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History, WayBackWhen™, FlashBack™

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 29

Today is Tuesday, July 29, the 210th day of 2014. There are 155 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

“A country can be judged by the quality of its proverbs.“ — German proverb.


Today’s Highlights in History:

On July 29, 1914, transcontinental telephone service in the U.S. became operational with the first test conversation between New York and San Francisco. Massachusetts’ Cape Cod Canal, offering a shortcut across the base of the peninsula, was officially opened to shipping traffic.


On this date:

In 1030, the patron saint of Norway, King Olaf II, was killed in battle.

In 1588, the English attacked the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines, resulting in an English victory.

The Gilmer Free Press

In 1890, artist Vincent van Gogh, 37, died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Auvers-sur-Oise, France.

In 1900, Italian King Humbert I was assassinated by an anarchist; he was succeeded by his son, Victor Emmanuel III.

In 1921, Adolf Hitler became the leader (“fuehrer”) of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

In 1948, Britain’s King George VI opened the Olympic Games in London.

In 1957, the International Atomic Energy Agency was established. Jack Paar made his debut as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show.“

In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, creating NASA.

In 1967, an accidental rocket launch aboard the supercarrier USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin resulted in a fire and explosions that killed 134 servicemen.

In 1974, singer Cass Elliot died in a London hotel room at age 32.

In 1981, Britain’s Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. (However, the couple divorced in 1996.)

In 1994, abortion opponent Paul Hill shot and killed Dr. John Bayard Britton and Britton’s bodyguard, James H. Barrett, outside the Ladies Center clinic in Pensacola, Florida. (Hill was executed in September 2003.)

Ten years ago: Sen. John Kerry accepted the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Boston with a military salute and the declaration: “I’m John Kerry and I’m reporting for duty.“


Five years ago:

Microsoft and Yahoo announced a 10-year Internet search partnership under which Bing would replace Yahoo Search, as the companies agreed to take on the overwhelming dominance of Google in the online advertising market.

Federal authorities arrested more than 30 suspects, including doctors, in a major Medicare fraud bust in New York.


One year ago:

The U.S. launched a fresh bid to pull Israel and the Palestinians into substantial negotiations with a dinner meeting in Washington hosted by Secretary of State John Kerry.

The FBI said authorities had rescued 105 young people and arrested 150 alleged pimps and others in a three-day sweep in 76 cities.


Today’s Birthdays:

Comedian “Professor” Irwin Corey is 100

Actor Robert Horton is 90

Former Sen. Nancy Kassebaum-Baker is 82

Actor Robert Fuller is 81

Former Sen. Elizabeth H. Dole is 78

Actor David Warner is 73

Rock musician Neal Doughty (REO Speedwagon) is 68

Marilyn Tucker Quayle, wife of former Vice President Dan Quayle, is 65

Actor Mike Starr is 64

Documentary maker Ken Burns is 61

Style guru Tim Gunn (TV: “Project Runway”) is 61

Rock singer-musician Geddy Lee (Rush) is 61

Rock singer Patti Scialfa (Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band) is 61

Olympic gold medal gymnast Nellie Kim is 57

Actor Kevin Chapman is 52

Actress Alexandra Paul is 51

Country singer Martina McBride is 48

Rock musician Chris Gorman is 47

Actor Rodney Allen Rippy is 46

Actor Tim Omundson is 45

Actor Ato Essandoh is 42

Actor Wil Wheaton is 42

Rhythm-and-blues singer Wanya Morris (Boyz II Men) is 41

Country singer-songwriter James Otto is 41

Actor Stephen Dorff is 41

Actor Josh Radnor is 40

Hip-hop DJ/music producer Danger Mouse is 37

Actress Rachel Miner is 34

Actress Allison Mack is 32

Actor Matt Prokop is 24

Flashback: What Happened on July 28, ....

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•  1863 Skirmishes were fought at Fayetteville, Fayette County.

•  1923 A federal grand jury in Elkins, Randolph County, handed down indictments against 7 people for conspiracy to defraud the federal government, stemming from attempts by the United States Harness Company of Ranson, Jefferson County, to sell surplus military items by auction in 1921. In January 1924, all seven were found not guilty.

•  1927 The Potomac Valley Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution purchased the French and Indian War Fort Ashby at Fort Ashby, Mineral County. It was turned over to the Mineral County Court in 1935, for restoration.

•  1934 The West Virginia Society of Professional Engineers was formed in Charleston (Kanawha County).

•  1970 Governor Moore announced that over $100 million had been stolen from the state over the last several years and requested the legislature to pass a bill raising taxes on business and industry to partially compensate the loss.

•  1980 The West Virginia Coal Commission, created by Governor Jay Rockefeller, held its first meeting.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 28

Today is Monday, July 28, the 209th day of 2014. There are 156 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“It is impossible to write ancient history because we lack source materials, and impossible to write modern history because we have far too many.“ — Charles Peguy (pay-GEE’), French poet and writer (1873-1914).


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 28, 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

On this d
ate:

In 1540, King Henry VIII’s chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

In 1655, French dramatist and novelist Cyrano de Bergerac, the inspiration for a play by Edmond Rostand, died in Paris at age 36.

In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.

In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.

In 1928, the Summer Olympic games opened in Amsterdam.

In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called “Bonus Army” of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand payments they weren’t scheduled to receive until 1945.

In 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York’s Empire State Building, killing 14 people. The U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.

In 1959, in preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Republican Hiram L. Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Democrat Daniel K. Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.

In 1984, the Los Angeles Summer Olympics opened.

In 1989, Israeli commandos abducted a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim cleric, Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid, from his home in south Lebanon. (He was released in January 2004 as part of a prisoner swap.)


Ten years ago:

The Democratic National Convention in Boston nominated John Kerry for president.

A car bomb exploded outside a police station used as a recruiting center in Baqouba, Iraq, killing 70 Iraqis.

Francis Crick, a Nobel Prize-winning scientist who co-discovered the double-helix structure of DNA, died in San Diego at age 88.


Five years ago:

The Senate Judiciary Committee approved Judge Sonia Sotomayor to be the U.S. Supreme Court’s first Hispanic justice, over nearly solid Republican opposition.

Anti-abortion activist Scott Roeder pleaded not guilty in Wichita, Kansas, to killing late-term abortion provider George Tiller. (Roeder was later convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.)

The Rev. Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II, better known as “Reverend Ike,“ who preached the gospel of material prosperity to millions nationwide, died in Los Angeles at age 74.


One year ago:

Pope Francis’ historic trip to his home continent of South America ended after a marathon week in Brazil.

In southern Italy, 39 people were killed when a tour bus plunged into a ravine.

An armed thief stole a $136 million diamond collection from a jewelry show at the Carlton International Hotel in Cannes, France.

William Warren Scranton, 96, a former presidential candidate, ambassador to the U.N. and Pennsylvania governor, died in Montecito, California.

Actress-singer Eileen Brennan, 80, died in Burbank, California.


Today’s Birthdays:

Movie director Andrew V. McLaglen is 94

Actor Darryl Hickman is 83

Ballet dancer-choreographer Jacques d’Amboise is 80

Musical conductor Riccardo Muti is 73

Former Senator and NBA Hall of Famer Bill Bradley is 71

“Garfield” creator Jim Davis is 69

Singer Jonathan Edwards is 68

Actress Linda Kelsey is 68

TV producer Dick Ebersol is 67

Actress Sally Struthers is 66

Actress Georgia Engel is 66

Rock musician Simon Kirke (Bad Company) is 65

Rock musician Steve Morse (Deep Purple) is 60

CBS anchorman Scott Pelley is 57

Alt-country-rock musician Marc Perlman is 53

Actor Michael Hayden is 51

Actress Lori Loughlin is 50

Jazz musician-producer Delfeayo Marsalis is 49

Former hockey player turned general manager Garth Snow is 45

Actress Elizabeth Berkley is 42

Singer Afroman is 40

Country musician Todd Anderson (Heartland) is 39

Rock singer Jacoby Shaddix (Papa Roach) is 38

Country singer Carly Goodwin is 33

Actor Dustin Milligan is 29

Actor Nolan Gerard Funk is 28

Rapper Soulja Boy is 24

Pop/rock singer Cher Lloyd (TV: finalist “The X Factor”) is 21

Flashback: What Happened on July 27, ....

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•  1756 On July 27, George Washington directed fifty troops to be stationed at Fort Trout Rock on the South Branch of the Potomac River in present-day Pendleton County.

•  1892 The Democratic State Convention met in Parkersburg.

•  1933 West Virginia placed all its employees under blanket code, becoming the first state to do so.

•  1964 About 1,600 members of the United Auto Workers local voted to accept a new contract, ending a bitter three-month strike at the FMC ordnance plant in South Charleston.

•  1977 Union Carbide suspended the manufacture of fluorocarbons.

•  1978 The United Mine Workers (UMWA) International Executive Board rejected a petition to recall President Arnold Miller.

•  1984 The violence-plagued fifteen-day strike at the Heartland Nursing Home in Beckley (Raleigh County) ended.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 27

Today is Sunday, July 27, the 208th day of 2014. There are 157 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“The sentimentalist ages far more quickly than the person who loves his work and enjoys new challenges.“ — Lillie Langtry, English actress (1853-1929).


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 27, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to adopt the first of three articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon, charging he had personally engaged in a course of conduct designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case. (In the days that followed, the Committee also adopted articles accusing Nixon of abuse of power and contempt of Congress.)


On this date:

In 1214, France prevailed in the Battle of Bouvines over the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and England.

In 1789, President George Washington signed a measure establishing the Department of Foreign Affairs, forerunner of the Department of State.

In 1861, Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan took command of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.

In 1909, during the first official test of the U.S. Army’s first airplane, Orville Wright flew himself and a passenger, Lt. Frank Lahm, above Fort Myer, Virginia, for one hour and 12 minutes.

In 1921, Canadian researcher Frederick Banting and his assistant, Charles Best, succeeded in isolating the hormone insulin at the University of Toronto.

In 1942, during World War II, the First Battle of El Alamein in Egypt ended in a draw as Allied forces stalled the progress of Axis invaders. (The Allies went on to win a clear victory over the Axis in the Second Battle of El Alamein later that year.)

In 1953, the Korean War armistice was signed at Panmunjom, ending three years of fighting.

In 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Republican national convention in Chicago.

In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of urban rioting, the same day black militant H. Rap Brown said in Washington that violence was “as American as cherry pie.“

In 1980, on day 267 of the Iranian hostage crisis, the deposed Shah of Iran died at a military hospital outside Cairo, Egypt, at age 60.

In 1984, actor James Mason, 75, died in Lausanne, Switzerland.

In 1996, terror struck the Atlanta Olympics as a pipe bomb exploded at Centennial Olympic Park, directly killing one person and injuring 111. (Anti-government extremist Eric Rudolph later pleaded guilty to the bombing.)


Ten years ago:

Democrats assailed President George W. Bush’s handling of the Iraq war at their convention in Boston and painted a vivid portrait of John Kerry as a decorated Vietnam War hero.

In a keynote address, Illinois State Sen. Barack Obama said Kerry had long made “tough choices when easier ones were available.“


Five years ago:

The presidents of Taiwan and China exchanged direct messages for the first time since the two sides split 60 years earlier.

A sailboat with an estimated 200 Haitians aboard ran aground on a reef and sank off the Turks and Caicos Islands; authorities reported 119 survivors, 15 confirmed dead and dozens missing.

Football player Michael Vick, suspended for bankrolling a dogfighting operation, was reinstated by NFL commissioner Roger Goodell.


One year ago:

Security forces and armed men clashed with supporters of Egypt’s ousted president, Mohammed Morsi, killing at least 80 people.

More than a thousand inmates escaped a prison in Libya as protesters stormed political party offices across the country.

Former Louisiana congresswoman Lindy Boggs, 97, died in Chevy Chase, Maryland.


Today’s Birthdays:

TV producer Norman Lear is 92

Actor Jerry Van Dyke is 83

Sportscaster Irv Cross is 75

Actor John Pleshette is 72

Singer Bobbie Gentry is 70

Actress-director Betty Thomas is 66

Olympic gold medal figure skater Peggy Fleming is 66

Singer Maureen McGovern is 65

Actress Janet Eilber is 63

Rock musician Tris Imboden (Chicago) is 63

Actress Roxanne Hart is 60

Country musician Duncan Cameron is 58

Comedian-actress-writer Carol Leifer is 58

Comedian Bill Engvall is 57

Jazz singer Karrin Allyson is 52

Country singer Stacy Dean Campbell is 47

Rock singer Juliana Hatfield is 47

Actor Julian McMahon is 46

Actor Nikolaj Coster-Waldau (NIH’-koh-lye KAH’-stur WAHL’-dah) (TV: “Game of Thrones”) is 44

Comedian Maya Rudolph is 42

Rock musician Abe Cunningham is 41

Singer-songwriter Pete Yorn is 40

MLB player Alex Rodriguez is 39

Actor Seamus Dever is 38

Actor Jonathan Rhys (rees) Meyers is 37

Actor Blair Redford is 31

Actress Taylor Schilling (TV: “Orange is the New Black”) is 30

Singer Cheyenne Kimball is 24

Flashback: What Happened on July 26, ....

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•  1890 The Doddridge County Oil and Gas Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: J. V. Blair, John A. Davis of West Union, Doddridge County; Henry Ash of Center Point, Doddridge County; I. C. White of Morgantown; and T. M. Jackson of Clarksburg. The company’s purpose was to mine, manufacture, and sell oil, gas, and coal, with its main office in West Union, Doddridge County.

•  1904 The West Virginia Legislature convened in extra session in Charleston, Kanawha County, mostly relating to the reassessment and collection of taxes.

•  1912 A battle occurred at Mucklow between Baldwin-Felts guards and striking coal miners from the Paint Creek strike. Governor William E. Glasscock ordered three companies from the National Guard to the area.

•  1923 The first state gasoline tax was put into effect. The tax was 2 cents per gallon.

•  1982 Toxic hydrogen chloride leaked from a tank in South Charleston for the second time in a week.

•  1984 The first gubernatorial debate was held between Republican former Governor Arch Moore and Democrat Clyde See.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 26

Today is Saturday, July 26, the 207th day of 2014. There are 158 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing.“ — George Bernard Shaw (born this date in 1856, died 1950).


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 26, 1775, Benjamin Franklin became America’s first Postmaster-General.


On this date:

In 1788, New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1882, the Richard Wagner opera “Parsifal” premiered in Bayreuth, Germany.

In 1908, U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte ordered creation of a force of special agents that was a forerunner of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

In 1912, the Edison Studios production “What Happened to Mary,“ one of the first, if not very first, movie serials, was released with Mary Fuller in the title role.

In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act, which established the National Military Establishment (later renamed the Department of Defense).

In 1952, Argentina’s first lady, Eva Peron, died in Buenos Aires at age 33. King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.

In 1953, Fidel Castro began his revolt against Fulgencio Batista (fool-HEN’-see-oh bah-TEES’-tah) with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. (Castro ousted Batista in 1959.)

In 1956, the Italian liner Andrea Doria sank off New England, some 11 hours after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm; at least 51 people died. Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.

In 1964, Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa was convicted in federal court in Chicago of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund; six co-defendants were found guilty of conspiracy. The Organization of American States enacted sanctions against Cuba.

In 1971, Apollo 15 was launched from Cape Kennedy on America’s fourth manned mission to the moon.

In 1989, Mark Wellman, a 29-year-old paraplegic, reached the summit of El Capitan in Yosemite (yoh-SEHM’-uh-tee) National Park after hauling himself up the granite cliff six inches at a time over nine days.

In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act.


Ten years ago:

The Democratic Party’s 44th national convention opened in Boston under extraordinarily tight security; a parade of speakers that included former President Bill Clinton castigated George W. Bush as a president who had mishandled the economy and bungled the war on terror.

Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb, an Egyptian diplomat held hostage by militants in Iraq for three days, was released after successful negotiations.


Five years ago:

Sarah Palin stepped down as governor of Alaska to write a book and build a right-of-center coalition, but left her long-term political plans unclear.

Alberto Contador won the Tour de France for the second time in three years; Lance Armstrong placed third.

Rickey Henderson and Jim Rice were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame along with the late Joe Gordon.

Choreographer and dancer Merce Cunningham died in New York at age 90.


One year ago:

Ariel Castro, the man who’d imprisoned three women in his Cleveland home, subjecting them to a decade of rapes and beatings, pleaded guilty to 937 counts in a deal to avoid the death penalty. (Castro later committed suicide in prison.)

A gunman went on a rampage at a Hialeah, Florida, apartment complex, killing six people before being shot dead by police.

Billionaire Texas oilman George P. Mitchell, considered the father of fracking, died at his home in Galveston; he was 94. JJ Cale, 74, whose best songs like “After Midnight” and “Cocaine” were towering hits for other artists, died in La Jolla, California.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Marjorie Lord is 96

Actor James Best is 88

Actress-singer Darlene Love is 73

Singer Brenton Wood is 73

Rock star Mick Jagger is 71

Movie director Peter Hyams is 71

Actress Helen Mirren is 69

Rock musician Roger Taylor (Queen) is 65

Actress Susan George is 64

Olympic gold medal figure skater Dorothy Hamill is 58

Actor Kevin Spacey is 55

Rock singer Gary Cherone (sher-OWN’) is 53

Actress Sandra Bullock is 50

Rock singer Jim Lindberg (Pennywise) is 49

Actor Jeremy Piven is 49

Rapper-reggae singer Wayne Wonder is 48

Actor Jason Statham (STAY’-thum) is 47

Actor Cress Williams is 44

TV host Chris Harrison (“The Bachelor”; “The Bachelorette”) is 43

Actress Kate Beckinsale is 41

Rock musician Dan Konopka (OK Go) is 40

Gospel/Contemporary Christian singer Rebecca St. James is 37

Actress Francia Raisa is 26

Christian rock musician Jamie Sharpe (Rush of Fools) is 25

Flashback: What Happened on July 25, ....

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•  1960 Governor Cecil Underwood addressed the Republican National Convention in Chicago, in a nationally-televised speech.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 25

Today is Friday, July 25, the 206th day of 2014. There are 159 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“Life is not a matter of milestones, but of moments.“ — Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1890-1995).


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 25, 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan’s King Hussein (hoo-SAYN’) signed a declaration at the White House ending their countries’ 46-year-old formal state of war.


On this date:

In 1554, Queen Mary I of England married Philip II, future King of Spain.

In 1814, the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, one of the bloodiest battles of the War of 1812, took place in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario, with no clear victor.

In 1909, French aviator Louis Bleriot (bleh-ree-OH’) became the first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, traveling from Calais (kah-LAY’) to Dover in 37 minutes.

In 1934, Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated by pro-Nazi Austrians in a failed coup attempt.

In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. (However, Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and re-asserted his authority.)

In 1944, Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters recorded Cole Porter’s “Don’t Fence Me In” in Los Angeles for Decca Records.

In 1952, Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

In 1956, the Italian liner Andrea Doria collided with the Swedish passenger ship Stockholm off the New England coast late at night and began sinking; at least 51 people were killed.

In 1960, a Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina, that had been the scene of a sit-in protest against its whites-only lunch counter dropped its segregation policy.

In 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the first “test tube baby,“ was born in Oldham, England; she’d been conceived through the technique of in-vitro fertilization.

In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya (sah-VEETS’-kah-yah) became the first woman to walk in space as she carried out more than three hours of experiments outside the orbiting space station Salyut 7.

In 2000, a New York-bound Air France Concorde crashed outside Paris shortly after takeoff, killing all 109 people on board and four people on the ground; it was the first-ever crash of the supersonic jet.


Ten years ago:

Israelis formed a human chain stretching 55 miles from Gaza to Jerusalem to protest Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s Gaza Strip withdrawal plan.

Lance Armstrong won a record sixth Tour de France.


Five years ago:

President Barack Obama continued his full-court press to pass health care reform legislation, citing a new White House study indicating that small businesses were paying far more per employee for health insurance than big companies, a disparity the president said was “unsustainable” as well as “unacceptable.“

Protesters across the world called on Iran to end its clampdown on opposition activists.


One year ago:

Pope Francis, dubbed the “slum pope” for his work with the poor, received a rapturous welcome from one of Rio de Janeiro’s most violent shantytowns and demanded the world’s wealthy end the injustices that had left the poor on the margins of society.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Barbara Harris is 79

Folk-pop singer-musician Bruce Woodley (The Seekers) is 72

Rock musician Jim McCarty (The Yardbirds) is 71

Rock musician Verdine White (Earth, Wind & Fire) is 63

Singer-musician Jem Finer (The Pogues) is 59

Model-actress Iman is 59

Cartoonist Ray Billingsley (“Curtis”) is 57

Rock musician Thurston Moore (Sonic Youth) is 56

Actress-singer Bobbie Eakes is 53

Actress Katherine Kelly Lang is 53

Actress Illeana Douglas is 49

Country singer Marty Brown is 49

Actor Matt LeBlanc is 47

Actress Wendy Raquel Robinson is 47

Rock musician Paavo Lotjonen (PAH’-woh LAHT’-joh-nehn) (Apocalyptica) is 46

Actor D.B. Woodside is 45

Actress Miriam Shor is 43

Actor David Denman is 41

Actor Jay R. Ferguson is 40

Actor James Lafferty is 29

Actress Shantel VanSanten is 29

Actor Michael Welch is 27

Classical singer Faryl Smith is 19

Weston: Civil War “Living History” Weekend - July 25-27, 2014

The Gilmer Free Press

Flashback: What Happened on July 24, ....

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•  1851 The Upshur County government was organized in Buckhannon.

•  1861 Fearing entrapment, Confederate Brigadier General Henry A. Wise pulled his troops from Charleston to Gauley Bridge, Fayette County.

•  1868 The governor approved an act declaring Willey’s Fork and Road Fork of Fishing Creek, Wetzel County, to be public highways.

•  1902 Mother Jones faced Judge John Jay Jackson, Jr., in court for disobeying his injunction against her speaking. He ruled that she had violated his court order and the bounds of free speech, but suspended her sentence to prevent widespread protest.

•  1970 Governor Moore publicly denied charges by syndicated columnist Jack Anderson implying that Moore had misused $80,000 in campaign contributions and was being investigated by the Justice Department.

•  1992 Governor Caperton fired Linda Grubb from the State Employment Security Board of Review. Grubb, the wife of convicted Logan County Circuit Court Judge Ned Grubb, had demanded reinstatement to her position after being found not guilty on federal indictment charges.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™:  July 24

Today is Thursday, July 24, the 205th day of 2014. There are 160 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“The Budget should be balanced, the Treasury should be refilled, public debt should be reduced, the arrogance of officialdom should be tempered and controlled, and the assistance to foreign lands should be curtailed, lest Rome will become bankrupt. People must again learn to work instead of living on public assistance.“ - Cicero, 55 BC


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 24, 1974, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon had to turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.


On this date:

In 1783, Latin American revolutionary Simon Bolivar (see-MOHN’ boh-LEE’-vahr) was born in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1862, Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the United States, and the first to have been born a U.S. citizen, died at age 79 in Kinderhook, New York, the town where he was born in 1782.

In 1866, Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

In 1911, Yale University history professor Hiram Bingham III found the “Lost City of the Incas,“ Machu Picchu, in Peru.

In 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne, which settled the boundaries of modern Turkey, was concluded in Switzerland.

In 1937, the state of Alabama dropped charges against four of the nine young black men accused of raping two white women in the “Scottsboro Case.“

In 1952, President Harry S. Truman announced a settlement in a 53-day steel strike.

In 1959, during a visit to Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon engaged in his famous “Kitchen Debate” with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.

In 1969, the Apollo 11 astronauts — two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the moon — splashed down safely in the Pacific.

In 1987, Hulda Crooks, a 91-year-old mountaineer from California, became the oldest woman to conquer Mount Fuji, Japan’s highest peak.

In 1998, a gunman burst into the U.S. Capitol, killing two police officers before being shot and captured. (The shooter, Russell Eugene Weston Jr., is being held in a federal mental facility.)

In 2002, nine coal miners became trapped in a flooded tunnel of the Quecreek Mine in western Pennsylvania; the story ended happily 77 hours later with the rescue of all nine.


Ten years ago:

Without promising what specific steps he would take, President George W. Bush said in his weekly radio address that his administration was committed to relying on the recommendations of the September 11 commission in waging the war on terrorism.

Former Nixon administration official Fred LaRue, who served a prison term for Watergate, died in Biloxi, Mississippi, at age 75.


Five years ago:

Trying to tamp down a national uproar over race, President Barack Obama acknowledged using unfortunate words in declaring that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had “acted stupidly” in arresting black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., adding he’d invited the Harvard professor and Sgt. James Crowley, the arresting officer, for “a beer here in the White House.“


One year ago:

The House narrowly rejected, 217-205, a challenge to the National Security Agency’s secret collection of hundreds of millions of Americans’ phone records.

A high-speed train crash outside Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain killed 79 people.

Pope Francis made an emotional plea in Aparecida, Brazil, for Roman Catholics to shun materialism in the first public Mass of his initial international trip as pontiff.

It was announced by Kensington Palace that the newborn son of Prince William and Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, would be named George Alexander Louis.

Virginia Johnson, half of the renowned Masters and Johnson team of sex researchers, died in St. Louis at age 88.


Today’s Birthdays:

Actor John Aniston is 81

Political cartoonist Pat Oliphant is 79

Comedian Ruth Buzzi is 78

Actor Mark Goddard is 78

Actor Dan Hedaya is 74

Actor Chris Sarandon is 72

Comedian Gallagher is 68

Actor Robert Hays is 67

Former Republican national chairman Marc Racicot (RAWS’-koh) is 66

Actor Michael Richards is 65

Actress Lynda Carter is 63

Movie director Gus Van Sant is 62

Country singer Pam Tillis is 57

Actor Paul Ben-Victor is 52

Actor Kadeem Hardison is 49

Actress-singer Kristin Chenoweth is 46

Actress Laura Leighton is 46

Actor John P. Navin Jr. is 46

Actress-singer Jennifer Lopez is 45

Basketball player-turned-actor Rick Fox is 45

Actor Eric Szmanda is 39

Actress Rose Byrne is 35

Country singer Jerrod Niemann is 35

Actress Summer Glau is 33

Actress Elisabeth Moss is 32

Actress Anna Paquin is 32

Actress Megan Park is 28

Actress Mara Wilson is 27

Rock singer Jay McGuiness (The Wanted) is 24

Actress Emily Bett Rickards (TV: Arrow”) is 23

TV personality Bindi Irwin is 16

Flashback: What Happened on July 23, ....

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•  1884 The Webster County Boom and Dam Company was incorporated in West Virginia by the following: David Burns, Gideon M. Burns, W. E. Fleming of Burnsville, Braxton County; Thomas M. Jewell of Elizabeth, Wirt County; and James W. Burns of Fairmont, Marion County. The company’s purpose was to construct booms and dams on the Little Kanawha River and its tributaries in Webster County, Lewis County, and Randolph County, and on the Elk River and its tributaries including the Holly River in Randolph County, Pocahontas County, and Webster County, with its main office in Burnsville, Braxton County.

•  1992 The State Supreme Court ordered state officials to adopt a plan within six months to remove all 320 state prisoners from local government jails due to overcrowding.

2014 >>  WayBackWhen™: July 23

Today is Wednesday, July 23, the 204th day of 2014. There are 161 days left in the year.


Thought for Today:

The Gilmer Free Press

“To be proud and inaccessible is to be timid and weak.“ — Jean Baptiste Massillon (zhahn bah-TEEST’ mah-see-YOHN’), French clergyman (1663-1742).


Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 23, 1914, Austria-Hungary presented a list of demands to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; Serbia’s refusal to agree to the entire ultimatum led to World War I.


On this date:

In 1885, Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th president of the United States, died in Mount McGregor, New York, at age 63.

In 1886, a legend was born as Steve Brodie claimed to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into New York’s East River. (However, there are doubts about whether the dive actually took place.)

In 1945, French Marshal Henri Petain (ahn-REE’ pay-TAN’), who had headed the Vichy (vee-shee) government during World War II, went on trial, charged with treason. (He was convicted and condemned to death, but the sentence was commuted.)

In 1951, Henri Petain died in prison.

In 1952, Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser launched a successful coup against King Farouk I.

In 1967, a week of deadly race-related rioting that claimed 43 lives erupted in Detroit.

In 1977, a jury in Washington, D.C., convicted 12 Hanafi (hah-NAH’-fee) Muslims of charges stemming from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.

In 1982, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors, 7-year-old Myca Dinh Le and 6-year-old Renee Shin-Yi Chen, were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for “Twilight Zone: The Movie.“ (Director John Landis and four associates were later acquitted of manslaughter charges.)

In 1984, Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign her title, after nude photographs of her taken in 1982 were published in Penthouse magazine.

In 1986, Britain’s Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London. (The couple divorced in 1996.)

In 1997, the search for Andrew Cunanan, the suspected killer of designer Gianni Versace (JAH’-nee vur-SAH’-chee) and others, ended as police found his body on a houseboat in Miami Beach, an apparent suicide.

In 2011, singer Amy Winehouse, 27, was found dead in her London home from accidental alcohol poisoning.


Ten years ago:

Militants in Iraq took hostage an Egyptian diplomat (Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb), demanding his country abandon any plans it had to send security experts to Iraq. (He was freed after three days of diplomatic efforts.)

The Pentagon released newly discovered payroll records from President George W. Bush’s 1972 service in the Alabama National Guard, though the records shed no new light on the future president’s activities during that summer.

Joe Cahill, a founding father of the modern Irish Republican Army, died in Belfast, Northern Ireland, at age 84.


Five years ago:

Michael Jackson’s personal physician, Dr. Conrad Murray, was named in a search warrant as the target of a manslaughter probe into the singer’s death. (Murray was later convicted of involuntary manslaughter.)

Authorities arrested 44 people in New Jersey in a corruption probe. Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox pitched the 18th perfect game in major league history, a 5-0 win over Tampa Bay.


One year ago:

With a high-stakes showdown vote looming in the House, the White House and congressional backers of the National Security Agency’s surveillance program warned that ending the massive collection of phone records from millions of Americans would put the nation at risk from another terrorist attack. (The next day, the House narrowly voted against halting the NSA program.)


Today’s Birthdays:

Actress Gloria DeHaven is 89

Concert pianist Leon Fleisher (FLY’-shur) is 86

Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy is 78

Actor Ronny Cox is 76

Radio personality Don Imus is 74

Country singer Tony Joe White is 71

Rock singer David Essex is 67

Actor Larry Manetti is 67

Singer-songwriter John Hall is 66

Actress Belinda Montgomery is 64

Rock musician Blair Thornton (Bachman Turner Overdrive) is 64

Actress Edie McClurg is 63

Actress-writer Lydia Cornell is 61

Actor Woody Harrelson is 53

Rock musician Martin Gore (Depeche Mode) is 53

Actor Eriq Lasalle is 52

Rock musician Yuval Gabay is 51

Rock musician Slash is 49

Rock musician Nick Menza is 46

Model-actress Stephanie Seymour is 46

Actress Charisma Carpenter is 44

Rhythm-and-blues singer Sam Watters is 44

Country singer Alison Krauss is 43

Rhythm-and-blues singer Dalvin DeGrate is 43

Rock musician Chad Gracey (Live) is 43

Actor-comedian Marlon Wayans is 42

Country singer Shannon Brown is 41

Actress Kathryn Hahn is 41

Retired MLB All-Star Nomar Garciaparra is 41

Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky is 41

Actress Stephanie March is 40

Country musician David Pichette (Emerson Drive) is 37

Rhythm-and-blues singer Michelle Williams is 34

Actor Paul Wesley is 32

Actor Daniel Radcliffe is 25

Country musician Neil Perry is 24

Country singer Danielle Bradbery (TV: “The Voice”) is 18

Flashback: What Happened on July 22, ....

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•  1911 Hallie James Jameson informed the Marshall County Board of Education that she had gotten married two days before. The board notified Jameson that she would no longer be allowed to teach music in their schools, as it was their policy to not employ married women. The West Virginia Supreme Court set a precedent by supporting Jameson and she was able to regain her job. However, in 1916, the court did turn down the suit involving compensation during her two months off the job.

•  1919 The Wheeling Workhouse was closed after 147 years in operation, because for the first time there were no prisoners in the facility.

•  1921 Jacob Lutz was executed by hanging at the West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville (Marshall County) for a murder committed in Taylor County.

•  1930 The Dun Glen Hotel in Thurmond, Fayette County, was destroyed by fire.

•  1972 Coal mine fire at Blacksville, Monongalia County, killed 9. Mine owned by the Consolidation Coal Company.

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