History | WayBackWhen™
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 22
Today is Tuesday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2014. There are 162 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“I hold that man is in the right who is most closely in league with the future. “ — Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian dramatist (1828-1906).
Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 22, 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie “Manhattan Melodrama.“
On this date:
In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland (correct).
In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem “America the Beautiful.“
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.
In 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.
In 1944, the Bretton Woods Monetary Conference concluded in New Hampshire with an agreement to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
In 2011, Anders Breivik (AHN’-durs BRAY’-vihk) massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation’s worst violence since World War II.
Ten years ago:
The September 11 commission issued a report saying America’s leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopped short of blaming President George W. Bush and former President Bill Clinton.
The Army Inspector General’s office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths.
A new high-speed passenger train derailed in northwestern Turkey, killing 37 people.
Five years ago:
President Barack Obama told a prime-time press conference that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had acted “stupidly” in the arrest of prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., and that despite racial progress, blacks and Hispanics were still singled out unfairly for arrest. Earlier, the president met at the White House with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
Millions of Asians witnessed the longest solar eclipse of this century; in some areas, totality lasted as long as six minutes and 39 seconds.
One year ago:
Frenzied crowds of Roman Catholics in Rio de Janeiro mobbed the car carrying Pope Francis as he returned to his home continent for the first time as pontiff, embarking on a seven-day visit.
The Duchess of Cambridge, the former Kate Middleton, gave birth to a son, Prince George, who became third in line to the British throne after Prince Charles and Prince William.
2011 National League MVP Ryan Braun was suspended without pay for the rest of the season and the postseason, the start of sanctions involving players reportedly tied to a Florida clinic accused of distributing performance-enhancing drugs.
One time Chicago cop-turned-actor Dennis Farina, 69, died in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Opera singer Licia Albanese is 101
Former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., is 91
Actor-comedian Orson Bean is 86
Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta is 82
Actress Louise Fletcher is 80
Rhythm-and-blues singer Chuck Jackson is 77
Actor Terence Stamp is 76
Game show host Alex Trebek is 74
Singer George Clinton is 73
Actor-singer Bobby Sherman is 71
Former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, is 71
Movie writer-director Paul Schrader is 68
Actor Danny Glover is 68
Singer Mireille Mathieu is 68
Actor-comedian-director Albert Brooks is 67
Rock singer Don Henley is 67
Movie composer Alan Menken is 65
Singer-actress Lonette McKee is 61
Jazz musician Al Di Meola is 60
Actor Willem Dafoe is 59
Rhythm-and-blues singer Keith Sweat is 53
Actress Joanna Going is 51
Actor Rob Estes is 51
Folk singer Emily Saliers (Indigo Girls) is 51
Actor John Leguizamo is 50
Actor-comedian David Spade is 50
Actor Patrick Labyorteaux is 49
Rock musician Pat Badger is 47
Actress Irene Bedard is 47
Actor Rhys Ifans (rees EYE’-fanz) is 47
Actor Colin Ferguson is 42
Rock musician Daniel Jones is 41
Singer Rufus Wainwright is 41
Actress Franka Potente (poh-TEN’-tay) is 40
Actress A.J. Cook is 36
Actor Keegan Allen (TV: “Pretty Little Liars”) is 27
Actress Camila Banus (TV: “Days of Our Lives”) is 24
Actress Selena Gomez is 22
Flashback: What Happened on July 21, ....
• 1875 Construction was begun on the State House Building in Wheeling.
• 1890 The West Virginia Reform School at Pruntytown, Taylor County, admitted its first inmate.
• 1890 The West Virginia Industrial School for Boys was opened on July 21, 1890 at Pruntytown, Taylor County to train boys who had been committed to the Institution by the courts.
• 1891 The Glade Creek and Raleigh Railroad Company was incorporated in West Virginia. This would later become part of the Raleigh and Southwestern Railway Company and then the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.
• 1933 A regional conference was held in Charleston, Kanawha County, to better explain the new County Unit education system.
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 21
Today is Monday, July 21, the 202nd day of 2014. There are 163 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“There is no bigotry like that of ‘free thought’ run to seed.“ — Horace Greeley, American journalist (1811-1872).
Today’s Highlights in History:
On July 21, 1944, American forces landed on Guam during World War II, capturing it from the Japanese some three weeks later. The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated Sen. Harry S. Truman to be vice president.
On this date:
In 1773, Pope Clement XIV issued an order suppressing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits. (The Society was restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814.)
In 1861, during the Civil War, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Virginia, resulting in a Confederate victory.
In 1925, the so-called “Monkey Trial” ended in Dayton, Tennessee, with John T. Scopes found guilty of violating state law for teaching Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. (The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.)
In 1930, President Herbert Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans Administration (later the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs).
In 1949, the U.S. Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.
In 1959, the NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered merchant ship, was christened by first lady Mamie Eisenhower at Camden, New Jersey.
In 1961, Capt. Virgil “Gus” Grissom became the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the Liberty Bell 7.
In 1972, the Irish Republican Army carried out 22 bombings in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing nine people and injuring 130 in what became known as “Bloody Friday.“
In 1973, Israeli agents in Lillehammer, Norway, killed Ahmed Bouchikhi, a Moroccan waiter, in a case of mistaken identity, apparently thinking he was an official with Black September, the group that attacked Israel’s delegation at the 1972 Munich Olympics and killed 11 athletes.
In 1980, draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.
In 1994, Britain’s Labor Party elected Tony Blair its new leader, succeeding the late John Smith. Former Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott died in Falls Church, Virginia, at age 93.
In 1999, Navy divers found and recovered the bodies of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and sister-in-law, Lauren Bessette, in the wreckage of Kennedy’s plane in the Atlantic Ocean off Martha’s Vineyard. Advertising executive David Ogilvy died in Bonnes, France, at age 88.
Ten years ago:
President George W. Bush sketched out a second-term domestic agenda, telling campaign donors he would shift focus to improving high school education and expanding access to health care.
Academy Award-winning composer Jerry Goldsmith died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 75.
Richard Bloch (cq), co-founder of H&R Block, the world’s largest tax preparer, died in Kansas City, Missouri, at age 78.
Five years ago:
The Senate voted to terminate further production of the Air Force’s topline F-22 fighter jets.
Prosecutors in Cambridge, Massachusetts, dropped a disorderly conduct charge against prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., who was arrested by a white officer at his home near Harvard University after a report of a break-in.
John “Marmaduke” Dawson, a longtime Grateful Dead collaborator and co-founder of New Riders of the Purple Sage, died in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico at 64.
Taco Bell mascot Gidget the Chihuahua died in Santa Clarita, California, at 15.
One year ago:
Belgium’s King Albert abdicated after a 20-year reign; his son Philippe took over as the fractured nation’s seventh king.
Phil Mickelson won the British Open, shooting a 5-under 66 to match the best round of the tournament and win his first claret jug.
Britain’s Chris Froome won the 100th Tour de France.
Singer Kay Starr is 92
Movie director Norman Jewison is 88
Former Attorney General Janet Reno is 76
Actress Patricia Elliott is 72
Actor David Downing is 71
Actor Edward Herrmann is 71
Actor Leigh Lawson is 69
Actor Wendell Burton is 67
Actor Art Hindle is 66
Singer Yusuf Islam (formerly Cat Stevens) is 66
Cartoonist Garry Trudeau is 66
Comedian-actor Robin Williams is 63
Actor Jamey Sheridan is 63
Rock singer-musician Eric Bazilian (The Hooters) is 61
Comedian Jon Lovitz is 57
Actor Lance Guest is 54
Actor Matt Mulhern is 54
Comedian Greg Behrendt is 51
Rock musician Koen Lieckens (K’s Choice) is 48
Soccer player Brandi Chastain is 46
Rock singer Emerson Hart is 45
Actress Alysia Reiner (TV: “Orange is the New Black”) is 44
Country singer Paul Brandt is 42
Actress Ali Landry is 41
Actor-comedian Steve Byrne is 40
Actor Justin Bartha is 36
Actor Josh Hartnett is 36
Contemporary Christian singer Brandon Heath is 36
Actress Sprague Grayden is 36
Reggae singer Damian Marley is 36
Country singer Brad Mates (Emerson Drive) is 36
MLB All-Star pitcher CC Sabathia is 34
Singer Blake Lewis (“American Idol”) is 33
Rock musician Will Berman (MGMT) is 32
Rock musician Johan Carlsson (Carolina Liar) is 30
Actress Vanessa Lengies (LEHN’-jeez) is 29
Actor Jamie Waylett (“Harry Potter” films) is 25
Flashback: What Happened on July 20, ....
• 1865 The Philadelphia and Burning Spring Oil Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Samuel Kilpatrick, James Ballenger, James W. Early, Daniel H. Foster, J. Mitchell Baker, and William H. Taylor. The company’s main office was at Burning Springs, Wirt County.
• 1865 The Paint Creek and Ritchie County Oil and Mining Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: John Cornell, James W. Dare of Parkersburg; Montgomery Rankin of Newark, DE; John R. Hannaman of Wood County; and Charles Murphy of Philadelphia. The company’s purpose was to mine oil in Ritchie County, WV, and Floyd County, KY, with its main office at Parkersburg.
• 1917 Fire destroyed Dawson Hall at West Virginia Collegiate Institute (West Virginia State College) in Institute, Kanawha County. It was rebuilt in 1922.
• 1961 Areas around Charleston were hit by flash floods; twenty-three people were killed.
• 1973 Officials with the federal black lung program met with West Virginia coal miners.
• 1992 Pocahontas County officials admitted they dismissed charges against seven men in 1982, for their alleged roles in the murder of two women at a Rainbow Family gathering in 1980, due to improper state police investigative procedures.
• 1992 Federal Judge Charles Haden II sentenced former Logan County Circuit Judge Ned Grubb to 65 months in prison and fined him $25,000 following his conviction on bribery, obstruction of justice, mail fraud, racketeering and tampering with a witness charges.
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 20
Today is Sunday, July 20, the 201st day of 2014. There are 164 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“Courage without conscience is a wild beast.“ — Robert G. Ingersoll, American lawyer and politician (1833-1899).
Today’s Highlights in History:
On July 20, 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion only wounded the Nazi leader. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
On this date:
In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States convened in Richmond, Virginia.
In 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as a Canadian province.
In 1917, the World War I draft lottery went into operation.
In 1923, Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa was assassinated.
In 1954, the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into northern and southern entities.
In 1968, the first International Special Olympics Summer Games, organized by Eunice Kennedy Shriver, were held at Soldier Field in Chicago.
In 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module.
In 1974, Turkish forces invaded Cyprus after a coup by supporters of union with Greece.
In 1976, America’s Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.
In 1989, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi (soo chee) was placed under house arrest by the military government of Myanmar.
In 1999, after 38 years at the bottom of the Atlantic, astronaut Gus Grissom’s Liberty Bell 7 Mercury capsule was lifted to the surface.
In 2012, a gunman opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight showing of “The Dark Knight Rises,“ killing 12 people. (Suspect James Eagen Holmes has pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity to more than 160 counts of murder and attempted murder.)
Ten years ago:
Former national security adviser Sandy Berger quit as an informal adviser to Democrat John Kerry’s presidential campaign after disclosure of a criminal investigation into whether he’d mishandled classified terrorism documents.
Iraqi militants freed a Filipino truck driver after the Philippines government gave in to their demands to withdraw troops from Iraq.
The head of slain American hostage Paul M. Johnson Jr. was found in a raid in Saudi Arabia.
The U.N. General Assembly demanded that Israel tear down the barrier it was building to seal off the West Bank; Israel vowed to continue construction.
Five years ago:
A roadside bomb killed four American troops in eastern Afghanistan.
The astronauts aboard the shuttle-station complex celebrated the 40th anniversary of man’s first moon landing with their own spacewalk.
One year ago:
People rallied in dozens of U.S. cities, urging authorities to press federal civil rights charges against George Zimmerman, the former neighborhood watch leader found not guilty in the shooting death of unarmed teen Trayvon Martin.
Five employees of an Italian cruise company were convicted of manslaughter in the Costa Concordia shipwreck that killed 32 people, receiving sentences of less than three years.
Longtime White House correspondent Helen Thomas, 92, died in Washington.
Actress-singer Sally Ann Howes is 84
Author Cormac McCarthy is 81
Rockabilly singer Sleepy LaBeef is 79
Senator Barbara A. Mikulski, D-Md., is 78
Actress Diana Rigg is 76
Artist Judy Chicago is 75
Rock musician John Lodge (The Moody Blues) is 71
Country singer T.G. Sheppard is 70
Singer Kim Carnes is 69
Rock musician Carlos Santana is 67
Rock musician Paul Cook (The Sex Pistols, Man Raze) is 58
Actress Donna Dixon is 57
Rock musician Mick McNeil (Simple Minds) is 56
Country singer Radney Foster is 55
Actor Frank Whaley is 51
Rock singer Chris Cornell is 50
Rock musician Stone Gossard (Pearl Jam) is 48
Actor Reed Diamond is 47
Actor Josh Holloway is 45
Singer Vitamin C is 45
Actor Omar Epps is 41
Actor Simon Rex is 40
Actress Judy Greer is 39
Actor Charlie Korsmo is 36
Singer Elliott Yamin (yah-MEEN’) (American Idol) is 36
Supermodel Gisele Bundchen is 34
Rock musician Mike Kennerty (The All-American Rejects) is 34
Actor Percy Daggs III is 32
Actor John Francis Daley is 29
Country singer Hannah Blaylock (Edens Edge) is 28
Country singer-ballroom dancer Julianne Hough is 26
Actress Billi Bruno is 18
Flashback: What Happened on July 19, ....
• 1839 A post office was established at Ravenswood, Jackson County.
• 1961 Areas around Charleston were hit by flash floods, killing twenty-two people.
• 1973 United States Department of Education selected West Virginia as one of twenty-three states to participate in the Right to Read program.
• 1992 Democratic nominee for president Bill Clinton and vice presidential nominee Albert Gore spoke to a large crowd in Weirton, Hancock County.
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 19
Today is Saturday, July 19, the 200th day of 2014. There are 165 days left in the year.
Thought for today:
“No written law has ever been more binding than unwritten custom supported by popular opinion.” — Carrie Chapman Catt, American feminist (1859-1947).
On July 19, 1989, 111 people were killed when United Air Lines Flight 232, a DC-10 which suffered the uncontained failure of its tail engine and the loss of hydraulic systems, crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 185 other people survived.
On this date:
In 1553, King Henry VIII’s daughter Mary was proclaimed Queen of England after pretender Lady Jane Grey was deposed.
In 1814, Samuel Colt, inventor of the Colt revolver, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.
In 1848, a pioneer women’s rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, New York.
In 1903, the first Tour de France was won by Maurice Garin.
In 1944, the Democratic national convention convened in Chicago with the renomination of President Franklin D. Roosevelt considered a certainty.
In 1952, the Summer Olympics opened in Helsinki, Finland.
In 1961, TWA became the first airline to begin showing regularly scheduled in-flight movies as it presented “By Love Possessed” to first-class passengers on a flight from New York to Los Angeles.
In 1979, the Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.
In 1980, the Moscow Summer Olympics began, minus dozens of nations that were boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.
In 1984, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for vice president by acclamation at the party’s convention in San Francisco.
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace (since redesignated the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum) in Yorba Linda.
In 1994, a bomb ripped apart a Panama commuter plane, killing 21, including 12 Jews, a day after a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 85 people. A secrecy-shrouded funeral ceremony was held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who had died July 08 at age 82.
Ten years ago:
Mark Hacking of Salt Lake City shot and killed his 27-year-old wife, Lori, disposed of her remains, then reported her missing; he was later sentenced to six years to life in prison after pleading guilty to first-degree murder.
A fuel tanker rigged as a massive bomb exploded near the Baghdad police station, killing nine people.
A methane gas explosion in a Ukrainian mine killed at least 34 miners.
Former Japanese Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki died at age 93.
Five years ago:
A Russian-owned civilian helicopter crashed shortly after takeoff from southern Afghanistan’s largest NATO base, killing 16 civilians. Israel rejected a U.S. demand to suspend a planned housing project in east Jerusalem.
Stewart Cink won the British Open in a four-hole playoff with Tom Watson.
Eighty-one-year-old Hershel McGriff became the oldest driver to take part in a national NASCAR series race, finishing 13th in a Camping World West Series event at Portland International Raceway.
Author Frank McCourt, who’d won the Pulitzer Prize for his memoir “Angela’s Ashes,” died in New York at 78.
One year ago:
In a rare and public reflection on race, President Barack Obama called on the nation to do some soul searching over the death of Trayvon Martin and the acquittal of his shooter, George Zimmerman, saying the slain black teenager “could have been me 35 years ago.”
A Dallas woman plunged 75 feet to her death from a Six Flags Over Texas roller coaster when her safety restraint apparently failed.
Actress Helen Gallagher is 88
Country singer Sue Thompson is 88
Country singer George Hamilton IV is 77
Singer Vikki Carr is 74
Country singer-musician Commander Cody is 70
Actor George Dzundza is 69
Rock singer-musician Alan Gorrie (Average White Band) is 68
Tennis player Ilie Nastase is 68
Rock musician Brian May is 67
Rock musician Bernie Leadon is 67
Actress Beverly Archer is 66
Movie director Abel Ferrara is 63
Actor Peter Barton is 58
Rock musician Kevin Haskins (Love and Rockets; Bauhaus) is 54
Movie director Atom Egoyan is 54
Actor Campbell Scott is 53
Actor Anthony Edwards is 52
Country singer Kelly Shiver is 51
Actress Clea Lewis is 49
Percusssionist Evelyn Glennie is 49
Country musician Jeremy Patterson is 44
Classical singer Urs Buhler (Il Divo) is 43
Actor Andrew Kavovit is 43
Rock musician Jason McGerr (Death Cab for Cutie) is 40
Actor Benedict Cumberbatch is 38
Actor Jared Padalecki is 32
Actor Steven Anthony Lawrence is 24
Flashback: What Happened on July 18, ....
• 1890 The People’s Building Association was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: M. R. Lowther, J. P. Saunders, W. E. Fleming, S. B. Rathbone, Jr., G. M. Riddle, and William Beard, all of Elizabeth, Wirt County. The association’s main office was in Elizabeth.
• 1893 1893 the Spencer State Hospital, Roane County, was opened.
• 1979 United Airlines announced it would discontinue service to the Kanawha Airport in Charleston.
• 1983 J. C. Penney became the first store to open in the new Charleston Town Center shopping mall. Other anchor stores opened in the following weeks with the entire mall opening in November.
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 18
Today is Friday, July 18, the 199th day of 2014. There are 166 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“Miracles are propitious accidents, the natural causes of which are too complicated to be readily understood.“ — George Santayana, American philosopher (1863-1952).
Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 18, A.D. 64, the Great Fire of Rome began, consuming most of the city for about a week. (Some blamed the fire on Emperor Nero, who in turn blamed Christians.)
On this date:
In 1536, the English Parliament passed an act declaring the authority of the pope void in England.
In 1792, American naval hero John Paul Jones died in Paris at age 45.
In 1872, Britain enacted voting by secret ballot.
In 1932, the United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the St. Lawrence Seaway.
In 1944, Hideki Tojo was removed as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War II. American forces in France captured the Normandy town of St. Lo.
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed a Presidential Succession Act which placed the speaker of the House and the Senate president pro tempore next in the line of succession after the vice president.
In 1964, nearly a week of rioting erupted in New York’s Harlem neighborhood following the fatal police shooting of a black teenager, James Powell, two days earlier.
In 1969, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., left a party on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha’s Vineyard with Mary Jo Kopechne (koh-PEHK’-nee), 28; some time later, Kennedy’s car went off a bridge into the water. (Kennedy was able to escape, but Kopechne drowned.)
In 1976, at the Montreal Olympics, Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci received the first-ever perfect score of 10 with her routine on uneven parallel bars. (Comaneci would go on to receive six more 10s at Montreal.)
In 1984, gunman James Huberty opened fire at a McDonald’s fast food restaurant in San Ysidro (ee-SEE’-droh), California, killing 21 people before being shot dead by police. Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
In 1989, actress Rebecca Schaeffer, 21, was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
In 1994, a bomb hidden in a van destroyed a Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 85.
Ten years ago:
A spokesman said California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger would not apologize for mocking certain lawmakers as “girlie men,“ despite criticisms from Democrats that the remark was sexist and homophobic.
Todd Hamilton gained a playoff victory over Ernie Els to win the British Open.
Former Environmental Protection Agency chief Anne Gorsuch Burford died in Aurora, Colorado, at age 62.
Five years ago:
The Taliban posted a video of an American soldier who’d gone missing June 30, 2009 from his base in eastern Afghanistan and was later confirmed to have been captured; in the recording, the soldier (later identified as Pfc. Bowe Bergdahl) said he was “scared I won’t be able to go home.“ Authorities in Tennessee arrested Jacob Shaffer in the deaths of six people, five of whom were found slain near Fayetteville; the sixth body was discovered in Huntsville, Alabama. (The victims included Shaffer’s wife, her father, her brother and teenage son. Shaffer later admitted to all the killings and was sentenced to life in prison.)
One year ago: Once the very symbol of American industrial might, Detroit became the biggest U.S. city to file for bankruptcy, its finances ravaged and its neighborhoods hollowed out by a long, slow decline in population and auto manufacturing.
Former Sen. John Glenn, D-Ohio, is 93
Conductor Kurt Masur is 87
Skating champion and commentator Dick Button is 85
Movie director Paul Verhoeven is 76
Musician Brian Auger is 75
Singer Dion DiMucci is 75
Actor James Brolin is 74
Baseball executive Joe Torre is 74
Singer Martha Reeves is 73
Blues guitarist Lonnie Mack is 73
Pop-rock musician Wally Bryson (The Raspberries) is 65
Country-rock singer Craig Fuller (Pure Prairie League) is 65
Actress Margo Martindale is 63
Singer Ricky Skaggs is 60
Actress Audrey Landers is 58
Golfer Nick Faldo is 57
Rock musician Nigel Twist (The Alarm) is 56
Actress Anne-Marie Johnson is 54
Actress Elizabeth McGovern is 53
Rock musician John Hermann (Widespread Panic) is 52
Rock musician Jack Irons is 52
Actor Vin Diesel is 47
Actor Grant Bowler is 46
Retired NBA All-Star Penny Hardaway is 43
Alt-country singer Elizabeth Cook is 42
Actor Eddie Matos is 42
MLB All-Star Torii Hunter is 39
Dance music singer-songwriter M.I.A. is 39
Rock musician Daron Malakian (System of a Down; Scars on Broadway) is 39
Rock musician Tony Fagenson (Eve 6) is 36
Movie director Jared Hess is 35
Actor Jason Weaver is 35
Actress Kristen Bell is 34
Rock singer Ryan Cabrera is 32
Christian-rock musician Aaron Gillespie (Underoath) is 31
Actor Chace Crawford is 29
Actor Travis Milne (TV: “Rookie Blue”) is 28
Bluegrass musician Joe Dean Jr. (Dailey & Vincent) is 25
West Virginia Division of Culture and History Awards $1.3 Million in Arts Grants
About $1.3 million in art grants have been awarded to 55 organizations and 25 individual artists across West Virginia.
The state Commission on the Arts and the Division of Culture and History announced the grants this week
More than $724,000 will provide general operating support to a dozen long-standing arts organizations.
More than $290,000 is for projects that offer arts programming to the public, and for planning and organizational development projects that strengthen West Virginia arts organizations.
An additional $105,000 will provide funding for school arts projects and tours that expose students to performing, literary and visual artists.
The remainder of the grants will support other initiatives, including funding to artists to expand or improve their work.
ARTS IN EDUCATION
Provides funding for in-school and out-of-school curriculum-based arts projects that meet the state Content Standards and Objectives, and tours that expose students in pre-K through 12th grade to various performing, literary and visual artists.
Greenbrier County Schools, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $27,745 for artist/professional fees, lodging, study guides, and transportation for students for “Spotlight on Schools” and “Creative Classrooms.”
High Rocks Educational Corporation, Hillsboro, Pocahontas County: $9,560 for artist/professional fees, travel costs, supplies, and materials for “Camp Steele Arts Programming,” “New Beginnings Arts Programming” and “Song School.”
Kanawha County Schools, Charleston, Kanawha County: $5,000 for contracted artist/professional fees for “Earth’s Quilt: Common Threads” tour.
Marshall County Schools, Moundsville, Marshall County: $12,050 for contracted artist/professional fees and travel costs for “Exploring the Curriculum and Imagination through Dance and Poetry.”
Mid-Ohio Valley Symphony Society, dba WVSO-Parkersburg, Parkersburg, Wood County: $10,500 for contracted artist/professional fees and travel costs for Young People’s Concerts, including “Rumplestiltskin” and “Tubby the Tuba.”
The Old Brick Playhouse Company, Elkins, Randolph County: $15,000 for contracted artist/professional fees and project supplies/materials for “Textitude – An Adventure in Positive Thinking” school tour.
West Virginia Professional Dance Company, Beckley, Raleigh County: $15,000 for contracted artist/professional fees and travel costs for “Earth’s Quilt: Common Threads” tour.
West Virginia Symphony Orchestra Inc., Charleston, Kanawha County: $5,000 for contracted artist/professional fees and travel costs for “Life Is Better With Music: Montclair String Quartet Tour FY2015.”
West Virginia Youth Symphony, Charleston, Kanawha County: $4,800 for contracted artist/professional fees for instruction in sectional and chamber ensembles.
Provides funding to support access to and deeper experiences of American masterpieces and works of American masters.
Clay Center for the Arts and Sciences, Charleston, Kanawha County: $10,000 for “The Great Gatsby Theatre Outreach Project.”
Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, Cabell County: $10,000 for “Ansel Adams: Masterworks.”
Oglebay Institute, Wheeling, Ohio County: $7,500 for “The Lawrence Project.”
Provides general operating support to long-standing, stable arts organizations.
ArtsBridge Inc., Parkersburg, Wood County: $27,755
Carnegie Hall, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $71,651
Charleston Ballet, Charleston, Kanawha County: $34,852
Clay Center for the Arts and Sciences, Charleston, Kanawha County: $113,748
Greenbrier Valley Theatre, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $63,022
Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, Cabell County: $99,940
Morgan Arts Council, Berkeley Springs, Morgan County: $18,439
Oglebay Institute, Wheeling, Ohio County: $78,825
Parkersburg Art Center, Parkersburg, Wood County: $30,211
Randolph County Community Arts Council, Elkins, Randolph County: $31,279
West Virginia Symphony Orchestra, Charleston, Kanawha County: $89,514
Wheeling Symphony Society, Wheeling, Ohio County: $65,190
Provides funding for innovative projects that provide arts education to community members, expand or improve access to art experiences, use the arts as a catalyst for change, address cultural tourism and celebrate the unique characteristics of the arts in West Virginia, or create strong communities through the arts.
Carnegie Hall Inc., Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $10,000 for the first Lewisburg Music Festival set for July 26, 2014.
Greenbrier Valley Theatre, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $3,091 for a school touring program, “Providing Access to Theatre Arts.”
Morgan Arts Council Inc., Berkeley Springs, Morgan County: $10,250 for Engage Berkeley Springs, a pilot project that will document the transformation of Berkeley Springs through murals, mosaics, and sculpture.
The Old Brick Playhouse Company, Elkins, Randolph County: $10,000 for development of original cultural history productions on board the Durbin & Greenbrier Valley Railroad excursion trains.
Wheeling Symphony Society, Wheeling, Ohio County: $7,350 for family oriented, pre-concert events and workshops focusing on the importance of classical music in animation.
COMMUNITY ARTS PROJECT SUPPORT
Provides support for projects that offer arts programming to the public and planning and organizational development projects that strengthen West Virginia arts organizations.
Arthurdale Heritage Inc., Arthurdale, Preston County: $850 to help pay musicians to play live music during the New Deal Festival in July.
Arts & Humanities Alliance of Jefferson County, Shepherdstown, Jefferson County: $6,000 for a re-granting program that funds innovative arts, music and humanities projects in Jefferson County’s public schools.
ArtsLink Inc., New Martinsville, Wetzel County: $18,470 to help support the 2015 Missoula Children’s Theater program.
Arts Monongahela, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $2,700 for a regranting program for arts organizations and artists.
Beckley Area Foundation, Beckley, Raleigh County: $4,000 to help pay musicians’ fees for a free Labor Day weekend concert featuring the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra.
Charles Mathena II Foundation, Princeton, Mercer County: $17,258 to help pay for its 2014 concert series.
Charleston Chamber Music Society, Charleston, Kanawha County: $6,931 to help pay artists fees to Carpe Diem String Quartet, Red Priest and Garth Newel Piano Quartet.
Clarksburg Harrison County Cultural Foundation, Clarksburg, Harrison County: $5,400 for a re-granting program that benefits the Chanticleer Children’s Chorus, Studio for the Performing Arts, West Virginia Black Heritage Festival, West Virginia Jazz Society, Fort New Salem, Shinnston Community Band and the Clarksburg Harrison Public Library.
Contemporary American Theater Festival, Shepherdstown, Jefferson County: $19,774 to help pay fees to stage directors, actors and designers involved in the theater’s upcoming season.
Davis & Elkins College, Elkins, Randolph County: $18,092 to help pay fees for master artists to conduct workshops at the Augusta Heritage Center.
Fairmont Chamber Music Society, Fairmont, Marion County: $4,100 to help pay artists’ fees to the West Virginia University Piano Quartet, Richter UIzer Duo, Zodiak Trio and Mana Saxophone Quartet.
Fairmont State University, Fairmont, Marion County: $7,200 to help pay musicians’ fees for a concert featuring the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra.
Friends of the Alban Arts and Conference Center, St. Albans, Kanawha County: $8,875 to help pay artists’ fees for its upcoming season that includes “Bell, Book and Candle,” “Catch and Release,” “Brilliant Traces,” “A Christmas Carol,” “Copenhagen,” and “Legend of Sleeping Beauty.”
Highland Arts Unlimited Inc., Keyser, Mineral County: $10,650 to help pay for concerts featuring the Potomac Concert Band, Brian Gurl’s “Manilow, Joel and the Beatles Rediscovered” and Latshaw Productions’ “Christmas Memories” as well as the American Family Theater’s production of “Cinderella.”
Historic Beverly Preservation Inc., Beverly, Randolph County: $1,845 to help provide traditional music and artisan demonstrations during Beverly Heritage Days in July and the Beverly Old-Fashioned Christmas in December, and music during Rhythm and Wine in August.
Kanawha Valley FOOTMAD, Charleston, Kanawha County: $10,000 to help pay the salary of a part-time arts administrator to manage activities, projects and initiatives, and artists’ fees for its 2015 concert series.
Mid-Ohio Valley Symphony Society, Parkersburg, Wood County: $12,000 to help pay musicians’ fees for a concert featuring the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra.
Morgan Arts Council, Berkeley Springs, Morgan County: $15,000 to help pay the salary and benefits for an events & facilities coordinator assigned to help expand art experiences at the newly renovated Ice House art and community center and optimize its revenue-generating capacity.
Northern West Virginia Dance Council, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $9,362 to help pay for dancers, costume directors and other costs associated with its productions of “Snow Queen” and “Snow White.”
Old Brick Playhouse, Elkins, Randolph County: $4,500 to help pay the salaries of a part-time education development associate and a part-time arts development associate who work primarily with its Polar Express excursion train.
Pocahontas County Opera House Foundation: $11,105 to pay artists’ fees for its 2014-15 performance series.
Randolph County Community Arts Council, $11,250 to help pay the salary of a program support specialist to assist in the art center’s daily operations.
River Cities Symphony Orchestra, Parkersburg, Wood County: $8,559 to help pay musicians’ fees for two educational concerts, a fall concert, a joint concert of the River Cities Symphony Orchestra and Marietta College choruses, and its annual pops concert.
Trillium Performing Arts Collective, Lewisburg, Greenbrier County: $16,580 to help pay for choreographers, videographer, guest artists and other stage personnel for its concert series of dance and movement, Trillium Performing Youth program and two educational workshops.
Weirton Area Civic Foundation, Weirton, Hancock County: $3,600 to help pay musicians fees for Wheeling Symphony concert.
West Virginia Artists & Craftsmen’s Guild, Harrisville, Ritchie County: $3,207 to help pay costs associated with its 10th biennial guild juried competition.
West Virginia Jazz Society Inc., Weston, Lewis County: $2,385 to help pay artists’ fees to musicians who will be performing at the Bridgeport Jazz Festival.
West Virginia Professional Dance Company, Beckley, Raleigh County: $17,500 to help pay for composers, dancers and choreographers involved with its new educational touring show, “Earth’s Quilt – Common Threads.”
West Virginia University at Parkersburg, Parkersburg, Wood County: $6,369 to help pay artists’ fees for concerts and workshops featuring the men’s vocal ensemble Cantus and Sô Percussion.
Youth Museum of Southern West Virginia, Beckley, Raleigh County: $23,655 to help pay expenses for an exhibit titled “In Centuries of Childhood: An American Story” and another one titled “Science and Art.”
EZ ARTS ACCESS
Provides funding for arts projects to small and emerging organizations with budgets of less than $30,000.
Lunar Stratagem, Huntington, Cabell County: $3,000 for its “Page to Stage Literacy Project.”
Monroe Arts Alliance, Union, Monroe County: $1,500 for its student/mentor arts scholarship program.
Preston Community Arts Center, Kingwood, Preston County: $2,900 for its “Laurel Mountain Coffee House” series.
Theatre de Jeunesse, Parkersburg, Wood County: $1,230 for Youth Theatre Project’s production of “Camelot.”
Tri-State Arts Association, Huntington, Cabell County: $2,150 for its juried exhibition 2014.
West Virginia International Film Festival, Charleston, Kanawha County: $3,000 for its spring and fall festival series.
West Virginia Storytelling Guild, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $3,000 for “Speak: Shepherdstown Storytelling Series.”
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ARTISTS & ARTS ORGANIZATIONS
Provides funding to artists to expand or improve their work.
Norma Jean Acord, Fairdale, Raleigh County: $2,466 to purchase an electric pottery kiln and a banding wheel.
Lee Badger, Hedgesville, Berkeley County: $1,280 to purchase a reversible ingot mold and metal rolling mill to create nonstandard working stock in his art metal studio.
Roger Banks, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $1,641 to attend the 2014 American Alliance for Theatre and Education conference and pay annual memberships to three professional organizations.
James Biggs, Princeton, Mercer County: $1,317 to purchase an entry-level 3-D printer and 3-D print filament to create silicone molds for lost-wax aluminum castings for use in his mixed-media sculptures.
Cristofer Botkin, Nitro, Kanawha County: $2,416 to purchase a Hobart Ironman 230 MIG Welder and spool gun that will enable him to create larger sculptures as well as a planer, jointer and mortising machine to make finely crafted furniture and other wood projects.
Sarah C. Brown, Buckhannon, Upshur County: $1,875 to take a class at Penland School of Crafts and purchase rubber-based ink and paper.
Amber Carman, Huttonsville, Randolph County: $2,500 to purchase a torch with hanger and Fenton Glass frit and cullet, and batch.
Christopher L. Clark, Princeton, Mercer County: $2,500 to buy a MacBook Pro and Apple Thunderbolt display to create larger illustrations and stage sets.
Jeff Fetty, Spencer, Roane County: $2,405 to travel with an apprentice to Faizabad in northern India to work with local smiths in creating a sculpture and to research and photograph traditional blacksmiths in that region for later publication.
Charlene Cooper Fulton, Charleston, Kanawha County: $1,574 to attend a 5-day quilting workshop, “Abstracting from Nature,” being taught by Jane Sassaman at Hudson River Valley Art Workshops.
Rebecca Hill, Elkins, Randolph County: $2,448 to attend the DC Tap Festival and take private tap-dancing lessons at the Steps on Broadway and Broadway Dance Center in New York City.
Mary Hott, Berkeley Springs, Morgan County: $2,500 to attend Circlesongs, a seven-day workshop on improvisational singing techniques conducted by musician Bobby McFerrin.
Christine P. Keller, Buckhannon, Upshur County: $1,193 to purchase an electric pottery kiln, cutters, and other accessories.
John Kelly, Berkeley Springs, Morgan County: $2,500 to purchase a Canon XF305 professional camcorder for an online art series that profiles West Virginia artists.
Simon Oliver Lollis, Hillsboro, Pocahontas County: $2,500 to purchase a 25-ton hydraulic forging metal press and heat-treating furnace to produce Damascus billets for knives.
Catherine V. Moore, Fayetteville, Fayette County: $2,155 to purchase a MacBook Pro, computer software and online training to advance her use of audio in documentaries.
Linda S. Rhodes, Culloden, Putnam County: $571 to purchase glass-fusing equipment.
Diane Sanders, Parkersburg, Wood County: $2,500 to buy a Nikon digital camera and battery grip for improved focus, depth of field, color and clarity of her photographs.
Stuart P. Strong, Elkins, Randolph County: $2,500 to purchase a dust-collection system for his woodshop.
Benjamin Townsend, Romney, Hampshire County: $2,126 to take fiddle lessons from Nora Friedman in New York.
The Tamarack Foundation, Charleston, Kanawha County: $4,528 to host a workshop to help West Virginia artists hone their marketing skills, product-development strategies and more with an emphasis on the Southern Highlands Craft Guild, which is known for its successful retail market expansion.
Cara Wallace, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $2,500 to attend the American Ballet Theatre’s National Training Curriculum teacher certification seminar in New York City.
Sarah L. Walters, Davis, Tucker County: $2,282 to purchase soldering and metal-forming equipment, and an air-filtration system for her metal-smithing studio.
Lucas Warner, Hendricks, Tucker County: $700 to travel as an apprentice under Jeff Fetty to Faizabad in northern India to work with local smiths in creating a sculpture.
Jennifer Wilson, Morgantown, Monongalia County: $1,575 for members of the Jenny Wilson Trio to study under jazz master Hal Galper in New York.
Henry H. Ullman, Buckhannon, Upshur County: $2,362 to purchase a bowl-coring system, larger chunks and tooling.
Flashback: What Happened on July 17, ....
• 1863 The West Virginia Legislature appointed D. D. T. Farnsworth, L. E. Davidson, and Lewis Ballard to inspect construction progress on the State Insane Asylum at Weston, Lewis County. It was later re-named the Weston State Mental Hospital.
• 1908 Frank Johnson was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary at Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Harrison County.
• 1922 Twelve hundred striking armed coal miners from Pennsylvania burned a coal tipple of the Richland Coal Company near Cliftonville, Brooke County.
• 1951 Democrat Elizabeth Kee of Bluefield was elected to complete the unexpired term of her husband, John Kee, who died in May, thus becoming the first woman in the state’s history to serve in Congress. John Kee had appointed his wife as an executive assistant in 1937.
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 17
Today is Thursday, July 17, the 198th day of 2014. There are 167 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“Dreams have as much influence as actions.“ — Stephane Mallarme (stay-FAN’ ma-lar-MAY’), French essayist and poet (1842-1898).
Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 17, 1944, during World War II, 320 men, two-thirds of them African-Americans, were killed when a pair of ammunition ships exploded at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine in California.
On this date:
In 1821, Spain ceded Florida to the United States.
In 1918, Russia’s Czar Nicholas II and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks.
In 1936, the Spanish Civil War began as right-wing army generals launched a coup attempt against the Second Spanish Republic.
In 1938, aviator Douglas Corrigan took off from New York, saying he was headed for California; he ended up in Ireland, supposedly by accident, earning the nickname “Wrong Way Corrigan.“
In 1954, the two-day inaugural Newport Jazz Festival, billed as “The First American Jazz Festival,“ opened in Rhode Island; among the performers the first night was Billie Holiday, who died in New York on this date in 1959 at age 44.
In 1955, Disneyland had its opening day in Anaheim, California.
In 1962, the United States conducted its last atmospheric nuclear test to date, detonating a 20-kiloton device, codenamed Little Feller I, at the Nevada Test Site.
In 1974, Baseball Hall of Famer Jay Hanna “Dizzy” Dean, 64, died in Reno, Nevada.
In 1975, an Apollo spaceship docked with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit in the first superpower link-up of its kind.
In 1981, 114 people were killed when a pair of suspended walkways above the lobby of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Hotel collapsed during a tea dance.
In 1996, TWA Flight 800, a Europe-bound Boeing 747, exploded and crashed off Long Island, New York, shortly after leaving John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people aboard.
In 1998, Nicholas II, last of the Romanov czars, was formally buried in Russia 80 years after he and his family were slain by the Bolsheviks.
Ten years ago:
Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia (AHK’-mehd kuh-RAY’-uh) submitted his resignation to Yasser Arafat, who rejected it the next day.
California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger mockingly used the term “girlie men” during a rally as he claimed Democrats were delaying the state budget by catering to special interests.
Five years ago: Former CBS anchorman Walter Cronkite died in New York at 92.
Bombs ripped through two luxury hotels in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing seven victims and wounding at least 50 more.
The space shuttle Endeavour arrived at the international space station to deliver the third and final component of a billion-dollar Japanese lab.
Gordon Waller, of the pop duo Peter and Gordon, died in Norwich, Connecticut, at 64.
One year ago:
In a heated House Judiciary Committee hearing on domestic spying, members of Congress said they’d never intended to allow the National Security Agency to build a database of every phone call in America, while top Obama administration officials countered that the once-secret program was legal and necessary to keep America safe.
Actor Donald Sutherland is 79
Actress-singer Diahann Carroll is 79
Comedian Tim Brooke-Taylor is 74
Rock musician Spencer Davis is 72
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, is 67
Rock musician Terry “Geezer” Butler is 65
Actress Lucie Arnaz is 63
Actor David Hasselhoff is 62
Rock musician Fran Smith Jr. (The Hooters) is 62
German Chancellor Angela Merkel is 60
Television producer Mark Burnett (“Survivor,“ ‘'The Apprentice”) is 54
Actress Nancy Giles is 54
Singer Regina Belle is 51
Rock musician Kim Shattuck is 51
Country singer Craig Morgan is 50
Rock musician Lou Barlow is 48
Contemporary Christian singer Susan Ashton is 47
Actor Andre Royo is 46
Actress Bitty Schram is 46
Actor Jason Clarke is 45
Singer JC (PM Dawn) is 43
Rapper Sole’ is 41
Country singer Luke Bryan is 38
Actor Eric Winter is 38
Hockey player Marc Savard is 37
Actor Mike Vogel is 35
Actor Tom Cullen (TV: “Downton Abbey”) is 29
Actor Brando Eaton is 28
Rhythm-and-blues singer Jeremih (jehr-uh-MY’) is 27
Actress Summer Bishil (BIHSH’-ihl) is 26
Weston: Civil War “Living History” Weekend - July 25-27, 2014
Flashback: What Happened on July 16, ....
• 1863 The governor approved an act prohibiting speech or actions which might spark armed insurrection.
• 1869 Oil industry tycoon Michael Late Benedum was born in Bridgeport, Harrison County.
• 1904 The first telephone in Barges, Mingo County, was installed at a saloon.
• 1973 Governor Moore named David Bordenkircher as the new warden of the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County).
2014 >> WayBackWhen™: July 16
Today is Wednesday, July 16, the 197th day of 2014. There are 168 days left in the year.
Thought for Today:
“I think I’ve discovered the secret of life — you just hang around until you get used to it.“ — Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (1922-2000).
Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 16, 1945, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb in the desert of Alamogordo, New Mexico.
On this date:
In 1790, a site along the Potomac River was designated the permanent seat of the United States government; the area became Washington, D.C.
In 1862, Flag Officer David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the United States Navy.
In 1912, New York gambler Herman Rosenthal, set to testify before a grand jury about police corruption, was gunned down by members of the Lennox Avenue Gang.
In 1935, the first parking meters were installed in Oklahoma City.
In 1951, the novel “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger was first published by Little, Brown and Co.
In 1964, as he accepted the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater declared that “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice” and that “moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.“
In 1979, Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.
In 1980, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit.
In 1981, singer Harry Chapin was killed when his car was struck by a tractor-trailer on New York’s Long Island Expressway.
In 1989, conductor Herbert von Karajan died near Salzburg, Austria, at age 81.
In 1994, the first of 21 pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 smashed into Jupiter, to the joy of astronomers awaiting the celestial fireworks.
In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.
Ten years ago:
Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of home confinement by a federal judge in New York for lying about a stock sale.
Some 90 children were killed in a school fire in southern India.
Chicago held the grand opening of its new Millennium Park.
Former Georgia Gov. George Busbee died in Savannah at age 76.
Five years ago:
Saying that civil rights leaders from decades past had paved the way for his election as the nation’s first black commander in chief, President Barack Obama paid homage to the NAACP during a convention in New York, and advised members that their work remained unfinished.
In an embarrassing acknowledgment, NASA admitted that in all likelihood, it had recorded over the original videotapes of the Apollo 11 moon landing.
One year ago:
Egypt’s interim leader, Adly Mansour, swore in a Cabinet that included women and Christians but no Islamists as the military-backed administration moved swiftly to formalize the new political order.
Twenty-three children, between the ages of 5 and 12, were fatally poisoned by pesticide-contaminated lunches served at a school in eastern India.
The American League beat the National League 3-0 in the All-Star Game.
Former Attorney General Dick Thornburgh is 82
Soul singer Denise LaSalle is 80
Soul singer William Bell is 75
International Tennis Hall of Famer Margaret Court is 72
College Football Hall of Famer and football coach Jimmy Johnson is 71
Violinist Pinchas Zukerman is 66
Actor-singer Ruben Blades is 66
Rock composer-musician Stewart Copeland is 62
Playwright Tony Kushner is 58
Dancer Michael Flatley is 56
Actress Phoebe Cates is 51
Actor Daryl “Chill” Mitchell is 49
Actor-comedian Will Ferrell is 47
Actor Jonathan Adams is 47
College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Barry Sanders is 46
Actress Rain Pryor is 45
Actor Corey Feldman is 43
Rock musician Ed Kowalczyk (Live) is 43
Rock singer Ryan McCombs (Drowning Pool) is 40
Actress Jayma Mays is 35
Actress AnnaLynne McCord is 27
Actor-singer James Maslow is 24
Actor Mark Indelicato is 20
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