History | WayBackWhen™ | FlashBack™

History, WayBackWhen™, FlashBack™

Flashback: What Happened on July 25, ....


•  1960 Governor Cecil Underwood addressed the Republican National Convention in Chicago, in a nationally-televised speech.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 25

Today is Friday, July 25, the 206th day of 2014. There are 159 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“Life is not a matter of milestones, but of moments.“ — Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1890-1995).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 25, 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan’s King Hussein (hoo-SAYN’) signed a declaration at the White House ending their countries’ 46-year-old formal state of war.

On this date:

In 1554, Queen Mary I of England married Philip II, future King of Spain.

In 1814, the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, one of the bloodiest battles of the War of 1812, took place in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario, with no clear victor.

In 1909, French aviator Louis Bleriot (bleh-ree-OH’) became the first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, traveling from Calais (kah-LAY’) to Dover in 37 minutes.

In 1934, Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated by pro-Nazi Austrians in a failed coup attempt.

In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. (However, Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and re-asserted his authority.)

In 1944, Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters recorded Cole Porter’s “Don’t Fence Me In” in Los Angeles for Decca Records.

In 1952, Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

In 1956, the Italian liner Andrea Doria collided with the Swedish passenger ship Stockholm off the New England coast late at night and began sinking; at least 51 people were killed.

In 1960, a Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina, that had been the scene of a sit-in protest against its whites-only lunch counter dropped its segregation policy.

In 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the first “test tube baby,“ was born in Oldham, England; she’d been conceived through the technique of in-vitro fertilization.

In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya (sah-VEETS’-kah-yah) became the first woman to walk in space as she carried out more than three hours of experiments outside the orbiting space station Salyut 7.

In 2000, a New York-bound Air France Concorde crashed outside Paris shortly after takeoff, killing all 109 people on board and four people on the ground; it was the first-ever crash of the supersonic jet.

Ten years ago:

Israelis formed a human chain stretching 55 miles from Gaza to Jerusalem to protest Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s Gaza Strip withdrawal plan.

Lance Armstrong won a record sixth Tour de France.

Five years ago:

President Barack Obama continued his full-court press to pass health care reform legislation, citing a new White House study indicating that small businesses were paying far more per employee for health insurance than big companies, a disparity the president said was “unsustainable” as well as “unacceptable.“

Protesters across the world called on Iran to end its clampdown on opposition activists.

One year ago:

Pope Francis, dubbed the “slum pope” for his work with the poor, received a rapturous welcome from one of Rio de Janeiro’s most violent shantytowns and demanded the world’s wealthy end the injustices that had left the poor on the margins of society.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Barbara Harris is 79

Folk-pop singer-musician Bruce Woodley (The Seekers) is 72

Rock musician Jim McCarty (The Yardbirds) is 71

Rock musician Verdine White (Earth, Wind & Fire) is 63

Singer-musician Jem Finer (The Pogues) is 59

Model-actress Iman is 59

Cartoonist Ray Billingsley (“Curtis”) is 57

Rock musician Thurston Moore (Sonic Youth) is 56

Actress-singer Bobbie Eakes is 53

Actress Katherine Kelly Lang is 53

Actress Illeana Douglas is 49

Country singer Marty Brown is 49

Actor Matt LeBlanc is 47

Actress Wendy Raquel Robinson is 47

Rock musician Paavo Lotjonen (PAH’-woh LAHT’-joh-nehn) (Apocalyptica) is 46

Actor D.B. Woodside is 45

Actress Miriam Shor is 43

Actor David Denman is 41

Actor Jay R. Ferguson is 40

Actor James Lafferty is 29

Actress Shantel VanSanten is 29

Actor Michael Welch is 27

Classical singer Faryl Smith is 19

Weston: Civil War “Living History” Weekend - July 25-27, 2014

The Gilmer Free Press

Flashback: What Happened on July 24, ....


•  1851 The Upshur County government was organized in Buckhannon.

•  1861 Fearing entrapment, Confederate Brigadier General Henry A. Wise pulled his troops from Charleston to Gauley Bridge, Fayette County.

•  1868 The governor approved an act declaring Willey’s Fork and Road Fork of Fishing Creek, Wetzel County, to be public highways.

•  1902 Mother Jones faced Judge John Jay Jackson, Jr., in court for disobeying his injunction against her speaking. He ruled that she had violated his court order and the bounds of free speech, but suspended her sentence to prevent widespread protest.

•  1970 Governor Moore publicly denied charges by syndicated columnist Jack Anderson implying that Moore had misused $80,000 in campaign contributions and was being investigated by the Justice Department.

•  1992 Governor Caperton fired Linda Grubb from the State Employment Security Board of Review. Grubb, the wife of convicted Logan County Circuit Court Judge Ned Grubb, had demanded reinstatement to her position after being found not guilty on federal indictment charges.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 24

Today is Thursday, July 24, the 205th day of 2014. There are 160 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“The Budget should be balanced, the Treasury should be refilled, public debt should be reduced, the arrogance of officialdom should be tempered and controlled, and the assistance to foreign lands should be curtailed, lest Rome will become bankrupt. People must again learn to work instead of living on public assistance.“ - Cicero, 55 BC

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 24, 1974, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon had to turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.

On this date:

In 1783, Latin American revolutionary Simon Bolivar (see-MOHN’ boh-LEE’-vahr) was born in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1862, Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the United States, and the first to have been born a U.S. citizen, died at age 79 in Kinderhook, New York, the town where he was born in 1782.

In 1866, Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

In 1911, Yale University history professor Hiram Bingham III found the “Lost City of the Incas,“ Machu Picchu, in Peru.

In 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne, which settled the boundaries of modern Turkey, was concluded in Switzerland.

In 1937, the state of Alabama dropped charges against four of the nine young black men accused of raping two white women in the “Scottsboro Case.“

In 1952, President Harry S. Truman announced a settlement in a 53-day steel strike.

In 1959, during a visit to Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon engaged in his famous “Kitchen Debate” with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.

In 1969, the Apollo 11 astronauts — two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the moon — splashed down safely in the Pacific.

In 1987, Hulda Crooks, a 91-year-old mountaineer from California, became the oldest woman to conquer Mount Fuji, Japan’s highest peak.

In 1998, a gunman burst into the U.S. Capitol, killing two police officers before being shot and captured. (The shooter, Russell Eugene Weston Jr., is being held in a federal mental facility.)

In 2002, nine coal miners became trapped in a flooded tunnel of the Quecreek Mine in western Pennsylvania; the story ended happily 77 hours later with the rescue of all nine.

Ten years ago:

Without promising what specific steps he would take, President George W. Bush said in his weekly radio address that his administration was committed to relying on the recommendations of the September 11 commission in waging the war on terrorism.

Former Nixon administration official Fred LaRue, who served a prison term for Watergate, died in Biloxi, Mississippi, at age 75.

Five years ago:

Trying to tamp down a national uproar over race, President Barack Obama acknowledged using unfortunate words in declaring that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had “acted stupidly” in arresting black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., adding he’d invited the Harvard professor and Sgt. James Crowley, the arresting officer, for “a beer here in the White House.“

One year ago:

The House narrowly rejected, 217-205, a challenge to the National Security Agency’s secret collection of hundreds of millions of Americans’ phone records.

A high-speed train crash outside Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain killed 79 people.

Pope Francis made an emotional plea in Aparecida, Brazil, for Roman Catholics to shun materialism in the first public Mass of his initial international trip as pontiff.

It was announced by Kensington Palace that the newborn son of Prince William and Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, would be named George Alexander Louis.

Virginia Johnson, half of the renowned Masters and Johnson team of sex researchers, died in St. Louis at age 88.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actor John Aniston is 81

Political cartoonist Pat Oliphant is 79

Comedian Ruth Buzzi is 78

Actor Mark Goddard is 78

Actor Dan Hedaya is 74

Actor Chris Sarandon is 72

Comedian Gallagher is 68

Actor Robert Hays is 67

Former Republican national chairman Marc Racicot (RAWS’-koh) is 66

Actor Michael Richards is 65

Actress Lynda Carter is 63

Movie director Gus Van Sant is 62

Country singer Pam Tillis is 57

Actor Paul Ben-Victor is 52

Actor Kadeem Hardison is 49

Actress-singer Kristin Chenoweth is 46

Actress Laura Leighton is 46

Actor John P. Navin Jr. is 46

Actress-singer Jennifer Lopez is 45

Basketball player-turned-actor Rick Fox is 45

Actor Eric Szmanda is 39

Actress Rose Byrne is 35

Country singer Jerrod Niemann is 35

Actress Summer Glau is 33

Actress Elisabeth Moss is 32

Actress Anna Paquin is 32

Actress Megan Park is 28

Actress Mara Wilson is 27

Rock singer Jay McGuiness (The Wanted) is 24

Actress Emily Bett Rickards (TV: Arrow”) is 23

TV personality Bindi Irwin is 16

Flashback: What Happened on July 23, ....


•  1884 The Webster County Boom and Dam Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: David Burns, Gideon M. Burns, W. E. Fleming of Burnsville, Braxton County; Thomas M. Jewell of Elizabeth, Wirt County; and James W. Burns of Fairmont, Marion County. The company’s purpose was to construct booms and dams on the Little Kanawha River and its tributaries in Webster County, Lewis County, and Randolph County, and on the Elk River and its tributaries including the Holly River in Randolph County, Pocahontas County, and Webster County, with its main office in Burnsville, Braxton County.

•  1992 The State Supreme Court ordered state officials to adopt a plan within six months to remove all 320 state prisoners from local government jails due to overcrowding.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 23

Today is Wednesday, July 23, the 204th day of 2014. There are 161 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“To be proud and inaccessible is to be timid and weak.“ — Jean Baptiste Massillon (zhahn bah-TEEST’ mah-see-YOHN’), French clergyman (1663-1742).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 23, 1914, Austria-Hungary presented a list of demands to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; Serbia’s refusal to agree to the entire ultimatum led to World War I.

On this date:

In 1885, Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th president of the United States, died in Mount McGregor, New York, at age 63.

In 1886, a legend was born as Steve Brodie claimed to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into New York’s East River. (However, there are doubts about whether the dive actually took place.)

In 1945, French Marshal Henri Petain (ahn-REE’ pay-TAN’), who had headed the Vichy (vee-shee) government during World War II, went on trial, charged with treason. (He was convicted and condemned to death, but the sentence was commuted.)

In 1951, Henri Petain died in prison.

In 1952, Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser launched a successful coup against King Farouk I.

In 1967, a week of deadly race-related rioting that claimed 43 lives erupted in Detroit.

In 1977, a jury in Washington, D.C., convicted 12 Hanafi (hah-NAH’-fee) Muslims of charges stemming from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.

In 1982, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors, 7-year-old Myca Dinh Le and 6-year-old Renee Shin-Yi Chen, were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for “Twilight Zone: The Movie.“ (Director John Landis and four associates were later acquitted of manslaughter charges.)

In 1984, Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign her title, after nude photographs of her taken in 1982 were published in Penthouse magazine.

In 1986, Britain’s Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London. (The couple divorced in 1996.)

In 1997, the search for Andrew Cunanan, the suspected killer of designer Gianni Versace (JAH’-nee vur-SAH’-chee) and others, ended as police found his body on a houseboat in Miami Beach, an apparent suicide.

In 2011, singer Amy Winehouse, 27, was found dead in her London home from accidental alcohol poisoning.

Ten years ago:

Militants in Iraq took hostage an Egyptian diplomat (Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb), demanding his country abandon any plans it had to send security experts to Iraq. (He was freed after three days of diplomatic efforts.)

The Pentagon released newly discovered payroll records from President George W. Bush’s 1972 service in the Alabama National Guard, though the records shed no new light on the future president’s activities during that summer.

Joe Cahill, a founding father of the modern Irish Republican Army, died in Belfast, Northern Ireland, at age 84.

Five years ago:

Michael Jackson’s personal physician, Dr. Conrad Murray, was named in a search warrant as the target of a manslaughter probe into the singer’s death. (Murray was later convicted of involuntary manslaughter.)

Authorities arrested 44 people in New Jersey in a corruption probe. Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox pitched the 18th perfect game in major league history, a 5-0 win over Tampa Bay.

One year ago:

With a high-stakes showdown vote looming in the House, the White House and congressional backers of the National Security Agency’s surveillance program warned that ending the massive collection of phone records from millions of Americans would put the nation at risk from another terrorist attack. (The next day, the House narrowly voted against halting the NSA program.)

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Gloria DeHaven is 89

Concert pianist Leon Fleisher (FLY’-shur) is 86

Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy is 78

Actor Ronny Cox is 76

Radio personality Don Imus is 74

Country singer Tony Joe White is 71

Rock singer David Essex is 67

Actor Larry Manetti is 67

Singer-songwriter John Hall is 66

Actress Belinda Montgomery is 64

Rock musician Blair Thornton (Bachman Turner Overdrive) is 64

Actress Edie McClurg is 63

Actress-writer Lydia Cornell is 61

Actor Woody Harrelson is 53

Rock musician Martin Gore (Depeche Mode) is 53

Actor Eriq Lasalle is 52

Rock musician Yuval Gabay is 51

Rock musician Slash is 49

Rock musician Nick Menza is 46

Model-actress Stephanie Seymour is 46

Actress Charisma Carpenter is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Sam Watters is 44

Country singer Alison Krauss is 43

Rhythm-and-blues singer Dalvin DeGrate is 43

Rock musician Chad Gracey (Live) is 43

Actor-comedian Marlon Wayans is 42

Country singer Shannon Brown is 41

Actress Kathryn Hahn is 41

Retired MLB All-Star Nomar Garciaparra is 41

Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky is 41

Actress Stephanie March is 40

Country musician David Pichette (Emerson Drive) is 37

Rhythm-and-blues singer Michelle Williams is 34

Actor Paul Wesley is 32

Actor Daniel Radcliffe is 25

Country musician Neil Perry is 24

Country singer Danielle Bradbery (TV: “The Voice”) is 18

Flashback: What Happened on July 22, ....


•  1911 Hallie James Jameson informed the Marshall County Board of Education that she had gotten married two days before. The board notified Jameson that she would no longer be allowed to teach music in their schools, as it was their policy to not employ married women. The West Virginia Supreme Court set a precedent by supporting Jameson and she was able to regain her job. However, in 1916, the court did turn down the suit involving compensation during her two months off the job.

•  1919 The Wheeling Workhouse was closed after 147 years in operation, because for the first time there were no prisoners in the facility.

•  1921 Jacob Lutz was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Taylor County.

•  1930 The Dun Glen Hotel in Thurmond, Fayette County, was destroyed by fire.

•  1972 Coal mine fire at Blacksville, Monongalia County, killed 9. Mine owned by the Consolidation Coal Company.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 22

Today is Tuesday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2014. There are 162 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“I hold that man is in the right who is most closely in league with the future. “ — Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian dramatist (1828-1906).

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 22, 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie “Manhattan Melodrama.“

On this date:

In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.

In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland (correct).

In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem “America the Beautiful.“

In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.

In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.

In 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.

In 1944, the Bretton Woods Monetary Conference concluded in New Hampshire with an agreement to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.

In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.

In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.

In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.

In 2011, Anders Breivik (AHN’-durs BRAY’-vihk) massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation’s worst violence since World War II.

Ten years ago:

The September 11 commission issued a report saying America’s leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopped short of blaming President George W. Bush and former President Bill Clinton.

The Army Inspector General’s office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths.

A new high-speed passenger train derailed in northwestern Turkey, killing 37 people.

Five years ago:

President Barack Obama told a prime-time press conference that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had acted “stupidly” in the arrest of prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., and that despite racial progress, blacks and Hispanics were still singled out unfairly for arrest. Earlier, the president met at the White House with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

Millions of Asians witnessed the longest solar eclipse of this century; in some areas, totality lasted as long as six minutes and 39 seconds.

One year ago:

Frenzied crowds of Roman Catholics in Rio de Janeiro mobbed the car carrying Pope Francis as he returned to his home continent for the first time as pontiff, embarking on a seven-day visit.

The Duchess of Cambridge, the former Kate Middleton, gave birth to a son, Prince George, who became third in line to the British throne after Prince Charles and Prince William.

2011 National League MVP Ryan Braun was suspended without pay for the rest of the season and the postseason, the start of sanctions involving players reportedly tied to a Florida clinic accused of distributing performance-enhancing drugs.

One time Chicago cop-turned-actor Dennis Farina, 69, died in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Today’s Birthdays:

Opera singer Licia Albanese is 101

Former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., is 91

Actor-comedian Orson Bean is 86

Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta is 82

Actress Louise Fletcher is 80

Rhythm-and-blues singer Chuck Jackson is 77

Actor Terence Stamp is 76

Game show host Alex Trebek is 74

Singer George Clinton is 73

Actor-singer Bobby Sherman is 71

Former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, is 71

Movie writer-director Paul Schrader is 68

Actor Danny Glover is 68

Singer Mireille Mathieu is 68

Actor-comedian-director Albert Brooks is 67

Rock singer Don Henley is 67

Movie composer Alan Menken is 65

Singer-actress Lonette McKee is 61

Jazz musician Al Di Meola is 60

Actor Willem Dafoe is 59

Rhythm-and-blues singer Keith Sweat is 53

Actress Joanna Going is 51

Actor Rob Estes is 51

Folk singer Emily Saliers (Indigo Girls) is 51

Actor John Leguizamo is 50

Actor-comedian David Spade is 50

Actor Patrick Labyorteaux is 49

Rock musician Pat Badger is 47

Actress Irene Bedard is 47

Actor Rhys Ifans (rees EYE’-fanz) is 47

Actor Colin Ferguson is 42

Rock musician Daniel Jones is 41

Singer Rufus Wainwright is 41

Actress Franka Potente (poh-TEN’-tay) is 40

Actress A.J. Cook is 36

Actor Keegan Allen (TV: “Pretty Little Liars”) is 27

Actress Camila Banus (TV: “Days of Our Lives”) is 24

Actress Selena Gomez is 22

Flashback: What Happened on July 21, ....


•  1875 Construction was begun on the State House Building in Wheeling.

•  1890 The West Virginia Reform School at Pruntytown, Taylor County, admitted its first inmate.

•  1890 The West Virginia Industrial School for Boys was opened on July 21, 1890 at Pruntytown, Taylor County to train boys who had been committed to the Institution by the courts.

•  1891 The Glade Creek and Raleigh Railroad Company was incorporated in West Virginia. This would later become part of the Raleigh and Southwestern Railway Company and then the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.

•  1933 A regional conference was held in Charleston, Kanawha County, to better explain the new County Unit education system.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 21

Today is Monday, July 21, the 202nd day of 2014. There are 163 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“There is no bigotry like that of ‘free thought’ run to seed.“ — Horace Greeley, American journalist (1811-1872).

Today’s Highlights in History:

On July 21, 1944, American forces landed on Guam during World War II, capturing it from the Japanese some three weeks later. The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated Sen. Harry S. Truman to be vice president.

On this date:

In 1773, Pope Clement XIV issued an order suppressing the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits. (The Society was restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814.)

In 1861, during the Civil War, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Virginia, resulting in a Confederate victory.

In 1925, the so-called “Monkey Trial” ended in Dayton, Tennessee, with John T. Scopes found guilty of violating state law for teaching Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. (The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.)

In 1930, President Herbert Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans Administration (later the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs).

In 1949, the U.S. Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.

In 1959, the NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered merchant ship, was christened by first lady Mamie Eisenhower at Camden, New Jersey.

In 1961, Capt. Virgil “Gus” Grissom became the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the Liberty Bell 7.

In 1972, the Irish Republican Army carried out 22 bombings in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing nine people and injuring 130 in what became known as “Bloody Friday.“

In 1973, Israeli agents in Lillehammer, Norway, killed Ahmed Bouchikhi, a Moroccan waiter, in a case of mistaken identity, apparently thinking he was an official with Black September, the group that attacked Israel’s delegation at the 1972 Munich Olympics and killed 11 athletes.

In 1980, draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.

In 1994, Britain’s Labor Party elected Tony Blair its new leader, succeeding the late John Smith. Former Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott died in Falls Church, Virginia, at age 93.

In 1999, Navy divers found and recovered the bodies of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and sister-in-law, Lauren Bessette, in the wreckage of Kennedy’s plane in the Atlantic Ocean off Martha’s Vineyard. Advertising executive David Ogilvy died in Bonnes, France, at age 88.

Ten years ago:

President George W. Bush sketched out a second-term domestic agenda, telling campaign donors he would shift focus to improving high school education and expanding access to health care.

Academy Award-winning composer Jerry Goldsmith died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 75.

Richard Bloch (cq), co-founder of H&R Block, the world’s largest tax preparer, died in Kansas City, Missouri, at age 78.

Five years ago:

The Senate voted to terminate further production of the Air Force’s topline F-22 fighter jets.

Prosecutors in Cambridge, Massachusetts, dropped a disorderly conduct charge against prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., who was arrested by a white officer at his home near Harvard University after a report of a break-in.

John “Marmaduke” Dawson, a longtime Grateful Dead collaborator and co-founder of New Riders of the Purple Sage, died in San Miguel de Allende, Mexico at 64.

Taco Bell mascot Gidget the Chihuahua died in Santa Clarita, California, at 15.

One year ago:

Belgium’s King Albert abdicated after a 20-year reign; his son Philippe took over as the fractured nation’s seventh king.

Phil Mickelson won the British Open, shooting a 5-under 66 to match the best round of the tournament and win his first claret jug.

Britain’s Chris Froome won the 100th Tour de France.

Today’s Birthdays:

Singer Kay Starr is 92

Movie director Norman Jewison is 88

Former Attorney General Janet Reno is 76

Actress Patricia Elliott is 72

Actor David Downing is 71

Actor Edward Herrmann is 71

Actor Leigh Lawson is 69

Actor Wendell Burton is 67

Actor Art Hindle is 66

Singer Yusuf Islam (formerly Cat Stevens) is 66

Cartoonist Garry Trudeau is 66

Comedian-actor Robin Williams is 63

Actor Jamey Sheridan is 63

Rock singer-musician Eric Bazilian (The Hooters) is 61

Comedian Jon Lovitz is 57

Actor Lance Guest is 54

Actor Matt Mulhern is 54

Comedian Greg Behrendt is 51

Rock musician Koen Lieckens (K’s Choice) is 48

Soccer player Brandi Chastain is 46

Rock singer Emerson Hart is 45

Actress Alysia Reiner (TV: “Orange is the New Black”) is 44

Country singer Paul Brandt is 42

Actress Ali Landry is 41

Actor-comedian Steve Byrne is 40

Actor Justin Bartha is 36

Actor Josh Hartnett is 36

Contemporary Christian singer Brandon Heath is 36

Actress Sprague Grayden is 36

Reggae singer Damian Marley is 36

Country singer Brad Mates (Emerson Drive) is 36

MLB All-Star pitcher CC Sabathia is 34

Singer Blake Lewis (“American Idol”) is 33

Rock musician Will Berman (MGMT) is 32

Rock musician Johan Carlsson (Carolina Liar) is 30

Actress Vanessa Lengies (LEHN’-jeez) is 29

Actor Jamie Waylett (“Harry Potter” films) is 25

Flashback: What Happened on July 20, ....


•  1865 The Philadelphia and Burning Spring Oil Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: Samuel Kilpatrick, James Ballenger, James W. Early, Daniel H. Foster, J. Mitchell Baker, and William H. Taylor. The company’s main office was at Burning Springs, Wirt County.

•  1865 The Paint Creek and Ritchie County Oil and Mining Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: John Cornell, James W. Dare of Parkersburg; Montgomery Rankin of Newark, DE; John R. Hannaman of Wood County; and Charles Murphy of Philadelphia. The company’s purpose was to mine oil in Ritchie County, WV, and Floyd County, KY, with its main office at Parkersburg.

•  1917 Fire destroyed Dawson Hall at West Virginia Collegiate Institute (West Virginia State College) in Institute, Kanawha County. It was rebuilt in 1922.

•  1961 Areas around Charleston were hit by flash floods; twenty-three people were killed.

•  1973 Officials with the federal black lung program met with West Virginia coal miners.

•  1992 Pocahontas County officials admitted they dismissed charges against seven men in 1982, for their alleged roles in the murder of two women at a Rainbow Family gathering in 1980, due to improper state police investigative procedures.

•  1992 Federal Judge Charles Haden II sentenced former Logan County Circuit Judge Ned Grubb to 65 months in prison and fined him $25,000 following his conviction on bribery, obstruction of justice, mail fraud, racketeering and tampering with a witness charges.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 20

Today is Sunday, July 20, the 201st day of 2014. There are 164 days left in the year.

Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“Courage without conscience is a wild beast.“ — Robert G. Ingersoll, American lawyer and politician (1833-1899).

Today’s Highlights in History:

On July 20, 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion only wounded the Nazi leader. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.

On this date:

In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States convened in Richmond, Virginia.

In 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as a Canadian province.

In 1917, the World War I draft lottery went into operation.

In 1923, Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa was assassinated.

In 1954, the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into northern and southern entities.

In 1968, the first International Special Olympics Summer Games, organized by Eunice Kennedy Shriver, were held at Soldier Field in Chicago.

In 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module.

In 1974, Turkish forces invaded Cyprus after a coup by supporters of union with Greece.

In 1976, America’s Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.

In 1989, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi (soo chee) was placed under house arrest by the military government of Myanmar.

In 1999, after 38 years at the bottom of the Atlantic, astronaut Gus Grissom’s Liberty Bell 7 Mercury capsule was lifted to the surface.

In 2012, a gunman opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight showing of “The Dark Knight Rises,“ killing 12 people. (Suspect James Eagen Holmes has pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity to more than 160 counts of murder and attempted murder.)

Ten years ago:

Former national security adviser Sandy Berger quit as an informal adviser to Democrat John Kerry’s presidential campaign after disclosure of a criminal investigation into whether he’d mishandled classified terrorism documents.

Iraqi militants freed a Filipino truck driver after the Philippines government gave in to their demands to withdraw troops from Iraq.

The head of slain American hostage Paul M. Johnson Jr. was found in a raid in Saudi Arabia.

The U.N. General Assembly demanded that Israel tear down the barrier it was building to seal off the West Bank; Israel vowed to continue construction.

Five years ago:

A roadside bomb killed four American troops in eastern Afghanistan.

The astronauts aboard the shuttle-station complex celebrated the 40th anniversary of man’s first moon landing with their own spacewalk.

One year ago:

People rallied in dozens of U.S. cities, urging authorities to press federal civil rights charges against George Zimmerman, the former neighborhood watch leader found not guilty in the shooting death of unarmed teen Trayvon Martin.

Five employees of an Italian cruise company were convicted of manslaughter in the Costa Concordia shipwreck that killed 32 people, receiving sentences of less than three years.

Longtime White House correspondent Helen Thomas, 92, died in Washington.

Today’s Birthdays:

Actress-singer Sally Ann Howes is 84

Author Cormac McCarthy is 81

Rockabilly singer Sleepy LaBeef is 79

Senator Barbara A. Mikulski, D-Md., is 78

Actress Diana Rigg is 76

Artist Judy Chicago is 75

Rock musician John Lodge (The Moody Blues) is 71

Country singer T.G. Sheppard is 70

Singer Kim Carnes is 69

Rock musician Carlos Santana is 67

Rock musician Paul Cook (The Sex Pistols, Man Raze) is 58

Actress Donna Dixon is 57

Rock musician Mick McNeil (Simple Minds) is 56

Country singer Radney Foster is 55

Actor Frank Whaley is 51

Rock singer Chris Cornell is 50

Rock musician Stone Gossard (Pearl Jam) is 48

Actor Reed Diamond is 47

Actor Josh Holloway is 45

Singer Vitamin C is 45

Actor Omar Epps is 41

Actor Simon Rex is 40

Actress Judy Greer is 39

Actor Charlie Korsmo is 36

Singer Elliott Yamin (yah-MEEN’) (American Idol) is 36

Supermodel Gisele Bundchen is 34

Rock musician Mike Kennerty (The All-American Rejects) is 34

Actor Percy Daggs III is 32

Actor John Francis Daley is 29

Country singer Hannah Blaylock (Edens Edge) is 28

Country singer-ballroom dancer Julianne Hough is 26

Actress Billi Bruno is 18

Flashback: What Happened on July 19, ....


•  1839 A post office was established at Ravenswood, Jackson County.

•  1961 Areas around Charleston were hit by flash floods, killing twenty-two people.

•  1973 United States Department of Education selected West Virginia as one of twenty-three states to participate in the Right to Read program.

•  1992 Democratic nominee for president Bill Clinton and vice presidential nominee Albert Gore spoke to a large crowd in Weirton, Hancock County.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 19

Today is Saturday, July 19, the 200th day of 2014. There are 165 days left in the year.

Thought for today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“No written law has ever been more binding than unwritten custom supported by popular opinion.” — Carrie Chapman Catt, American feminist (1859-1947).

Today’s Highlight:

On July 19, 1989, 111 people were killed when United Air Lines Flight 232, a DC-10 which suffered the uncontained failure of its tail engine and the loss of hydraulic systems, crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 185 other people survived.

On this date:

In 1553, King Henry VIII’s daughter Mary was proclaimed Queen of England after pretender Lady Jane Grey was deposed.

In 1814, Samuel Colt, inventor of the Colt revolver, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.

In 1848, a pioneer women’s rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, New York.

In 1903, the first Tour de France was won by Maurice Garin.

In 1944, the Democratic national convention convened in Chicago with the renomination of President Franklin D. Roosevelt considered a certainty.

In 1952, the Summer Olympics opened in Helsinki, Finland.

In 1961, TWA became the first airline to begin showing regularly scheduled in-flight movies as it presented “By Love Possessed” to first-class passengers on a flight from New York to Los Angeles.

In 1979, the Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.

In 1980, the Moscow Summer Olympics began, minus dozens of nations that were boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.

In 1984, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for vice president by acclamation at the party’s convention in San Francisco.

In 1990, President George H.W. Bush joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace (since redesignated the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum) in Yorba Linda.

In 1994, a bomb ripped apart a Panama commuter plane, killing 21, including 12 Jews, a day after a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 85 people. A secrecy-shrouded funeral ceremony was held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who had died July 08 at age 82.

Ten years ago:

Mark Hacking of Salt Lake City shot and killed his 27-year-old wife, Lori, disposed of her remains, then reported her missing; he was later sentenced to six years to life in prison after pleading guilty to first-degree murder.

A fuel tanker rigged as a massive bomb exploded near the Baghdad police station, killing nine people.

A methane gas explosion in a Ukrainian mine killed at least 34 miners.

Former Japanese Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki died at age 93.

Five years ago:

A Russian-owned civilian helicopter crashed shortly after takeoff from southern Afghanistan’s largest NATO base, killing 16 civilians. Israel rejected a U.S. demand to suspend a planned housing project in east Jerusalem.

Stewart Cink won the British Open in a four-hole playoff with Tom Watson.

Eighty-one-year-old Hershel McGriff became the oldest driver to take part in a national NASCAR series race, finishing 13th in a Camping World West Series event at Portland International Raceway.

Author Frank McCourt, who’d won the Pulitzer Prize for his memoir “Angela’s Ashes,” died in New York at 78.

One year ago:

In a rare and public reflection on race, President Barack Obama called on the nation to do some soul searching over the death of Trayvon Martin and the acquittal of his shooter, George Zimmerman, saying the slain black teenager “could have been me 35 years ago.”

A Dallas woman plunged 75 feet to her death from a Six Flags Over Texas roller coaster when her safety restraint apparently failed.

Today’s birthdays:

Actress Helen Gallagher is 88

Country singer Sue Thompson is 88

Country singer George Hamilton IV is 77

Singer Vikki Carr is 74

Country singer-musician Commander Cody is 70

Actor George Dzundza is 69

Rock singer-musician Alan Gorrie (Average White Band) is 68

Tennis player Ilie Nastase is 68

Rock musician Brian May is 67

Rock musician Bernie Leadon is 67

Actress Beverly Archer is 66

Movie director Abel Ferrara is 63

Actor Peter Barton is 58

Rock musician Kevin Haskins (Love and Rockets; Bauhaus) is 54

Movie director Atom Egoyan is 54

Actor Campbell Scott is 53

Actor Anthony Edwards is 52

Country singer Kelly Shiver is 51

Actress Clea Lewis is 49

Percusssionist Evelyn Glennie is 49

Country musician Jeremy Patterson is 44

Classical singer Urs Buhler (Il Divo) is 43

Actor Andrew Kavovit is 43

Rock musician Jason McGerr (Death Cab for Cutie) is 40

Actor Benedict Cumberbatch is 38

Actor Jared Padalecki is 32

Actor Steven Anthony Lawrence is 24

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