich mountain culture of West Virginia. It is about birthing a new economy for the people West Virginia.”

The Birthplace of Rivers would be the only National Monument in West Virginia, and would be the first managed by the USFS in the eastern United States. A national monument can be designated either by Congress or the President.

The full proposal can be found at www.BirthplaceOfRivers.org/proposal.html.

The Birthplace of Rivers Initiative is a collaborative effort bringing business owners and community leaders together with organizations including the West Virginia Rivers Coalition, West Virginia Council of Churches, the International Mountain Biking Association, West Virginia Council of Trout Unlimited and the West Virginia Wilderness Coalition. www.BirthplaceOfRivers.org.

Flashback: What Happened on September 20, ....

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•  1862 Confederate troops under General A. P. Hill routed Union troops in a skirmish at Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, following the Battle of Antietam.

•  1862 A skirmish occurred on Shavers Mountain along the Randolph County and Pocahontas County line.

•  1866 The Wheeling and West Liberty Oil Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Joseph B. Ford, John K. Botsford, Richard J. Porter, Patrick Kennedy, and Jacob C. Thomas, all of Wheeling. The company’s purpose was to purchase property and mine oil in Grant Township, Ritchie County, with its main offices in Wheeling.

•  1883 The Webster Railroad Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: J. M. Bennett, Louis Bennett of Lewis County; Harvey L. Pence, J. V. Clawson of New York city; and William C. Maholm of Newark, OH. The company’s purpose was to construct a railroad from the Northwestern Virginia Railroad, operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, within five miles of Clarksburg to a point at or near White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, with its main office in Weston, Lewis County.

•  1954 In a meeting at the Boone County Court House in Madison, residents protested the integration of schools; after which, picketing began at Sherman High School in Seth.

•  1992 The state NAACP held a rally on the capitol lawn in Charleston, Kanawha County, to denounced the affirmative action policies of Governor Caperton.

WayBackWhen™: September 20

Today is Friday, September 20, the 263rd day of 2013. There are 102 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Politics is very much like taxes — everybody is against them, or everybody is for them as long as they don’t apply to him.“ — Fiorello La Guardia, New York City mayor (1882-1947).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 20, 1962, James Meredith, a black student, was blocked from enrolling at the University of Mississippi by Democratic Gov. Ross R. Barnett. (Meredith was later admitted.)

On this date:

In 1519, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his crew set out from Spain on five ships to find a western passage to the Spice Islands. (Magellan was killed enroute, but one of his ships eventually circled the world.)

In 1870, Italian troops took control of the Papal States, leading to the unification of Italy.

In 1873, panic swept the floor of the New York Stock Exchange in the wake of railroad bond defaults and bank failures.

In 1884, the National Equal Rights Party was formed during a convention of suffragists in San Francisco; the convention nominated Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood for president.

In 1911, the British liner RMS Olympic collided with the Royal Navy cruiser HMS Hawke off the Isle of Wight; although seriously damaged, the Olympic was able to return to Southampton under its own power.

In 1947, former New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia died.

In 1958, Martin Luther King Jr. was seriously wounded during a book signing at a New York City department store when Izola Curry stabbed him in the chest. (Curry was later found mentally incompetent.)

In 1967, the Cunard liner RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 was christened by Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II in Clydebank, Scotland.

In 1973, in their so-called battle of the sexes, tennis star Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the Houston Astrodome.

In 1979, Jean-Bedel Bokassa (boh-KAH’-sah), self-styled head of the Central African Empire, was overthrown in a French-supported coup while on a visit to Libya.

In 1980, Spectacular Bid, ridden by Bill Shoemaker, ran as the only entry in the Woodward Stakes at Belmont Park in New York after three potential challengers dropped out in horse racing’s first walkover since 1949.

In 1996, President Bill Clinton announced that he was signing the Defense of Marriage Act, a bill outlawing same-sex marriages, but said it should not be used as an excuse for discrimination, violence or intimidation against gays and lesbians.


Ten years ago:

Aquila al-Hashimi (ah-KEE’-lah ahl HAH’-shee-mee), a member of Iraq’s Governing Council, was shot in Baghdad; she died five days later.

Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (joon-ee-chee-roh koh-ee-zoo-mee) easily won re-election as head of Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

A sightseeing helicopter crashed in the Grand Canyon, killing all seven on board.

Five of six children riding on an all-terrain vehicle in Coffee County, Georgia, were killed when they were hit by a motorist.


Five years ago:

The Bush administration asked Congress for the power to buy $700 billion in toxic assets clogging the financial system and threatening the economy as negotiations began on the largest bailout since the Great Depression.

A suicide truck bombing at the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killed 53 people, including the Czech ambassador.


One year ago:

On a day when thousands of angry Pakistanis tried to make their way to the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad, the embassy aired an ad on Pakistani TV showing President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton denouncing an anti-Islamic video produced in the United States.

Space shuttle Endeavour landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California en route to its eventual retirement home, the California Science Center in Los Angeles.


Today’s Birthdays:

Singer Gogi Grant is 89

Actress-comedian Anne Meara is 84

Actress Sophia Loren is 79

Pro Football Hall of Famer Jim Taylor is 78

Rock musician Chuck Panozzo is 66

Actor Tony Denison is 64

Hockey Hall of Famer Guy LaFleur is 62

Actress Debbi Morgan is 62

Jazz musician Peter White is 59

Actress Betsy Brantley is 58

Actor Gary Cole is 57

TV news correspondent Deborah Roberts is 53

Country-rock musician Joseph Shreve (Flynnville Train) is 52

Rock musician Randy Bradbury (Pennywise) is 49

Actress Kristen Johnston is 46

Rock singers Gunnar Nelson and Matthew Nelson are 46

Rock musician Ben Shepherd is 45

Actress-model Moon Bloodgood is 38

Actor Jon Bernthal is 37

Singer The Dream is 36

Rock musician Rick Woolstenhulme (WOOL’-sten-hyoolm) (Lifehouse) is 34

Actress Crystle Stewart is 32

Rapper Yung Joc is 31

Actor Aldis Hodge is 27

Flashback: What Happened on September 19, ....

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•  1862 A large portion of the Union Army was involved in military operations on Bolivar Heights, Jefferson County, following the Battle of Antietam, MD.

•  1884 A slight earthquake was felt in West Virginia.

•  1892 Labor leader William Blizzard was born in Kanawha County.

•  1907 A meeting between Governor Dawson and coal mine oprators and miners was held at the capitol to discuss encouraging more European miners to emigrate to West Virginia.

•  1965 The Jefferson County Library and Civic Center was dedicated in Charles Town.

•  1982 WVAH - TV went on the air, the first television station in Hurricane, Putnam County and the first independent station in West Virginia. It was owned by West Virginia Telecasting, Inc., a division of Meridian Communications of Pittsburgh, PA, with Albert M. Holtz as president.

•  1982 A national railroad strike began, seriously affecting transportation and the coal industry in West Virginia.

•  1984 Former President Gerald Ford campaigned in Bridgeport (Harrison County) former Republican former Governor Moore.

WayBackWhen™: September 19

Today is Thursday, September 19, the 262nd day of 2013. There are 103 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Start every day off with a smile and get it over with.“ — W.C. Fields, American comedian (1880-1946).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 19, 1982, the smiley emoticon was invented as Carnegie Mellon University professor Scott E. Fahlman proposed punctuating humorously intended computer messages by employing a colon followed by a hyphen and a parenthesis as a horizontal “smiley face.“ grin


On this date:

In 1777, the first Battle of Saratoga was fought during the Revolutionary War; although the British forces succeeded in driving out the American troops, the Americans prevailed in a second battle the following month.

In 1796, President George Washington’s farewell address was published.

In 1881, the 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield, died 2 1/2 months after being shot by Charles Guiteau; Chester Alan Arthur became president.

In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of Charles A. Lindbergh Jr.

In 1945, Nazi radio propagandist William Joyce, known as “Lord Haw-Haw,“ was convicted of treason and sentenced to death by a British court.

In 1957, the United States conducted its first contained underground nuclear test, code-named Rainier, in the Nevada desert.

In 1959, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, visiting Los Angeles, reacted angrily upon being told that, for security reasons, he wouldn’t get to visit Disneyland.

In 1960, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checked out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management; Castro ended up staying at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem.

In 1961, Barney and Betty Hill, a New Hampshire couple driving home from vacation, experienced what they later claimed under hypnosis was a short-term abduction by extraterrestrials.

In 1962, the Western TV series “The Virginian” debuted on NBC.

In 1970, the situation comedy “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” debuted on CBS-TV.

In 1985, the Mexico City area was struck by a devastating earthquake that killed at least 9,500 people.


Ten years ago:

Former Hurricane Isabel raced from Virginia to Canada, delivering far less rain than expected but leaving millions without power.

Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s defense minister, Sultan Hashim Ahmad, surrendered to U.S. forces.


Five years ago:

Struggling to stave off financial catastrophe, the Bush administration laid out a radical bailout plan calling for a takeover of a half-trillion dollars or more in worthless mortgages and other bad debt held by tottering institutions.

Relieved investors sent stocks soaring on Wall Street and around the globe.

China’s food safety crisis widened after the industrial chemical melamine was found in milk produced by three of the country’s leading dairy companies.

Hours after performing for thousands of South Carolina college students, former Blink-182 drummer Travis Barker and celebrity DJ AM were critically injured in a fiery Learjet crash that killed four people. (DJ AM, whose real name was Adam Goldstein, was found dead in his apartment on August 28; he was 36.)

Baseball’s new instant replay system produced its first reversal when Tampa Bay’s Carlos Pena had a two-run double changed to a three-run homer during the fourth inning of a game against Minnesota. (The Rays beat the Twins, 11-1.)


One year ago:

Members of Congress presented the Congressional Gold Medal to Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi (ahng sahn soo chee) in a ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda.

The Justice Department’s internal watchdog found fault with the agency’s handling of a gun-trafficking probe in Arizona that resulted in hundreds of weapons turning up at crime scenes in the U.S. and Mexico.

The inspector general’s report referred more than a dozen people for possible disciplinary action for their roles in Operation Fast and Furious.

The Windseeker ride at Knott’s Berry Farm in Buena Park, Calif., broke down, leaving about 20 riders who expected a three-minute thrill dangling 300 feet over the amusement park for nearly two hours.


Today’s Birthdays:

Author Roger Angell is 93

TV host James Lipton (“Inside the Actors Studio”) is 87

Actress Rosemary Harris is 86

Former Defense Secretary Harold Brown is 86

Actor Adam West is 85

Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Bob Turley is 83

Actor David McCallum (TV: “NCIS”) is 80

Singer-songwriter Paul Williams is 73

Singer Bill Medley is 73

Singer Sylvia Tyson (Ian and Sylvia) is 73

Singer Freda Payne is 71

Golfer Jane Blalock is 68

Singer David Bromberg is 68

Actor Randolph Mantooth is 68

Rock singer-musician Lol Creme (10cc) is 66

Former NFL running back Larry Brown is 66

Actor Jeremy Irons is 65

Actress Twiggy Lawson is 64

TV personality Joan Lunden is 63

Singer-producer Daniel Lanois is 62

Actor Scott Colomby is 61

Musician-producer Nile Rodgers is 61

College Football Hall of Famer and former NFL player Reggie Williams is 59

Singer-actor Rex Smith is 58

Actor Kevin Hooks is 55

Actress Carolyn McCormick is 54

Country singer Jeff Bates is 50

Country singer Trisha Yearwood is 49

Actress-comedian Cheri Oteri is 48

News anchor Soledad O’Brien is 47

Rhythm-and-blues singer Espraronza Griffin (Society of Soul) is 44

Celebrity chef Michael Symon is 44

Actress Sanaa Lathan (suh-NAH’ LAY’-thun) is 42

Actress Stephanie J. Block is 41

Rock singer A. Jay Popoff (Lit) is 40

Comedian and TV talk show host Jimmy Fallon is 39

TV personality Carter Oosterhouse is 37

Actress-TV host Alison Sweeney is 37

Rock musician Ryan Dusick is 36

Folk-rock singers-musicians Sara and Tegan (TEE’-gan) Quin are 33

Actor Columbus Short is 31

Rapper Eamon is 30

Christian rock musician JD Frazier is 30

Actor Kevin Zegers is 29

Actress Danielle Panabaker is 26

Flashback: What Happened on September 18, ....

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•  1862 The “Border Gray” Confederate company was organized at Barboursville, Cabell County, commanded by Captain William Gunn. In January 1863, they were assigned as Company D, Eight Virginia Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Albert Gallatin Jenkins.

•  1892 A West Virginia Grand Lodge of the Knights of Pythias was formed in Charleston by representatives from lodges at Raymond City, Putnam County; Huntington; Charleston; and Montgomery, Fayette County. The movement was led by Samuel Starks of Charleston, who became the national Vice Chancellor in 1897 and national Supreme Chancellor in 1901, which he held until his death in 1908.

•  1901 Alderson Academy opened in North Alderson, Greenbrier County, as a Baptist college. It was a successor to the Old Greenbrier Male and Female Academy, also known as Greenbrier Seminary. It was later consolidated with Broaddus College to form Alderson-Broaddus College in Philippi, Barbour County.

•  1922 A school was opened at Dahmer, Pendleton County. It was closed due to a lack of students in 1956. REF: Mills, Pendleton County West Virginia: Past and Present.

•  1937 The Hawks Nest Golf Club opened on the old “Gauley Mount” property, Fayette County.

•  1992 The state agreed to pay Glen Dale Woodall $1 million in an out of court settlement relating to the case in which Woodall was falsely jailed as the Huntington Mall rapist for a series of rapes in Cabell County.

WayBackWhen™: September 18

Today is Wednesday, September 18, the 261st day of 2013. There are 104 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“We want the facts to fit the preconceptions. When they don’t it is easier to ignore the facts than to change the preconceptions.“ — Jessamyn West, American author (1902-1984).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 18, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed a commission naming Rabbi Jacob Frankel of Rodeph Shalom Congregation in Philadelphia the first Jewish chaplain of the U.S. Army.


On this date:

In 1759, the French formally surrendered Quebec to the British.

In 1793, President George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.

In 1810, Chile made its initial declaration of independence from Spain with the formation of a national junta.

In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which created a force of federal commissioners charged with returning escaped slaves to their owners.

In 1927, the Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its on-air debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.

In 1931, an explosion in the Chinese city of Mukden damaged a section of Japanese-owned railway track; Japan, blaming Chinese nationalists, invaded Manchuria the next day.

In 1947, the National Security Act, which created a National Military Establishment, went into effect.

In 1961, United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold (dahg HAWM’-ahr-shoold) was killed in a plane crash in northern Rhodesia.

In 1970, rock star Jimi Hendrix died in London at age 27.

In 1975, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

In 1981, a museum honoring former President Gerald R. Ford was dedicated in Grand Rapids, Mich.

In 1990, the city of Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics. The organized crime drama “GoodFellas,“ directed by Martin Scorsese, had its U.S. premiere in New York.


Ten years ago:

Hurricane Isabel plowed into North Carolina’s Outer Banks with 100 mph winds and pushed its way up the Eastern Seaboard; the storm was later blamed for 30 deaths.


Five years ago:

President George W. Bush told the country his administration was working feverishly to calm turmoil in the financial markets.

The president met with Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, who then asked Congress to give the government power to rescue banks by buying up their bad assets.

Stocks on Wall Street shot up more than 400 points on word a plan was in the works.


One year ago:

Chicago teachers voted to suspend their strike and return to the classroom after more than a week on picket lines, ending a combative stalemate with Mayor Rahm Emanuel over evaluations and job security.


Today’s Birthdays:

Singer Jimmie Rodgers is 80

Actor Robert Blake is 80

Former Sen. Robert Bennett, R-Utah, is 80

Actor Fred Willard is 80

Actor Eddie Jones is 79

Gospel singer Bobby Jones is 75

Singer Frankie Avalon is 73

Actress Beth Grant (“The Mindy Project”) is 64

Rock musician Kerry Livgren is 64

Actress Anna Deavere Smith is 63

Basketball coach Rick Pitino is 61

College Football Hall of Famer and retired NFL player Billy Sims is 58

Movie director Mark Romanek is 54

Baseball Hall of Famer Ryne Sandberg is 54

Alt-country-rock musician Mark Olson is 52

Singer Joanne Catherall (Human League) is 51

Actress Holly Robinson Peete is 49

Rhythm-and-blues singer Ricky Bell (Bell Biv Devoe and New Edition) is 46

Actress Aisha Tyler is 43

Racing cyclist Lance Armstrong is 42

Opera singer Anna Netrebko is 42

Actress Jada Pinkett Smith is 42

Actor James Marsden is 40

Actress Emily Rutherfurd is 39

Actor Travis Schuldt is 39

Rapper Xzibit is 39

Comedian-actor Jason Sudeikis (TV: “Saturday Night Live”) is 38

Actress Sophina Brown is 37

Actor Barrett Foa is 36

TV correspondent Sara Haines is 36

Actress Alison Lohman is 34

Actors Taylor and Brandon Porter are 20

Actor C.J. Sanders is 17

Flashback: What Happened on September 17, ....

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•  1921 A federal grand jury in Logan County adjourned after handing down over 1,000 indictments against 985 persons, 325 of which were for murder, including charges against Frank Keeney, Fred Mooney, Bill Petry, and Bill Blizzard.

•  1956 Lewis County Prosecuting Attorney Republican William L. Fury announced that he had notified Governor Marland of a compulsory political slush fund scandal at the Weston State Hospital. Marland denied the existence of any slush fund and refused to follow up.

•  1966 “Jay” Rockefeller and his father attended the dedication of the “Rockefeller Center” at Emmons, which included a recreation center and Little League field named for “Jay.“

•  1992 A federal judge sentenced former Fayette County Sheriff Tom Bell to 51 months in the penitentiary for laundering drug money.

WayBackWhen™: September 17

Today is Tuesday, September 17, the 260th day of 2013. There are 105 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Governments exist to protect the rights of minorities. The loved and the rich need no protection — they have many friends and few enemies.“ — Wendell Phillips, American abolitionist (1811-1884).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 17, 1862, more than 3,600 men were killed, many more wounded, captured or left missing, in the Civil War Battle of Antietam (an-TEE’-tum) in Maryland; although the battle itself proved inconclusive, it effectively halted the Confederates’ advance into Maryland.


On this date:

In 1787, the Constitution of the United States was completed and signed by a majority of delegates attending the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

In 1908, Lt. Thomas E. Selfridge of the U.S. Army Signal Corps became the first person to die in the crash of a powered aircraft, the Wright Flyer, at Fort Myer, Va., just outside Washington, D.C.

In 1911, Calbraith P. Rodgers set off from Sheepshead Bay, N.Y., aboard a Wright biplane in an attempt to become the first flier to travel the width of the United States. (The 49-day journey required 69 stops before ending in Pasadena, Calif.)

In 1937, the likeness of President Abraham Lincoln’s head was dedicated at Mount Rushmore.

In 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland during World War II, more than two weeks after Nazi Germany had launched its assault.

In 1947, James V. Forrestal was sworn in as the first U.S. Secretary of Defense.

In 1959, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev traveled by train from Washington, D.C., to New York City, where he received a low-key welcome from New Yorkers. A groundbreaking ceremony was held for Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.

In 1962, U.S. space officials announced the selection of nine new astronauts, including Neil A. Armstrong, who became the first man to step onto the moon.

In 1971, citing health reasons, Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black, 85, retired. (Black, who was succeeded by Lewis F. Powell Jr., died eight days after making his announcement.)

In 1972, the Korean War comedy-drama “M-A-S-H” premiered on CBS.

In 1978, after meeting at Camp David, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (men-AH’-kem BAY’-gihn) and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed a framework for a peace treaty.

In 1986, the Senate confirmed the nomination of William H. Rehnquist to become the 16th chief justice of the United States.

In 1987, the city of Philadelphia, birthplace of the U.S. Constitution, threw a big party to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the historic document.


Ten years ago:

Spain’s leading investigating judge, Baltasar Garzon, issued the first known indictment against Osama bin Laden in the September 11 attacks. An audiotape purporting to carry the voice of Saddam Hussein, broadcast on Arab television, called on Iraqis to fight the American occupation.

New York Stock Exchange chairman Dick Grasso resigned amid a furor over his $139.5 million pay package.

Retired Army Gen. Wesley Clark entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.


Five years ago:

Defense Secretary Robert Gates met with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and offered the people of Afghanistan his “personal regrets” for U.S. airstrikes that had killed civilians and said he would try to improve the accuracy of air warfare.

A suicide attack on the U.S. Embassy in Sanaa (sah-NAH’), Yemen, killed 19 people, including an American woman and six militants.


One year ago:

NATO said it was scaling back operations with Afghan soldiers and policemen to lower the risk of insider attacks and reduce local tensions after an anti-Islam film was blamed for setting off protests in Afghanistan.

Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney told reporters his comments about Americans who pay no income taxes were not “elegantly stated.“

Romney was recorded telling a group of wealthy donors that 47% of Americans consider themselves victims, don’t pay any income tax and expect government benefits.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor David Huddleston is 83

Sen. Charles E. Grassley, R-Iowa, is 80

Retired Supreme Court Justice David H. Souter is 74

Singer LaMonte McLemore (The Fifth Dimension) is 78

Retired Marine Gen. Anthony Zinni is 70

Basketball Hall of Fame coach Phil Jackson is 68

Singer Fee Waybill is 63

Actress Cassandra Peterson (“Elvira, Mistress of the Dark”) is 62

Comedian Rita Rudner is 60

Muppeteer Kevin Clash (former voice of Elmo on “Sesame Street”)is 53

Director-actor Paul Feig is 51

Movie director Baz Luhrmann is 51

Singer BeBe Winans is 51

Actor Kyle Chandler is 48

Director-producer Bryan Singer is 48

Rapper Doug E. Fresh is 47

Actor Malik Yoba is 46

Rock musician Keith Flint (Prodigy) is 44

Actor Matthew Settle is 44

Rapper Vinnie (Naughty By Nature) is 43

Actor Felix Solis is 42

Rock singer Anastacia is 40

Rhythm-and-blues singer Marcus Sanders (Hi-Five) is 40

Actress-singer Nona Gaye is 39

Singer-actor Constantine Maroulis is 38

NASCAR driver Jimmie Johnson is 38

Pop singer Maile (MY’-lee) Misajon (Eden’s Crush) is 37

Country singer-songwriter Stephen Cochran is 34

Rock musician Chuck Comeau (Simple Plan) is 34

Actor Billy Miller is 34

Country singer Desi Wasdin (3 of Hearts) is 30

Rock musician Jon Walker is 28

Flashback: What Happened on September 16, ....

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•  1862 Union troops under General Joseph A. J. Lightburn arrived in Ravenswood, Jackson County, during their retreat from a battle in Charleston.

•  1922 In Charles Town, Jefferson County, Walter Allen was found guilty of treason, stemming from his involvement in the mine war. Circuit Court Judge Woods sentenced Allen to 10 years in prison, however he skipped bail and was never captured.

•  1969 WBES - FM radio went on the air in Charleston, as a sister station to WCHS - AM. It later changed its call letters to WVNS - FM.

WayBackWhen™: September 16

Today is Monday, September 16, the 259th day of 2013. There are 106 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Stoicism is the wisdom of madness and cynicism the madness of wisdom.“ — Bergen Evans, American lexicographer (1904-1978).

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 16, 1857, the song “Jingle Bells” by James Pierpont was copyrighted under its original title, “One Horse Open Sleigh.“ (The song, while considered a Christmastime perennial, was actually written by Pierpont for Thanksgiving.)

On this date:

In 1498, Tomas de Torquemada, notorious for his role in the Spanish Inquisition, died in Avila, Spain.

In 1810, Mexicans were inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his “Grito de Dolores” (“Cry of Dolores”).

In 1893, more than 100,000 settlers swarmed onto a section of land in Oklahoma known as the “Cherokee Strip.“

In 1908, General Motors was founded in Flint, Mich., by William C. Durant.

In 1919, the American Legion received a national charter from Congress.

In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training and Service Act. Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas was elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1953, “The Robe,“ the first movie presented in the widescreen process CinemaScope, had its world premiere at the Roxy Theater in New York.

In 1972, “The Bob Newhart Show” premiered on CBS.

In 1977, Maria Callas, the American-born prima donna famed for her lyric soprano and fiery temperament, died in Paris at age 53.

In 1982, the massacre of between 1,200 and 1,400 Palestinian men, women and children at the hands of Israeli-allied Christian Phalange militiamen began in west Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

In 1987, two dozen countries signed the Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth’s ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.

In 1992, former U.S. Rep. Millicent Fenwick, R-N.J., died at age 82.


Ten years ago:

North Carolina Sen. John Edwards formally launched his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Actor-singer Sheb Wooley died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 82.


Five years ago:

Gen. David Petraeus stepped aside as Gen. Ray Odierno took over as the top American commander of the Iraq war.

President George W. Bush got a firsthand look at the fury that Hurricane Ike had unleashed on the Gulf Coast with stops in Houston and Galveston, Texas, and a helicopter tour.

Motown songwriter and producer Norman Whitfield died in Los Angeles at age 67.


One year ago:

In appearances on Sunday news shows, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice, said there was no evidence that the attack on the U.S. diplomatic outpost in Benghazi, Libya, was premeditated. But Libya’s interim president, Mohammed el-Megarif, told CBS he had no doubt attackers spent months planning the assault and purposely chose the date, September 11.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Janis Paige is 91

Actress Lauren Bacall is 89

Blues singer B.B. King is 88

Clergyman-author Rev. Robert H. Schuller is 87

Actor George Chakiris is 81

Bluesman Billy Boy Arnold is 78

Movie director Jim McBride is 72

Actress Linda Miller is 71

Rhythm-and-blues singer Betty Kelly (Martha & the Vandellas) is 69

Musician Kenney Jones (Small Faces; Faces; The Who) is 65

Actress Susan Ruttan is 65

Rock musician Ron Blair (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers; Mudcrutch) is 65

Actor Ed Begley Jr. is 64

Country singer David Bellamy (The Bellamy Brothers) is 63

Country singer-songwriter Phil Lee is 62

Actor-comedian Lenny Clarke is 60
Actor Kurt Fuller is 60

Jazz musician Earl Klugh is 60

Actor Christopher Rich is 60

Singer Frank Reed (The Chi-Lites) is 59

TV personality Mark McEwen is 59

Baseball Hall of Famer Robin Yount is 58

Actor Mickey Rourke is 57

Magician David Copperfield is 57

Country singer-songwriter Terry McBride is 55

Actress Jennifer Tilly is 55

Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Orel Hershiser is 55

Retired MLB All-Star Tim Raines is 54

Actress Jayne Brook is 53

Singer Richard Marx is 50

Comedian Molly Shannon is 49

Singer Marc Anthony is 45

Comedian-actress Amy Poehler is 42

Country singer Matt Stillwell is 38

Singer Musiq (MYOO’-sihk) is 36

Actress Alexis Bledel is 32

Actress Sabrina Bryan is 29

Actress Madeline Zima is 28

Actress Kyla Pratt is 27

Actor Daren Kagasoff is 26

Rock singer Teddy Geiger is 25

Actress-dancer Bailey Buntain (TV: “Bunheads”) is 24

Rock singer-musician Nick Jonas (The Jonas Brothers) is 21

Flashback: What Happened on September 15, ....

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•  1885 “The West Virginia Hills,“ written by Ella A. King, was published.

•  1924 Gilmore High School was opened at Sandyville, Jackson County, with Guy Wilson as principal.

•  1927 WOBU radio went on the air, the first radio station in Charleston and the third in West Virginia. The call letters were later changed to WCHS.

•  1950 WEIR, the first radio station in Hancock County, went on the air in Weirton. It was owned by Weir Radio Corporation.

•  1973 WQZK - FM radio went on the air, the first FM radio station in Keyser, Mineral County. It was the sister station to WKLP - AM.

•  1982 A chemical spill occurred at the Fike Chemical Company in Nitro (Putnam County) leading to a federal investigation.

•  1982 The Marriott Hotel opened in Charleston.

•  1992 Swearingen Aircraft, Inc. announced it would build two plants in the area of Martinsburg, Berkeley County, creating up to 400 jobs.

•  1992 Democratic State Senator Charlotte Pritt of Kanawha County resigned from her job with Kanawha County schools in preparation to beginning a write-in campaign for governor.

WayBackWhen™: September 15

Today is Sunday, September 15, the 258th day of 2013. There are 107 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“I think the greatest curse of American society has been the idea of an easy millennialism — that some new drug, or the next election or the latest in social engineering will solve everything.“ — Robert Penn Warren, American poet (born 1905, died this date in 1989).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 15, 1887, the city of Philadelphia launched a three-day celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Constitution of the United States.


On this date:

In 1776, British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.

In 1789, the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State.

In 1857, William Howard Taft — who served as president of the United States and as U.S. chief justice — was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.

In 1862, Confederate forces captured Harpers Ferry, Va., during the Civil War.

In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship.

In 1940, during the World War II Battle of Britain, the tide turned as the Royal Air Force inflicted heavy losses against the Luftwaffe.

In 1942, during World War II, the aircraft carrier USS Wasp was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; the U.S. Navy ended up sinking the badly damaged vessel.

In 1950, during the Korean conflict, United Nations forces landed at Incheon in the south and began their drive toward Seoul (sohl).

In 1954, as raucous fans looked on, Marilyn Monroe filmed the famous billowing-skirt scene for “The Seven Year Itch” over a Lexington Ave. subway grate in Manhattan (however, little, if any, of the footage ended up in the movie; the scene was later reshot on a Hollywood set).

In 1963, four black girls were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. (Three Ku Klux Klansmen were eventually convicted for their roles in the blast.)

In 1972, a federal grand jury in Washington indicted seven men in connection with the Watergate break-in.

In 1982, Iran’s former foreign minister, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh (sah-DEK’ goht-BZAH’-deh), was executed after he was convicted of plotting against the government. The first edition of USA Today was published.


Ten years ago:

A three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals halted California’s recall election, saying it was unacceptable for several counties to use punch-card ballots. (However, a larger panel of eleven judges from the 9th Circuit later ordered the election to go forward.)

The WUSA soccer league shut down operations five days before the Women’s World Cup, saying it didn’t have enough money to stay in business for a fourth season.


Five years ago:

On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average fell 504.48, or 4.42%, to 10,917.51 while oil closed below $100 a barrel for the first time in six months amid upheaval in the financial industry as Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection and Merrill Lynch & Co. was sold to Bank of America. Richard Wright, a founding member of Pink Floyd, died at age 65.


One year ago:

Four days after the deadly attack on a U.S. diplomatic outpost in Benghazi, Libya, al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula called for more attacks on U.S. embassies.

The State Department ordered non-essential government personnel and family members to leave its embassies in Sudan and Tunisia and warned U.S. citizens against traveling to the two countries.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Forrest Compton is 88

Comedian Norm Crosby is 86

Actor Henry Darrow is 80

Baseball Hall-of-Famer Gaylord Perry is 75

Opera singer Jessye Norman is 68

Writer-director Ron Shelton is 68

Actor Tommy Lee Jones is 67

Movie director Oliver Stone is 67

Rock musician Kelly Keagy (KAY’-gee) (Night Ranger) is 61

Rock musician Mitch Dorge (Crash Test Dummies) is 53

Football Hall-of-Famer Dan Marino is 52

Actor Danny Nucci is 45

Rap DJ Kay Gee is 44

Actor Josh Charles is 42

Singer Ivette (EE’-veht) Sosa (Eden’s Crush) is 37

Actor Tom Hardy is 36

Pop-rock musician Zach Filkins (OneRepublic) is 35

Actor Dave Annable is 34

Actress Amy Davidson is 34

Britain’s Prince Harry is 29

TV personality Heidi Montag is 27

Flashback: What Happened on September 14, ....

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•  1927 Federal Judge Benson Hough threatened to deport any non-English-speaking striking coal miner who walked the picket lines.

•  1849 Johnson Camden purchased 170 acres in the area of Sutton, Braxton County, the beginning of his real estate speculation.

•  1914 The Nicholas County High School in Summersville opened.

•  1926 The West Virginia Colored Deaf and Blind School opened in Institute, Kanawha County, with J. W. Robinson as principal.

•  1940 The United States Congress passed a peacetime Selective Service Act, in anticipation of possible US involvement in World War Two.

•  1954 West Virginia NAACP Charleston Branch president Willard A. Brown spoke to African-Americans at the White Sulphur Springs Baptist Church, concerning the decision of the Greenbrier County Board of Education to maintain segregated schools. During the meeting, white protestors shut off the lights and fired guns outside the church. A Supreme Court decision the following month added strength to the desegregation policy and all counties in West Virginia, including Greenbrier, began integrating their schools in January 1956. However, White Sulphur Springs students voted to have their prom in December instead of May to prevent African-Americans from attending the annual affair held at the Greenbrier.

•  1984 Thomas Memorial Hospital in South Charleston laid off 140 employees. Previously that year, the employees had rejected a plan which would have made them the first hospital in the Kanawha Valley to be unionized.

WayBackWhen™: September 14

Today is Saturday, September 14, the 257th day of 2013. There are 108 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“America has been called a melting pot, but it seems better to call it a mosaic, for in it each nation, people or race which has come to its shores has been privileged to keep its individuality, contributing at the same time its share to the unified pattern of a new nation.“—King Baudouin (boh-doo-AHN’) I of Belgium (1930-1993).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 14, 1814, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write a poem, “Defence of Fort McHenry,“ after witnessing how an American flag flying over the Maryland fort withstood a night of British bombardment during the War of 1812; the poem later became the words to “The Star-Spangled Banner.“


On this date:

In 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops entered Moscow following the Battle of Borodino to find the Russian city largely abandoned and parts set ablaze.

In 1829, the Treaty of Adrianople was signed, ending war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.

In 1861, the first naval engagement of the Civil War took place as the USS Colorado attacked and sank the Confederate private schooner Judah off Pensacola, Fla.

In 1901, President William McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.

In 1927, modern dance pioneer Isadora Duncan died in Nice (nees), France, when her scarf became entangled in a wheel of the sports car she was riding in.

In 1941, Vermont passed a resolution enabling its servicemen to receive wartime bonuses by declaring the U.S. to be in a state of armed conflict, giving rise to headlines that Vermont had “declared war on Germany.“

In 1963, Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, S.D., gave birth to four girls and a boy, the first known surviving quintuplets in the United States.

In 1964, Pope Paul VI opened the third session of the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, also known as “Vatican II.“ (The session closed two months later.)

In 1975, Pope Paul VI declared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton the first U.S.-born saint.

In 1982, Princess Grace of Monaco, formerly actress Grace Kelly, died at age 52 of injuries from a car crash the day before; Lebanon’s president-elect, Bashir Gemayel (bah-SHEER’ jeh-MAY’-el), was killed by a bomb.

In 1988, Hurricane Gilbert slammed into Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 5 storm after forcing thousands of residents to flee.

In 1991, the government of South Africa, the African National Congress and the Inkatha (in-KAH’-tah) Freedom Party signed a national peace pact.


Ten years ago:

Swedes rejected adopting the European common currency in a referendum overshadowed by the killing of Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, an ardent euro supporter.

World Trade Organization talks designed to change global trade collapsed in Cancun, Mexico, amid differences between rich and poor nations.

An older half-sister of tennis stars Venus and Serena Williams, Yetunde Price, was shot to death in Compton, Calif. (Gang member Robert Edward Maxfield later pleaded no contest to voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.)


Five years ago:

Losing its devastating punch as a major hurricane, Ike nevertheless drubbed the Midwest with powerful winds and floodwaters.

Carlos Zambrano pitched the first no-hitter for the Chicago Cubs in 36 years, striking out 10 in a 5-0 win over Houston in a game relocated to Milwaukee because of Hurricane Ike.


One year ago:

Fury over an anti-Muslim film ridiculing the Prophet Muhammad spread across the Muslim world, with deadly clashes near Western embassies in Tunisia and Sudan, an American fast-food restaurant set ablaze in Lebanon, and international peacekeepers attacked in the Sinai.

A French gossip magazine’s publication of topless photos of Prince William’s wife, Kate, prompted an immediate lawsuit from the royal couple and statements of outrage from palace officials.

The National Hockey League locked out its players at 11:59 PM; it was the league’s fourth shutdown in a decade and one that would cost the league nearly half its season.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Zoe Caldwell is 80

Feminist author Kate Millett is 79

Actor Walter Koenig is 77

Basketball Hall of Fame coach Larry Brown is 73

Singer-actress Joey Heatherton is 69

Actor Sam Neill is 66

Singer Jon “Bowzer” Bauman (Sha Na Na) is 66

Rock musician Ed King is 64

Actor Robert Wisdom is 60

Rock musician Steve Berlin (Los Lobos) is 58

Country singer-songwriter Beth Nielsen Chapman is 57

Actress Mary Crosby is 54

Singer Morten Harket (a-ha) is 54

Country singer John Berry is 54

Actress Melissa Leo is 53

Actress Faith Ford is 49

Actor Jamie Kaler is 49

Actress Michelle Stafford is 48

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev is 48

Rock musician Mike Cooley (Drive-By Truckers) is 47

Actor Dan Cortese is 46

Contemporary Christian singer Mark Hall is 44

Actor-writer-director-producer Tyler Perry is 44

Actor Ben Garant is 43

Rock musician Craig Montoya (Tri Polar) is 43

Actress Kimberly Williams-Paisley is 42

Actor Andrew Lincoln is 40

Rapper Nas is 40

Actor Austin Basis is 37

Country singer Danielle Peck is 35

Pop singer Ayo is 33

Actor Sebastian Sozzi is 31

Actor Adam Lamberg is 29

Singer Alex Clare is 28

Actress Jessica Brown Findlay is 26

Actor-singer Logan Henderson is 24

Flashback: What Happened on September 13, ....

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•  1755 George Washington issued a statement to settlers in the western frontier urging them to forget their fears and remain at their homes during the French and Indian War.

•  1861 Union troops under General Joseph A. J. Lightburn made a brief military stand at the mouth of the Elk River in Charleston, Kanawha County, before retreating.

•  1954 Approximately 300 white students walked out of White Sulphur Springs High School and marched through the streets of the town in protest of desegregation. Later that day, Greenbrier County Board of Education Superintedent D. D. Harrah announced that the Board would continue to maintain segregated schools and the white students returned to class the following day.

•  1974 Superintendent Underwood ordered all 121 Kanawha County schools closed for a four-day weekend, with a ban on all football games and other extracurricular activities, as a result of the violence related to the textbook controversy. Some schools closed closed in Boone and Fayette counties, which did not have the disputed textbooks.

WayBackWhen™: September 13

Today is Friday, September 13, the 256th day of 2013. There are 109 days left in the year. The Jewish Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, begins at sunset.


Thought for Today:

“Better to be without logic than without feeling.“ — Charlotte Bronte (BRAWN’-tee), English author (1816-1855).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 13, 1788, the Congress of the Confederation authorized the first national election, and declared New York City the temporary national capital.


On this date:

In 1759, during the final French and Indian War, the British defeated the French on the Plains of Abraham overlooking Quebec City.

In 1803, Commodore John Barry, considered by many the father of the American Navy, died in Philadelphia.

In 1912, a state funeral was held in Japan for Emperor Meiji.

In 1948, Republican Margaret Chase Smith of Maine was elected to the U.S. Senate; she became the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.

In 1959, Elvis Presley first met his future wife, 14-year-old Priscilla Beaulieu, while stationed in West Germany with the U.S. Army. (They married in 1967, but divorced in 1973.)

In 1962, Mississippi Gov. Ross Barnett rejected the U.S. Supreme Court’s order for the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith, a black student, declaring in a televised address, “We will not drink from the cup of genocide.“

In 1970, the first New York City Marathon was held; winner Gary Muhrcke finished the 26.2-mile run, which took place entirely inside Central Park, in 2:31:38.

In 1971, a four-day inmates’ rebellion at the Attica Correctional Facility in western New York ended as police and guards stormed the prison; the ordeal and final assault claimed the lives of 32 inmates and 11 employees.

In 1989, Fay Vincent was elected commissioner of Major League Baseball, succeeding the late A. Bartlett Giamatti (juh-MAH’-tee).

In 1993, at the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy. “Late Night with Conan O’Brien” premiered on NBC.

In 1996, rapper Tupac Shakur died at a Las Vegas hospital six days after he was wounded in a drive-by shooting; he was 25.

In 1998, former Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace died in Montgomery at age 79.


Ten years ago:

Angry mourners swarmed Fallujah (fuh-LOO’-juh), Iraq, a day after eight Iraqi police were killed in a friendly fire incident involving U.S. troops; the U.S. military apologized for the deaths.

The California Democratic Party voted to endorse Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante (boost-ah-MAHN’-tay) while continuing to support Gov. Gray Davis in the October 07 recall election.

Indiana Gov. Frank O’Bannon died at age 73. In Las Vegas, Sugar Shane Mosley beat Oscar De La Hoya, winning a close but unanimous decision to take the WBC and WBA 154-pound titles.


Five years ago:

Rescue crews ventured out to pluck people from their homes in an all-out search for thousands of Texans who had stubbornly stayed behind overnight to face Hurricane Ike.

After wild conjecture over who would play Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin on “Saturday Night Live,“ writer-performer Tina Fey returned to her old show for an opening sketch featuring her and Fey’s former “Weekend Update” co-host Amy Poehler as Sen. Hillary Clinton.


One year ago:

Chanting “death to America,“ hundreds of protesters angered by an anti-Islam film stormed the U.S. Embassy compound in Yemen’s capital and burned the American flag.

New York City’s Board of Health passed a ban on the sale of big sodas and other sugary drinks, limiting the size sold at restaurants, concession stands and other eateries to 16 ounces.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Barbara Bain is 82

Actress Eileen Fulton (“As the World Turns”) is 80

TV producer Fred Silverman is 76

Former White House spokesman Larry Speakes is 74

Actor Richard Kiel is 74

Rock singer David Clayton-Thomas (Blood, Sweat & Tears) is 72

Actress Jacqueline Bisset is 69

Singer Peter Cetera is 69

Actress Christine Estabrook is 63

Actress Jean Smart is 62

Singer Randy Jones (The Village People) is 61

Record producer Don Was is 61

Actor Isiah Whitlock Jr. is 59

Actress-comedian Geri Jewell is 57

Country singer Bobbie Cryner is 52

Rock singer-musician Dave Mustaine (Megadeth) is 52

Radio-TV personality Tavis Smiley is 49

Rock musician Zak Starkey is 48

Actor Louis Mandylor is 47

Olympic gold medal runner Michael Johnson is 46

Rock musician Steve Perkins is 46

Actor Roger Howarth is 45

Actor Dominic Fumusa is 44

Actress Louise Lombard is 43

Tennis player Goran Ivanisevic (ee-van-EE’-seh-vihch) is 42

Country singer Aaron Benward (Blue County) is 40

Country musician Joe Don Rooney (Rascal Flatts) is 38

Actor Scott Vickaryous is 38

Singer Fiona Apple is 36

Contemporary Christian musician Hector Cervantes (Casting Crowns) is 33

MLB pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka is 33

Actor Ben Savage is 33

Rock singer Niall Horan (One Direction) is 20

Actor Mitch Holleman (“Reba”) is 18

Flashback: What Happened on September 12, ....

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•  1961 WVRC - AM radio went on the air in Spencer, the first radio station in Roane County.

•  1973 Former governor Cecil Underwood became president of Bethany College in Bethany, Brooke County, serving until August 23, 1975.

•  1974 Approximately 1,200 George Washington High School students in Charleston walked out of school in reaction to the collection of textbooks by faculty. That same day, Kanawha County Board of Education Superintendent Kenneth Underwood announced that county schools would be closed due to violence involved with the textbook controversy. Also that same day, Smith Transfer employee Everett Mitchell shot another employee who was picketing in Belle. In retaliation, Mitchell was badly beaten. Kanawha Common Pleas Court issued an injunction restricting Smith Transfer employees from engaging in “more volatile boycott activities.“ Other areas picketed as a show of sympathy with the textbook controversy: Kanawha Coal Operations Association mines in Kanawha County, two mines in Logan County, three mines in Raleigh County, four mines in Fayette County, most Boone County mines, the Kroger Company warehouse on MacCorkle Avenue in Charleston, Walker Machinery in Belle, Point Express Terminal in North Charleston, several I-64 construction sites in Charleston, and the Kanawha Valley Regional Transportation Authority.

•  1992 The West Virginia University football team defeated the University of Pittsburgh 44 to 6 in a game played in Pittsburgh, the most one-sided victory in school history.

WayBackWhen™: September 12

Today is Thursday, September 12, the 255th day of 2013. There are 110 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Find the good. It’s all around you. Find it, showcase it and you’ll start believing it.“ — Jesse Owens (1913-1980).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 12, 1943, during World War II, German paratroopers took Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he was being held by the Italian government.


On this date:

In 1846, Elizabeth Barrett secretly married Robert Browning at St. Marylebone Church in London.

In 1888, entertainer Maurice Chevalier was born in Paris.

In 1913, Olympic legend Jesse Owens was born in Oakville, Ala.

In 1938, Adolf Hitler demanded the right of self-determination for the Sudeten (soo-DAYT’-un) Germans in Czechoslovakia.

In 1942, during World War II, a German U-boat off West Africa torpedoed the RMS Laconia, which was carrying Italian prisoners of war, British soldiers and civilians.

In 1953, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier (boo-vee-AY’) in Newport, R.I.

In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy addressed questions about his Roman Catholic faith, telling a Southern Baptist group, “I do not speak for my church on public matters, and the church does not speak for me.“

In 1962, in a speech at Rice University in Houston, President John F. Kennedy reaffirmed his support for the manned space program, declaring: “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.“

In 1963, “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold,“ a novel by John le Carre, went on sale in Britain.

In 1977, South African black student leader Steve Biko (BEE’-koh) died while in police custody, triggering an international outcry.

In 1986, Joseph Cicippio (sih-SIHP’-ee-oh), the acting comptroller at the American University in Beirut, was kidnapped (he was released in December 1991).

In 1992, the space shuttle Endeavour blasted off, carrying with it Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space; Mae Jemison, the first black woman in space; and Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese national to fly on a U.S. spaceship.


Ten years ago:

In the Iraqi city of Fallujah, U.S. forces mistakenly opened fire on vehicles carrying police, killing eight of them.

The U.N. Security Council ended 11 years of sanctions against Libya.

Typhoon Maemi (may-mee) slammed into South Korea, killing at least 117 people.

Music legend Johnny Cash died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 71.


Five years ago:

A Metrolink commuter train struck a freight train head-on in Los Angeles, killing 25 people. (Federal investigators said the Metrolink engineer, Robert Sanchez, who was among those who died, had been text-messaging on his cell phone and ran a red light shortly before the crash.)

Hurricane Ike began battering the Texas coast. Grand Ole Opry star Charlie Walker died in Hendersonville, Tenn. at age 81.


One year ago:

The U.S. dispatched an elite group of Marines to Tripoli. Libya, after the mob attack that killed the U.S. ambassador and three other Americans.

President Barack Obama strongly condemned the violence, and vowed to bring the killers to justice; Republican challenger Mitt Romney accused the administration of showing weakness in the face of tumultuous events in the Middle East.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Dickie Moore (“Our Gang”) is 88

Actor Freddie Jones is 86

Actor Ian Holm is 82

Actress Linda Gray is 73

Singer Maria Muldaur is 71

Actor Joe Pantoliano is 62

Singer-musician Gerry Beckley (America) is 61

Original MTV VJ Nina Blackwood is 61

Rock musician Neil Peart (Rush) is 61

Actor Peter Scolari is 58

Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback is 57

Actress Rachel Ward is 56

Actress Amy Yasbeck is 51

Rock musician Norwood Fisher (Fishbone) is 48

Actor Darren E. Burrows is 47

Rock singer-musician Ben Folds (Ben Folds Five) is 47

Actor-comedian Louis (loo-ee) C.K. is 46

Rock musician Larry LaLonde (Primus) is 45

Actor Josh Hopkins is 43

Actor Paul Walker is 40

Country singer Jennifer Nettles (Sugarland) is 39

Actor Ben McKenzie is 35

Singer Ruben Studdard is 35

Basketball player Yao Ming is 33

Singer-actress Jennifer Hudson is 32

Actress Emmy Rossum is 27

Actor Colin Ford is 17

WayBackWhen™: September 11

Today is Wednesday, September 11, the 254th day of 2013. There are 111 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“I have seen gross intolerance shown in support of tolerance.“ — Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet and author (1772-1834).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 11, 2001, America faced its worst day of terrorism. Nearly 3,000 people were killed as 19 al-Qaida members hijacked four passenger jetliners. Two planes smashed into New York’s World Trade Center, causing the twin towers to fall; one plowed into the Pentagon; and the fourth was crashed into a field in western Pennsylvania.


On this date:

In 1777, during the American Revolution, forces under Gen. George Washington were defeated by the British in the Battle of Brandywine.

In 1814, an American fleet scored a decisive victory over the British in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.

In 1857, the Mountain Meadows Massacre took place in present-day southern Utah as a 120-member Arkansas immigrant party was slaughtered by Mormon militiamen aided by Paiute Indians.

In 1922, the British Mandate for Palestine went into effect.

In 1936, Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) began operation as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam’s first hydroelectric generator.

In 1941, groundbreaking took place for the Pentagon. In a speech that drew accusations of anti-Semitism, Charles A. Lindbergh told an America First rally in Des Moines, Iowa, that “the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration” were pushing the United States toward war.

In 1954, the Miss America pageant made its network TV debut on ABC; Miss California, Lee Meriwether, was crowned the winner.

In 1962, The Beatles completed their first single for EMI, “Love Me Do” and “P.S. I Love You,“ at EMI studios in London.

In 1971, former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev died at age 77.

In 1972, the troubled Munich Summer Olympics ended. Northern California’s Bay Area Rapid Transit system began operations.

In 1973, Chilean President Salvador Allende (ah-YEN’-day) died during a violent military coup.

In 1989, the exodus of East German refugees from Hungary to West Germany began.


Ten years ago:

Israel issued an ominous threat to “remove” Yasser Arafat for failing to halt suicide bombings.

Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh died from stab wounds inflicted when she was attacked in a Stockholm department store a day earlier

Actor John Ritter died six days before his 55th birthday at Providence St. Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, Calif. — the same hospital where he was born in 1948.


Five years ago:

Presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama put aside politics as they visited ground zero together on the anniversary of 9/11 to honor its victims.

ABC News broadcast an interview with John McCain’s running mate, Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin, who said she was ready to be president if called upon, but sidestepped questions on whether she had the national security credentials needed to be commander in chief.


One year ago:

A mob armed with guns and grenades launched a fiery nightlong attack on a U.S. diplomatic outpost in Benghazi, Libya, killing U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans.

President Barack Obama and Republican rival Mitt Romney toned down the campaign rhetoric and pulled negative ads amid commemorations of the 9/11 attacks, saying it was not a day for politics.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Betsy Drake is 9

Sen. Daniel Akaka, D-Hawaii, is 89

Actor Earl Holliman is 85

Comedian Tom Dreesen is 74

Movie director Brian De Palma is 73

Rock singer-musician Jack Ely (The Kingsmen) is 70

Rock musician Mickey Hart (The Dead) is 70

Singer-musician Leo Kottke is 68

Actor Phillip Alford is 65

Actress Amy Madigan is 63

Rock singer-musician Tommy Shaw (Styx) is 60

Sports reporter Lesley Visser is 60

Actor Reed Birney is 59

Singer-songwriter Diane Warren is 57

Musician Jon Moss (Culture Club) is 56

Actor Scott Patterson is 55

Rock musician Mick Talbot (The Style Council) is 55

Actress Roxann Dawson is 55

Actor John Hawkes is 54

Actress Anne Ramsay is 53

Actress Virginia Madsen is 52

Actress Kristy McNichol is 51

Musician-composer Moby is 48

Business reporter Maria Bartiromo is 46

Singer Harry Connick Jr. is 46

Rock musician Bart Van Der Zeeuw is 45

Actress Taraji (tuh-RAH’-jee) P. Henson is 43

Actress Laura Wright is 43

Rock musician Jeremy Popoff (Lit) is 42

Blogger Markos Moulitsas is 42

Singer Brad Fischetti (LFO) is 38

Rapper Mr. Black is 36

Rock musician Jon Buckland (Coldplay) is 36

Rapper Ludacris is 36

Rock singer Ben Lee is 35

Actor Ryan Slattery is 35

Actress Elizabeth Henstridge is 26

Actor Tyler Hoechlin (HEK’-lihn) is 26

Country singer Charles Kelley (Lady Antebellum) is 32

Actress Mackenzie Aladjem is 12

WayBackWhen™: September 10

Today is Tuesday, September 10, the 253rd day of 2013. There are 112 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“History is the great dust-heap ... a pageant and not a philosophy.“ — Augustine Birrell, English author and statesman (1850-1933).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 10, 1813, an American naval force commanded by Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. (Afterward, Perry sent out the message, “We have met the enemy and they are ours.“)


On this date:

In 1608, John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia.

In 1846, Elias Howe received a patent for his sewing machine.

In 1912, the jungle character Tarzan made his debut as “Tarzan of the Apes” by Edgar Rice Burroughs was first published in The All-Story magazine.

In 1919, New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who’d served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.

In 1939, Canada declared war on Germany.

In 1945, Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis (he was executed by firing squad in October 1945).

In 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith, a black student.

In 1963, twenty black students entered Alabama public schools following a standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C. Wallace.

In 1979, four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the U.S. House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Harry S. Truman were freed from prison after being granted clemency by President Jimmy Carter.

In 1983, John Vorster (FAWS’-tur), prime minister of white-ruled South Africa from 1966 to 1978, died in Cape Town at age 67.

In 1987, Pope John Paul II arrived in Miami, where he was welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan as he began a 10-day tour of the United States.

In 1993, “The X-Files” premiered on Fox Television.


Ten years ago:

Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, 46, was stabbed in a Stockholm department store; she died the next day. (Mijailo Mijailovic (mee-EYE’-loh mee-EYE’-luh-vich) was later convicted of murdering Lindh and was sentenced to life in prison.)

The first video image of Osama bin Laden in nearly two years was broadcast on Al-Jazeera TV.

Israel bombed the home of a Hamas leader, killing his eldest son and a bodyguard in retaliation for two suicide bombings.


Five years ago:

The world’s largest particle collider passed its first major tests by firing two beams of protons in opposite directions around a 17-mile (27-kilometer) ring under the Franco-Swiss border.

Frank Mundus, the legendary shark fisherman said to have inspired the character of Quint in “Jaws,“ died in Honolulu at age 82.


One year ago:

An airstrike killed al-Qaida’s No. 2 leader in Yemen along with six others traveling with him in a breakthrough for U.S.-backed efforts to cripple the terror network’s operations in the impoverished Arab nation.

Chicago teachers walked off the job in what would become a seven-day strike, idling nearly 400,000 students in one of the nation’s third-largest school district.

Andy Murray became the first British man since 1936 to capture a Grand Slam title, beating defending champion Novak Djokovic, 7-6, 7-5, 2-6, 3-6, 6-2 to win the U.S. Open in five grueling sets.


Today’s Birthdays:

World Golf Hall of Famer Arnold Palmer is 84

Actor Philip Baker Hall is 82

Actor Greg Mullavey is 80

Country singer Tommy Overstreet is 76

Jazz vibraphonist Roy Ayers is 73

Singer Danny Hutton (Three Dog Night) is 71

Singer Jose Feliciano is 68

Actor Tom Ligon is 68

Actress Judy Geeson is 65

Former Canadian first lady Margaret Trudeau is 65

Political commentator Bill O’Reilly is 64

Rock musician Joe Perry (Aerosmith) is 63

Actress Amy Irving is 60

Country singer Rosie Flores is 57

Actress Kate Burton is 56

Movie director Chris Columbus is 55

Actor Colin Firth is 53

Rock singer-musician David Lowery (Cracker) is 53

Actor Sean O’Bryan is 50

Actor Raymond Cruz is 49

Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Randy Johnson is 50

Rock musician Robin Goodridge (Bush) is 48

Rock musician Stevie D. (Buckcherry) is 47

Rock singer-musician Miles Zuniga (Fastball) is 47

Actress Nina Repeta (NY’-nuh ruh-PEHT’-ah) is 46

Rapper Big Daddy Kane is 45

Movie director Guy Ritchie is 45

Contemporary Christian singer Sara Groves is 41

Actor Ryan Phillippe (FIHL’-ih-pee) is 39

Actor Kyle Bornheimer is 38

Rock musician Mikey Way (My Chemical Romance) is 33

Olympic bronze medal figure skater Timothy Goebel is 33

Rock musician Matthew Followill (Kings of Leon) is 29

Singer Ashley Monroe (Pistol Annies) is 27

Singer Sanjaya Malakar (“American Idol”) is 24

Actor Chandler Massie is 23

Actress Hannah Hodson is 22

WayBackWhen™: September 09

Today is Monday, September 09, the 252nd day of 2013. There are 113 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off the goal.“ — Hannah More, English author and social reformer (1745-1833).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 09, 1513, English forces defeated Scottish invaders in the Battle of Flodden Field; more than 15,000 men were believed killed, including the King of Scots, James IV.


On this date:

In 1543, Mary Stuart was crowned Queen of Scots at Stirling Castle, nine months after she was born.

In 1776, the second Continental Congress made the term “United States” official, replacing “United Colonies.“

In 1850, California became the 31st state of the union.

In 1919, some 1,100 members of Boston’s 1,500-man police force went on strike. (The strike was broken by Massachusetts Gov. Calvin Coolidge with replacement officers.)

In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. (NBC) was incorporated by the Radio Corp. of America.

In 1932, the steamboat Observation exploded in New York’s East River, killing 72 people.

In 1943, Allied forces landed at Salerno and Taranto during World War II.

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.

In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, N.Y., beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives.

In 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82.

In 1986, Frank Reed, director of a private school in Lebanon, was taken hostage; he was released 44 months later.

In 1997, Sinn Fein (shin fayn), the IRA’s political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland’s future. Actor Burgess Meredith died in Malibu, Calif., at age 89.


Ten years ago:

The Boston Roman Catholic Archdiocese agreed to pay $85 million to 552 people to settle clergy sex abuse cases.

France’s leading undertaker estimated the country’s death toll from a summer heat wave at 15,000.

Twin Palestinian suicide bombings killed 16 Israelis.

Nuclear scientist Edward Teller died at age 95.


Five years ago:

President George W. Bush announced he would keep U.S. force strength in Iraq largely intact until the next administration, drawing rebukes from Democrats who wanted the war ended and a bigger boost of troops in troubled Afghanistan.

Asif Ali Zardari (AH’-seef ah-LEE’ zahr-DAH’-ree), the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, took office as Pakistan’s president.


One year ago:

Iraq sentenced fugitive Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi to death on charges he’d masterminded death squads against rivals in a trial that fueled sectarian tensions in the country.

The same day, insurgents carried out a series of bombings and shootings across Iraq that killed at least 92 people.

Two points from defeat, Serena Williams regained her composure and her game to come back to beat Victoria Azarenka, 6-2, 2-6, 7-5, for her fourth U.S. Open championship.

Shannon Eastin became the first woman to officiate an NFL regular-season game, serving as a line judge in the St. Louis Rams-Detroit Lions game. (Detroit beat St. Louis 27-23.)


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Sylvia Miles is 79

Actor Topol is 78

Rhythm-and-blues singer Luther Simmons is 71

Singer Inez Foxx is 71

Singer Dee Dee Sharp is 68

Rock singer-musician Doug Ingle is 67

Country singer Freddy Weller is 66

College Football Hall of Famer and former NFL player Joe Theismann is 64

Rock musician John McFee (The Doobie Brothers) is 63

Actor Tom Wopat is 62

Actress Angela Cartwright is 61

Musician-producer Dave Stewart is 61

Actor Hugh Grant is 53

Actor-comedian Charles Esten (formerly Chip) is 48

Actress Constance Marie is 48

Actor David Bennent is 47

Actor Adam Sandler is 47

Rock singer Paul Durham (Black Lab) is 45

Model Rachel Hunter is 44

Actor Eric Stonestreet is 42

Actor Henry Thomas is 42

Actor Goran Visnjic (VEEZ’-nihch) is 41

Pop-jazz singer Michael Buble’ (boo-BLAY’) is 38

Country singer Joey Martin (Joey + Rory) is 38

Latin singer Maria Rita is 36

Actress Michelle Williams is 33

Actress Julie Gonzalo is 32

Country singer-songwriter Hunter Hayes is 22

WayBackWhen™: September 08

Today is Sunday, September 08, the 251st day of 2013. There are 114 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“Censorship is the height of vanity.“ — Martha Graham, American modern dance pioneer (1893-1991).


Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On September 08, 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower announced Italy’s surrender; Nazi Germany denounced Italy’s decision as a cowardly act.


On this date:

In 1565, a Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.

In 1761, Britain’s King George III married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz just a few hours after meeting her for the first time.

In 1892, an early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,“ written by Francis Bellamy, appeared in “The Youth’s Companion.“

In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed an estimated 8,000 people.

In 1913, the Victor Herbert operetta “Sweethearts” opened on Broadway.

In 1921, Margaret Gorman, 16, of Washington, D.C., was crowned the first “Miss America” in Atlantic City, N.J.

In 1935, Sen. Huey P. Long, D-La., was shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol; he died two days later. (The assailant was identified as Dr. Carl Weiss, who was gunned down by Long’s bodyguards.)

In 1941, the 900-day Siege of Leningrad by German forces began during World War II.

In 1951, a peace treaty with Japan was signed by 49 nations in San Francisco.

In 1974, President Gerald R. Ford granted an unconditional pardon to former President Richard Nixon.

In 1988, two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they were the first U.S. weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.

In 1994, a USAir Boeing 737 crashed into a ravine as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.


Ten years ago:

The Recording Industry Association of America, the music industry’s largest trade group, filed 261 copyright lawsuits across the country against Internet users for trading songs online.

Nazi-era filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl (LEH’-nee REEF’-en-stahl) died in Poecking, Germany, at age 101.


Five years ago:

In a pointed but mostly symbolic expression of displeasure with Moscow, President George W. Bush canceled a once-celebrated civilian nuclear cooperation deal with Russia.

Roger Federer salvaged the 2008 season by easily beating Andy Murray 6-2, 7-5, 6-2 to win his fifth consecutive U.S. Open championship and 13th major title overall.


One year ago:

Strong storms pummeled the East Coast, spawning a pair of tornadoes in the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, while temperatures at Washington Dulles International Airport plunged 25 degrees in one hour, falling from 89 degrees to 64.

A suicide bomber struck near NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least six Afghan civilians in an attack that officials blamed on the Haqqani network.


Today’s Birthdays:

Comedian Sid Caesar is 91

Ventriloquist Willie Tyler is 73

Actor Alan Feinstein is 72

Pop singer Sal Valentino (The Beau Brummels) is 71

Author Ann Beattie is 66

Cajun singer Zachary Richard (ree-SHARD’) is 63

Musician Will Lee (“Late Show with David Letterman”) is 61

Actress Heather Thomas is 56

Singer Aimee Mann is 53

Pop musician David Steele (Fine Young Cannibals) is 53

Actor Thomas Kretschmann is 51

Rhythm-and-blues singer Marc Gordon (Levert) is 49

Gospel singer Darlene Zschech (chehk) is 48

Alternative country singer Neko (NEE’-koh) Case is 43

TV personality Brooke Burke-Charvet is 42

Actor Martin Freeman is 42

Actor David Arquette is 42

Rock musician Richard Hughes (Keane) is 38

Actor Larenz Tate is 38

Actor Nathan Corddry is 36

Rhythm-and-blues singer Pink is 34

Actor Jonathan Taylor Thomas is 32

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