History | WayBackWhen™ | FlashBack™

History, WayBackWhen™, FlashBack™

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 02

Today is Wednesday, July 02, the 183rd day of 2014. There are 182 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“No great man lives in vain. The history of the world is but the biography of great men.“ — Thomas Carlyle, Scottish critic and historian (1795-1881).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 02, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.

On this date:

In 1714, German composer Christoph Willibald Gluck was born in Erasbach.

In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that “these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.“

In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signed a measure establishing the National Statuary Hall inside the former House Chamber of the U.S. Capitol.

In 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)

In 1926, the United States Army Air Corps was created.

In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.

In 1943, Bing Crosby and the Ken Darby Singers recorded “Sunday, Monday or Always” for Decca Records.

The Gilmer Free Press

In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

In 1979, the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin was released to the public.

In 1982, Larry Walters of San Pedro, California, used a lawn chair equipped with 45 helium-filled weather balloons to rise to an altitude of 16,000 feet; he landed eight miles away in Long Beach.

In 1994, a US Air DC-9 crashed in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard. Colombian soccer player Andres Escobar, 27, was shot to death in Medellin, ten days after accidentally scoring a goal against his own team in World Cup competition.

In 1999, former Northwestern University basketball coach Ricky Byrdsong was shot to death in Skokie, Illinois; authorities believe he was the victim of a three-day shooting rampage by white supremacist Benjamin Nathaniel Smith that targeted minorities in Illinois and Indiana. (One other person was killed and others wounded before Smith committed suicide.) “Godfather” author Mario Puzo died on Long Island, New York, at age 78.

Ten years ago:

Elijah Brown, 21, described by police as a disgruntled employee, went on a shooting rampage inside a ConAgra Foods Inc. plant in Kansas City, Kansas, killing five co-workers before taking his own life.

Five years ago:

Thousands of U.S. Marines poured into Taliban-controlled villages in southern Afghanistan in the first major operation under President Barack Obama’s strategy to stabilize the country. North Korea test-fired two short-range missiles.

The 35-nation International Atomic Energy Agency chose Yukiya Amano of Japan as its next head.

Federal marshals took possession of disgraced financier Bernard Madoff’s $7 million Manhattan penthouse, forcing Madoff’s wife, Ruth, to move elsewhere.

One year ago:

The Obama administration unexpectedly announced a one-year delay, until after the 2014 elections, in a central requirement of the health care law that medium and large companies provide coverage for their workers or face fines.

Homer Bailey threw his second no-hitter in 10 months, pitching the Cincinnati Reds to a 3-0 victory over the slumping San Francisco Giants.

Olympic track star Suzy Favor Hamilton’s name was removed from the Big Ten female athlete of the year award following revelations she had worked as a prostitute.

Today’s Birthdays:

Former Philippine first lady Imelda Marcos is 85

Jazz musician Ahmad Jamal is 84

Actor Robert Ito is 83

Actress Polly Holliday is 77

Racing Hall of Famer Richard Petty is 77

Former White House chief of staff John H. Sununu is 75

Former Mexican President Vicente Fox is 72

Writer-director-comedian Larry David is 67

Luci Baines Johnson, daughter of President Lyndon B. Johnson, is 67

Actor Saul Rubinek is 66

Rock musician Roy Bittan (Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band) is 65

Rock musician Gene Taylor is 62

Actress-model Jerry Hall is 58

Actor Jimmy McNichol is 53

Country singer Guy Penrod is 51

Rock musician Dave Parsons (Bush) is 49

Actress Yancy Butler is 44

Contemporary Christian musician Melodee DeVevo (Casting Crowns) is 38

Actor Owain (OH’-wyn) Yeoman is 36

Race car driver Sam Hornish Jr. is 35

Singer Michelle Branch is 31

Actress Vanessa Lee Chester is 30

Figure skater Johnny Weir is 30

Actress-singer Ashley Tisdale is 29

Actress Lindsay Lohan (LOH’-uhn) is 28

Flashback: What Happened on July 01, ....


•  1847 Future oil and railroad entrepreneur and United States Senator Johnson Camden of Sutton, Braxton County, received an appointment to attend West Point.

•  1921 West Virginia became the first state to have a sales tax.

•  1925 The state gasoline tax was raised to three and one-half cents per gallon on July 01, 1925.

•  1927 The state gasoline tax was raised to four cents per gallon on July 01, 1927.

•  1927 The Clarksburg Telegram merged with the Clarksburg Exponent.

•  1971 The West Virginia Board of Regents established the Parkersburg Community College, the first comprehensive community college in the state.

•  1975 “Jay” Rockefeller resigned as president of West Virginia Wesleyan College.

•  1992 The West Virginia Division of Natural Resources ordered the Kanawha Western Landfill in Kanawha County to be closed due to 32 environmental and safety violations.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 01

Today is Tuesday, July 01, the 182nd day of 2014. There are 183 days left in the year. This is Canada Day.

Thought for Today: “Competition brings out the best in products and the worst in people.” — David Sarnoff, American broadcasting pioneer (1891-1971).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 01, 1944, delegates from 44 countries began meeting at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, where they agreed to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

On this date:

In 1535, Sir Thomas More went on trial in England, charged with high treason for rejecting the Oath of Supremacy. (More was convicted, and executed.)

In 1863, the pivotal, three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, resulting in a Union victory, began in Pennsylvania.

In 1867, Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act took effect.

In 1912, aviator Harriet Quimby, 37, was killed along with her passenger, William Willard, when they were thrown out of Quimby’s monoplane at the Third Annual Boston Aviation Meet.

In 1934, Hollywood began enforcing its Production Code subjecting motion pictures to censorship review.

In 1946, the United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

The Gilmer Free Press

In 1963, the U.S. Post Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes.

In 1973, the Drug Enforcement Administration was established.

In 1974, the president of Argentina, Juan Peron, died; he was succeeded by his wife, Isabel Martinez de Peron.

In 1980, “O Canada” was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.

In 1984, the Motion Picture Association of America established the “PG-13” rating.

In 1994, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat returned to Palestinian land after 27 years in exile as he drove from Egypt into Gaza.

Ten years ago:

Legendary film and stage actor Marlon Brando died in Los Angeles at age 80. Saddam Hussein scoffed at charges of war crimes and mass killings, making a defiant first public appearance in an Iraqi court since being hunted down seven months earlier.

Hundreds of thousands of people marched in Hong Kong to demand democratic rights from China.

The Cassini spacecraft sent back photographs of Saturn’s shimmering rings.

Five years ago:

President Barack Obama held an hour-long town hall forum on health care reform in Annandale, Virginia, where, in an emotional moment, he hugged cancer patient Debby Smith, a volunteer for Obama’s political operation, Organizing for America.

Academy Award-winning actor Karl Malden, 97, died in Brentwood, California.

One year ago:

President Barack Obama, during a visit to Tanzania, brushed aside sharp European criticism, suggesting that all nations spy on each other as the French and Germans expressed outrage over allegations of U.S. eavesdropping on European Union diplomats.

President Obama joined his predecessor, former President George W. Bush, at a wreath-laying ceremony honoring victims of the 1998 embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya.

Serena Williams joined a growing list of marquee names eliminated early at a wild and unpredictable Wimbledon, losing to Sabine Lisicki of Germany 6-2, 1-6, 6-4 in the fourth round.

“Twister” game inventor Charles “Chuck” Foley, 82, died in St. Louis Park, Minnesota.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Olivia de Havilland is 98

Actress-dancer Leslie Caron is 83

Actress Jean Marsh is 80

Actor Jamie Farr is 80

Bluesman James Cotton is 79

Actor David Prowse is 79

Cookiemaker Wally Amos is 78

Dancer-choreographer Twyla Tharp is 73

Actress Genevieve Bujold is 72

Gospel singer Andrae Crouch is 72

Rock singer-actress Deborah Harry is 69

Movie-TV producer-director Michael Pressman is 64

Actor Daryl Anderson is 63

Actor Trevor Eve is 63

Actor Terrence Mann is 63

Rock singer Fred Schneider (B-52’s) is 63

Pop singer Victor Willis (Village People) is 63

Actor-comedian Dan Aykroyd is 62

Actress Lorna Patterson is 58

Actor Alan Ruck is 58

Rhythm-and-blues singer Evelyn “Champagne” King is 54

Olympic gold medal track star Carl Lewis is 53

Country singer Michelle Wright is 53

Actor Andre Braugher is 52

Actor Dominic Keating is 52

Actress Pamela Anderson is 47

Rock musician Mark Pirro is 44

Rock musician Franny Griffiths (Space) is 44

Actor Henry Simmons is 44

Hip-hop artist Missy Elliott is 43

Actress Julianne Nicholson is 43

Actress Melissa Peterman is 43

Rock musician Bryan Devendorf (The National) is 39

Actress Liv Tyler is 37

Bluegrass musician Adam Haynes (Dailey & Vincent) is 35

Actress Hilarie Burton is 32

Actress Lynsey Bartilson is 31

Actress Lea Seydoux (LEE’-uh say-DOO’) is 29

Actor Evan Ellingson is 26

Actors Steven and Andrew Cavarno are 22

Historic Preservation Grants Available in West Virginia

The Gilmer Free Press

Applications are still being accepted for historic preservation disaster relief grants following Superstorm Sandy.

The West Virginia Division of Culture and History’s State Historic Preservation Office says applications must be postmarked by July 15, 2014.

About $173,000 is being made available for these grants.

The funding from the National Park Service is aimed at providing technical assistance and emergency repairs to historic and archaeological resources in counties that were declared emergencies and affected by the 2012 storm.

Those counties are Barbour, Boone, Braxton, Clay, Fayette, Kanawha, Lewis, Nicholas, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Preston, Raleigh, Randolph, Taylor, Tucker, Upshur, Webster and Wyoming.

Eligible projects include the restoration, rehabilitation, or archaeological development of historic sites listed in the National Register of Historic Places that were adversely affected by the storm.

Flashback: What Happened on June 30, ....


•  1912 The Cheapeake and Potomac Telephone Company purchased the holdings of the Souther Bell Telephone Company in West Virginia and Virginia.

•  1951 Governor Okey Patteson announced the new state medical school would be located at West Virginia University in Morgantown (Monongalia County).

•  1956 The last African-American school in Ohio County, Lincoln School in Wheeling, was closed due to integration.

•  1957 The Bureau of Negro Welfare and Statistics went out of existence, due to a cost- cutting move by the West Virginia Legislature.

•  1992 Republican Ron Foster withdrew his candidacy for the United States House of Representatives, leaving Democrat Representative Bob Wise unopposed.

•  1992 Federal inspectors fined Union Carbide in South Charleston, Kanawha County, $151,000 for trying to cover up an injury report, mislabeling dangerous chemicals, and not making employees wear protective breathing gear.

•  1992 West Virginia Institute of Technology in Montgomery, Fayette County, fired its head football coach Kevin Bradley after the school was placed on probation by the NAIA.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 30

Today is Monday, June 30, the 181st day of 2014. There are 184 days left in the year.

Thought for today: “We all live under the same sky, but we don’t all have the same horizon.” — Konrad Adenauer, German statesman (1876-1967).

Today’s Highlight:

On June 30, 1934, Adolf Hitler launched his “blood purge” of political and military rivals in Germany in what came to be known as “The Night of the Long Knives.”

On this date:

In 1859, French acrobat Charles Blondin walked back and forth on a tightrope above the gorge of Niagara Falls as thousands of spectators watched.

In 1886, Arturo Toscanini, a 19-year-old cellist, made his legendary conducting debut as he stepped in as a last-minute substitute to lead the orchestra of an Italian touring company’s performance of the Verdi opera “Aida” in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

In 1908, the Tunguska Event took place in Russia as an asteroid exploded above Siberia, leaving 800 square miles of scorched or blown-down trees.

In 1912, Canada’s deadliest tornado on record occurred as a cyclone struck Regina, the provincial capital of Saskatchewan, killing 28 people.

The Gilmer Free Press

In 1921, President Warren G. Harding nominated former President William Howard Taft to be chief justice of the United States, succeeding the late Edward Douglass White.

In 1933, the Screen Actors Guild was established.

In 1958, the U.S. Senate passed the Alaska statehood bill by a vote of 64-20.

In 1963, Pope Paul VI was crowned the 262nd head of the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1972, for the first time, a leap-second was added to Coordinated Universal Time to account for the slowing rotation of the Earth.

In 1984, John Turner was sworn in as Canada’s 17th prime minister, succeeding Pierre Elliott Trudeau. (However, Turner held the post for less than three months.) Playwright and screenwriter Lillian Hellman, 79, died on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.

In 1985, 39 American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner were freed in Beirut after being held 17 days.

In 1994, an Airbus A330 passenger plane crashed after takeoff from Toulouse, France, on a test flight, killing all seven occupants. The Supreme Court ruled, 6-3, that judges can bar even peaceful demonstrators from getting too close to abortion clinics. The U.S. Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of the national championship and banned her for life for her role in the attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.

Ten years ago:

A federal appeals court approved an antitrust settlement Microsoft had negotiated with the Justice Department.

The Iraqis took legal custody of Saddam Hussein and eleven of his top lieutenants, a first step toward the ousted dictator’s expected trial for crimes against humanity.

After nearly seven years of travel, the international Cassini spacecraft entered Saturn’s orbit.

Five years ago:

Democrat Al Franken was declared the winner of Minnesota’s eight-month U.S. Senate vote recount, defeating Republican incumbent Norm Coleman.

A Yemeni jet with 153 people on board crashed into the Indian Ocean as it tried to land on the island nation of Comoros; a 12-year-old girl was the sole survivor.

American soldier Pfc. Bowe R. Bergdahl went missing from his base in eastern Afghanistan, and was later confirmed to have been captured by insurgents. (Bergdahl was released on May 31, 2014 in exchange for five Taliban detainees.)

Musical actor Harve Presnell, 75, died in Santa Monica.

One year ago:

Nineteen elite firefighters known as members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots were killed battling a wildfire northwest of Phoenix after a change in wind direction pushed the flames back toward their position.

Addressing students at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, President Barack Obama declared that the future of the young and growing continent still rested in Nelson Mandela’s vision for equality and opportunity.

Millions thronged the streets of Cairo and cities around Egypt and marched on the presidential palace in an attempt to force out Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.

Inbee Park won the U.S. Women’s Open in Southampton, New York, for her third straight major of the year.

Today’s birthdays:

Actress Lea Massari is 81

Actress Nancy Dussault is 78

Songwriter Tony Hatch is 75

Singer Glenn Shorrock is 70

Jazz musician Stanley Clarke is 63

Actor David Garrison is 62

Rock musician Hal Lindes (Dire Straits) is 61

Actor-comedian David Alan Grier is 58

Actor Vincent D’Onofrio is 55

Actress Deirdre Lovejoy is 52

Actor Rupert Graves is 51

Boxer Mike Tyson is 48

Actor Peter Outerbridge is 48

Rock musician Tom Drummond (Better Than Ezra) is 45

Actor Brian Bloom is 44

Actor Brian Vincent is 44

Actress Monica Potter is 43

Actor Rick Gonzalez is 35. Actress Lizzy Caplan is 32

Rock musician James Adam Shelley (American Authors) is 31

Rhythm-and-blues singer Fantasia (“American Idol”) is 30

Olympic gold medal swimmer Michael Phelps is 29

Flashback: What Happened on June 29, ....


•  1776 The first Virginia Constitution was adopted.

•  1973 Ground was broken for the St. Albans Mall (Kanawha County), the first indoor shopping mall in the Kanawha Valley.

•  1973 Assisstant Labor Secretary Bernard DeLung stated that the black lung benefit program would improve after being taken over by the United States Labor Department.

•  1986 National Public Radio began national distribution of Mountain Stage, a live two-hour show recorded in Charleston and produced by West Virginia Public Radio.

•  1992 The administration of President George Bush enacted a new rule which would allow chemical plants, such as the ones in Kanawha County, to release up to 100 pounds of toxic chemicals without notifying state regulators.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 29

Today is Sunday, June 29, the 180th day of 2014. There are 185 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“A hypocrite is a person who — but who isn’t?“ — Don Marquis, American journalist-author (1878-1937).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On June 29, 1974, Isabel Martinez de Peron was sworn in as acting president of Argentina, two days before the death of her ailing husband, President Juan Peron.

On this date:

In 1613, London’s original Globe Theatre, where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed, was destroyed by a fire sparked by a cannon shot during a performance of “Henry VIII.“

In 1767, Britain approved the Townshend Revenue Act, which imposed import duties on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper and tea shipped to the American colonies. (Colonists bitterly protested, prompting Parliament to repeal the duties — except for tea.)

In 1880, France annexed Tahiti, which became a French colony on December 30, 1880.

In 1913, the Second Balkan War broke out as Bulgaria attacked Serbia and Greece, its former allies from the First Balkan War.

In 1927, the first trans-Pacific airplane flight was completed as Lt. Lester J. Maitland and Lt. Albert F. Hegenberger arrived at Wheeler Field in Hawaii aboard the Bird of Paradise, an Atlantic-Fokker C-2, after flying 2,400 miles from Oakland, California, in 25 hours, 50 minutes.

In 1941, Polish statesman, pianist and composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski (een-YAHS’ yahn pah-dayr-EF’-skee) died in New York at age 80.

In 1954, the Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer’s access to classified information.

In 1967, Jerusalem was re-unified as Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.

In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a trio of death sentences, saying the way they had been imposed constituted cruel and unusual punishment. (The ruling prompted states to effectively impose a moratorium on executions until their capital punishment laws could be revised.)

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In 1988, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Morrison v. Olson, upheld the independent counsel law in a 7-1 decision (the sole dissenter was Justice Antonin Scalia).

In 1992, the remains of Polish statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski (een-YAHS’ yahn pah-dayr-EF’-skee), interred for five decades in the United States, were returned to his homeland in keeping with his wish to be buried only in a free Poland.

In 2003, actress Katharine Hepburn, one of the last stars from Hollywood’s Golden Age, died in Old Saybrook, Connecticut, at age 96.

Ten years ago:

A United Nations helicopter crashed in Sierra Leone, killing all 24 peacekeepers, aid workers and others on board.

The Supreme Court blocked a law meant to shield Web-surfing children from online pornography.

Randy Johnson of the Arizona Diamondbacks became the fourth pitcher to record 4,000 career strikeouts (however, his team lost to the San Diego Padres, 3-2).

Five years ago:

U.S. combat troops withdrew from Iraqi cities, the first major step toward removing all American forces from the country by Dec. 31, 2011.

Disgraced financier Bernard Madoff received a 150-year sentence for his multibillion-dollar fraud.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that white firefighters in New Haven, Connecticut, were denied promotion because of their race.

Indoor tennis came to Wimbledon as the new retractable roof over Centre Court was closed after rain halted play during a fourth-round match with Amelie Mauresmo leading top-ranked Dinara Safina, 6-4, 1-4. (Safina ended up winning, 4-6, 6-3, 6-4.)

One year ago:

Paying tribute to his personal hero, President Barack Obama met privately in Johannesburg, South Africa, with Nelson Mandela’s family as the world anxiously awaited news on the condition of the hospitalized 94-year-old anti-apartheid leader. (Mandela was discharged from the hospital on September 1, 2013; he died the following December.)

Today’s Birthdays:

Movie producer Robert Evans is 84

Songwriter L. Russell Brown is 74

Actor Gary Busey is 70

Comedian Richard Lewis is 67

Actor-turned-politican-turned-radio personality Fred Grandy is 66

Rock musician Ian Paice (Deep Purple) is 66

Singer Don Dokken (Dokken) is 61

Rock singer Colin Hay (Men At Work) is 61

Actress Maria Conchita Alonso is 57

Actress Sharon Lawrence is 53

Actress Amanda Donohoe is 52

Actress Judith Hoag is 51

Violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter is 51

Rhythm-and-blues singer Stedman Pearson (Five Star) is 50

Actress Kathleen Wilhoite is 50

Producer-writer Matthew Weiner is 49

Musician Dale Baker is 48

Actress Melora Hardin is 47

Rap DJ Shadow is 42

Actress Zuleikha Robinson is 37

Country musician Todd Sansom (Marshall Dyllon) is 36

Singer Nicole Scherzinger is 36

Comedian-writer Colin Jost (johst) is 32

Flashback: What Happened on June 28, ....


•  1894 The United States Congress passed a bill making Labor Day a national holiday.

•  1932 President Herbert Hoover created the George Washington National Forest.

•  1940 Byzantine Hartman was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Upshur County.

•  1948 Voters in Charleston approved the annexation of North Charleston.

•  1977 Plans were announced for the Pennsboro Industrial Park in Ritchie County.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 28

Today is Saturday, June 28, the 179th day of 2014. There are 186 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“One of the sources of pride in being a human being is the ability to bear present frustrations in the interests of longer purposes.“ — Helen Merrell Lynd, American sociologist and educator (1896-1982).

Today’s Highlights in History:

On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo (sah-ruh-YAY’-voh) by Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip — the event which sparked World War I.

On this date:

In 1778, the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth took place in New Jersey; it was from this battle that the legend of “Molly Pitcher” arose.

In 1836, the fourth president of the United States, James Madison, died in Montpelier, Virginia.

In 1838, Britain’s Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles (vehr-SY’) was signed in France, ending the First World War. In Independence, Missouri, future president Harry S. Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace.

In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Housing Act, which established the Federal Housing Administration.

In 1939, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic air service with a flight that departed New York for Marseilles, France.

In 1944, the Republican national convention in Chicago nominated New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president and Ohio Gov. John W. Bricker for vice president.

In 1950, North Korean forces captured Seoul (sohl), the capital of South Korea.

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In 1964, civil rights activist Malcolm X declared, “We want equality by any means necessary” during the Founding Rally of the Organization of Afro-American Unity in New York.

In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California-Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke (BAHK’-ee), a white man who argued he’d been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.

In 1989, about 1 million Serbs gathered to mark the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo in 1389.

In 1994, President Bill Clinton became the first chief executive in U.S. history to set up a personal legal defense fund and ask Americans to contribute to it.

Ten years ago:

The U.S.-led coalition transferred sovereignty to the interim Iraqi government two days ahead of schedule.

The Supreme Court ruled that the war on terrorism did not give the government a “blank check” to hold a U.S. citizen and foreign-born terror suspects in legal limbo.

The United States resumed direct diplomatic ties with Libya after a 24-year break.

Five years ago:

Soldiers ousted Manuel Zelaya (zuh-LY’-uh), the democratically elected president of Honduras; congressional leader Roberto Micheletti was sworn in to serve until Zelaya’s term ended in January 2010.

Michael Jackson was honored at the BET Awards, which had been completely revamped to recognize the legacy of The King of Pop, who died three days earlier at age 50.

Death claimed TV pitchman Billy Mays, 50, at his Florida home and Las Vegas impressionist Fred Travalena, 66.

One year ago:

Tens of thousands of supporters and opponents of President Mohammed Morsi rallied in Cairo, and both sides fought each other in Egypt’s second-largest city of Alexandria, where two people — including an American — were killed and scores injured.

The four plaintiffs in the U.S. Supreme Court case that overturned California’s same-sex marriage ban tied the knot, just hours after a federal appeals court freed gay couples to obtain marriage licenses in the state for the first time in 4 1/2 years.

Today’s Birthdays:

Comedian-movie director Mel Brooks is 88

Senate Armed Services Chairman Carl Levin, D-Mich., is 80

Comedian-impressionist John Byner is 77

Former Defense Secretary Leon Panetta is 76

Rock musician Dave Knights (Procul Harum) is 69

Actor Bruce Davison is 68

Actress Kathy Bates is 66

Actress Alice Krige is 60

College and Pro Football Hall of Famer John Elway is 54

Record company chief executive Tony Mercedes is 52

Actress Jessica Hecht is 49

Rock musician Saul Davies (James) is 49

Actress Mary Stuart Masterson is 48

Actor John Cusack is 48

Actor Gil Bellows is 47

Actress-singer Danielle Brisebois is 45

Jazz musician Jimmy Sommers is 45

Actress Tichina Arnold is 45

Actor Alessandro Nivola (nih-VOH’-luh) is 42

Actress Camille Guaty is 38

Rock musician Tim Nordwind (OK Go) is 38

Rock musician Mark Stoermer (The Killers) is 37

Country singer Big Vinny Hickerson (Trailer Choir) is 31

Country singer Kellie Pickler is 28

Flashback: What Happened on June 27, ....


•  1929 WHIS radio went on the air, the first radio station in Bluefield, Mercer County. It was owned by Jim Shott and Hugh Shott, Jr., sons of United States Representative Hugh Ike Shott, Sr.

•  1950 Volunteers constructed Coonskin Park near Charleston.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  June 27

Today is Friday, June 27, the 178th day of 2014. There are 187 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

“It is no simple matter to pause in the midst of one’s maturity, when life is full of function, to examine what are the principles which control that functioning.“ — Pearl S. Buck, American author (1892-1973).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On June 27, 1864, Confederate forces repelled a frontal assault by Union troops in the Civil War Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia.

On this date:

In 1787, English historian Edward Gibbon completed work on his six-volume work, “The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.“

In 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois.

In 1846, New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.

The Gilmer Free Press

In 1922, the first Newberry Medal, recognizing excellence in children’s literature, was awarded in Detroit to “The Story of Mankind” by Hendrik Willem van Loon.

In 1944, during World War II, American forces liberated the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans.

In 1950, the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution calling on member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.

In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.

In 1963, President John F. Kennedy spent the first full day of a visit to Ireland, the land of his ancestors, stopping by the County Wexford home of his great-grandfather, Patrick Kennedy, who’d emigrated to America in 1848.

In 1974, President Richard Nixon opened an official visit to the Soviet Union.

In 1984, the Supreme Court ended the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s monopoly on controlling college football telecasts, ruling such control violated antitrust law.

In 1988, at least 56 people were killed when a commuter train ran into a stationary train at the Gare de Lyon terminal in Paris.

In 1991, Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first black jurist to sit on the nation’s highest court, announced his retirement. (His departure led to the contentious nomination of Clarence Thomas to succeed him.)

Ten years ago:

NATO leaders gathered in Turkey closed ranks on a pledge to take a bigger military role in Iraq; President George W. Bush declared that the alliance was poised to “meet the threats of the 21st century.“

Insurgents threatened to behead Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun (wah-SEF’ ah-LEE’ hah-SOON’), a U.S. Marine who’d vanished in Iraq, in a videotape that aired on Arab television. (However, Hassoun contacted American officials in his native Lebanon the following month; after being reunited with his family in Utah, Hassoun disappeared in December 2004. Suspected of desertion, he has not been heard from since.)

Five years ago:

Dr. Conrad Murray, the cardiologist who was with Michael Jackson during the pop star’s final moments two days earlier, sat down with investigators for the first time to explain his actions.

Actress Gale Storm, 87, died in Danville, California.

One year ago:

The Senate passed, 68-32, comprehensive legislation offering the hope of citizenship to millions of immigrants living illegally in America’s shadows. (The House has yet to act on any element of the legislation.)

President Barack Obama visited Senegal, where he urged African leaders to extend equal rights to gays and lesbians but was bluntly rebuked by Senegal’s president, Macky Sall, who said his country “still isn’t ready” to decriminalize homosexuality.

Kevin Rudd was sworn in as Australian prime minister a day after toppling rival Julia Gillard.

Today’s Birthdays:

Business executive Ross Perot is 84

Former Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt is 76

Singer-musician Bruce Johnston (The Beach Boys) is 72

Fashion designer Vera Wang is 65

Actress Julia Duffy is 63

Actress Isabelle Adjani is 59

Country singer Lorrie Morgan is 55

Actor Brian Drillinger is 54

Writer-producer-director J.J. Abrams is 48

Sen. Kelly Ayotte, R-N.H., is 46

Olympic gold and bronze medal figure skater Viktor Petrenko is 45

TV personality Jo Frost (TV: “Supernanny”) is 44

Actor Yancey Arias is 43

Actor Christian Kane is 40

Actor Tobey Maguire is 39

Gospel singer Leigh Nash is 38

Reality TV star Khloe Kardashian (kar-DASH’-ee-uhn) is 30

Actor Drake Bell is 28

Actor Sam Claflin (Film: “Hunger Games”) is 28

Actor Ed Westwick is 27

Actress Madylin Sweeten is 23

Actor Chandler Riggs is 15

Flashback: What Happened on June 26, ....


•  1868 The governor approved an act authorizing Elliot Deem to construct a wharf on the south side of the Little Kanawha River opposite Parkersburg.

•  1942 Governor Mathew Neely, State Superintendent of Black Schools D. T. Murray, and West Virginia State College President John Warren Davis dedicated Camp Washington-Carver in Fayette County as the State Black 4-H Camp.

•  1973 WNST - AM radio went on the air, the first radio station in Milton, Cabell County.

•  1974 Twenty-seven Kanawha County ministers announced their opposition to the supplemental textbooks involved in controversy. That same day, the West Virginia Human Rights Commission endorsed the books.

•  1989 Following a request from the National Labor Relations Board, Judge Dennis Knapp of the Southern West Virginia Federal Court issued a restraining order, requiring all striking UMW miners back to work.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: June 26

Today is Thursday, June 26, the 177th day of 2014. There are 188 days left in the year.

Thought for Today: “Nothing is improbable until it moves into the past tense.“ — George Ade, American writer (1866-1944).

Today’s Highlight in History:

The Gilmer Free Press

On June 26, 1974, the supermarket price scanner made its debut in Troy, Ohio, as a 10-pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit chewing gum costing 67 cents and bearing a Uniform Product Code (UPC) was scanned by Marsh Supermarket cashier Sharon Buchanan for customer Clyde Dawson. (The barcoded package of never-chewed gum is on display at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C.)

On this date:

In 1483, Richard III began his reign as King of England (he was crowned the following month at Westminster Abbey).

In 1870, the first section of Atlantic City, New Jersey’s Boardwalk was opened to the public.

In 1915, following a whirlwind courtship, poet T.S. Eliot married Vivienne Haigh-Wood in London. (The marriage proved disastrous, but the couple never divorced.)

In 1925, Charlie Chaplin’s classic comedy “The Gold Rush” premiered at Grauman’s Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood.

In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a second term of office by delegates to the Democratic national convention in Philadelphia.

In 1944, the Republican national convention opened in Chicago with a keynote speech by California Governor Earl Warren. In an unusual Major League Baseball experiment, the New York Giants, Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Yankees played a three-way (or “tri-cornered”) exhibition game at the Polo Grounds to benefit war bonds. (Final score: Dodgers 5, Yankees 1, Giants 0.)

In 1945, the charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.

In 1950, President Harry S. Truman authorized the Air Force and Navy to enter the Korean War.

In 1963, President John F. Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he delivered his famous speech expressing solidarity with the city’s residents, declaring: “Ich bin ein Berliner” (I am a Berliner).

In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an “enemies list” kept by the Nixon White House.

In 1988, three people were killed when a new Airbus A320 jetliner carrying more than 130 people crashed into a forest during a demonstration at an air show in Mulhouse (muh-LOOZ’), France.

In 1989, the Supreme Court ruled the death penalty may be imposed for murderers who committed their crimes as young as age 16, and for mentally retarded killers as well.

Ten years ago:

President George W. Bush won support from the 25-nation European Union for an initial agreement to help train Iraq’s armed forces.

A memorial service was held in Egg Harbor Township, New Jersey, for Paul M. Johnson Jr., an engineer slain by kidnappers in Saudi Arabia.

Five years ago:

Los Angeles County medical examiners performed an autopsy on the remains of pop star Michael Jackson a day following his death at age 50.

The Democratic-controlled House passed a global warming measure 219-212 following intense lobbying by President Barack Obama.

A federal judge in New York ordered disgraced financier Bernard Madoff stripped of all his possessions under a $171 billion forfeiture order.

One year ago:

In deciding its first cases on the issue, the U.S. Supreme Court gave the nation’s legally married gay couples equal federal footing with all other married Americans and also cleared the way for same-sex marriages to resume in California.

New England Patriots tight end Aaron Hernandez was arrested and charged with murder in the shooting death of Odin Lloyd; less than two hours after the arrest, the Patriots announced they had cut Hernandez.

Seven-time champion Roger Federer was stunned by 116th-ranked Sergiy Stakhovsky in the second round of Wimbledon, 6-7 (5), 7-6 (5), 7-5, 7-6 (5); third-seeded Maria Sharapova was knocked out by the 131st-ranked qualifier, losing 6-3, 6-4 to Michelle Larcher de Brito of Portugal.

The state of Texas executed Kimberly McCarthy, 52, for the 1997 robbery, beating and fatal stabbing of her neighbor, Dorothy Booth, a 71-year-old retired college psychology professor.

Belgian-born financier Marc Rich, 78, pardoned by President Bill Clinton after being indicted for fraud, racketeering and tax evasion, died in Lucerne, Switzerland.

Today’s Birthdays:

Jazz musician-film composer Dave Grusin is 80

Actor Josef Sommer is 80

Singer Billy Davis Jr. is 74

Rock singer Georgie Fame is 71

Actor Clive Francis is 68

Rhythm-and-blues singer Brenda Holloway is 68

Actor Michael Paul Chan is 64

Actor Robert Davi is 63

Singer-musician Mick Jones is 59

Actor Gedde Watanabe is 59

Rock singer Chris Isaak is 58

Rock singer Patty Smyth is 57

Singer Terri Nunn (Berlin) is 53

U.S. Bicycling Hall of Famer Greg LeMond is 53

Rock singer Harriet Wheeler (The Sundays) is 51

Country musician Eddie Perez (The Mavericks) is 46

Rock musician Colin Greenwood (Radiohead) is 45

Writer-director Paul Thomas Anderson is 44

Actor Sean Hayes is 44

Actor Matt Letscher is 44

Actor Chris O’Donnell is 44

Actor Nick Offerman is 44

Actress Rebecca Budig is 41

MLB All-Star Derek Jeter is 40

Contemporary Christian musician Jeff Frankenstein (Newsboys) is 40

Country singer Gretchen Wilson is 40

Rock musician Nathan Followill (Kings of Leon) is 35

Pop-rock singer-musician Ryan Tedder (OneRepublic) is 35

Actor-musician Jason Schwartzman is 34

Actress Aubrey Plaza is 30

Actress-singer Jennette McCurdy is 22

Actress-singer Ariana Grande (TV: “Victorious”) is 21

Flashback: What Happened on June 25, ....


•  1868 The governor approved an act authorizing the West Virginia Agricultural College, which later became West Virginia University, to sell the Monongalia Academy in Morgantown.

•  1950 The United States committed troops to the civil war which had broken out between North and South Korea.

•  1980 The bodies of 19 year old Nancy Santomero of Huntington, NY and 26 year old Vicki Durian of Wellman, IO, were found near the Droop Mountain Battlefield in Pocahontas County. They were murdered while attending a gathering of the Rainbow Family in the county. No charges were officially filed until 1992.

•  1981 Two Charleston police were killed in the line of duty. Antoine Hickman was later convicted of the murders.

•  1981 Postal workers went on strike in Parkersburg (Wood County).

•  1992 Bill Tattersall, assistant secretary of labor for the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration, issued 25 closure orders for 19 mines in West Virginia, due to dangerous conditions.

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