History | WayBackWhen™

History, WayBackWhen™

Flashback: What Happened on June 14, ....


•  1861 Governor Letcher of Virginia published a proclamation at Huttonsville, Randolph County, offering to address complaints and inequities of western Virginians if they would stand with Virginia in the Confederacy.

•  1872 The Ritchie Lyceum at Toll Gate, Ritchie County, was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: William T. Harris, Joseph Flanagan, Cyrus R. Wickes, E. Griffin Taylor, J. Casper Johnson, Hiram S. Dotson, and Benjamin F. Kinsey, all of Ritchie County and Doddridge County.

•  1943 The United States Supreme Court declared West Virginia law requiring salute to flag in schools unconstitutional.

•  1954 Senator Harley Kilgore of West Virginia introduced a bill in the United States Senate limiting the use of foreign oil by the armed services, in an attempt to force greater use of coal.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 14

Today is Saturday, June 14, the 165th day of 2014. There are 200 days left in the year. This is Flag Day.

Thought for Today:

“The flag is the embodiment not of sentiment, but of history.“ — President Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, adopted a resolution specifying that “the Flag of the thirteen United States shall be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the Union be thirteen stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constellation.“

On this date:

In 1775, the Continental Army, forerunner of the United States Army, was created.

In 1801, former American Revolutionary War general and notorious turncoat Benedict Arnold died in London.

In 1922, Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry.

In 1934, Max Baer defeated Primo Carnera with an 11th round TKO to win the world heavyweight boxing championship in Long Island City, New York.

In 1940, German troops entered Paris during World War II; the same day, the Nazis began transporting prisoners to the Auschwitz (OWSH’-vitz) concentration camp in German-occupied Poland.

In 1943, the U.S. Supreme Court, in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, ruled 6-3 that children in public schools could not be forced to salute the flag of the United States.

In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a measure adding the phrase “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance.

In 1967, the space probe Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy on a flight that took it past Venus.

In 1972, the Environmental Protection Agency ordered a ban on continued domestic use of the pesticide DDT, to take effect at year’s end.

In 1982, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands.

In 1985, the 17-day hijack ordeal of TWA Flight 847 began as a pair of Lebanese Shiite (SHEE’-eyet) Muslim extremists seized the jetliner shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece.

In 1994, Academy Award-winning composer Henry Mancini died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 70.

Ten years ago:

A car bomb exploded during rush hour on a busy street in Baghdad, killing 13 people, including three General Electric workers and two bodyguards.

The Supreme Court allowed schoolchildren to keep affirming loyalty to one nation “under God,“ but dodged the underlying question of whether the Pledge of Allegiance was an unconstitutional blending of church and state.

Five years ago:

The Los Angeles Lakers won their 15th championship, beating the Orlando Magic 99-86 in Game 5 of the NBA finals.

Anna Nordqvist shot a 4-under par 68 to become the second rookie in a row to win the LPGA Championship.

Bob Bogle, 75, lead guitarist and co-founder of the rock band The Ventures, died in Vancouver, Washington.

One year ago:

The Associated Press reported that Minnesota resident Michael Karkoc, 94, had been a top commander of a Nazi SS-led unit accused of burning villages filled with women and children, then lied to American immigration officials to get into the United States a few years after World War II. (German and Polish authorities are investigating; Karkoc’s family has accused the AP of “slanderous allegations.“)

Major League Baseball came down hard on the Los Angeles Dodgers and Arizona Diamondbacks, handing out eight suspensions and a dozen fines as punishment for a bench-clearing brawl on June 11.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Marla Gibbs is 83

House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer, D-Md., is 75

Writer Peter Mayle is 75

Actor Jack Bannon is 74

Country-rock musician Spooner Oldham is 71

Rock singer Rod Argent (The Zombies; Argent) is 69

Real estate mogul and TV personality Donald Trump is 68

Singer Janet Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) is 68

Rock musician Barry Melton is 67

Rock musician Alan White (Yes) is 65

Actor Eddie Mekka is 62

Actor Will Patton is 60

Olympic gold-medal speed skater Eric Heiden (HY’-dun) is 56

Singer Boy George is 53

Rock musician Chris DeGarmo is 51

Actress Traylor Howard is 48

Actress Yasmine Bleeth is 46

Actor Faizon Love is 46

Actor Stephen Wallem (TV: “Nurse Jackie”) is 46

International Tennis Hall of Famer Steffi Graf is 45

Screenwriter Diablo Cody is 36

Actor J.R. Martinez is 31

Actor-singer Kevin McHale is 26

Actress Lucy Hale is 25

Pop singer Jesy Nelson (Little Mix) is 23

Country singer Joel Crouse is 22

Actor Daryl Sabara is 22.

Flashback: What Happened on June 13, ....


•  1878 The West Virginia News newspaper was renamed the Ravenswood News, Jackson County. It had begun publication in 1866.

•  1890 The Little Kanawha Steamboat Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: A. L. Ball, J. L. Fink, W. P. Fink of Burning Springs, Wirt County; C. H. Broughton and L. W. Broughton of Parkersburg. The company’s purpose was to construct steamboats and other water craft; transport freight and passengers; and buy and sell coal, lumber, groceries, supplies, etc., with its main office at Burning Springs, Wirt County.

•  1933 Fayette County Circuit Judge J. W. Eary dismissed the jury in the case of Cecil Jones, who had died from silicosis, contracted while working on the Hawks Nest Tunnel at Alloy, Fayette County, part of a project designed by the New- Kanawha Power Company, a subsidiary of the Union Carbide Corporation. Jones’ widow Cora Jones had brought the first lawsuit against contractors Rinehart and Dennis in the fall 1932. Two weeks after the jury was dismissed, Rinehart and Dennis and lawyers for the 157 plaintiffs announced they had reached an out-of-court settlement of $130,000, although the silicosis victims had sued for a total of $4 million. Approximately one-half of this total went to pay the lawyer’s fees and it was later revealed that Rinehart and Dennis Vice President E. J. Perkins had secretly paid the lawyers an additional $20,000 to drop legal charges. Judge Eary made the out-of-court settlement final. At least 476 workers, most migrant African-Americans (Cecil Jones was white), died from silicosis, caused from inhalation of silica rock particles under inadequate safety conditions. Fifty years later, some studies placed the death toll as high as 764, making it the worst industrial disaster in United States history.

•  1947 Employees of the United States Fish and Wildlife Station at Leetown, Jefferson County, announced that pollution had made the Shenandoah River dangerous for fishing or recreation from Front Royal, VA to Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County.

•  1985 WHLX - FM radio went on the air in Wheeling. It was owned by Bethlehem Radio, Inc.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 13

Today is Friday, June 13, the 164th day of 2014. There are 201 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“What intellectual snobs we have become! Virtue is now in the number of degrees you have — not in the kind of person you are or what you can accomplish in real-life situations.“ — Eda J. LeShan, American educator (1922-2002).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 13, 1944, Germany began launching flying-bomb attacks against Britain during World War II.

On this date:

In 1842, Queen Victoria became the first British monarch to ride on a train, traveling from Slough Railway Station to Paddington in 25 minutes.

In 1886, King Ludwig II of Bavaria drowned in Lake Starnberg.

In 1927, aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.

In 1935, James Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, New York.

In 1942, the first of two four-man Nazi sabotage teams arrived in the United States during World War II. (The eight were arrested after one of them went to U.S. authorities; six of the saboteurs were executed.)

In 1957, the Mayflower II, a replica of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America in 1620, arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, after a nearly two-month journey from England.

In 1966, the Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional right to consult with an attorney and to remain silent.

In 1971, The New York Times began publishing excerpts of the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America’s involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967 that had been leaked to the paper by military analyst Daniel Ellsberg.

In 1981, a scare occurred during a parade in London when a teenager fired six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.

In 1983, the U.S. space probe Pioneer 10, launched in 1972, became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.

In 1993, Canada’s Progressive Conservative Party chose Defense Minister Kim Campbell to succeed Brian Mulroney (muhl-ROO’-nee) as prime minister; she was the first woman to hold the post. Astronaut Donald K. “Deke” Slayton died in League City, Texas, at age 69.

In 1996, the 81-day-old Freemen standoff ended as 16 remaining members of the anti-government group surrendered to the FBI and left their Montana ranch.

Ten years ago:

In Iraq, gunmen assassinated a senior Education Ministry official (Kamal al-Jarah).

Former President George H.W. Bush celebrated his 80th birthday (a day late) with a 13,000-foot parachute jump over his presidential library in College Station, Texas.

Annika Sorenstam won the LPGA Championship for the second straight year.

Five years ago:

Opponents of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (ah-muh-DEE’-neh-zhahd) clashed with police in the heart of Tehran after the Iranian president claimed a re-election victory.

Hundreds gathered at a sprawling hillside cemetery in Los Angeles to attend a funeral for David Carradine, more than a week after the 72-year-old actor was found hanging in a Bangkok hotel room.

One year ago: The White House said it had conclusive evidence that Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime had used chemical weapons against opposition forces seeking to overthrow the government.

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously threw out attempts to patent human genes, siding with advocates who said the multibillion-dollar biotechnology industry should not have exclusive control over genetic information found in the human body.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Bob McGrath is 82

Artist Christo is 79

Magician Siegfried (Siegfried & Roy) is 75

Singer Bobby Freeman is 74

Actor Malcolm McDowell is 71

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is 70

Singer Dennis Locorriere is 65

Actor Richard Thomas is 63

Actor Jonathan Hogan is 63

Actor Stellan Skarsgard is 63

Comedian Tim Allen is 61

Actress Ally Sheedy is 52

TV anchor Hannah Storm is 52

Rock musician Paul deLisle (deh-LYL’) (Smash Mouth) is 51

Actress Lisa Vidal is 49

Singer David Gray is 46

Rhythm-and-blues singer Deniece Pearson (Five Star) is 46

Rock musician Soren Rasted (Aqua) is 45

Actor Jamie Walters is 45

Singer-musician Rivers Cuomo (Weezer) is 44

Country singer Susan Haynes is 42

Actor Steve-O is 40

Country singer Jason Michael Carroll is 36

Actor Ethan Embry is 36

Actor Chris Evans is 33

Actress Sarah Schaub is 31

Singer Raz B is 29

Actress Kat Dennings is 28

Actress Ashley Olsen is 28

Actress Mary-Kate Olsen is 28

Flashback: What Happened on June 12, ....


•  1845 The Gilmer County seat moved from DeKalb to Glenville.

•  1861 Union troops under General Lew Wallace drove Confederate troops from Romney, Hampshire County. However, shortly thereafter, Confederate militia under Colonel McDonald recaptured the town. This was the first of many capture of Romney by Union troops during the war.

•  1976 The conference center for the West Virginia Baptist Convention was dedicated at Parchment Valley, Jackson County.

•  1992 Locked out employees at the Ravenswood Aluminum Plant in Ravenswood, Jackson County, approved the new contract negotiated by the United Steelworkers of America and the Ravenswood Aluminum Corporation. They returned to work on June 29, for the first since being locked out on 1 November 1990.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 12

Today is Thursday, June 12, the 163rd day of 2014. There are 202 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“A man without ambition is dead. A man with ambition but no love is dead. A man with ambition and love for his blessings here on earth is ever so alive.“ — Pearl Bailey, American entertainer (1918-1990).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 12, 1939, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.

On this date:

In 1776, Virginia’s colonial legislature became the first to adopt a Bill of Rights.

In 1898, Philippine nationalists declared independence from Spain.

In 1920, the Republican national convention, meeting in Chicago, nominated Warren G. Harding for president on the tenth ballot; Calvin Coolidge was nominated for vice president.

In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge was nominated for a term of office in his own right at the Republican national convention in Cleveland. (Coolidge had become president in 1923 upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding.)

In 1942, Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, received a diary for her 13th birthday, less than a month before she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis.

In 1956, the Flag of the United States Army was officially adopted under an executive order signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

In 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, was shot and killed outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi. (In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001.) One of Hollywood’s most notoriously expensive productions, “Cleopatra,“ starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton and Rex Harrison, opened in New York.

In 1964, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison along with seven other people, including Walter Sisulu, for committing sabotage against the apartheid regime (all were eventually released, Mandela in 1990).

In 1967, the Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.

In 1974, President Richard Nixon arrived in Cairo, Egypt, at the beginning of a Middle East tour.

In 1987, President Ronald Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.“

In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but was eventually held liable in a civil action.) Boeing’s new 777 jetliner went on its first test flight.

Ten years ago:

Gunmen firing from a car killed Iraq’s deputy foreign minister (Bassam Salih Kubba).

Suspected militants killed an American in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Former President Ronald Reagan’s body was sealed inside a tomb at his presidential library in Simi Valley, California, following a week of mourning and remembrance by world leaders and regular Americans.

Five years ago:

U.S. television stations ended analog broadcasts in favor of digital transmission.

Congress approved legislation banning “light” or candy-flavored cigarettes and requiring tobacco companies to make bigger warning labels and run fewer ads.

The U.N. Security Council imposed sanctions on North Korea for its second nuclear test.

The Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the Detroit Red Wings 2-1 to win the Stanley Cup in Game 7.

One year ago:

The director of the National Security Agency, Gen. Keith Alexander, vigorously defended once-secret surveillance programs before the Senate Intelligence Committee, saying that collecting Americans’ phone records and tapping into their Internet activity had disrupted dozens of terrorist attacks.

Ariel Castro, accused of holding three women captive in his Cleveland home for about a decade, pleaded not guilty to hundreds of rape and kidnapping charges. (Castro was later sentenced to life plus 1,000 years and soon after committed suicide in prison.)

NASCAR driver Jason Leffler, 37, died after an accident at a dirt car event at Bridgeport Speedway in New Jersey.

Today’s Birthdays:

Banker/philanthropist David Rockefeller is 99

Former President George H.W. Bush is 90

Singer Vic Damone is 86

Songwriter Richard Sherman is 86

Actor-singer Jim Nabors is 84

Jazz musician Chick Corea is 73

Sportscaster Marv Albert is 73

Singer Roy Harper is 73

Pop singer Len Barry is 72

Rock singer-musician John Wetton (Asia, King Crimson) is 65

Rock musician Bun E. Carlos (Cheap Trick) is 63

Country singer-musician Junior Brown is 62

Singer-songwriter Rocky Burnette is 61

Actor Timothy Busfield is 57

Singer Meredith Brooks is 56

Actress Jenilee Harrison is 56

Rock musician John Linnell (They Might Be Giants) is 55

Rapper Grandmaster Dee (Whodini) is 52

Actor Paul Schulze (TV: “Nurse Jackie”) is 52

Actress Paula Marshall is 50

Actress Frances O’Connor is 47

Actor Rick Hoffman is 44

Actor Jason Mewes is 40

Actor Michael Muhney is 39

Blues musician Kenny Wayne Shepherd is 37

Actor Wil Horneff is 35

Singer Robyn is 35

Actor Dave Franco is 29

Country singer Chris Young is 29

Rap group MC Jay Are is 25

Actor Ryan Malgarini is 22

Flashback: What Happened on June 11, ....


•  1841 Thomas J. Jackson was appointed as a constable in Lewis County.

•  1884 The first West Virginia Historical Society held its last annual meeting.

•  1962 The body of late governor Clarence Meadows was removed from Clifton Forge, Virginia and reburied in Beckley.

•  1992 More than 200 residents of the town of Eleanor, Putnam County, attended a hearing with the United States Corps of Engineers to discuss the health risks of contaminated soil at the site of a proposed lock and dam.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 11

Today is Wednesday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2014. There are 203 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“Neither in the life of the individual nor in that of mankind is it desirable to know the future.” — Jakob Burckhardt (YAH’-kawb BUHRK’-hart), Swiss historian (1818-1897).

Today’s Highlights in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 11, 1864, German composer Richard Strauss, known for such operas as “Der Rosenkavalier,” ‘’Salome” and “Elektra” and tone poems like “Also sprach Zarathustra,” was born in Munich.

On this date:

In 1509, England’s King Henry VIII married his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

In 1770, Captain James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, discovered the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it.

In 1919, Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing’s first Triple Crown winner.

In 1938, Johnny Vander Meer pitched the first of two consecutive no-hitters as he led the Cincinnati Reds to a 3-0 victory over the Boston Bees. (Four days later, Vander Meer refused to give up a hit to the Brooklyn Dodgers, who lost, 6-0.)

In 1942, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.

In 1959, the Saunders-Roe Nautical 1, the first operational hovercraft, was publicly demonstrated off the southern coast of England.

In 1962, three prisoners at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay staged an escape, leaving the island on a makeshift raft; they were never found or heard from again.

In 1963, a Buddhist monk, Thich Quang Duc (tihk kwang duk), set himself afire on a Saigon street to protest the government of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem (noh deen dyem).

In 1977, Seattle Slew won the Belmont Stakes, capturing the Triple Crown.

In 1987, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.

In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that people who commit “hate crimes” motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups had a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services.

In 2001, Timothy McVeigh, 33, was executed by injection at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana, for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.

Ten years ago:

The nation bade a lingering goodbye to former President Ronald Reagan at a stately funeral service in Washington, D.C. followed hours later by a hilltop burial ceremony in his beloved California.

Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols was again spared the death penalty when jurors who’d convicted him of 161 murder counts in a state trial deadlocked over his sentence.

“Prince of high fashion” Egon von Furstenberg died in Rome at age 57.

Five years ago:

With swine flu reported in more than 70 nations, the World Health Organization declared the first global flu pandemic in 41 years.

The NCAA placed Alabama’s football program and 15 other of the school’s athletic teams on three years’ probation for major violations due to misuse of free textbooks, stripping the Crimson Tide of 21 football wins over a three-year period.

One year ago:

A parade of FBI and intelligence officials briefed the entire House on the government’s years-long collection of phone records and Internet usage, saying it was necessary for protecting Americans — and did not trample on their privacy rights.

The American Civil Liberties Union and its New York chapter sued the federal government, asking a court to demand that the Obama administration end the program and purge the records it had collected.

The Los Angeles Dodgers and Arizona Diamondbacks got into a bench-clearing brawl in the seventh inning that resulted in six ejections before the Dodgers won the game at home, 5-3.

Today’s Birthdays:

U.S. Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., is 84

Actor Gene Wilder is 81

Comedian Johnny Brown is 77

International Motorsports Hall of Famer Jackie Stewart is 75

Singer Joey Dee is 74

Actress Adrienne Barbeau is 69

Rock musician Frank Beard (ZZ Top) is 65

Animal rights activist Ingrid Newkirk is 65

Rock singer Donnie Van Zant is 62

Actor Peter Bergman is 61

Pro Football Hall of Famer Joe Montana is 58

Actor Hugh Laurie is 55

TV personality Mehmet Oz, M.D. (”Dr. Oz”) is 54

Singer Gioia (JOY’-ah) Bruno (Expose) is 51

Rock musician Dan Lavery (Tonic) is 48

Country singer-songwriter Bruce Robison is 48

Actor Peter Dinklage is 45

Country musician Smilin’ Jay McDowell is 45

Actor Lenny Jacobson is 40

Rock musician Tai Anderson (Third Day) is 38

Actor Joshua Jackson is 36

Christian rock musician Ryan Shrout is 34

Actor Shia LaBeouf (SHY’-uh luh-BUF’) is 28

Flashback: What Happened on June 10, ....


•  1844 Commissioners acquired property on Big Mill Creek for establishment of the Jackson County poor farm.

•  1983 The Track and Field Hall of Fame in Charleston officially closed.

•  1989 After an impasse with the UMW was declared, Pittston Coal Company implemented its own agreement with replacement workers.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 10

Today is Tuesday, June 10, the 161st day of 2014. There are 204 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“It is impossible to make anything foolproof because fools are so ingenious.“ - Corollary to “Murphy’s Law.“

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 10, 1964, the Senate voted to limit further debate on a proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern senators. (The Civil Rights Act of 1964 went on to win congressional approval and was signed by President Lyndon Johnson.)

On this date:
In 1692, the first official execution resulting from the Salem witch trials in Massachusetts took place as Bridget Bishop was hanged.

In 1864, the Confederate Congress authorized military service for men between the ages of 17 and 70.
In 1907, eleven men in five cars set out from the French embassy in Beijing on a race to Paris. (Prince Scipione Borghese of Italy was the first to arrive in the French capital two months later.)
In 1921, President Warren G. Harding signed into law the Budget and Accounting Act, which created the Bureau of the Budget and the General Accounting Office.
In 1934, English composer Frederick Delius, 72, died in Grez-sur-Loing, France.
In 1940, Italy declared war on France and Britain; Canada declared war on Italy.
In 1942, during World War II, German forces massacred 173 male residents of Lidice (LIH’-dyiht-zeh), Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for the killing of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich.
In 1944, German forces massacred 642 residents of the French village of Oradour-sur-Glane.
In 1967, the Middle East War ended as Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
In 1971, President Richard M. Nixon lifted a two-decades-old trade embargo on China.
In 1985, socialite Claus von Bulow was acquitted by a jury in Providence, Rhode Island, at his retrial on charges he’d tried to murder his heiress wife, Martha “Sunny” von Bulow.
In 1994, the action thriller “Speed,“ starring Keanu Reeves, Dennis Hopper and Sandra Bullock, was released by Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp.

Ten years ago:

Singer-musician Ray Charles, known for such hits as “What’d I Say,“ ‘'Georgia on My Mind” and “I Can’t Stop Loving You,“ died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 73.

Five years ago:

James von Brunn, an 88-year-old white supremacist, opened fire in the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., killing security guard Stephen T. Johns. (Von Brunn died at a North Carolina hospital in January 2010 while awaiting trial.)

Donald Trump fired Miss California USA Carrie Prejean, who’d sparked controversy when she said gays shouldn’t be allowed to marry, citing contract violations.

One year ago:

Jury selection began in Sanford, Florida, in the trial of neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman, charged with second-degeee murder in the fatal shooting of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin. (Zimmerman was acquitted.)
Today’s Birthdays:

Britain’s Prince Philip is 93

Columnist Nat Hentoff is 89

Attorney F. Lee Bailey is 81

Actress Alexandra Stewart is 75

Singer Shirley Alston Reeves (The Shirelles) is 73

Actor Jurgen Prochnow is 73

Media commentator Jeff Greenfield is 71

Football Hall of Famer Dan Fouts is 63

Country singer-songwriter Thom Schuyler is 62

Former Sen. John Edwards, D-N.C., is 61

Actor Andrew Stevens is 59

Singer Barrington Henderson is 58

Former New York Governor-turned-media commentator Eliot Spitzer is 55

Rock musician Kim Deal is 53

Singer Maxi Priest is 53

Actress Gina Gershon is 52

Actress Jeanne Tripplehorn is 51

Rock musician Jimmy Chamberlin is 50

Actress Kate Flannery is 50

Model-actress Elizabeth Hurley is 49

Rock musician Joey Santiago is 49

Actor Doug McKeon is 48

Rock musician Emma Anderson is 47

Country musician Brian Hofeldt (The Derailers) is 47

Rapper The D.O.C. is 46

Rock singer Mike Doughty is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer JoJo is 43

Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal is 43

Rhythm-and-blues singer Faith Evans is 41

Actor Hugh Dancy is 39

Rhythm-and-blues singer Lemisha Grinstead (702) is 36

Actor DJ Qualls is 36

Actor Shane West is 36

Country singer Lee Brice is 35

Singer Hoku is 33

Actress Leelee Sobieski is 32

Olympic gold medal figure skater Tara Lipinski is 32

Model-actress Kate Upton is 22

Sasha Obama is 13.

Grants Available for Historic, Archaeological Sites in WV Affected by Hurricane Sandy

The Gilmer Free Press

Grants are available for West Virginia historic and archaeological sites in counties affected by Hurricane Sandy.

The West Virginia Division of Culture and History made the announcement last Thursday.

About $173,000 in supplement grant funding was approved by the National Park Service.

Eligible projects include the restoration, rehabilitation, or archaeological development of historic sites listed in the National Register of Historic Places that were adversely affected by the hurricane.

All applications must include documentation of damage related to the hurricane. July 15 is the deadline to apply.

The funds are available in Barbour, Boone, Braxton, Clay, Fayette, Kanawha, Lewis, Nicholas, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Preston, Raleigh, Randolph, Taylor, Tucker, Upshur, Webster and Wyoming counties.

Flashback: What Happened on June 09, ....


•  1774 Lord Dunmore announced that the Shawnee had declared war against the western frontier.

•  1893 A post office was established at Advent, Jackson County.

•  1954 The state ordered that all nine state colleges must accept any qualified student, signifying a formal beginning of integrated public colleges.

•  1956 Former United States Representative from West Virginia and unsuccessful democratic candidate for governor J. Alfred Taylor, Sr., died.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 09

Today is Monday, June 09, the 160th day of 2014. There are 205 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“The public! the public! How many fools does it take to make up a public?“ — Nicolas Chamford (nee-koh-LAH’ shahm-FOHR’), French writer (1740-1794).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 09, 1954, during the Senate-Army Hearings, Army special counsel Joseph N. Welch berated Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., for verbally attacking a member of Welch’s law firm, Fred Fisher, asking McCarthy: “Have you no sense of decency, sir? At long last, have you left no sense of decency?“

On this date:

In A.D. 68, the Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide, ending a 13-year reign.

In 1870, author Charles Dickens died in Gad’s Hill Place, England.

In 1911, Carrie (sometimes spelled “Carry”) A. Nation, the hatchet-wielding temperance crusader, died in Leavenworth, Kansas, at age 64.

In 1934, the first Walt Disney animated cartoon featuring Donald Duck, “The Wise Little Hen,“ was released.

In 1940, during World War II, Norway decided to surrender to the Nazis, effective at midnight.

In 1943, the federal government began withholding income tax from paychecks.

In 1953, 94 people died when a tornado struck Worcester (WU’-stur), Massachusetts.

In 1969, the Senate confirmed Warren Burger to be the new chief justice of the United States, succeeding Earl Warren.

In 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing’s first Triple Crown winner in 25 years.

In 1978, leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men from the Mormon priesthood.

In 1983, Britain’s Conservatives, led by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, won a decisive election victory.

In 1994, a fire destroyed the Georgia mansion of Atlanta Falcons receiver Andre Rison; his girlfriend, rap singer Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes, admitted causing the blaze after a fight, and was later sentenced to probation.

Ten years ago:

The body of Ronald Reagan arrived in Washington to lie in state in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda before the 40th president’s funeral.

The FCC agreed to a record $1.75 million settlement with Clear Channel to resolve indecency complaints against Howard Stern and other radio personalities.

Ray Bourque, Paul Coffey and Larry Murphy were elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in their first year of eligibility.

A new scoring system for figure skating was approved after the 2002 Olympic pairs scandal forced the sport’s governing body to make radical changes.

Five years ago:

Under heavy guard, a Guantanamo Bay detainee walked into a civilian U.S. courtroom for the first time; Ahmed Ghailani, a Tanzanian accused in two American Embassy bombings in 1998, pleaded not guilty before the judge in New York. (Ghailani was convicted in 2010 of a single count of conspiring to destroy government buildings and acquitted of 280 charges that he’d taken part in the bombings; he is serving life at the United States Penitentiary in Florence, Colorado.)

A bankruptcy judge approved Chrysler’s plan to terminate 789 of its dealer franchises, the same day the Supreme Court cleared the way for Chrysler LLC’s sale to Fiat.

One year ago:

Risking prosecution by the U.S. government, 29-year-old intelligence analyst Edward Snowden was revealed as the source of The Guardian and The Washington Post disclosures about secret American surveillance programs.

Rafael Nadal became the first man to win eight titles at the same Grand Slam tournament after beating fellow Spaniard David Ferrer in the French Open final, 6-3, 6-2, 6-3.

Inbee Park birdied the third hole of a sudden-death playoff with Catriona Matthew to win the rain-delayed LPGA Championship.

“Kinky Boots” was named best musical at the Tony Awards; “Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike” won best play.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Mona Freeman is 88

Comedian Jackie Mason is 86

Media analyst Marvin Kalb is 84

Actor Joe Santos is 83

Former baseball manager and player Bill Virdon is 83

Sports commentator Dick Vitale is 75

Author Letty Cottin Pogrebin is 75

Retired MLB All-Star Dave Parker is 63

Mystery author Patricia Cornwell is 58

Actor Michael J. Fox is 53

Writer-producer Aaron Sorkin is 53

Actor Johnny Depp is 51

Actress Gloria Reuben is 50. Gospel singer-actress Tamela Mann is 48

Rock musician Dean Felber (Hootie & the Blowfish) is 47

Rock musician Dean Dinning is 47

Musician Ed Simons is 44

Country musician Shade Deggs (Cole Deggs and the Lonesome) is 40

Bluegrass singer-musician Jamie Dailey (Dailey & Vincent) is 39

Actress Michaela Conlin is 36

Actress Natalie Portman is 33

Actress Mae Whitman is 26

Flashback: What Happened on June 08, ....


•  1923 Edgar Combs was jailed in Logan County for his alleged role in the murder of John Gore during the Battle of Blair Mountain.

•  1956 The West Virginia NAACP President T. G. Nutter filed suit in the United States District Court in Charleston to force the Cabell County Board of Education, headed by Superintendent Olin C. Nutter, to integrate its schools more quickly.

•  1992 Democrat State Senator Harry Truman Chafin of Mingo County announced he would run against Democrat State Senate President Keith Burdette of Wood County for the position of State Senate president.

•  1992 Loretta Young, the state’s first affirmative action officer, resigned due to a lack of support from the administration of Governor Caperton.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 08

Today is Sunday, June 08, the 159th day of 2014. There are 206 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“It is not the man who has too little, but the man who craves more, that is poor.“ — Seneca the Younger, Roman statesman (circa 5 B.C.-A.D. 65).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 08, 1864, Abraham Lincoln was nominated for another term as president during the National Union (Republican) Party’s convention in Baltimore.

On this date:

In A.D. 632, the prophet Muhammad died in Medina.

In 1845, Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the United States, died in Nashville, Tennessee.

In 1915, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned in a disagreement with President Woodrow Wilson over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania.

In 1948, the “Texaco Star Theater” made its debut on NBC-TV with Milton Berle guest-hosting the first program. (Berle was later named the show’s permanent host.)

In 1953, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that restaurants in the District of Columbia could not refuse to serve blacks. Eight tornadoes struck Michigan’s Lower Peninsula, killing 126 people.

In 1967, 34 U.S. servicemen were killed when Israel attacked the USS Liberty, a Navy intelligence-gathering ship in the Mediterranean. (Israel later said the Liberty had been mistaken for an Egyptian vessel.)

In 1972, during the Vietnam War, an Associated Press photographer captured the image of 9-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc (fahn thee kihm ####) as she ran naked and severely burned from the scene of a South Vietnamese napalm attack.

In 1973, Gen. Francisco Franco relinquished his post as Spain’s prime minister while remaining as chief of state.

In 1978, a jury in Clark County, Nevada, ruled the so-called “Mormon will,“ purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.

In 1982, President Ronald Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.

In 1987, Fawn Hall began testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings, describing how, as secretary to National Security aide Oliver L. North, she helped to shred some documents and spirit away others.

In 1998, the National Rifle Association elected actor Charlton Heston its president.

Ten years ago:

The U.N. Security Council gave unanimous approval to a resolution endorsing the transfer of sovereignty to Iraq’s new government by the end of June.

Three Italians and a Polish contractor who’d been abducted in Iraq were freed by U.S. special forces.

An American who worked for a U.S. defense contractor was shot and killed in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

In a celestial rarity, Venus passed between the sun and the Earth.

Five years ago:

North Korea’s highest court sentenced American journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee to 12 years’ hard labor for trespassing and “hostile acts.“ (The women were pardoned in early August 2009 after a trip to Pyongyang by former President Bill Clinton.)

Omar Bongo, 73, the world’s longest-serving president who’d ruled Gabon for 42 years, died at a Spanish hospital.

One year ago:

President Barack Obama and Chinese leader Xi Jinping concluded a two-day summit in the California desert that ended with few policy breakthroughs but the prospect of closer personal ties.

Serena Williams won her 16th Grand Slam title and her first French Open championship since 2002, beating Maria Sharapova 6-4, 6-4.

Palace Malice took charge on the turn for home and won the Belmont Stakes, holding off Preakness winner Oxbow and Kentucky Derby winner Orb.

Today’s Birthdays:

Former first lady Barbara Bush is 89

Actor-comedian Jerry Stiller is 87

Comedian Joan Rivers is 81

Actress Millicent Martin is 80

Actor James Darren is 78

Actor Bernie Casey is 75

Singer Nancy Sinatra is 74

Singer Chuck Negron (Three Dog Night) is 72

Musician Boz Scaggs is 70

Rock musician Mick Box (Uriah Heep) is 67

Author Sara Paretsky is 67

Actress Sonia Braga is 64

Actress Kathy Baker is 64

Country musician Tony Rice is 63

Rock singer Bonnie Tyler is 63

Actor Griffin Dunne is 59

“Dilbert” creator Scott Adams is 57

Actor-director Keenen Ivory Wayans is 56

Singer Mick Hucknall (Simply Red) is 54

Musician Nick Rhodes (Duran Duran) is 52

Rhythm-and-blues singer Doris Pearson (Five Star) is 48

Actress Julianna Margulies is 47

Actor Dan Futterman is 47

Actor David Sutcliffe is 45

Actor Kent Faulcon is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Nicci Gilbert is 44

Actress Kelli Williams is 44

Former U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., is 44

Actor Mark Feuerstein is 43

Contemporary Christian musician Mike Scheuchzer (MercyMe) is 39

Actor Eion Bailey is 38

Tennis player Lindsay Davenport is 38

Rapper Kanye (KAHN’-yay) West is 37

Blues-rock musician Derek Trucks (The Derek Trucks Band) is 35

Folk-bluegrass singer-musician Sara Watkins (Nickel Creek) is 33

Tennis player Kim Clijsters is 31

Actress Torrey DeVitto is 30

Flashback: What Happened on June 07, ....


•  1929 Eleanor D. Caldwell founded the Wheeling Symphony Society.

•  1981 The Bituminous Coal Wage Agreement, negotiated by UMW president Sam Church, went into effect.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 07

Today is Saturday, June 07, the 158th day of 2014. There are 207 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“The history of the world shows that when a mean thing was done, man did it; when a good thing was done, man did it.” — Robert G. Ingersoll, American lawyer and statesman (1833-1899).

Today’s Highlights in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 07, 1939, King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrived at Niagara Falls, New York, from Canada on the first visit to the United States by a reigning British monarch.

On this date:

In 1654, King Louis XIV, age 15, was crowned in Rheims, 11 years after the start of his reign.

In 1769, frontiersman Daniel Boone first began to explore present-day Kentucky.

In 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia offered a resolution to the Continental Congress stating “That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”

In 1892, Homer Plessy, a “Creole of color,” was fined for refusing to leave a whites-only car of the East Louisiana Railroad. (Ruling on his case, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld “separate but equal” racial segregation, which it overturned in 1954.)

In 1929, the sovereign state of Vatican City came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.

In 1942, the World War II Battle of Midway ended in a decisive victory for American forces over the Imperial Japanese.

In 1954, British mathematician, computer pioneer and code breaker Alan Turing died at age 41, an apparent suicide. (Turing, convicted in 1952 of “gross indecency” for a homosexual relationship, was posthumously pardoned in 2013.)

In 1967, the Haight Ashbury Free Medical Clinic opened in San Francisco.

In 1972, the musical “Grease” opened on Broadway, having already been performed in lower Manhattan.

In 1981, Israeli military planes destroyed a nuclear power plant in Iraq, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons.

In 1984, the occult comedy “Ghostbusters,” released by Columbia Pictures, had its world premiere in Westwood, California.

In 1998, in a crime that shocked the nation, James Byrd Jr., a 49-year-old black man, was hooked by a chain to a pickup truck and dragged to his death in Jasper, Texas. (Two white men were later sentenced to death; one of them, Lawrence Russell Brewer, was executed in 2011. A third defendant received life with the possibility of parole.)

Ten years ago:

A steady, near-silent stream of people circled through the rotunda of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California, where the body of the nation’s 40th president lay in repose before traveling to Washington two days later for a state funeral.

The Tampa Bay Lightning held off the Calgary Flames 2-1 in Game 7 to win their first Stanley Cup.

Five years ago:

Extreme-right parties gained in European Parliament elections, including the first seats won by the all-white British National Party.

Roger Federer completed a career Grand Slam, winning his first French Open title by sweeping surprise finalist Robin Soderling 6-1, 7-6 (1), 6-4.

The British musical “Billy Elliot” won 10 Tony Awards, including best musical and a unique best actor prize for the three young performers who shared the title character: David Alvarez, Trent Kowalik and Kiril Kulish.

Pop vocalist, musician, songwriter Kenny Rankin died in Los Angeles at 69.

One year ago:

President Barack Obama vigorously defended the government’s just-disclosed collection of massive amounts of information from phone and Internet records as a necessary defense against terrorism, and assured Americans, “Nobody is listening to your telephone calls.”

President Obama opened a two-day summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Rancho Mirage, California.

A gunman killed five people in Santa Monica, California, before police shot him to death.

Former French Prime Minister Pierre Mauroy, 84, died in suburban Paris.

Death row inmate Richard Ramirez, 53, the serial killer known as California’s “Night Stalker,” died in a hospital.

Today’s Birthdays:

Movie director James Ivory is 86

Former Canadian Prime Minister John Turner is 85

Actress Virginia McKenna is 83

Singer Tom Jones is 74

Poet Nikki Giovanni is 71

Actor Ken Osmond (”Leave It to Beaver”) is 71

Former talk show host Jenny Jones is 68

Actress Anne Twomey is 63

Actor Liam Neeson is 62

Actress Colleen Camp is 61

Singer-songwriter Johnny Clegg is 61

Author Louise Erdrich (UR’-drihk) is 60

Actor William Forsythe is 59

Record producer L.A. Reid is 58

Latin pop singer Juan Luis Guerra is 57

Singer-songwriter Prince is 56

Rock singer-musician Gordon Gano (The Violent Femmes) is 51

Rapper Ecstasy (Whodini) is 50

Rock musician Eric Kretz (Stone Temple Pilots) is 48

Rock musician Dave Navarro is 47

Actress Helen Baxendale is 44

Actor Karl Urban is 42

TV personality Bear Grylls is 40

Rock musician Eric Johnson (The Shins) is 38

Actress Adrienne Frantz is 36

Actor-comedian Bill Hader is 36

Actress Anna Torv is 35

Actress Larisa Oleynik (oh-LAY’-nihk) is 33

Tennis player Anna Kournikova is 33

Actor Michael Cera is 26

Actress Shelley Buckner is 25

Flashback: What Happened on June 06, ....


•  1885 The West Virginia Oil Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: C. H. Shuttuck, John Adair, J. M. Jackson, Jr., W. H. D. Reed, and L. A. Cole, all of Parkersburg. The company’s main office was in Petroleum, Ritchie County.

•  1959 Charleston Mayor John Copenhaver established a Commission on Human Relations to work for an end to discrimination.

•  1968 Presidential candidate Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles, CA.

•  1973 Ground was broken for the Comprehensive Mental Health Center near Institute, serving Kanawha County, Putnam County, Clay County, and Boone County.

•  1984 Governor Jay Rockefeller IV wins Democratic nomination for Senate and John Raese leads in Republican Senate primary.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 06

Today is Friday, June 06, the 157th day of 2014. There are 208 days left in the year.

Thought for Today: “To win without risk is to triumph without glory.“ — Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (1606-1684).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 06, 1944, Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy, France, on “D-Day,“ beginning the liberation of German-occupied western Europe during World War II.

On this date:

In 1799, American politician and orator Patrick Henry died at Red Hill Plantation in Virginia.

In 1844, the Young Men’s Christian Association was founded in London.

In 1912, the greatest volcanic eruption of the 20th century took place as Novarupta in Alaska began a series of explosive episodes over a 60-hour period.

In 1925, Walter Percy Chrysler founded the Chrysler Corp.

In 1934, the Securities and Exchange Commission was established.

In 1939, the first Little League game was played as Lundy Lumber defeated Lycoming Dairy 23-8 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.

In 1955, the U.S. Post Office introduced regular certified mail service.

In 1966, black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.

In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy died at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, a day after he was shot by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan.

In 1978, California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes.

In 1984, government forces in India stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush Sikh extremists; at least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.

In 1994, President Bill Clinton joined leaders from America’s World War II allies to mark the 50th anniversary of the D-Day invasion of Normandy. A China Northwest Airlines passenger jet crashed near Xian (SHEE’-ahn), killing all 160 people on board.

Ten years ago:

World leaders, including President George W. Bush and French President Jacques Chirac (zhahk shih-RAHK’), put aside their differences to commemorate the D-Day invasion that broke Nazi Germany’s grip on continental Europe.

“Avenue Q” won best musical at the Tony Awards, while “I Am My Own Wife” was named best play; Phylicia Rashad, who starred in a revival of “A Raisin in the Sun,“ became the first black actress to win a Tony for a leading dramatic role.

Unseeded Gaston Gaudio upset Guillermo Coria 0-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-1, 8-6 to win the French Open.

Five years ago:

President Barack Obama visited the American cemetery at Omaha Beach in France to commemorate the 65th anniversary of D-Day.

Summer Bird won the Belmont Stakes, rallying past Mine That Bird to spoil jockey Calvin Borel’s attempt at winning all three legs of the Triple Crown.

Svetlana Kuznetsova beat top-ranked Dinara Safina 6-4, 6-2 in an all-Russian final at the French Open.

One year ago:

Director of National Intelligence James Clapper moved to tamp down a public uproar spurred by the disclosure of secret surveillance programs involving phone and Internet records, declassifying key details about one of the programs while insisting the efforts were legal, limited in scope and necessary to detect terrorist threats.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and his wife, Lyudmila Putina, announced they were divorcing after nearly 30 years of marriage.

Esther Williams, 91, the swimming champion turned actress, died in Los Angeles.

Longtime soap opera actress Maxine Stuart, 94, died in Beverly Hills, California.

Today’s Birthdays:

Financier Kirk Kerkorian is 97

Actress Billie Whitelaw is 82

Civil rights activist Roy Innis is 80

Singer-songwriter Gary “U.S.“ Bonds is 75

Country singer Joe Stampley is 71

Actor Robert Englund is 67

Folk singer Holly Near is 65

Singer Dwight Twilley is 63

Playwright-actor Harvey Fierstein (FY’-ur-steen) is 62

Comedian Sandra Bernhard is 59

International Tennis Hall of Famer Bjorn Borg is 58

Actress Amanda Pays is 55

Comedian Colin Quinn is 55

Record producer Jimmy Jam is 55

Rock musician Steve Vai is 54

Rock singer-musician Tom Araya (Slayer) is 53

Actor Jason Isaacs is 51

Rock musician Sean Yseult (White Zombie) is 48

Actor Max Casella is 47

Actor Paul Giamatti is 47

Rhythm-and-blues singer Damion Hall (Guy) is 46

Rock musician Bardi Martin is 45

Rock musician James “Munky” Shaffer (Korn) is 44

TV correspondent Natalie Morales is 42

Country singer Lisa Brokop is 41

Rapper-rocker Uncle Kracker is 40

Actress Sonya Walger is 40

Actress Staci Keanan is 39

Actress Amber Borycki is 31

Actress Aubrey Anderson-Emmons is 7.

Flashback: What Happened on June 05, ....


•  1859 A frost killed large areas of vegetation in the northern and central portions of present-day West Virginia.

•  1958 Eugene Linger was executed by electrocution at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Upshur County.

•  1984 In West Virginia primary elections, Arch Moore was elected as the Republican and Clyde See the Democratic gubernatorial candidate. Ronald Reagan and Walter Mondale carried the state in the presidential primary.

•  1992 It was announced that federal census records indicated that Smithfield, Wetzel County was the state’s poorest town, while North Hills, Wood County, was the richest.

•  1992 Key Centurion Bancshares, Inc., announced it would merge with Banc One Corporation of Columbus, OH, the largest banking deal in West Virginia history.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 05

Today is Thursday, June 05, the 156th day of 2014. There are 209 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“I know in my heart that man is good. That what is right will always eventually triumph. And there’s purpose and worth to each and every life.“ — President Ronald Reagan (1911-2004).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 05, 2004, Ronald Wilson Reagan, the 40th president of the United States, died in Los Angeles at age 93 after a long struggle with Alzheimer’s disease.

On this date:

In 1794, Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited Americans from taking part in any military action against a country that was at peace with the United States.

In 1884, Civil War hero Gen. William T. Sherman refused the Republican presidential nomination, saying, “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.“

In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

In 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe that came to be known as The Marshall Plan.

In 1950, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Henderson v. United States, struck down racially segregated railroad dining cars.

In 1963, Britain’s Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, resigned after acknowledging an affair with call girl Christine Keeler, who was also involved with a Soviet spy, and lying to Parliament about it.

In 1964, The Rolling Stones performed the first concert of their first U.S. tour at Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino, California.

In 1967, war erupted in the Mideast as Israel raided military aircraft parked on the ground in Egypt; Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict.

In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles’ Ambassador Hotel after claiming victory in California’s Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.

In 1976, 14 people were killed when the Teton Dam in Idaho burst.

In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control reported that five homosexuals in Los Angeles had come down with a rare kind of pneumonia; they were the first recognized cases of what later became known as AIDS.

In 1999, jazz and pop singer Mel Torme died in Los Angeles at age 73. The Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame, the first devoted to any women’s sport, opened in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Ten years ago:

The nuclear submarine USS Jimmy Carter (SSN-23) was christened in Groton, Connecticut, in the presence of the former president and his wife, Rosalynn, who cracked a bottle of champagne against the sail.

Smarty Jones lost his Triple Crown bid when 36-to-1 shot Birdstone ran him down near the finish of a thrilling Belmont Stakes.

Anastasia Myskina beat Elena Dementieva 6-1, 6-2 to win the French Open.

Five years ago:

President Barack Obama, while visiting Germany, became the first U.S. president to tour the Buchenwald concentration camp, where he honored the 56,000 who died at the hands of the Nazis.

Ex-CIA operative and Watergate burglar Bernard Barker died in suburban Miami at age 92.

One year ago:

The British newspaper The Guardian reported the National Security Agency was collecting the telephone records of millions of American customers of Verizon under a top secret court order.

President Barack Obama named Susan Rice as his national security adviser and nominated Samantha Power to replace Rice as United Nations ambassador.

U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales, accused of killing 16 Afghan civilians, many of them sleeping women and children, pleaded guilty to murder at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington, to avoid the death penalty.

In Philadelphia, six people were killed when a brick wall being taken down collapsed onto an adjacent thrift store.

Carrie Underwood won video of the year at the CMT Music Awards for “Blown Away”; Miranda Lambert and Florida Georgia Line were the night’s top winners with two awards apiece.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor-singer Bill Hayes is 89

Broadcast journalist Bill Moyers is 80

Former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark is 75

Author Margaret Drabble is 75

Country singer Don Reid (The Statler Brothers) is 69

Rock musician Fred Stone (AKA Fred Stewart) (Sly and the Family Stone) is 68

Rock singer Laurie Anderson is 67

Country singer Gail Davies is 66

Author Ken Follett is 65

Financial guru Suze Orman is 63

Rock musician Nicko McBrain (Iron Maiden) is 62

Jazz musician Kenny G is 58

Rock singer Richard Butler (Psychedelic Furs) is 58

Actor Jeff Garlin is 52

Actress Karen Sillas is 51

Actor Ron Livingston is 47

Singer Brian McKnight is 45

Rock musician Claus Norreen (Aqua) is 44

Actor Mark Wahlberg is 43

Actor Chad Allen is 40

Rock musician P-Nut (311) is 40

Actress Navi Rawat (RO’-waht) is 37

Actress Liza Weil is 37

Rock musician Pete Wentz (Fall Out Boy) is 35

Rock musician Seb Lefebvre (Simple Plan) is 33

Actress Amanda Crew is 28

Actress Sophie Lowe (TV: “Once Upon a Time in Wonderland”) is 24

First Friday at the Gilmer Public Library

The Gilmer Free Press

Gilmer Public Library’s next “First Friday” is Friday, June 06, 2014 and we’re Geeking Genealogy!!

Come in and find out how you can research your ancestors.

One way is by using, and we’ve got a FREE trial for you for the month of June!!!

When you visit, we’ll tell you how you can get connected.

Or you can email the library at and we can send you the link so you can start your search.

The first 10 visitors on “First Friday” will receive a gift.

Flashback: What Happened on June 04, ....


•  1926 Three buildings were dedicated on the new 62-acre campus of Davis and Elkins College in Elkins, Randolph. Among these was Halliehurst, the former home of Senator Stephen B. Elkins, donated by his widow Hallie Elkins to be used as a women’s dormitory.

1973 Work began on the $13.5 million Mine Health & Safety Academy.

1984 Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale campaigned in Charleston.

1992 Federal Judge Robert Staker refused to dismiss a $2 million lawsuit filed by the state’s attorney general’s office against former Governor Moore in an attempt to recover money he allegedly cost the state through illegal activities.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™:  June 04

Today is Wednesday, June 04, the 155th day of 2014. There are 210 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“As people used to be wrong about the motion of the sun, so they are still wrong about the motion of the future. The future stands still; it is we who move in infinite space.“ — Rainer Maria Rilke (RY’-nur mah-REE’-ah RIHL’-kuh), German poet (1875-1926).

Today’s Highlights in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 04, 1944, during World War II, U-505, a German submarine, was captured by a U.S. Navy task group in the south Atlantic; it was the first such capture of an enemy vessel at sea by the U.S. Navy since the War of 1812. The U.S. Fifth Army began liberating Rome.

On this date:

In 1783, the Montgolfier brothers first publicly demonstrated their hot-air balloon, which did not carry any passengers, over Annonay, France.

In 1784, opera singer Elisabeth Thible became the first woman to make a nontethered flight aboard a Montgolfier hot-air balloon, over Lyon, France.

In 1892, the Sierra Club was incorporated in San Francisco.

In 1919, Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing citizens the right to vote regardless of their gender and sent it to the states for ratification.

In 1939, the German ocean liner MS St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees from Germany, was turned away from the Florida coast by U.S. officials.

In 1940, during World War II, the Allied military evacuation of more than 338,000 troops from Dunkirk, France, ended.

In 1942, the World War II Battle of Midway began, resulting in a decisive American victory against Japan and marking the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

In 1954, French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc signed treaties in Paris according “complete independence” to Vietnam.

In 1972, a jury in San Jose, California, acquitted radical activist Angela Davis of murder and kidnapping for her alleged connection to a deadly courthouse shootout in Marin County in 1970.

In 1986, Jonathan Jay Pollard, a former Navy intelligence analyst, pleaded guilty in Washington to conspiring to deliver information related to the national defense to a foreign government, specifically Israel. (He is serving a life prison term.)

In 1989, a gas explosion in the Soviet Union engulfed two passing trains, killing 575.

In 1998, a federal judge sentenced Terry Nichols to life in prison for his role in the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.

Ten years ago:

A powerful bomb blast ripped through a crowded outdoor market in central Russia, killing at least 11 people.

President George W. Bush nominated former Missouri Sen. John Danforth to be America’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Muffler shop owner Marvin Heemeyer, angry after losing a zoning dispute, went on a rampage in Granby, Colorado, using a customized armor-plated bulldozer to knock down or damage nine buildings before shooting himself to death.

Five years ago:

Speaking at Cairo University, President Barack Obama called for a “new beginning between the United States and Muslims” and said together, they could confront violent extremism across the globe.

Actor David Carradine, 72, was found dead in a Bangkok, Thailand, hotel room.

One year ago:

Already heavily criticized for targeting conservative groups, the Internal Revenue Service suffered another blow as new details emerged in a report about senior officials enjoying luxury hotel rooms, free drinks and food at a $4.1 million training conference.

Ohio State University President Gordon Gee announced his retirement after he came under fire for joking about “those damn Catholics” at Notre Dame and poking fun at the academic quality of other schools.

France said it had confirmed that nerve gas was used “multiple times in a localized way” in Syria. Joey Covington, 67, a former Jefferson Airplane drummer who co-wrote several of the group’s songs, died in a car crash in Palm Springs, California.

Today’s Birthdays:

Sex therapist and media personality Dr. Ruth Westheimer is 86

Actor Bruce Dern is 78

Musician Roger Ball is 70

Actress-singer Michelle Phillips is 70

Jazz musician Anthony Braxton is 69

Rock musician Danny Brown (The Fixx) is 63

Actor Parker Stevenson is 62

Actor Keith David is 58

Blues singer-musician Tinsley Ellis is 57

Actress Julie Gholson is 56

Actor Eddie Velez is 56

Singer-musician El DeBarge is 53

Actress Julie White is 53

Actress Lindsay Frost is 52

Tennis player Andrea Jaeger is 49

Opera singer Cecilia Bartoli is 48

Rhythm-and-blues singer Al B. Sure! is 46

Actor Scott Wolf is 46

Actor-comedian Rob Huebel is 45

Comedian Horatio Sanz is 45

Actor Noah Wyle is 43

Rock musician Stefan Lessard (The Dave Matthews Band) is 40

Actor-comedian Russell Brand is 39

Actress Angelina Jolie is 39

Actor Theo Rossi is 39

Alt-country singer Kasey Chambers is 38

Rock musician JoJo Garza (Los Lonely Boys) is 34

Country musician Dean Berner (Edens Edge) is 33

Model Bar Refaeli (ruh-FEHL’-lee) is 29

Olympic gold medal figure skater Evan Lysacek is 29

Rock musician Zac Farro is 24

Flashback: What Happened on June 03, ....


•  1852 The Virginia General Assembly passed an act authorizing Thomas Skidmore to construct a grist and saw mill dam at Baker’s Shoals on Elk River in Braxton County.

•  1882 The Ohio River Pipe Line Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Herman Loomis, Andrew J. Schleiman of Adrian, MI; F. Messner, Stanley Stewart, and Charles H. Marr of Cleveland, OH. The company’s purpose was to construct a pipe line to transport oil from Petroleum Station in Ritchie County on the Parkersburg Branch Railroad through the oil belt district in Ritchie County and Wood County to Marietta, OH; and from Wood County and Ritchie County into the oil district of Pleasants County at or near Horse Neck to the Ohio River at or near the mouth of Bull Creek in Wood County. The company’s main office was in Cleveland.

•  1909 The Kanawha County Public Library was established in the YMCA building in Charleston.

•  1992 An Alabama pulp and paper company announced it would construct a mill in Mason County which would meet the state’s pollution standards. It was estimated the mill would produce 1,000 new jobs.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 03

Today is Tuesday, June 03, the 154th day of 2014. There are 211 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“There are two cardinal sins from which all the others spring: impatience and laziness.” — Franz Kafka (1883-1924).

Today’s Highlights in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 03, 1989, Iran’s spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, died. Chinese army troops began their sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations.

On this date:

In 1621, the Dutch West India Co. received its charter for a trade monopoly in parts of the Americas and Africa.

In 1808, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was born in Christian County, Kentucky.

In 1888, the poem “Casey at the Bat,” by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, was first published in the San Francisco Daily Examiner.

In 1924, author Franz Kafka, 40, died near Vienna.

In 1937, Edward, The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, married Wallis Warfield Simpson in a private ceremony in Monts, France.

In 1948, the 200-inch reflecting Hale Telescope at the Palomar Mountain Observatory in California was dedicated.

In 1963, Pope John XXIII died at age 81; he was succeeded by Pope Paul VI.

In 1964, South Korean President Park Chung-hee declared martial law in the face of student protests.

In 1965, astronaut Edward White became the first American to “walk” in space during the flight of Gemini 4.

In 1972, Sally J. Priesand was ordained as America’s first female rabbi at the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio.

In 1983, Gordon Kahl, a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings of two U.S. marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law-enforcement officials near Smithville, Arkansas.

In 1989, SkyDome (now called Rogers Centre) opened in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Ten years ago:

President George W. Bush announced the resignation of CIA Director George Tenet amid a controversy over intelligence lapses about suspected weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Frances Shand Kydd, the mother of the late Princess Diana, died at her home near Oban, Scotland, at age 68.

Julio Franco became, at age 45, the oldest player in major league history to hit a grand slam, connecting in Atlanta’s 8-4 victory over Philadelphia (he repeated the feat a year later, at age 46).

Five years ago:

New Hampshire became the sixth state to legalize same-sex marriage.

The Organization of American States cleared the way for Cuba’s possible return to the group by lifting a 47-year ban on the country.

Death claimed Koko Taylor, 80, the “Queen of the Blues,” in Chicago and Las Vegas saxophonist Sam Butera, 81.

One year ago:

The prosecution and defense presented opening statements in the court-martial of U.S. Army Pfc. Bradley (now Chelsea) Manning over the biggest leak of classified material in American history. (Manning was found guilty at Fort Meade, Maryland, of espionage and theft but was acquitted of the most serious charge, aiding the enemy, and was sentenced to up to 35 years in prison.)

A sharply divided Supreme Court cleared the way for police to take a DNA swab from anyone they arrest for a serious crime.

A poultry plant fire in the northeastern Chinese city of Jilin killed 121 people.

A suicide bomber targeting U.S. troops outside an Afghanistan government office killed 9 children and two of the Americans.

Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., died at a New York hospital at age 89.

Football Hall of Fame defensive end Deacon Jones died in Anaheim Hills, California, at age 74.

Today’s Birthdays:

TV producer Chuck Barris is 85

The president of Cuba, Raul Castro, is 83

Actress Irma P. Hall is 79

Author Larry McMurtry is 78

Rock singer Ian Hunter (Mott The Hoople) is 75

Singer Eddie Holman is 68

Actor Tristan Rogers is 68

Musician Too Slim (Riders in the Sky) is 66

Rock musician Richard Moore is 65

Singer Suzi Quatro is 64

Singer Deneice Williams is 63

Singer Dan Hill is 60

Actress Suzie Plakson is 56

Actor Scott Valentine is 56

Rock musician Kerry King (Slayer) is 50

Rock singer-musician Mike Gordon is 49

TV host Anderson Cooper is 47

Country singer Jamie O’Neal is 46

Singers Gabriel and Ariel Hernandez (No Mercy) are 43

Actor Vik Sahay is 43

Rhythm-and-blues singer Lyfe Jennings is 41

Actress Arianne Zucker (TV: “Days of Our Lives”) is 40

Actress Nikki M. James is 33

Tennis player Rafael Nadal is 28

Actress-singer Lalaine is 27

Actor Sean Berdy is 21

Flashback: What Happened on June 02, ....


•  1879 The Charleston Female College was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: James M. Follansbee, F. W. Abney, Joseph L. Fry, Frank Follansbee, and J. F. Wilcox, all of Charleston.

•  1881 The West Virginia Pharmaceutical Association was organized in Wheeling, Ohio County.

•  1903 Fifty-six coal miners in Harrison County went on strike for 1 day after two Italian miners were fired.

•  1974 Kanawha County School Board member Alice Moore publicly denounced the supplemental textbooks.

•  1992 A federal jury indicted Ralph Ramey and James Payne, both of Logan County, for allegedly setting fire to the mobile home of a racially mixed couple.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 02

Today is Monday, June 02, the 153rd day of 2014. There are 212 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“Only the man who finds everything wrong and expects it to get worse is thought to have a clear brain.“ — John Kenneth Galbraith, American economist (1908-2006).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 02, 1864 (New Style Calendar; May 21, 1864, Old Style), after decades of scorched-earth warfare, leaders of the Circassians, a Muslim ethnic group in the Caucasus region, surrendered in Sochi to the army of the Russian Empire, which proceeded to expel hundreds of thousands of Circassians.

On this date:

In 1863, during the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman wrote a letter to his wife, Ellen, in which he commented, “Vox populi, vox humbug” (the voice of the people is the voice of humbug).

In 1886, President Grover Cleveland, 49, married Frances Folsom, 21, in the Blue Room of the White House. (To date, Cleveland is the only president to marry in the executive mansion.)

In 1897, Mark Twain, 61, was quoted by the New York Journal as saying from London that “the report of my death was an exaggeration.“

In 1924, Congress passed a measure that was then signed by President Calvin Coolidge guaranteeing full American citizenship for all Native Americans born within U.S. territorial limits.

In 1941, baseball’s “Iron Horse,“ Lou Gehrig, died in New York of a degenerative disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; he was 37.

In 1953, the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place in London’s Westminster Abbey, 16 months after the death of her father, King George VI.

In 1966, the U.S. space probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon and began transmitting detailed photographs of the lunar surface.

In 1979, Pope John Paul II arrived in his native Poland on the first visit by a pope to a Communist country.

In 1983, half of the 46 people aboard an Air Canada DC-9 were killed after fire broke out on board, forcing the jetliner to make an emergency landing at Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport.

In 1986, for the first time, the public could watch the proceedings of the U.S. Senate on television as a six-week experiment began.

In 1997, Timothy McVeigh was convicted of murder and conspiracy in the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City. (He was executed in June 2001.)

In 1999, South Africans went to the polls in their second post-apartheid election, giving the African National Congress a decisive victory; retiring president Nelson Mandela was succeeded by Thabo Mbeki (TAH’-boh um-BEH’-kee).

Ten years ago:

Three foreign aid workers and two Afghans were shot and killed in an ambush in northwestern Afghanistan in an attack claimed by resurgent Taliban militants.

Software engineer Ken Jennings began his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated TV game show “Jeopardy!“

Five years ago:

Scott Roeder, an anti-abortion activist, was charged with first-degree murder in the shooting death of late-term abortion provider Dr. George Tiller in Wichita, Kansas. (Roeder was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison with no possibility of parole for 50 years.)

Chicago police officer Anthony Abbate (ah-BAHT’-ee) was convicted of committing aggravated battery against Karolina Obrycka (ob-RY’-kah), a bartender half his size, after she’d refused to serve him more drinks; Abbate received probation.

One year ago:

Egypt’s highest court ruled that the nation’s interim parliament was illegally elected, though it stopped short of dissolving the chamber immediately.

Indiana Pacers center Roy Hibbert was fined $75,000 by the NBA for using a gay slur and profanity during his news conference after Game 6 of the Eastern Conference finals; Hibbert also apologized for the comments.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress-singer Sally Kellerman is 77

Actor Ron Ely is 76

Actor Stacy Keach is 73

Rock musician Charlie Watts is 73

Singer William Guest (Gladys Knight & The Pips) is 73

Actor Charles Haid is 71

Movie director Lasse (LAH’-suh) Hallstrom is 68

Actor Jerry Mathers is 66

Actress Joanna Gleason is 64

Actor Dennis Haysbert is 60

Comedian Dana Carvey is 59

Actor Gary Grimes is 59

Pop musician Michael Steele is 59

Rock singer Tony Hadley (Spandau Ballet) is 54

Actor Liam Cunningham (TV: “Game of Thrones”) is 53

Actor Navid Negahban is 50

Singer Merril Bainbridge is 46

Rapper B-Real (Cypress Hill) is 44

Actress Paula Cale is 44

Actor Anthony Montgomery is 43

Actor-comedian Wayne Brady is 42

Actor Wentworth Miller is 42

Rock musician Tim Rice-Oxley (Keane) is 38

Actor Zachary Quinto is 37

Actor Dominic Cooper is 36

Actress Nikki Cox is 36

Actor Justin Long is 36

Actor Deon Richmond is 36

Actress Morena Baccarin is 35

Rhythm-and-blues singer Irish Grinstead (702) is 34

Rock musician Fabrizio Moretti (The Strokes) is 34

Soccer player-coach Abby Wambach is 34

Country singer Dan Cahoon (Marshall Dyllon) is 31

Singer-songwriter ZZ Ward is 28

Actress Brittany Curran is 24

Actor Sterling Beaumon is 19

Flashback: What Happened on June 01, ....


•  1864 William R. White was elected as the first state superintendent of schools.

•  1897 A long-distance telephone line opened between Cambridge and Charleston.

•  1915 The West Virginia Legislature created the State Department of Health.

•  1954 The state sent letters to all county public school superintendents, suggesting proper methods of school integration. In the letter, State School Superintendent W. W. Trent stated, “As segregation is unconstitutional, boards of education, in my opinion, should begin immediately to reorganize and readjust their schools to comply with the Supreme Court’s decision. In some instances where there are but few Negro pupils, and where all buildings at this time are accomodating a maximum number of pupils, and in some instances a number too large for convenient accomodation considerable time may be required before segregation is entirely eliminated.“

•  1962 The state’s first comprehensive travel study was completed, designed to lead to a master plan for development of tourist attractions.

•  1992 It was announced that the Charleston Job Corps Center would be moved from its location in downtown Charleston, Kanawha County, to a site just east of the city near Daniel Boone Park.

2014 >  WayBackWhen™: June 01

Today is Sunday, June 01, the 152nd day of 2014. There are 213 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“He who talks much cannot always talk well.“—Carlo Goldoni, Italian dramatist (1707-1793).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 01, 1914, U.S. Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels issued General Order 99 banning alcoholic beverages from Navy vessels, yards and stations, effective July 01, 1914.

On this date:

In 1533, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII, was crowned as Queen Consort of England.

In 1792, Kentucky became the 15th state of the union.

In 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state.

In 1813, the mortally wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, Capt. James Lawrence, gave the order, “Don’t give up the ship” during a losing battle with the British frigate HMS Shannon in the War of 1812.

In 1868, James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, died near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, at age 77.

In 1915, the T.S. Eliot poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” was first published in “Poetry: A Magazine of Verse” in Chicago.

In 1939, the British submarine HMS Thetis sank during a trial dive off North Wales with the loss of 99 lives. Lou Nova defeated Max Baer at Yankee Stadium in the first U.S. televised heavyweight prizefight. Mexico officially abolished the siesta.

In 1943, a civilian flight from Portugal to England was shot down by Germany during World War II, killing all 17 people aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.

In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became premier of France, marking the beginning of the end of the Fourth Republic.

In 1968, author-lecturer Helen Keller, who’d earned a college degree despite being blind and deaf almost all of her life, died in Westport, Connecticut, at age 87.

In 1979, the short-lived nation of Zimbabwe Rhodesia came into existence.

In 1989, former Sunday school teacher John E. List, sought for almost 18 years in the slayings of his mother, wife and three children in Westfield, New Jersey, was arrested in Richmond, Virginia. (List was later sentenced to life in prison; he died March 21, 2008.)

Ten years ago:

A federal judge declared the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act unconstitutional, saying the measure infringed on women’s right to choose. (The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the law in April 2007.)

Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer (GAH’-zee MAH’-shahl uh-JEEL’ ahl-YOW’-ur), a powerful Sunni Muslim tribal leader and critic of the U.S.-led occupation, was named president of Iraq’s incoming government. Historian-biographer William Manchester died in Middletown, Connecticut, at age 82.

Five years ago:

Air France Flight 447, an Airbus A330 carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of everyone on board.

General Motors filed for Chapter 11, becoming the largest U.S. industrial company to enter bankruptcy protection.

A gunman shot and killed Pvt. William Andrew Long outside of an Army recruiting center in Little Rock, Arkansas; another soldier, Pvt. Quinton I. Ezeagwula, was wounded. (Abdulhakim Muhammad, a Muslim convert, pleaded guilty to capital murder, attempted capital murder and gun charges; he was sentenced to life in prison without parole.)

Conan O’Brien debuted as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show.“ (He stepped down in January 2010 after a dispute with the network).

One year ago:

In a scene reminiscent of the Arab Spring, thousands of people flooded Istanbul’s main square after a crackdown on an anti-government protest turned city streets into a battlefield clouded by tear gas.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor Richard Erdman is 89

Singer Pat Boone is 80

Actor-writer-director Peter Masterson is 80

Actor Morgan Freeman is 77

Actor Rene Auberjonois is 74

Opera singer Frederica von Stade is 69

Actor Brian Cox is 68

Rock musician Ronnie Wood is 67

Actor Jonathan Pryce is 67

Actor Powers Boothe is 66

Actress Gemma Craven is 64

Blues-rock musician Tom Principato is 62

Country singer Ronnie Dunn is 61

Actress Lisa Hartman Black is 58

Actor Tom Irwin (TV: “Devious Maids”) is 58

Singer-musician Alan Wilder is 55

Rock musician Simon Gallup (The Cure) is 54

Country musician Richard Comeaux (River Road) is 53

Actor-comedian Mark Curry is 53

Actor-singer Jason Donovan is 46

Actress Teri Polo is 45

Basketball player-turned-coach Tony Bennett is 45

Actor Rick Gomez is 42

Model-actress Heidi Klum is 41

Singer Alanis Morissette is 40

Actress Sarah Wayne Callies is 37

TV personality Damien Fahey is 34

Pop singer-songwriter Brandi Carlile is 33

Actor Johnny Pemberton is 33

Tennis player Justine Henin is 32

Actor Taylor Handley is 30

Actress Willow Shields (Film: “The Hunger Games”) is 14

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