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Outdoors

The Free Press WV

►  Interior chief urges shrinking 4 national monuments in West

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke is recommending that four large national monuments in the West be reduced in size, potentially opening up hundreds of thousand or even millions of acres of land revered for natural beauty and historical significance to mining, logging and other development.

Zinke’s recommendation, revealed in a leaked memo submitted to the White House, prompted an outcry from environmental groups who promised to take the Trump administration to court to block the moves.

The Interior secretary’s plan would scale back two huge Utah monuments — Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante — along with Nevada’s Gold Butte and Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou. More logging and other development also would be allowed at three other monuments — two in in New Mexico and one in Maine.

Bears Ears, designated for federal protection by former President Barack Obama, totals 1.3 million acres in southeastern Utah on land that is sacred to Native Americans and home to tens of thousands of archaeological sites, including ancient cliff dwellings. Grand Staircase-Escalante, in southern Utah, includes nearly 1.9 million acres in a sweeping vista larger than the state of Delaware.

Grand Staircase has been a source of ire for local officials and Republican leaders for more than two decades amid complaints that its 1996 designation as a monument by former President Bill Clinton closed off too much land to development.

Cascade-Siskiyou, in southwestern Oregon, protects about 113,000 acres in an area where three mountain ranges converge, while Nevada’s Gold Butte protects nearly 300,000 acres of desert landscapes that feature rock art, sandstone towers and wildlife habitat for bighorn sheep and the threatened Mojave Desert tortoise.

Two marine monuments in the Pacific Ocean also would be reduced under Zinke’s memo, which has not been officially released. The Associated Press obtained a copy of the memo.

Donald Trump ordered the review earlier this year after complaining about a “massive land grab” by Obama and other former presidents.

“It’s gotten worse and worse and worse, and now we’re going to free it up, which is what should have happened in the first place. This should never have happened,” Trump said in ordering the review in April.

National monument designations add protections for lands known for their natural beauty with the goal of preserving them for future generations. The restrictions aren’t as stringent as for national parks, but some policies include limits on mining, timber cutting and recreational activities such as riding off-road vehicles.

No president has tried to eliminate a monument, but some have trimmed and redrawn boundaries 18 times, according to the National Park Service.

Zinke’s recommendations to pare down the four Western monuments — and allow more logging and other development in three other monuments — “represent an unprecedented assault on our parks and public lands” by the Trump administration, said Jamie Williams, president of the Wilderness Society.

“This callous proposal will needlessly punish local, predominantly rural communities that depend on parks and public lands for outdoor recreation, sustainable jobs and economic growth,” Williams said, vowing to challenge in court any actions by the Trump administration to reduce the size of national monuments.

“Zinke claims to follow Teddy Roosevelt, but he’s engineering the largest rollback of public land protection in American history,” said Kieran Suckling, executive director of the Center for Biological Diversity, another environmental group. “If Teddy were alive today, he’d declare political war on Zinke and Trump.”

Zinke has declined to say whether portions of any monuments under review would be opened up to oil and gas drilling, mining, logging and other industries for which Trump has advocated.

It was not clear from the memo how much energy development would be allowed on the sites recommended for changes, although the memo cites “active timber management” as a goal, as well as increased public access.

A spokeswoman for Zinke referred questions to the White House, which said in a statement that it does not comment on leaked documents.

If Trump adopts the recommendations, it would quiet some of the worst fears of his opponents, who warned that vast public lands and marine areas could be lost to states or private interests.

But significant reductions in the size of the monuments, especially those created by Obama, would mark the latest in a string of actions where Trump has sought to erode his Democratic predecessor’s legacy.

The recommendations cap an unprecedented four-month review based on Trump’s claim that the century-old Antiquities Act had been misused by past presidents to create oversized monuments that hinder energy development, grazing and other uses.

In addition to shrinking the four western monuments, Zinke recommends greater economic activity at Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks and Rio Grande del Norte in New Mexico, and Katahdin Woods and Waters in Maine.


►  Literally lousy: Parasite plagues world salmon industry

Salmon have a lousy problem, and the race to solve it is spanning the globe.

A surge of parasitic sea lice is disrupting salmon farms around the world. The tiny lice attach themselves to salmon and feed on them, killing or rendering them unsuitable for dinner tables.

Meanwhile, wholesale prices of salmon are way up, as high as 50 percent last year. That means higher consumer prices for everything from salmon fillets and steaks to more expensive lox on bagels.

The lice are actually tiny crustaceans that have infested salmon farms in the U.S., Canada, Scotland, Norway and Chile, major suppliers of the high-protein, heart-healthy fish. Scientists and fish farmers are working on new ways to control the pests, which Fish Farmer Magazine stated last year costs the global aquaculture industry about $1 billion annually.

So far it has been an uphill struggle that is a threat to a way of life in countries where salmon farming is a part of the culture.

The Free Press WV


“Our work has to be quicker than the evolution of the lice,” said Jake Elliott, vice president of Cooke Aquaculture in Blacks Harbour, New Brunswick.

Experts say defeating the lice will take a suite of new and established technology, including older management tools such as pesticides and newer strategies such as breeding for genetic resistance. The innovative solutions in use or development include bathing the salmon in warm water to remove lice and zapping the lice with underwater lasers.

Farmers worldwide consider sea lice the biggest threat to their industry and say the persistent problem is making the fish more expensive to consumers. Farmed salmon was worth nearly $12 billion in 2015, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

The only hope is to develop new methods to control the spread of lice, which are present in the wild, but thrive in the tightly packed ocean pens for fish farming, said Shawn Robinson, a scientist with the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

“There are not enough tools right now to allow the farmer to really effectively deal with it,” Robinson said.

The lice can grow to about the size of a pea and lay thousands of eggs in their brief lifetime. The chance of a louse making its way to a diner’s plate is very small because salmon are checked for lice before being sent to market. But even if one did, eating it wouldn’t pose a health threat.

Atlantic salmon have held their own with sea lice in the wild for centuries, and fish farmers managed them in aquaculture environments for many years. Then, farmers in Canada identified the lice as a problem around 1994, said Jonathan Carr, executive director of research and environment with the Atlantic Salmon Federation.

Feeding fish a pesticide with the active ingredient of emamectin benzoate became the tool of choice to control lice, Carr said. But around 2009, the lice appeared to become resistant to the pesticide, and they have spread globally since.

The industry’s key mistake was reacting when the lice evolved to survive pesticide, Carr said, rather than “getting ahead in the game.”

“The efficacy went away and pressure developed to create new treatments,” said Kris Nicholls, chief operating officer at Cooke, a major player in world salmon farming.

The worldwide supply of salmon fell almost 10 percent last year, with Norway, the largest producer in the world, especially hard hit. In Norway, there are hundreds of times more salmon in aquaculture than in the wild. And the fish potentially can escape their pens with lice attached and introduce them to wild fish.

Norwegian farmers are looking to use new closed-in pens that resemble giant eggs instead of typical mesh pens. Scottish farmers have deployed a device known as a Thermolicer to warm the water and detach the lice from fish. And farmers in North America and Europe are experimenting with using species of “cleaner fish” to coexist with the salmon and eat the lice.

Research about farming salmon along with mussels, which researchers have found will eat larval sea lice, is underway. Underwater drones inhabit the other end of the technological spectrum, zapping lice with lasers to kill them. That technology was developed in Norway and has been used there and in Scotland.

Cooke keeps a brood stock of fish in the hopes of breeding them for desirable traits such as disease resistance. And the company uses a pair of boats capable of pumping 10,000 fish at a time into a hydrogen peroxide bath, which kills most of the lice, although it also can stress and kill some fish.

On the shores of Beaver Harbour, New Brunswick, Cooke engineer Joel Halse stood recently aboard a $4 million vessel containing a series of tubes that send 300 salmon a minute on a winding journey while dousing them with warm water to remove lice.

Halse, who likened it to a “waterslide park” for fish, said the fish farming industry has no choice but to try such innovations.

“The cost to the salmon farming industry from sea lice is huge,” he said. “And having tools to control the population would be huge.”


►  Environmental, outdoor groups vow to fight national monument reductions

Environmental and outdoor recreation groups threatened Monday to sue if Donald Trump adopts Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke’s leaked proposal to alter nearly a dozen national monuments, while grazing, fishing and other groups welcomed the recommendations.

Zinke’s plan to reduce the size of at least four federally protected areas in the West, while altering management practices at another half-dozen, was obtained and published by The Washington Post on Sunday night. The White House is still reviewing the memorandum, which Zinke submitted in late August after conducting a four-month review of how presidents of both parties have applied the 1906 Antiquities Act since 1996.

The secretary urged Trump to shrink four large monuments on federal land – Utah’s Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante, Nevada’s Gold Butte, and Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou – as well as possibly two Pacific Ocean marine monuments, the Pacific Remote Islands and Rose Atoll. He proposed amending the proclamations for 10 monuments, largely to allow for commercial activities restricted in these areas, such as logging, grazing and mining.

Zinke endorsed allowing commercial fishing operators in three marine monuments – the two in the central Pacific Ocean, and one, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts National Marine Monument, in the Atlantic.

Eric Reid, general manager of Seafreeze Shoreside in Narragansett, Rhode Island, said in a statement that the recommendations “make us hopeful that we can recover the areas we have fished sustainably for decades. We are grateful that the voices of fishermen and shore side businesses have finally been heard.“

But Mystic Aquarium senior research scientist Peter Auster, whose institution pushed for heightened protections for an area 130 miles off the southeast coast of Cape Cod, noted that federal catch data shows that landings of mackerel and butterfish – two of the main species targeted by local fisherman near the monument – have risen this year compared with 2016, when the monument was established.

Auster said that to allow trawlers, pots and pot gear in the monument, which spans 4,913 square miles, “will have significant effects on conservation of marine wildlife in the monument.“

Former Interior secretary Sally Jewell, who oversaw several of the monument designations Zinke is proposing to alter, said in an interview Monday that, “the protections that are written into the proclamations are in many cases what he’s tryingto undo, in his recommendations to Trump.

“It’s a monument in name only if all the activities that are identified by Secretary Zinke are allowed to occur,“ she added.

Grazing advocates also welcomed the idea of providing ranchers with more access on five different monuments, including not only Bears Ears, Grand Staircase-Escalante and Gold Butte but also the New Mexico monuments Rio Grande Del Norte and Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks.

Ethan Lane, who directs the Public Lands Council at the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, said in an email that, “It sounds like the voices of western communities are finally being heard and the promise to preserve grazing inside monuments might finally be kept by the federal government. This action would be a win for any western community that depends on ranching to stay afloat.“

Utah politicians, who have lobbied Trump since he was elected to revisit several Antiquities Act designations, praised his administration’s push to scale back these areas. Utah Governor Gary Herbert, R, said Thursday that after having talked with Zinke about Grand Staircase-Escalante, which Bill Clinton established in 1996, “I think there’s the possibility of carving it up into smaller monuments, you know, two or three that actually protects the area that needs protection.“

Utah Republican Senator Orrin Hatch’s spokesman Matt Whitlock said his boss “is grateful for Secretary Zinke’s thorough, fair review that has given Utahns on all sides of the issue a voice in the protection of Utah lands.“

But a broad array of monument supporters, including environmental and outdoor recreation activists, pledged to fight any changes to existing protections in court.

“Trump, Zinke and Herbert are going to come out on the wrong side of history,“ said Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance Legal Director Steve Bloch.

University of Colorado law professor Mark Squillace, an expert in the Antiquities Act, said in an email that Zinke’s proposal raises a host of legal issues given that no president has considered making so many changes to previous designations.

“Decisions to protect certain objects (and not others) involve judgment call that courts have shown an inclination to respect,“ he said. “The significant legal issues aside, if we allow presidents to second guess the judgments of their predecessor there would no end to the mischief that would create.“

Although Zinke has proposed amending all 10 monuments’ proclamations to shift the way they are managed, the majority of the management plans for these monuments have not been finalized because they take between five and six years to complete.

Randi Spivak, public lands program director for the advocacy group Center for Biological Diversity, said any proclamation change “would be subject to challenge” and “any proposed management plan changes will need to formally go through the same legal and administrative processes again, subject to the same administrative appeal and litigation requirements.“

“This process will be very legally vulnerable because it will have to deal with all the scientific, environmental and social conclusions produced during the first round of management plan creation,“ she said. “This would be a massive hurdle for the administration.“

Outdoors

The Free Press WV

►  Coopers Rock State Park: More than just a pretty rock face

The view of Cheat River Canyon from the overlook may be the most obvious thing casual visitors think of when they hear “Coopers Rock.”

But the state park is just as popular for activities that aren’t as easily seen.

Every year, while some of the 250,000 visitors are attending weddings on the overlook or holding reunions in the picnic shelters built by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression, others are scaling rock formations named Sunset Wall and the Big Blocks.

And other park users are trout fishing in the lake or running through the forest. And some visitors are seeking geocaches, capsules of objects that can be located with GPS coordinates posted on a website such as geocaching.com.

Almost every other weekend, regardless of the season, Matt Born of Reedsville puts a line in the water of Coopers Rock’s lake to see where the fish are hiding.

“Sometimes we are packed in there like sheep, elbow to elbow,” Born said. “Other times you have the lake to yourself.

“You have your everyday guys who know their spot and how to rip the trout out of it,” he said. “Then you have the PowerBaiters: both poles out with fancy rod holders just waiting on the bobber that they put on the line to move. Then you have the spoon/spinner people who cast in and out. Everybody has their method of fishing at Coopers Rock and each one of the groups of people is very successful at catching trout and helping others to catch them too.”

Climbers are another group of sportsmen and women who mentor each other in the sport, said Dan Brayack, a climber, trail runner, hunter and beginning mountain biker from Charleston.

Visitors are not allowed to climb at the overlook but there are large boulders where they can climb without ropes. The sport is called bouldering, and it started in the 1980s, according to Brayack, who has published the “Coopers Rock Bouldering Guide.”

“Someone who is not a rock climber, if you’re fairly athletic, you could scramble around on the boulders,” Brayack said. “Even climbing small boulders that aren’t very tall, we do fall, all the time, and we have one piece of equipment that you need to be able to fall and be OK. It’s called a crash pad and it’s basically a couch cushion but more technical. It’s designed for rock climbing.”

Adam Polinski, project coordinator and founding member of the nonprofit Coopers Rock Foundation, who has also written guides to lead climbers on the best routes up the boulders, calls crash pads “the primary safety device other than good judgement.

“It is used into conjunction with somebody spotting you, just like at the gym.”

Coopers Rock’s elevation — 1,200 feet above Morgantown — makes it a cool place to climb in summer, Brayack said, and it has great views.

The rock is special: It’s called gritstone.

“There’s very little gritstone in the United States and the most famous is in Britain,” Polinski said. “It’s kind of a world-famous rock type. Climbers can talk about rock types just like wine connoisseurs talk about the difference between pinot grigio and zinfandel. We’re pretty lucky around here. We have the equivalent of a really cool vintage of rock.”

Coopers Rock isn’t on the scale of Seneca Rocks with its 300-foot climbs or the New River Gorge, Polinski said, but it’s perfect for bouldering.

“It is booming to the point that you might see license plates from any one of six or eight surrounding states,” Polinski said. “People travel from Baltimore and D.C. and spend the weekend because of bouldering. It really has turned into something.”

Trail running is another fairly young sport that is done at Coopers Rock.

“I like using the trails,” said David Hopkinson, president of the Coopers Rock Foundation. “I’m out there taking care of them so I can continue to enjoy them.”

Outdoors enthusiasts who want to buy or sell some recreational equipment can do it at the gear sale during the Celebration of the Outdoors on October 21 in Pavilion No. 2 near the overlook. Half the proceeds go to the seller and half to the Foundation, Hopkinson said.

Admission and many activities are free at the Celebration of the Outdoors. Visitors can try rock climbing and ropes courses. There is usually a raptor exhibit and birdhouse building. A volunteer leads a tree identification hike. Refreshments can be purchased at the state-run snack bar near the overlook.

The Foundation held its annual 10K Stump Jump August 26. Athletes ran a 6.2-mile course from the overlook to the Roadside Trail, then to Laurel Meadows and Rock City, and back to the overlook. It is one of the fundraisers for facilities maintenance and repairs.

Located in Monongalia and Preston counties, Coopers Rock was named for a cooper, a barrel-maker, who was a fugitive. He hid from authorities at the overlook and made and sold barrels to the nearby community, according to Jan Dzierzak, assistant state park superintendent.

The DNR manages the park and WVU leases part of the forest for research.

“There’s a big education component that occurs at Coopers Rock,” Polinski said, adding that elementary, middle and high school students visit too. “I don’t think you see 10,000 school buses there every year but it’s a steady trickle. There are so many things you can learn there, not just tree or bird identification.

“You can study stream dynamics and the macroinvertebrates that live in stream or the emerald ash borer, the current threat to one species of tree in the forest. There are plenty of educational angles.”


►  Idaho hopes to bring stargazers to first U.S. dark sky reserve

Tourists heading to central Idaho will be in the dark if local officials get their way.

The first International Dark Sky Reserve in the United States would fill a chunk of the state’s sparsely populated region that contains night skies so pristine that interstellar dust clouds are visible in the Milky Way.

“We know the night sky has inspired people for many thousands of years,” said John Barentine, program manager at the Tucson, Arizona-based International Dark-Sky Association. “When they are in a space where they can see it, it’s often a very profound experience.”

Supporters say excess artificial light causes sleeping problems for people and disrupts nocturnal wildlife and that a dark sky can solve those problems, boost home values and draw tourists. Opposition to dark sky measures elsewhere in the U.S. have come from the outdoor advertising industry and those against additional government regulations.

Researchers say 80 percent of North Americans live in areas where light pollution blots out the night sky. Central Idaho contains one of the few places in the contiguous United States large enough and dark enough to attain reserve status, Barentine said. Only 11 such reserves exist in the world.

Leaders in the cities of Ketchum and Sun Valley, the tiny mountain town of Stanley, other local and federal officials, and a conservation group have been working for several years to apply this fall to designate 1,400 square miles (3,600 square kilometers) as a reserve. A final decision by the association would come about 10 weeks after the application is submitted.

The association also designates International Dark Sky Parks, with nearly 40 in the U.S. Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve in central Idaho, known as a prime destination among avid stargazers, became one earlier this year.

“There is some astro tourism,” said Ketchum Mayor Nina Jonas, a point driven home last month when thousands descended on the town in the path of the total solar eclipse.

Ketchum officials have applied to become an International Dark Sky Community and join Flagstaff, Arizona, Dripping Springs, Texas, and Beverly Shores, Indiana.

The Idaho city approved a dark sky ordinance requiring residents to install shields on exterior light fixtures to block light from going upward and mandating holiday lighting by businesses and residents be turned off at night.

Becoming a dark sky community could help with the larger reserve status and even lift property values in the already pricey area by keeping the night sky visible. Nearby Sun Valley, a ski resort city, also has a dark sky ordinance, as does Hailey about 12 miles (19 kilometers) to the south.

“It’s nice to look up and see something greater than ourselves,” Jonas said.

The Idaho Conservation League has joined the effort, noting light pollution can adversely affect nocturnal wildlife and people’s sleep rhythms.

“Out of all the types of pollution that ICL is engaged in, I see this as one we can combat in an easier way,” said Dani Mazzota, whose group is coordinating efforts among federal and local entities.

That includes an intensive effort by volunteers taking darkness readings throughout the region. Those readings, combined with satellite measurements, will be some of the information used by the International Dark Sky-Association in its decision.

International Dark Sky Reserves have two main components, Barentine said. The first is a core area dark enough to meet the association’s standards. The second is a buffer area with communities that demonstrate support in protecting the core by limiting light pollution.

The proposed Idaho reserve is mainly land managed by the U.S. Forest Service and contains the wilderness of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area.

“We have a preservation and protection mission, and preserving the dark sky and mitigating light pollution is a really good fit for the Sawtooth National Recreation Area,” said ranger Kirk Flannigan.

He said a survey of landowners, livestock grazing permit holders, recreation outfitters, lodges and cabin owners found almost universal support for creating the reserve.

The Forest Service will contribute by putting up informational signs about the dark sky reserve and reducing light pollution from its buildings, Flannigan said. The agency would not mandate actions, and any light mitigation by others in the recreation area would be voluntary.

Stanley, a tiny mountain town within the Sawtooth recreation area, runs mostly on tourism money. Its light pollution measures are voluntary but have been effective, not only because they could mean more tourism, but because locals themselves like to see the night sky, said Steve Botti, city council president.

“I go out most every night and look at it because it’s so dramatic,” he said.

Outdoors

The Free Press WV

►  Elk killed in crash as small population settles in

State officials say the vehicle crash that killed two elk along U.S. 119 was bound to happen as the small population grows.

Earlier this week, two of West Virginia’s 24 elk were struck and killed by an ambulance in Logan County.

Randy Kelley, elk project leader for the state Division of Natural Resources, says the two animals were crossing the highway when they were hit around 3 a.m. Monday.

The ambulance’s driver said the elk were on the concrete median and jumped out in front of the vehicle. The ambulance crew was not injured.

In nearby Eastern Kentucky, which has an elk population estimated at 10,000, one or two collisions take place each year.

Kelley says warning signs had been placed on the highway in areas where elk were known to cross.


►  Trump administration works toward renewed drilling in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

The Trump administration is quietly moving to allow energy exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for the first time in more than 30 years, according to documents obtained by The Washington Post, with a draft rule that would lay the groundwork for drilling.

Congress has sole authority to determine whether oil and gas drilling can take place within the refuge’s 19.6 million acres. But seismic studies represent a necessary first step, and Interior Department officials are modifying a 1980s regulation to permit them.

The effort represents a twist in a political fight that has raged for decades. The remote and vast habitat, which serves as the main calving ground for one of North America’s last large caribou herds and a stop for migrating birds from six continents, has served as a rallying cry for environmentalists and some of Alaska’s native tribes. But state politicians and many Republicans in Washington have pressed to extract the billions of barrels of oil lying beneath the refuge’s coastal plain.

Democrats have managed to block them through votes in the Senate and, in one instance in 1995, by a presidential veto.

In an August 11 memo, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service acting director James Kurth instructed the agency’s Alaska regional director to update a rule that allowed exploratory drilling between October 1, 1984, and May 31, 1986, by striking those calendar constraints.

Doing so would eliminate an obstacle that was the subject of a court battle as recently as two years ago.

“When finalized, the new regulation will allow for applicants to [submit] requests for approval of new exploration plans,“ Kurth wrote in the memo.

If the rule is finalized after a public comment period, companies would have to bid on conducting the seismic studies. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated in a June 27 memo, obtained by Trustees for Alaska through a federal records request, that this work would cost about $3.6 million.

With oil prices averaging around $50 per barrel, potentially too low to justify a significant investment in drilling in the refuge, it is unclear how much interest companies would have. Some might consider proceeding with those studies to get a better sense of the area’s potential.

The behind-the-scenes push to open up the refuge - often referred to by its acronym, ANWR - comes as longtime drilling proponents occupy key positions at the Interior Department.

Its No. 2 official, David Bernhardt, represented Alaska in its unsuccessful 2014 suit to force then-Interior Secretary Sally Jewell to allow exploratory drilling there. Joseph Balash, Trump’s nominee to serve as Interior assistant secretary for land and minerals management, asked federal officials to turn a portion of the refuge over to the state when he served as Alaska’s natural resources commissioner. The state’s plan was to offer the land for leasing.

During a stop in Anchorage on May 31, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke said he hoped to jump-start energy exploration on Alaska’s North Slope in part by updating resource assessments of the refuge.

“I’m a geologist. Science is a wonderful thing. It helps us understand what is going on deep below the surface of the Earth,“ Zinke said at the time. “We need to use science to update our understanding of the [coastal plain] of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge as Congress considers important legislation to responsibly develop there one day.“

The Fish and Wildlife memo notes that the Interior Department asked it “to update the regulations concerning the geological and geophysical exploration” of that coastal area but does not identify who issued the directive.

An Interior officialsaid in an email Friday that the department is “required by law - the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act - to allow for seismic surveys in wildlife refuges across Alaska.“

“Hundreds of seismic surveys have been conducted on Alaska’s north slope - many of them on ANWR’s borders,“ the official added.

Both the Clinton and Obama administrations concluded that the department was legally barred from permitting seismic studies in the refuge. And environmentalists have consistently opposed such activity, which sends shock waves underground. They say it would disturb denning polar bears, which are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, as well as musk oxen and other Arctic animals.

An increasing number of polar bears are now denning onshore during the winter - when seismic studies would take place - due to diminishing sea ice, and a significant portion of the coastal plain is designated as critical habitat for the bears. The August 11 memo directs the Fish and Wildlife Service’s regional director to conduct an environmental assessment as part of the proposed rule change because the Endangered Species Act requires federal agencies to show that their actions will not jeopardize or adversely modify critical habitat of a listed species.

“The administration is very stealthily trying to move forward with drilling on the Arctic’s coastal plain,“ said Defenders of Wildlife President Jamie Rappaport Clark, who led the Fish and Wildlife Service under President Bill Clinton. “This is a complete about-face from decades of practice.“

Environmental groups would be likely to challenge any decision to conduct seismic work in the refuge in federal court.

Alaska officials have been working for several years to restart seismic studies on the coastal plain. They say the initial ones, conducted in the winters of 1984 and 1985, were done with outdated technology and do not reflect the area’s true potential. The Geological Survey, which reanalyzed that data nearly 15 years later, estimated that 7.7 billion barrels of “technically recoverable oil” lie under the coastal plain.

The June 27 memo, sent to Zinke’s energy policy counselor Vincent DeVito, said the department could either assume the existing seismic data is acceptable, reexamine that data with “state-of-the-art” technology or conduct new studies with modern, 3-D technology.

In an interview Thursday, Alaska Natural Resources Commissioner Andy Mack said that recent oil discoveries near the refuge’s western edge suggest there may be more oil there than federal officials identified three decades ago.

“Alaska’s always had an abiding interest in resource development, particularly in oil,“ Mack said. “We’re not discounting the existing data, but it’s old, and it’s relatively limited.“

The question of whether Interior can restart the seismic work is a subject of legal dispute. The 1980s studies, which took place along 1,400 miles of survey lines and were financed by private oil firms, were aimed at gathering information for a report the interior secretary submitted to Congress in 1987.

In 2001, Interior solicitor John Leshy issued a formal opinion concluding that the 1983 rule was “a time-limited authorization for exploratory activities in the coastal plain.“

Twelve years later, Alaska sought permission from the Fish and Wildlife Service to launch a new exploration program; Obama administration officials rejected the request, and the state sued.

On July 21, 2015, U.S. District Judge Sharon Gleason ruled against the state. “Whether the statute authorizes or requires the Secretary to approve additional exploration after the submission of the 1987 report is ambiguous,“ she wrote, but Jewell’s interpretation that she no longer had authority to allow it “is based on a permissible and reasonable construction of the statute.“

Mack said he was not sure whether companies would want to drill in the refuge, but they now are more interested in the potential on land than offshore.

ConocoPhillips, for one, is “actively exploring and focused on new development opportunities” within the neighboring National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska, according to spokesman Daren Beaudo. “If ANWR was opened, we’d consider it within our portfolio of opportunities . . . and it would have to compete with other regions for our exploration dollars,“ he said.

Yet Pavel Molchanov, an energy analyst at Raymond James & Associates, predicted “very little interest” in drilling in the refuge for the foreseeable future.

“The number of companies that would be open to a meaningful bet on ANWR we could realistically count on one hand, and that would be generous,“ Molchanov said.

NATIONAL and Local FEEDER & STOCKER CATTLE SUMMARY

The Gilmer Free Press
RECEIPTS:    Auctions     Direct    Video/Internet     Total
This Week     193,100     58,100        20,800         272,000
Last Week     126,500     40,200        11,600         178,300
Last Year     153,300     36,000        88,500         277,800

Compared to last week, steers and heifers traded mostly steady to 6.00 higher. 

Demand was moderate to very good, with active trade. 

Demand has remained good for the past several weeks, as grain is readily available and at relatively cheap prices. 

On Wednesday at the Hub City Livestock Auction in Aberdeen, South Dakota, buyers had the opportunity to choose from a large supply of quality cattle. 

There were some noteworthy sales, with nearly three and a half loads of steers weighing an average of 942 pounds selling at 157.10. 

CME live and feeder cattle futures traded mixed throughout the week.  Compared to last Friday, October live cattle futures closed 43 points higher at 107.75 and December was 112.82, 3 points lower. 

Feeder cattle futures held triple digit gains from the week. 

Compared to last Friday, September futures closed 2.35 higher at 147.87 and October was 148.42, up 2.23. 

On Thursday, cash trade in Nebraska was limited on moderate demand with a few dressed sales from 167.00-168.00. 

However, there were not enough for a market trend. 

Last week in Nebraska live sales were at 105.00, with dressed sales from 165.00-168.00 on a light test. 

So far the for the week, trading has been at a standstill in the Southern Plains. 

Last week in the Southern Plains, live trades were 105.00 with a light test noted in Kansas. 

Harvest is officially in full swing, with corn harvest reported as 60 percent complete in Texas, 10 percent in Kansas and 12 percent in Missouri. 

NASS’s Crop Production Report was released on Tuesday. 

Corn production is projected at 14.2 billion bushels, with an expected average yield of 169.9 bushels per acre. 

Soybean production is estimated at 4.43 billion bushels, with an expected average yield of 49.9 bushels per acre. 

Both corn and soybean yields are slightly higher than August, but lower than last year. 

Throughout Montana, snow is falling with many mountain passes anticipating 8 inches of snow by Saturday and 12 to 18 inches expected above pass level. 

This is welcomed moisture, as the state has been engulfed in wildfires due to drought. 

Hopefully the snow can provide relief to the area, as there is currently 22 fires burning in the state, impacting over 580,000 acres. 

USDA’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) Report was released on Tuesday. 

U.S. beef production for 2017 saw a decrease of 140 million pounds, with production now at 26.559 billion pounds. 

Production also declined for 2018, now at 27.275 billion pounds, down 85 million pounds. 

One of the driving factors to this is reduced slaughter weights. 

Although total slaughter headcounts have been at or above last year’s numbers, slaughter weights have been declining. 

The increase in headcount is not enough to offset the lower slaughter weights, leading to a decline in production. 

On Tuesday, the Choice-Select spread was negative 7 cents, with Choice boxed-beef at 190.79 and Select boxed-beef at 190.86. 

This was short-lived, as today’s Choice-Select spread closed at 5.57. 

Compared to last Friday, Choice boxed-beef closed at 191.42, dn .46 and Select boxed-beef was dn 4.12 at 185.85. 

Auction volume this week included 58 percent weight over 600 lbs and 39 percent heifers.

Auction Receipts:  193,100   Last Week 126,500   Last Year 153,300

South Branch Livestock, Moorefield, WV
Weighted Average Report for Wednesday September 13, 2017

Cattle Receipts:  1407

Slaughter cows made up 2% of the offering, slaughter bulls 0%, 
other cows 0%, and feeders 98%.  

The feeder supply included 75% steers, 24% heifers, and 1% bulls. 

Near 98% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    375-375    375       151.00         151.00
    1    500-500    500        95.00          95.00   RWF
    1    575-575    575       119.00         119.00
    4    634-634    634       145.00         145.00
   59    775-775    775       155.00         155.00   Load
  132    800-800    800       150.00         150.00   Load
   57    875-875    875       147.25         147.25   Load
   45    850-850    850       151.25         151.25   Part Loads
  368    935-935    935    139.00-142.00     141.18   Load
  149    975-975    975       138.75         138.75   Load
                             Small 1
    1    875-875    875        98.00          98.00
                             Medium and Large 1 - 2
   62    825-825    825       149.75         149.75   Load
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    545-545    545       120.00         120.00   RWF
                             Small 2
    1    760-760    760        94.00          94.00   Red

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    380-380    380       130.00         130.00
    1    425-425    425       113.00         113.00
    2    455-485    470    129.00-131.00     129.97
    1    530-530    530       116.00         116.00
    1    515-515    515        97.50          97.50   RWF
    1    660-660    660       105.00         105.00   Smoke
  135    760-760    760       131.00         131.00   Load
   62    820-820    820       131.75         131.75   Load
                             Small 1
    1    460-460    460        80.00          80.00
                             Medium and Large 1 - 2
   74    650-650    650       142.50         142.50   Load
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    310-310    310       112.50         112.50
    1    380-380    380       120.00         120.00   RWF
    1    570-570    570       106.00         106.00
    2    600-640    620    107.50-109.00     108.27
    1    695-695    695       110.00         110.00
                             Medium and Large 3
    1    555-555    555       116.00         116.00

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    350-365    358    143.00-156.00     149.36
    4    470-480    474    130.00-146.00     140.47
    1    595-595    595       112.50         112.50
    3    655-690    670    118.00-124.00     121.28
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    550-550    550        90.00          90.00   Red
    1    600-600    600       119.00         119.00
    1    680-680    680        94.00          94.00   Smoke

Slaughter Cows                Breaker 70-80% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2   1175-1380  1278     55.00-57.00       55.92
    3   1490-1745  1610     53.00-55.00       54.02
    1   1440-1440  1440        61.25          61.25   High Dressing
                               Boner 80-85% Lean
    3   1215-1295  1252     52.00-56.00       53.70
    1   1205-1205  1205        76.00          76.00   High Dressing
    2   1470-1525  1498     52.00-53.00       52.51
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    2   1095-1280  1188     49.00-55.00       51.77
    1   1315-1315  1315        66.00          66.00   High Dressing
    4   1020-1200  1093     32.00-40.00       36.18   Low Dressing
    1   1405-1405  1405        44.00          44.00   Low Dressing

Heiferettes                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    915-995    955     77.00-82.50       79.87  

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4   1895-2175  2016     74.50-77.50       76.62

Feeder & Slaughter Lambs
 Head	Wt Range	Price Range
   13	60-80lb		180.00-187.00
    1   80-100lb	180.00
   12   100-120lb	155.00-172.00

Goats	
 Head			Sel1		Sel2
   33	50-70lb		136.00		126.00
    8   BG Nannies	171.00	   148.00-150.00
    1   SM Nannies			120.00

Jackson County Special, Ripely, WV
Weighted Average Report for Monday September 11, 2017

Cattle Receipts:  1135

Feeders made up 100% of the offering.  

The feeder supply included 59% steers, and 41% heifers. 

Near 45% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
   90    475-485    481    168.00-168.35     168.20   Value Added
  219    575-590    578    156.50-162.00     159.14   Value Added
   80    620-620    620       157.75         157.75   Value Added
  150    660-665    663    152.00-155.00     153.51   Value Added
   69    720-720    720       150.25         150.25   Value Added
   64    780-780    780       143.85         143.85   Value Added

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
   95    490-490    490       150.75         150.75   Value Added
  131    520-540    526    145.25-146.75     146.30   Value Added
   84    590-590    590       143.50         143.50   Value Added
   80    625-625    625       140.00         140.00   Value Added
   73    680-680    680       138.25         138.25   Value Added

Weston Livestock Marketing, Weston, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday September 09, 2017

Cattle Receipts:  400

Slaughter cows made up 13% of the offering, slaughter bulls 5%, 
replacement cows 2%, and feeders 81%. 

The feeder supply included 36% steers, 43% heifers, and 21% bulls. 

Near 19% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    195-195    195       140.00         140.00
    5    300-345    321    142.50-157.50     149.71
    3    355-380    367    140.00-152.00     143.87
   14    410-445    429    137.50-148.00     143.65
   18    450-498    485    136.00-152.50     142.21
    2    450-470    460    130.00-132.50     131.22   EXOTIC
   11    500-525    515    135.00-147.50     140.25
    1    520-520    520       120.00         120.00   RWF
   10    553-580    558    142.50-153.00     151.34
    1    575-575    575       137.00         137.00   EXOTIC
    7    620-635    625    120.00-131.00     128.21
    1    640-640    640       130.00         130.00   RWF
    3    606-606    606       130.00         130.00   RED
    1    615-615    615       137.50         137.50   Yearlings
    1    670-670    670       145.00         145.00
    2    665-665    665       144.00         144.00   Yearlings
    4    700-720    715    135.00-139.00     138.02
    6    714-715    714    141.00-145.00     141.67   Yearlings
    1    750-750    750       139.00         139.00   Yearlings
    1    825-825    825       138.00         138.00
    2    872-872    872       133.50         133.50   Yearlings
                             Small 1
    1    590-590    590       100.00         100.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    275-275    275       110.00         110.00   EXOTIC
    1    330-330    330   999.00-1181.00    1181.00   RED
    1    445-445    445       110.00         110.00
    3    496-496    496       129.00         129.00
    2    450-450    450       124.00         124.00   RWF
    2    510-510    510       128.00         128.00
                             Holstein Medium and Large 2
    1   1055-1055  1055        59.00          59.00

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    180-180    180       100.00         100.00
    1    245-245    245       110.00         110.00
    4    255-295    274    126.00-130.00     128.82
    1    345-345    345       145.00         145.00
    2    325-325    325       110.00         110.00   RED
   10    365-375    368    120.00-127.00     125.89
   20    420-448    442    120.00-134.00     127.55
    1    400-400    400       112.50         112.50   RED
   21    450-498    469    122.50-131.00     126.07
    1    460-460    460       125.00         125.00   RED
   22    500-545    516    120.00-133.00     127.12
    4    503-503    503       116.00         116.00   RED
    7    550-555    553    120.00-125.00     122.51
    2    597-597    597       117.50         117.50   Yearlings
    1    630-630    630       122.50         122.50
    1    640-640    640       127.50         127.50   EXOTIC
    1    645-645    645        97.50          97.50   RWF
    4    650-690    669    100.00-117.50     110.68
    1    660-660    660       107.50         107.50   RED
    3    788-788    788       110.00         110.00   Yearlings
    1    815-815    815        90.00          90.00   Yearlings
    1    910-910    910        90.00          90.00   Yearlings
    1    965-965    965        85.00          85.00   Yearlings
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    327-327    327       122.50         122.50
    1    370-370    370       110.00         110.00
    5    422-440    432    110.00-112.50     111.02
    3    465-470    467    110.00-115.00     111.68
    1    510-510    510       105.00         105.00
    6    550-595    568    110.00-120.00     112.42

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    7    203-205    204    140.00-152.00     148.55
    1    200-200    200       117.50         117.50   EXOTIC
    2    295-295    295       147.50         147.50
    3    327-330    328    130.00-137.50     134.98
    8    350-390    366    130.00-167.50     139.82
    1    365-365    365       125.00         125.00   EXOTIC
    4    405-440    422    135.00-137.00     136.00
    3    450-475    465    125.00-132.50     128.56
    7    507-545    525    128.00-137.50     134.73
    7    575-595    585    120.00-130.00     125.12
    1    630-630    630       132.50         132.50
    3    670-685    675     91.00-123.00     112.18
    1    650-650    650       122.00         122.00   EXOTIC
    1    765-765    765       115.00         115.00   Yearlings
    2    815-815    815     97.50-108.00     102.75   Yearlings
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    375-385    380    120.00-125.00     122.47
    2    402-402    402       125.00         125.00
    1    445-445    445       112.50         112.50   EXOTIC
    2    515-535    525    115.00-121.00     118.06
    1    515-515    515       110.00         110.00   EXOTIC
    4    615-630    620    124.00-125.00     124.75

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    965-965    965       835.00         835.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1   1090-1090  1090       950.00         950.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    3   1005-1165  1077    800.00-975.00     872.48   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1455-1455  1455       950.00         950.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                 Boner 80-85% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
   23    900-1335  1151     50.00-59.00       55.29
    5   1045-1235  1173     60.00-64.00       61.45   High Dressing
    7   1445-1580  1496     52.00-58.00       55.89
    3   1485-1560  1523     62.00-64.00       63.01   High Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    1    680-680    680        45.00          45.00
    1    750-750    750        32.50          32.50   Low Dressing
    8    830-1175   973     46.00-51.00       48.39

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4   1020-1360  1236     71.00-76.00       74.15
    1   1470-1470  1470        81.00          81.00   High Dressing
    9   1590-2080  1779     70.00-84.00       77.85
    1   1600-1600  1600       100.00         100.00   High Dressing
    1   1515-1515  1515        66.00          66.00   Low Dressing
                               Yield Grade 2
    2   1080-1135  1108     21.00-31.00       25.88   Low Dressing

Jackson County Regional Livestock, Ripley, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday September 09, 2017

Cattle Receipts:  780

Slaughter cows made up 6% of the offering, slaughter bulls 2%, 
replacement cows 4%, other cows 0%, and feeders 87%.  

The feeder supply included 34% steers, 42% heifers, and 25% bulls. 

Near 23% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    270-270    270       157.00         157.00   BLK
    2    282-282    282       174.00         174.00   Value Added
    4    345-345    345    141.00-146.00     142.25   BLK
    1    310-310    310       142.00         142.00   RED
   11    350-388    375    143.00-165.00     158.21   BLK
    1    385-385    385       130.00         130.00   RWF
    4    388-388    388       169.00         169.00   Value Added
   24    402-447    429    118.00-163.00     144.84   BLK
    1    440-440    440       140.00         140.00   SMOKE
   28    450-490    472    135.00-156.00     148.31   BLK
    2    465-485    475    130.00-132.00     130.98   RWF
    1    470-470    470       146.00         146.00   SMOKE
   42    500-547    527    129.00-154.00     141.76   BLK
    2    545-545    545       130.00         130.00   RWF
    1    500-500    500       126.00         126.00   SMOKE
   24    550-590    567    133.00-148.00     141.92   BLK
    2    562-562    562       131.00         131.00   RWF
    1    570-570    570       140.00         140.00   SMOKE
    1    585-585    585       130.00         130.00   RED
   19    605-647    617    116.00-148.00     143.85   BLK
    1    645-645    645       129.00         129.00   SMOKE
    2    610-635    623    131.00-138.00     134.43   RED
    9    655-695    678    133.00-143.00     138.29   BLK
    2    682-682    682       130.00         130.00   RWF
    1    675-675    675       131.00         131.00   SMOKE
    8    712-737    726    127.00-137.00     131.29   BLK
    1    735-735    735       143.00         143.00   SMOKE
    5    750-790    768    123.00-137.00     133.34   BLK
    3    775-790    780    141.00-143.00     142.32   RED
    3    810-845    827    118.00-127.00     122.98   BLK
    1    890-890    890       113.00         113.00   BLK
    1    910-910    910       112.00         112.00   RED
    2    965-980    973     75.00-96.00       85.42   BLK
    3   1036-1036  1036       118.00         118.00   BLK
    1   1065-1065  1065       105.00         105.00   BLK
                             Small 1
    1    755-755    755       107.00         107.00   BLK
                             Large 2
    1    425-425    425       130.00         130.00   BLK
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    220-220    220       132.00         132.00   BLK
    3    415-445    428    131.00-140.00     135.59   BLK
    1    415-415    415       131.00         131.00   SMOKE
    2    450-475    463    126.00-127.00     126.51   BLK
    1    485-485    485       129.00         129.00   RED
    2    570-580    575    116.00-123.00     119.47   BLK
    1    795-795    795       110.00         110.00   BLK

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    245-245    245       125.00         125.00   BLK
    1    265-265    265       130.00         130.00   RWF
   14    300-342    319    125.00-141.00     137.33   BLK
    1    330-330    330       110.00         110.00   RWF
    1    300-300    300       138.00         138.00   RED
   40    352-397    375    120.00-145.00     136.74   BLK
    1    390-390    390       122.00         122.00   RWF
   39    410-445    425    114.00-147.00     136.90   BLK
    4    412-440    420    116.00-138.00     132.30   SMOKE
   47    450-495    473    130.00-148.00     140.19   BLK
    2    495-495    495    118.00-120.00     119.00   RWF
    3    450-485    462    126.00-139.00     131.52   RED
   26    505-542    530    122.00-139.50     133.95   BLK
    3    505-527    520    124.00-125.00     124.68   SMOKE
   21    550-595    572    121.00-139.00     133.89   BLK
    1    585-585    585       134.00         134.00   SMOKE
    1    555-555    555       117.00         117.00   RED
   21    605-641    619    110.00-135.00     127.50   BLK
    1    620-620    620       125.00         125.00   SMOKE
    6    665-692    681    115.00-127.00     121.91   BLK
    4    705-745    729    119.00-130.50     126.31   BLK
    2    740-740    740       127.00         127.00   SMOKE
    2    700-735    718    105.00-130.00     117.80   RED
    3    768-768    768       125.50         125.50   BLK
    1    925-925    925        96.00          96.00   BLK
                             Small 1
    1    375-375    375       103.00         103.00   BLK
    1    435-435    435       100.00         100.00   BLK
    1    645-645    645       100.00         100.00   BLK
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    380-382    381    120.00-127.00     123.51   BLK
   11    400-445    417    119.00-126.00     121.29   BLK
    8    455-490    469    114.00-132.00     121.04   BLK
    1    490-490    490       114.00         114.00   RED
    5    515-545    531    106.00-135.00     118.95   BLK
    1    525-525    525       118.00         118.00   RED
    4    587-595    591    114.00-121.00     118.48   BLK
    1    575-575    575       108.00         108.00   RED
    1    645-645    645       110.00         110.00   BLK
                             Medium and Large 3
    1    390-390    390       100.00         100.00   BLK

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    245-245    245       117.00         117.00   BLK
    1    235-235    235       145.00         145.00   SMOKE
    2    255-260    258    140.00-142.50     141.26   BLK
    1    285-285    285       146.00         146.00   SMOKE
    7    315-335    322    130.00-156.00     149.71   BLK
    1    340-340    340       121.00         121.00   RED
    5    350-395    365    135.00-145.00     140.18   BLK
    4    375-390    379    138.00-151.00     146.42   SMOKE
    1    365-365    365       134.00         134.00   RED
    2    437-437    437       125.00         125.00
   10    412-445    425    136.00-164.00     154.32   BLK
    1    435-435    435       140.00         140.00   SMOKE
   24    450-496    474    112.00-150.00     129.39   BLK
    1    495-495    495       105.00         105.00   EXOTIC
    1    480-480    480       120.00         120.00   RWF
    3    465-495    475    137.00-140.00     138.96   SMOKE
   19    500-540    513    116.00-144.00     134.80   BLK
    2    500-530    515    121.00-122.00     121.51   RWF
    3    510-535    520    119.00-133.00     127.35   SMOKE
    1    515-515    515       125.00         125.00   RED
   16    550-595    570    110.00-138.00     127.25   BLK
    1    565-565    565       103.00         103.00   EXOTIC
    3    550-590    575    118.00-134.00     125.82   SMOKE
   21    600-635    619    110.00-135.00     126.51   BLK
   10    650-668    662    110.00-130.00     123.44   BLK
    6    730-745    737     82.00-125.00     108.82   BLK
    5    750-772    759    100.00-110.00     104.19   BLK
    4    807-845    820     68.00-94.00       80.41   BLK
    1    800-800    800        87.00          87.00   SMOKE
    1    930-930    930       119.00         119.00   BLK
    1    970-970    970        97.00          97.00   BLK
    1   1030-1030  1030        84.50          84.50   BLK
    1   1115-1115  1115       111.00         111.00   BLK
                             Small and Medium 1
    1    355-355    355       121.00         121.00   BLK
                             Small 1
    1    490-490    490       110.00         110.00   BLK
                             Medium and Large 2
    3    432-445    436    110.00-120.00     116.60   BLK
    1    630-630    630       107.00         107.00   BLK

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    765-765    765       850.00         850.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    3    985-1060  1013   850.00-1200.00     996.34   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    2    960-1075  1018   650.00-1060.00     843.42   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    6   1205-1475  1328    700.00-875.00     802.63   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    4   1020-1175  1096    700.00-975.00     851.11   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    9   1200-1485  1344   725.00-1000.00     875.12   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    2   1295-1350  1323    785.00-800.00     792.34   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
    1   1520-1520  1520       925.00         925.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Aged
    4    945-1120  1073    525.00-650.00     581.59   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    2   1225-1285  1255    625.00-750.00     688.99   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                 Boner 80-85% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    820-820    820        61.00          61.00   High Dressing
    1    880-880    880        40.00          40.00   Low Dressing
   12   1005-1395  1195     52.00-58.00       53.83
    9   1080-1310  1208     58.00-77.00       63.88   High Dressing
   16   1000-1385  1132     41.00-52.00       46.00   Low Dressing
    2   1440-1665  1553     55.00-57.00       55.93
    3   1425-1500  1453     60.00-65.00       62.16   High Dressing
    1   1610-1610  1610        47.00          47.00   Low Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    1    810-810    810        30.00          30.00   Low Dressing

Hieferettes                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    855-880    868     70.00-74.00       71.97  
    1   1240-1240  1240        81.00          81.00  

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4   1065-1420  1323     53.00-82.00       75.89
    3   1065-1145  1103     53.00-74.50       65.09   Low Dressing
    6   1595-2015  1833     78.00-84.50       81.49
    3   1550-1805  1720     89.00-93.00       90.40   High Dressing
    1   1695-1695  1695        79.00          79.00   Low Dressing


Breeding Bulls
 Head  
    2   975.00-1435.00

Baby Calves
 Head
    2  Beef Calves  150.00

Cow Calf Pairs
 Head  
    6   2-8 years old   900.00-1150.00
        Older Cows      450.00-1025.00

Goats 
 Head
   21  Nannies     72.00-162.00
       Billies     75.00-140.00
       Kid Feeders 25.00-85.00
Feeder Pigs
 Head
    15    3.00-17.00

Sows
 Head  
    30.00-35.00

Boars
 Head
    1   .03

Feeder Lambs
 Head
    3   40lbs   1.36

Cattlemens livestock exchange, Caldwell, WV
Weighted Average Report for Friday September 08, 2017

Cattle Receipts:  238          Last week:141

Slaughter cows made up 17% of the offering, slaughter bulls 8%, 
replacement cows 4%, other cows 2%, and feeders 70%.  

The feeder supply included 46% steers, 34% heifers, and 19% bulls. 

Near 51% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    335-335    335       147.50         147.50
    3    375-375    375       155.00         155.00
    1    490-490    490       154.00         154.00
   10    535-535    535       151.50         151.50
    4    582-582    582       155.00         155.00
    7    612-635    619    144.00-148.00     146.83
    1    620-620    620       135.00         135.00   RED
    5    690-691    691    140.00-144.00     143.20
    2    650-650    650       134.00         134.00   RWF
    2    787-787    787       135.00         135.00   Yearlings
   13    865-887    884    127.00-135.50     132.55   Yearlings
    2    902-902    902       131.00         131.00   Yearlings
                             Medium and Large 1 - 2
    3    346-346    346       142.50         142.50
                             Medium and Large 2
    3    396-396    396       162.50         162.50
    3    748-748    748       135.00         135.00   Yearlings
                             Holstein Medium and Large 3
    5    654-654    654        70.00          70.00

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    385-385    385       130.00         130.00
    4    440-440    440       129.00         129.00
    9    492-495    493    130.00-135.00     132.77
    9    571-588    577    133.00-137.00     134.36
   10    620-629    624    126.00-130.00     127.99
    3    687-695    690    120.00-125.00     123.32
    2    765-785    775    121.00-123.00     122.01   Yearlings
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    360-360    360       120.00         120.00
    3    555-555    555       125.00         125.00
    4    615-630    623    125.00-126.00     125.49
    1    660-660    660       105.00         105.00   Yearlings
    1    710-710    710       100.00         100.00   Yearlings

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    430-430    430       144.00         144.00
    6    453-478    466    145.00-150.00     147.57
    3    536-536    536       139.50         139.50
    6    550-580    568    133.00-140.00     138.87
    1    605-605    605       120.00         120.00
    1    690-690    690       118.00         118.00
    6    667-667    667       125.00         125.00   Yearlings
    2    720-740    730    110.00-116.00     112.96
    1    970-970    970        70.00          70.00   Yearlings

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    835-835    835       675.00         675.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1   1415-1415  1415       980.00         980.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1   1545-1545  1545   999.00-1060.00    1060.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1    875-875    875       730.00         730.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    1   1190-1190  1190       840.00         840.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1475-1475  1475       940.00         940.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Aged
    1   1020-1020  1020       570.00         570.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                 Boner 80-85% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
   19    950-1380  1203     63.00-74.00       66.53
    2   1330-1375  1353     82.00-83.00       82.51   High Dressing
    3   1460-1575  1507     66.00-67.50       66.68
    1   1435-1435  1435        79.00          79.00   High Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    1    710-710    710        34.75          34.75   Low Dressing
    5    920-1180  1022     50.00-62.00       56.37
    3    850-1085   987     40.00-45.50       43.74   Low Dressing

Other Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    890-890    890       115.00         115.00   Per Head
    2    900-940    920    100.00-111.00     105.62   Per Head

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4   1160-1230  1200     79.00-87.50       84.85
    1   1030-1030  1030        90.00          90.00   High Dressing
    8   1525-2055  1715     88.50-97.50       93.73
    2   1665-2005  1835    102.50-104.50     103.59   High Dressing

Ewes
Head	Wt Range	Price Range
 7	76-112		12.5-70

Slaughter Lambs
Head	Wt Range	Price Range
 4	112		146


National Markets
TEXAS 7600.  72 pct over 600 lbs.  42 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
350-400 lbs (381) 184.42; 400-450 lbs (426) 177.69; 450-500 lbs (479) 179.31; 500-550 
lbs (524) 165.56; 550-600 lbs (594) 143.92; 600-650 lbs (621) 150.38; 650-700 lbs 
(679) 136.86; 700-750 lbs (722) 150.69; 750-800 lbs (768) 148.74; 800-850 lbs (828) 
148.38; 850-900 lbs (860) 142.93; 900-950 lbs (922) 138.01; 950-1000 lbs (981) 
129.81.  Medium and Large 1-2  400-450 lbs (431) 166.51; 500-550 lbs (527) 148.99; 
550-600 lbs (576) 145.13; 600-650 lbs (631) 133.37; 650-700 lbs (683) 140.19; 700-750 
lbs (718) 132.27; 750-800 lbs (775) 141.37; part load 990 lbs 133.50.  Heifers:  
Medium and Large 1  300-350 lbs (325) 180.46; 350-400 lbs (371) 168.59; 450-500 lbs 
(479) 151.70; 500-550 lbs (523) 142.01; 550-600 lbs (565) 137.89; 600-650 lbs (617) 
141.06; 650-700 lbs (673) 136.64; 700-750 lbs (723) 133.92; 750-800 lbs (767) 138.33; 
1000-1050 lbs (1022) 117.73.  Medium and Large 1-2  400-450 lbs (429) 146.52; 450-500 
lbs (480) 140.62; 500-550 lbs (530) 135.09; 550-600 lbs (570) 131.89; 600-650 lbs 
(628) 135.14; 750-800 lbs (764) 133.18; 800-850 lbs (816) 134.59. 

   OKLAHOMA 33,600.  65 pct over 600 lbs.  36 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 
1  300-350 lbs (321) 208.42; 350-400 lbs (373) 193.26; 400-450 lbs (421) 183.30; 450-
500 lbs (470) 171.41; 500-550 lbs (523) 166.65; 550-600 lbs (574) 161.26; 600-650 lbs 
(620) 161.74; 650-700 lbs (674) 158.46; 700-750 lbs (725) 155.67; 750-800 lbs (766) 
152.66; 800-850 lbs (821) 149.41; 850-900 lbs (879) 144.46; 900-950 lbs (911) 140.77; 
950-1000 lbs (984) 133.99; 1000-1050 lbs (1035) 129.88.  Medium and Large 1-2  300-
350 lbs (317) 204.47; 350-400 lbs (377) 193.54; 400-450 lbs (423) 182.94; 450-500 lbs 
(478) 166.57; 500-550 lbs (530) 158.07; 550-600 lbs (573) 151.76; 600-650 lbs (624) 
151.75; 650-700 lbs (683) 151.42; 700-750 lbs (723) 150.11; 750-800 lbs (772) 147.92; 
800-850 lbs (821) 144.38; 850-900 lbs (869) 139.61; 900-950 lbs (929) 136.57; 950-
1000 lbs (981) 131.55.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  300-350 lbs (319) 166.16; 350-
400 lbs (371) 157.93; 400-450 lbs (419) 152.52; 450-500 lbs (470) 148.92; 500-550 lbs 
(521) 144.07; 550-600 lbs (565) 145.32; 600-650 lbs (624) 147.02; 650-700 lbs (679) 
146.69; 700-750 lbs (723) 141.09; 750-800 lbs (777) 138.07; 800-850 lbs (823) 133.01; 
850-900 lbs (881) 129.66; 900-950 lbs (916) 123.37; 950-1000 lbs (960) 124.84.  
Medium and Large 1-2  300-350 lbs (334) 158.01; 350-400 lbs (377) 156.35; 400-450 lbs 
(425) 147.54; 450-500 lbs (477) 144.94; 500-550 lbs (526) 139.68; 550-600 lbs (576) 
139.14; 600-650 lbs (627) 139.73; 650-700 lbs (674) 139.26; 700-750 lbs (736) 136.40; 
750-800 lbs (776) 135.62; 800-850 lbs (809) 127.31. 

   NEW MEXICO 3700.  48 pct over 600 lbs.  41 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 
1  300-350 lbs (328) 205.92; 400-450 lbs (422) 177.61; 450-500 lbs (478) 167.05; 500-
550 lbs (518) 162.64; 550-600 lbs (575) 155.17; part load 728 lbs 144.00; few loads 
836 lbs 145.00.  Medium and Large 1-2  350-400 lbs (376) 184.95; 450-500 lbs (468) 
161.97; 500-550 lbs (519) 159.24; 550-600 lbs (573) 153.43; 650-700 lbs (675) 146.06; 
700-750 lbs (732) 148.10.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 lbs (378) 169.61; 
450-500 lbs (474) 151.78; 500-550 lbs (522) 146.97; 550-600 lbs (565) 143.49; 800-850 
lbs (803) 128.58.  Medium and Large 1-2  350-400 lbs (365) 160.44; 400-450 lbs (436) 
151.69; 450-500 lbs (470) 149.57; 750-800 lbs (765) 130.83. 

   KANSAS 11,300.  92 pct over 600 lbs.  32 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
450-500 lbs (462) 185.30; 500-550 lbs (519) 172.47; 550-600 lbs (572) 165.81; 600-650 
lbs (617) 165.48; 650-700 lbs (681) 162.92; 700-750 lbs (724) 157.38; 750-800 lbs 
(777) 155.29; 800-850 lbs (824) 152.72; 850-900 lbs (871) 154.44; 900-950 lbs (917) 
149.12; 950-1000 lbs (984) 139.72; 1000-1050 lbs (1034) 135.34.  Medium and Large 1-2  
450-500 lbs (478) 169.08; 500-550 lbs (536) 163.39; 600-650 lbs (628) 151.64; 650-700 
lbs (685) 154.99; 700-750 lbs (728) 149.03; 750-800 lbs (784) 149.41; 800-850 lbs 
(830) 146.07; 850-900 lbs (866) 144.66; 900-950 lbs (921) 138.40; 950-1000 lbs (989) 
134.93.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 lbs (383) 180.89; 400-450 lbs (416) 
168.45; 550-600 lbs (567) 157.85; 600-650 lbs (628) 151.59; 650-700 lbs (679) 149.46; 
700-750 lbs (726) 143.68; 750-800 lbs (775) 141.96; 800-850 lbs (828) 136.73; 850-900 
lbs (881) 132.19; 950-1000 lbs (971) 133.04.  Medium and Large 1-2  450-500 lbs (487) 
158.11; 550-600 lbs (575) 147.22; 600-650 lbs (629) 145.69; 650-700 lbs (669) 142.86; 
700-750 lbs (742) 137.18; 750-800 lbs (775) 136.02; 800-850 lbs (818) 133.50; 850-900 
lbs (879) 128.87. 

   MISSOURI 37,200.  56 pct over 600 lbs.  39 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 
1  300-350 lbs (327) 197.66; 350-400 lbs (374) 188.16; 400-450 lbs (427) 183.60; 450-
500 lbs (472) 175.68; 500-550 lbs (524) 170.36; 550-600 lbs (577) 164.91; 600-650 lbs 
(623) 161.33; 650-700 lbs (673) 159.18; 700-750 lbs (722) 156.52; 750-800 lbs (774) 
153.99; 800-850 lbs (816) 150.12; 850-900 lbs (871) 144.37; 900-950 lbs (934) 142.57; 
950-1000 lbs (988) 129.91.  Medium and Large 1-2  300-350 lbs (326) 175.40; 350-400 
lbs (378) 171.79; 400-450 lbs (427) 166.65; 450-500 lbs (475) 162.85; 500-550 lbs 
(523) 161.12; 550-600 lbs (574) 151.60; 600-650 lbs (624) 152.52; 650-700 lbs (675) 
151.51; 700-750 lbs (725) 147.73; 750-800 lbs (782) 149.36; 800-850 lbs (819) 141.95; 
850-900 lbs (875) 133.58; 900-950 lbs (913) 137.51; 950-1000 lbs (959) 131.72.  
Holstein Steers:  Large 3  450-500 lbs (475) 95.08; 550-600 lbs (581) 97.00; 600-650 
lbs (616) 90.45; 650-700 lbs (657) 92.06; 700-750 lbs (731) 84.28; 950-1000 lbs (976) 
84.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  300-350 lbs (319) 175.38; 350-400 lbs (374) 
165.46; 400-450 lbs (424) 159.42; 450-500 lbs (477) 152.69; 500-550 lbs (526) 149.90; 
550-600 lbs (575) 148.42; 600-650 lbs (621) 149.42; 650-700 lbs (672) 148.49; 700-750 
lbs (726) 140.36; 750-800 lbs (780) 136.24; 800-850 lbs (824) 132.07; 850-900 lbs 
(864) 131.89; 900-950 lbs (914) 127.40.  Medium and Large 1-2  300-350 lbs (331) 
158.02; 350-400 lbs (377) 157.03; 400-450 lbs (430) 149.36; 450-500 lbs (477) 146.00; 
500-550 lbs (522) 144.76; 550-600 lbs (573) 142.96; 600-650 lbs (619) 141.12; 650-700 
lbs (673) 141.14; 700-750 lbs (718) 137.13; 750-800 lbs (771) 133.43; 800-850 lbs 
(832) 134.31; 850-900 lbs (874) 127.63. 

   IOWA 9500.  54 pct over 600 lbs.  35 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
350-400 lbs (390) 203.90; 400-450 lbs (431) 199.24; 450-500 lbs (480) 187.82; 500-550 
lbs (525) 183.20; 550-600 lbs (565) 181.07; 600-650 lbs (615) 168.40; 650-700 lbs 
(663) 165.32; 700-750 lbs (726) 164.33; 750-800 lbs (779) 159.16; 800-850 lbs (831) 
155.05; 850-900 lbs (878) 151.71; 900-950 lbs (921) 147.70; 950-1000 lbs (975) 
142.81.  Medium and Large 1-2  350-400 lbs (377) 168.53; 400-450 lbs (417) 180.05; 
450-500 lbs (481) 180.18; 500-550 lbs (526) 174.02; 550-600 lbs (573) 171.45; 600-650 
lbs (625) 165.23; 650-700 lbs (682) 157.82; 750-800 lbs (786) 145.26; 800-850 lbs 
(808) 148.36; 850-900 lbs (875) 146.38.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  300-350 lbs 
(327) 178.92; 350-400 lbs (376) 179.23; 400-450 lbs (425) 178.32; 450-500 lbs (476) 
170.51; 500-550 lbs (524) 161.49; 550-600 lbs (568) 157.63; 600-650 lbs (623) 157.35; 
650-700 lbs (664) 153.13; 700-750 lbs (716) 146.26; 750-800 lbs (787) 140.43; 800-850 
lbs (822) 136.52; 850-900 lbs (856) 137.86; 950-1000 lbs (959) 132.26.  Medium and 
Large 1-2  400-450 lbs (432) 165.58; 450-500 lbs (474) 163.69; 500-550 lbs (522) 
155.60; 550-600 lbs (577) 152.75; 650-700 lbs (677) 142.70; 750-800 lbs (787) 138.11. 

   NEBRASKA 11,700.  71 pct over 600 lbs.  41 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 
1  400-450 lbs (422) 208.82; 450-500 lbs (486) 188.72; 500-550 lbs (525) 186.23; 550-
600 lbs (575) 180.43; 600-650 lbs (621) 168.48; 650-700 lbs (671) 162.93; 700-750 lbs 
(717) 164.87; 750-800 lbs (781) 162.03; 800-850 lbs (821) 159.99; 850-900 lbs (881) 
155.42; 900-950 lbs (923) 151.70; 950-1000 lbs (974) 145.72; 1000-1050 lbs (1008) 
141.96.  Medium and Large 1-2  450-500 lbs (478) 178.70; 500-550 lbs (509) 175.80; 
part load 747 lbs 150.50; 800-850 lbs (822) 149.21; part load 861 lbs 145.50; 900-950 
lbs (927) 145.15; part load 999 lbs 138.25.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 
lbs (376) 173.05; 400-450 lbs (425) 166.45; 450-500 lbs (481) 162.53; 500-550 lbs 
(526) 158.28; 550-600 lbs (573) 157.52; 600-650 lbs (613) 153.30; 700-750 lbs (705) 
150.75; 750-800 lbs (771) 146.66; 800-850 lbs (817) 143.45; 850-900 lbs (868) 144.07; 
900-950 lbs (925) 137.68; 950-1000 lbs (975) 134.25; 1000-1050 lbs (1028) 130.31.  
Medium and Large 1-2  700-750 lbs (738) 141.05; 750-800 lbs (788) 140.60; 800-850 lbs 
(827) 136.07; 850-900 lbs (879) 134.35. 

   COLORADO 1600.  80 pct over 600 lbs.  26 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
450-500 lbs (464) 179.23; 550-600 lbs (573) 151.55; 600-650 lbs (619) 149.65; 750-800 
lbs (772) 150.26; 800-850 lbs (841) 149.65; 850-900 lbs (876) 149.27; 900-950 lbs 
(921) 145.94; 950-1000 lbs (974) 141.68.  Medium and Large 1-2  500-550 lbs (531) 
159.65.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  650-700 lbs (679) 128.84; 900-950 lbs (932) 
130.62. 

   WYOMING 2500.  85 pct over 600 lbs.  65 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
550-600 lbs (581) 158.06; 600-650 lbs (639) 156.81; part load 710 lbs 160.00; 850-900 
lbs (878) 146.00; 950-1000 lbs (979) 143.76; few loads 1025 lbs 140.25.   Heifers:  
Medium and Large 1 part load 470 lbs 140.00; few loads 581 lbs 160.00; 600-650 lbs 
(639) 164.29; 650-700 lbs (675) 145.68; 700-750 lbs (725) 156.76; 750-800 lbs (769) 
146.21; 800-850 lbs (825) 144.66; 850-900 lbs (878) 139.50; 900-950 lbs (931) 137.15; 
950-1000 lbs (980) 134.84; 1000-1050 lbs (1031) 129.94. 

   DAKOTAS 14,900.  79 pct over 600 lbs.  43 pct heifers.  South Dakota- 13,900.  
Steers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 lbs (384) 206.89; 400-450 lbs (430) 196.35; 450-
500 lbs (483) 184.41; 500-550 lbs (526) 176.13; 550-600 lbs (569) 176.91; 650-700 lbs 
(683) 159.17; 700-750 lbs (714) 166.05; 750-800 lbs (773) 158.22; 800-850 lbs (831) 
155.71; 850-900 lbs (877) 153.56; 900-950 lbs (926) 152.04; 950-1000 lbs (966) 
147.13.  Medium and Large 1-2  350-400 lbs (384) 180.03; part load 669 lbs 150.70.  
Holstein Steers:  Large 3 part load 805 lbs 92.25.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  
350-400 lbs (381) 184.51; 400-450 lbs (433) 184.44; 450-500 lbs (461) 184.15; 500-550 
lbs (522) 158.46; 550-600 lbs (576) 158.13; 600-650 lbs (613) 160.30; 650-700 lbs 
(676) 155.16; 700-750 lbs (720) 149.99; 750-800 lbs (778) 148.55; 800-850 lbs (827) 
142.44; 850-900 lbs (870) 137.21; 900-950 lbs (932) 135.60; 950-1000 lbs (971) 
136.60.  Medium and Large 1-2 pkg 317 lbs 172.00.  North Dakota- 1000.  Steers:  
Medium and Large 1 pkg 590 lbs 175.75; 750-800 lbs (785) 157.52; 850-900 lbs (874) 
149.56; 950-1000 lbs (988) 146.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  650-700 lbs (662) 
146.37; 800-850 lbs (821) 134.36; 900-950 lbs (930) 132.71; 950-1000 lbs (989) 
130.05. 

   MONTANA 4200.  67 pct over 600 lbs.  54 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
400-450 lbs (442) 184.06; 450-500 lbs (464) 179.57; 500-550 lbs (525) 167.41; few 
loads 715 lbs 163.50; 750-800 lbs (770) 161.29; part load 863 lbs 149.25; 950-1000 
lbs (963) 138.07.  Medium and Large 1-2  400-450 lbs (442) 165.64; 650-700 lbs (669) 
155.57; 750-800 lbs (778) 144.33; 800-850 lbs (805) 139.60; part load 859 lbs 142.00; 
few loads 925 lbs 135.75.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 lbs (382) 170.83; 
400-450 lbs (434) 159.24; 500-550 lbs (508) 137.65; 550-600 lbs (564) 151.72; 700-750 
lbs (712) 156.06; 800-850 lbs (823) 145.54; 850-900 lbs (884) 140.65; 900-950 lbs 
(933) 136.59; 950-1000 lbs (976) 133.39; 1000-1050 lbs (1015) 132.21.  Medium and 
Large 1-2  350-400 lbs (385) 172.11; part load 441 lbs 166.00; 800-850 lbs (843) 
144.44. 

   WASHINGTON 2500.  69 pct over 600 lbs.  47 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 
1  550-600 lbs (588) 140.38; 650-700 lbs (664) 138.23.  Medium and Large 1-2  550-600 
lbs (588) 140.38; 650-700 lbs (664) 138.23.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  750-800 
lbs (773) 128.91.  Medium and Large 1-2  750-800 lbs (773) 128.91.

   VIRGINIA 6300.  48 pct over 600 lbs.  37 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1  
400-450 lbs (426) 164.02; 450-500 lbs (469) 166.32; 500-550 lbs (543) 159.22; 550-600 
lbs (563) 153.33; 600-650 lbs (637) 149.80; 650-700 lbs (662) 148.48; 700-750 lbs 
(728) 149.74; 750-800 lbs (765) 143.39; 800-850 lbs (818) 142.42; 850-900 lbs (869) 
144.81; 900-950 lbs (921) 136.74; 950-1000 lbs (973) 135.24.  Medium and Large 1-2  
750-800 lbs (771) 148.06; 800-850 lbs (829) 143.92.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  
350-400 lbs (379) 142.80; 400-450 lbs (437) 137.50; 450-500 lbs (464) 137.42; 500-550 
lbs (543) 132.18; 550-600 lbs (563) 134.03; 600-650 lbs (627) 132.29; 650-700 lbs 
(661) 129.65; 700-750 lbs (743) 118.44; 750-800 lbs (773) 131.59; 800-850 lbs (811) 
130.05.  Medium and Large 1-2  650-700 lbs (672) 134.97. 

   CAROLINAS 2600.  29 pct over 600 lbs.  37 pct heifers.  South Carolina- 400. 
Steers:  Medium and Large 1-2  552-590 lbs (562) 123.00-131.00 (128.80); 720-749 
lbs (742) 115.00-118.00 (117.39).  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1-2  400-440 lbs 
(414) 130.00-140.00 (135.95); 555-590 lbs (566) 110.00-120.00 (114.25).  Medium 
2  450-495 lbs (469) 110.00-115.00 (113.41).  North Carolina- 2200.  Steers:  Medium 
and Large 1-2 250-295 lbs (270) 137.00-166.00 (152.50); 300-345 lbs (326) 137.00-
163.00 (147.37); 350-396 lbs (379) 135.00-156.00 (144.96); 400-445 lbs (423) 130.00-
159.00 (140.95); 460-498 lbs (476) 132.00-150.00 (141.83); 500-545 lbs (518) 130.00-
150.00 (137.90); 550-595 lbs (570) 123.00-145.00 (138.57); 600-642 lbs (616) 127.00-
145.00 (134.04); 650-699 lbs (678) 130.00-142.00 (133.92); 700-745 lbs (716) 120.00-
135.00 (131.63); 800-846 lbs (831) 120.00-130.00 (127.48); 850-863 lbs (862) 113.00-
124.00 (123.01). Medium and Large 1-2 260-290 lbs (277) 130.00-140.00 (134.33); 300-
345 lbs (323) 130.00-144.00 (134.38); 350-395 lbs (377) 131.00-140.00 (135.10); 400-
445 lbs (420) 120.00-139.00 (130.04); 450-498 lbs (476) 120.00-136.00 (128.96); 500-
548 lbs (524) 118.00-135.00 (126.07); 550-597 lbs (571) 120.00-136.00 (125.70); 600-
645 lbs (618) 110.00-128.00 (119.77); 650-695 lbs (668) 110.00-130.00 (117.84); 700-
732 lbs (711) 100.00-121.00 (113.06); 755-790 lbs (770) 100.00-115.00 (108.38).

   KENTUCKY 20,800.  47 pct over 600 lbs.  36 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1-2  250-300 lbs (276) 169.22; 300-350 lbs (324) 161.57; 350-400 lbs (368) 
167.45; 400-450 lbs (428) 163.19; 450-500 lbs (474) 158.30; 500-550 lbs (523) 
153.67; 550-600 lbs (572) 150.66; 600-650 lbs (621) 145.31; 650-700 lbs (675) 
144.38; 700-750 lbs (728) 143.49; 750-800 lbs (770) 139.65; 800-850 lbs (819) 
142.41; 850-900 lbs (871) 140.73; 900-950 lbs (930) 132.00; 950-1000 lbs (988) 
136.61.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1-2  250-300 lbs (279) 151.26; 300-350 lbs 
(328) 144.06; 350-400 lbs (373) 146.36; 400-450 lbs (430) 145.09; 450-500 lbs 
(472) 139.10; 500-550 lbs (520) 138.74; 550-600 lbs (574) 134.93; 600-650 lbs 
(623) 132.89; 650-700 lbs (671) 132.96; 700-750 lbs (724) 133.00; 750-800 lbs 
(773) 122.47; 800-850 lbs (834) 121.11; 850-900 lbs (878) 115.61. 

   TENNESSEE 4900.  36 pct over 600 lbs.  42 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1-2  300-350 lbs (328) 177.29; 350-400 lbs (378) 167.15; 400-450 lbs (425) 
163.39; 450-500 lbs (479) 154.10; 500-550 lbs (526) 151.67; 550-600 lbs (569) 
147.40; 600-650 lbs (619) 143.43; 650-700 lbs (670) 139.84; 700-750 lbs (721) 
135.90; 750-800 lbs (775) 135.29.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1-2  300-350 lbs 
(331) 149.67; 350-400 lbs (379) 149.11; 400-450 lbs (426) 142.06; 450-500 lbs 
(468) 139.34; 500-550 lbs (527) 134.23; 550-600 lbs (575) 130.72; 600-650 lbs 
(620) 127.36; 650-700 lbs (671) 125.03; 700-750 lbs (725) 123.00; 750-800 lbs 
(764) 118.41. 

   ARKANSAS 6200.  22 pct over 600 lbs.  39 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1  300-350 lbs (324) 193.79; 350-400 lbs (372) 180.16; 400-450 lbs (424) 
170.00; 450-500 lbs (472) 159.39; 500-550 lbs (522) 152.74; 550-600 lbs (572) 
148.22; 600-650 lbs (621) 145.08; 650-700 lbs (677) 142.42.  Heifers:  Medium 
and Large 1  300-350 lbs (329) 160.09; 350-400 lbs (372) 151.39; 400-450 lbs 
(424) 146.48; 450-500 lbs (474) 139.80; 500-550 lbs (522) 138.70; 550-600 lbs 
(572) 136.12; 600-650 lbs (621) 133.37; 650-700 lbs (672) 130.99. 

   MISSISSIPPI 6600.  16 pct over 600 lbs.  38 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1-2  200-250 lbs 200.00-225.00; 250-300 lbs 190.00-200.00; 300-350 lbs 
180.00-200.00 few to 207.00; 350-400 lbs 165.00-180.00; 400-450 lbs 160.00-
175.00 few to 190.00; 450-500 lbs 150.00-160.00; 500-600 lbs 135.00-150.00 few 
to 165.00; 600-700 lbs 128.00-145.00; 700-750 lbs 130.00-141.00; 750-800 lbs 
115.00-130.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1-2  200-250 lbs 170.00-190.00; 250-
300 lbs 160.00-170.00; 300-350 lbs 160.00-170.00 few to 187.00; 350-400 lbs 
145.00-160.00; 400-500 lbs 135.00-150.00; 500-600 lbs 120.00-137.00 few to 
140.00; 600-700 lbs 116.00-139.00; 700-800 lbs 110.00-122.00 few to 132.00.

   ALABAMA 5400.  21 pct over 600 lbs.  41 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1  300-350 lbs (334) 184.00-194.00 (188.15); 350-400 lbs (376) 177.50-
187.00 (181.96); 400-450 lbs (423) 165.00-175.00 (167.65); 450-500 lbs (475) 
153.00-160.00 (155.92); 500-550 lbs (536) 143.00-153.00 (147.59); 550-600 lbs 
(571) 138.00-146.00 (141.99); 600-650 lbs (623) 132.00-140.00 (137.44); 600-650 
lbs value added (634) 148.50-150.00 (149.06); 650-700 lbs (678) 132.00-135.00 
(133.13); 650-700 lbs value added (683) 145.00-147.00 (146.15); 700-750 lbs 
(725) 128.00-135.00 (130.90); 700-750 lbs value added (706) 139.00-140.00 
(139.66); 750-800 lbs (768) 127.00-131.00 (129.35).  Medium and Large 2  300-350 
lbs (331) 170.00-180.00 (173.74); 350-400 lbs (380) 165.00-172.00 (168.00); 400-
450 lbs (431) 155.00-165.00 (158.18); 450-500 lbs (477) 145.00-155.00 (148.72); 
500-550 lbs (521) 138.00-146.00 (141.67); 550-600 lbs (575) 132.00-141.00 
(136.76); 600-650 lbs (628) 129.00-135.00 (131.75); 650-700 lbs (678) 125.00-
132.00 (129.21).  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1  350-400 lbs (379) 145.00-153.00 
(148.48); 400-450 lbs (425) 140.00-147.00 (143.89); 450-500 lbs (478) 133.00-
140.00 (137.11); 500-550 lbs (522) 129.00-135.00 (131.14); 550-600 lbs (573) 
124.00-132.00 (127.37); 550-600 lbs value added (568) 133.00-135.50 (134.54); 
600-650 lbs (615) 120.00-128.00 (124.04); 650-700 lbs (685) 117.00-123.00 
(121.49); 650-700 lbs value added (676) 127.00 (127.00); 700-750 lbs (723) 
110.00-120.00 (115.15); 700-750 lbs value added (705) 129.00 (129.00); 750-800 
lbs value added (774) 127.00 (127.00).  Medium and Large 2  300-350 lbs (321) 
148.00-158.00 (151.88); 350-400 lbs (377) 138.00-148.00 (141.81); 400-450 lbs 
(425) 130.00-140.00 (135.08); 450-500 lbs (476) 124.00-133.00 (128.19); 500-550 
lbs (523) 120.00-127.00 (123.36); 550-600 lbs (577) 117.00-123.00 (120.41); 600-
650 lbs (623) 112.00-120.00 (116.87); 650-700 lbs (681) 108.00-115.00 (111.96).

   GEORGIA - There was not enough feeder cattle sales to report. 

   REPLACEMENTS:  El Reno, OK- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  2-6 yr 
old 900-1275 lb cow 3-7 months bred 1000.00-1200.00; 3-6 yr old 975-1425 lb 
black cow 3-7 months bred 1260.00-1385.00; 7-10 yr old 1150-1450 lb cow 5-8 
months bred 1000.00-1175.00 per head.  Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  2-3 yr old 
950-1200 lb black cow w/125-300 lb calf 1425.00-150.00; 3-5 yr old 1175-1325 lb 
cow some bred back w/125-200 lb calf 1450.00-1650.00; 1-8 yr old 875-1200 lb cow 
w/75-125 lb calf 1175.00-1300.00 per head. 

   McAlester, OK- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  1-8 yr old 1125-1350 
lb cow 4-8 months bred 1025.00-1300.00; 1-6 yr old 900-1075 lb cows 4-8 months 
bred 880.00-975.00; 9-10 yr old 1000-1400 lb cows 4-8 months bred 900.00-1160.00 
per head.  Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  1-10 yr old 925-1400 lb cow w/125-275 
lb calf 960.00-1400.00 per pair. 

   Oklahoma City, OK- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  1-6 yr old 775-
1400 lb cows 3-7 months bred 825.00-1250.00; 3-6 yr old 1150-1300 lb cows some 
black 3-7 months bred 1260.00-1400.00; 7-10 yr old 1175-1500 lb cows 6-7 months 
bred 835.00-1035.00 per head.  Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  5-6 yr old 1300-
1325 lb cows some black w/50-100 lb calf 1125.00-1525.00 per pair. 

   Woodard, OK- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  5-6 yr old 1100-1300 lb 
black cows 2-4 months bred 925.00-1125.00’ 6-9 yr old 1050-1400 lb black cows 4-
7 months bred 975.00-935.00.  Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  3-9 yr old 1025-1175 
lb cow some black w/250-300 lb calf 1275.00-1350.00 per head. 

   Clovis, NM- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2 Young to long solid mouth 
1060-1490 lb cows 1-8 months bred 825.00-1225.00, per head; middle aged 1000-1645 lb 
short solid mouth cows, 1-6 months bred 700.00-940.00, per head; aged 1000-1255 lb 
cows 1-6 months bred 625.00-800.00, per head.  Cow/Calf Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2:  
Young to long solid mouth 900-1200 lb cows w/125-275 lb calves 1150.00-1350.00, per 
pair; aged indiv 1000 lb cow w/200 lb calf 1050.00, per pair.

   Burwell, NE- Spring Bred Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2 Young 1152-1235 lbs 
1235.00; Solid Mouth 1318 lbs 1100.00; Short Solid 1345 lbs 850.00; Broken Mouth 
1370 lbs 850.00.  Fall Pair Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2 Young 1443 lb cows w/90 
lb calves 1535.00.  Summer Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2 Young 1285 lb cow w/125 
lb calve 1285.00.

   Joplin, MO- Bred Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  1 1/2 yrs 2nd stage couple 
pkgs. 885-900 lbs 1350.00-1400.00; 2-7 yrs 2nd and 3rd stage 1090-1360 lbs 
1075.00-1450.00, 1st stage 975-1275 lbs 1000.00-1150.00; short and solid mouth 
to aged 2nd and 3rd stage 1095-1365 lbs 720.00-1035.00. Large 1-2  4-6 yrs 2nd
and 3rd stage 1450-1525 lbs 1200.00-1500.00; short and solid mouth 2nd and 3rd 
stage 1475-1655 lbs 810.00-1010.00. Medium and Large 2  2-6 yrs 2nd stage 790-
1285 lbs 800.00-885.00. Medium 1-2  2-6 yrs 2nd and 3rd stage 875-1050 lbs 
800.00-1075.00, 1st stage 1000-1020 lbs 800.00-910.00; aged 2nd stage 1000 lb
indiv. 600.00 per head.  Cow/Calf Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  3-6 yrs 1050-
1250 lb cows w/babies to 260 lb calves 1575.00-1750.00; short and solid mouth 
1220-1365 lb cows w/babies to 200 lb calves 1200.00-1350.00; broken mouth to 
aged 1100-1350 lb cows w/babies to 190 lb calves 1000.00-1150.00. Medium and 
Large 2  5 yr 1175 lb cow w/baby calf 1175.00. Medium 1-2  4 yr 970 lb cow 
w/baby calf 1100.00 per pair. 

   Springfield, MO- Bred Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  2 yrs to short and solid 
mouth 2nd and 3rd stage 970-1305 lbs 1075.00-1300.00, 1st stage 900-1280 lbs 
975.00-1100.00; short and solid mouth to aged most 2nd few 3rd stage 1095-1340 
lbs 720.00-950.00. Large 1-2  short and solid mouth 2nd and 3rd stage 1380-1515 
lbs 935.00-1025.00. Medium and Large 2  5-6 yrs 2nd stage 865-1155 lbs 760.00-
860.00, 1st stage 1040 lb indiv. 850.00; short and solid mouth to aged 2nd stage 
1025-1080 lbs 595.00-650.00. Medium 1-2  2-6 yrs 2nd and 3rd stage 710-935 lbs 
850.00-1025.00; short and solid mouth to aged 2nd and 3rd stage 1010-1025 lbs 
610.00-850.00 per head.  Cow/Calf Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  4 yrs to short 
and solid mouth 1150-1315 lb cows w/babies to 200 lb calves 1335.00-1385.00; 
short and solid mouth to aged 1125-1240 lb cows w/babies to 320 lb calves and a 
few rebred 1100.00-1210.00. Large 1-2  short and solid mouth 1395-1455 lb cows 
w/babies to 225 lb calves 1125.00-1285.00. Medium and Large 2  2-3 yrs 755-955 
lb cows w/babies to 245 lb calves 1000.00-1150.00. Medium 1-2  2-6 yrs 725-905 
lb cows w/babies to 395 lb calves and a few rebred 1235.00-1475.00; short and 
solid mouth 1005 lb cow w/150 lb calf 1125.00 per pair.

   West Plains, MO- Bred Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  2-7 yr old 975-1435 lb 
cows in the 2nd to 3rd stage 1000.00-1350.00 per head; Short-solid mouth 1231-
1490 lb cows in the 2nd to 3rd stage 950.00-1075.00 per head. Medium and Large 2  
2-6 yr old 790-1265 lb cows in the 1st-3rd stage 700.00-1000.00 per head; 7 yrs 
to Short-solid mouth 1000-1360 lb cows in the 2nd to 3rd stage 700.00-925.00 per 
head.  Cow-Calf Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  2 yr to short-solid mouth 828-1310 
lb cows with 150-300 lb calves 1250.00-1300.00 per pair.  Medium and Large 2 2-7 
yr old 680-1150 lb cows with 125-200 lb calves 850.00-1150.00 per pair.  

   Arkansas- Replacement Cows:  Medium and Large 1-2  2-7 year old 850-1250 
second & third stage 91.00-101.00/925.00-1025.00, first stage open 75.00-85.00, 
7-10 year old second & third stage 66.00-76.00/725.00-825.00 per head.  Cow-Calf 
Pairs:  Medium and Large 1-2  3-7 yr old 800-1200 lb cow w/100-200 lb calf 
1100.00-1200.00, few to 1350.00, 7-10 yr old cow w/100-200 lb calf 925.00-
1025.00 per pair. 

Direct Receipts:  58,100    Last Week 40,200   Last Year 36,000
(86 pct over 600 lbs, 28 pct heifers)

   TEXAS 31,100.  97 pct over 600 lbs.  31 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB Current 750-775 lbs 149.55; 800-835 lbs 147.77; 850 lbs 145.63; 925 
lbs 135.00; Oct 625 lbs 156.50; 675 lbs 152.50; 750-775 lbs 150.06; Nov 625 lbs 
156.02; 700 lbs 150.07; 750-775 lbs 146.73; 825 lbs 140.50; Dec 750-775 lbs 
145.08; Del Current 725 lbs 155.43; 750-780 lbs 149.80; 800-826 lbs 147.03; 850-
860 lbs 144.73; 900-925 lbs 143.30; Oct 750 lbs 150.00; 800 lbs 146.78; Nov 600 
lbs 160.50; 650 lbs 156.75; 725 lbs 152.86; 750-775 lbs 147.91; 800-825 lbs 
145.00; Dec 750 lbs 146.06; 820 lbs 144.75; Jan 800 lbs 141.10.  Medium and 
Large 1-2 FOB Current 580 lbs 161.20; 640 lbs 161.35, 620 lb calves 149.49; 670-
690 lbs 150.82; 725-740 lbs 150.55; 750-775 lbs 146.74; 800-825 lbs 143.11; 850-
875 lbs 140.69; Oct 500 lbs 155.26; 630-640 lbs 155.26; 650 lbs 149.77; 750 lbs 
143.52; 800 lbs 147.25; Nov 625 lbs 163.87; 800-825 lbs 141.32; Jan 825 lbs 
128.49; Del Current 500 lbs 167.75; 600-635 lbs 160.92; 675 lbs 160.92; 675 lbs 
158.00; 700-725 lbs 154.46; 750-785 lbs 150.63; 800-840 lbs 144.75; 855-875 lbs 
140.29; Oct 700-725 lbs 152.80; 775 lbs 152.80; 775 lbs 149.71; 800 lbs 149.00; 
Nov 750 lbs 150.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 FOB Current 500 lbs 142.00; 
675 lbs 142.50; 725-740 lbs 142.38; Nov 650-675 lbs 143.99; 700-750 lbs 141.38; 
750-775 lbs 137.80; Dec 675 lbs 141.60; 700 lbs 138.87; Del Current 650 lbs 
146.12; 700 lbs 146.00; Oct 725 lbs 140.77; 750 lbs 142.00; Nov 625 lbs 148.75; 
650 lbs 146.73; 725 lbs 141.87; 750 lbs 141.62; Dec 700-725 lbs 140.38; 750 lbs 
141.10.  Medium and Large 1-2 FOB Current 520 lbs 154.20; 675-690 lbs 144.27; 
725 lbs 143.96; 750-775 lbs 137.83; 815 lbs 129.82; Oct 750 lbs 139.84; Del 
Current 490 lbs 157.75; 625-650 lbs 151.52; 650 lbs 145.00; 700-745 lbs 144.30; 
750 lbs 139.06; Oct 700 lbs 142.00; 750 lbs 140.00; Nov 750 lbs 140.00. 

   OKLAHOMA 4200.  95 pct over 600 lbs.  53 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB Current 665-675 lbs 154.79; 700 lbs 156.01; 750 lbs 150.00; 900 lbs 
142.67; Oct 750 lbs 147.50; 800 lbs 144.28; Nov 600 lbs 157.50; 650 lbs 154.25; 
750 lbs 147.50; 800 lbs 143.25; Del Current 725-735 lbs 152.51.  Medium and 
Large 1-2 FOB Current 670 lbs 145.24; Nov 775 lbs 145.00; 800 lbs 143.15; Dec 
820 lbs 141.75.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 FOB Current 650 lbs 143.13; 775 
lbs 138.70; Nov 725 lbs 139.50; 750 lbs 138.25; Dec 700 lbs 136.99; Del Current 
650-690 lbs 147.97.  Medium and Large 1-2 FOB Current 600 lbs 144.85; 655-695 
lbs 137.52; Nov 625 lbs 146.25. 

   NEW MEXICO 1400.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  10 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 Current 725 lbs 146.50; 825 lbs 140.00; 925 lbs 134.50; Nov 775 lbs 
146.50.  Medium and Large 1-2 Current 800 lbs 142.97; Oct 725 lbs 151.21; 775 
lbs 136.50; 800 lbs 147.25.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Nov 725 lbs 140.50.  
Medium and Large 1-2 Current 750 lbs 135.88. 

   KANSAS 7000.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  6 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB Current 750-775 lbs 152.49; 875 lbs 145.00; 900 lbs 144.00; Oct 775 
lbs 149.50; Del Current 700 lbs 158.00.  Medium and Large 1-2 Del Current 640 
lbs 165.50; 675 lbs 158.00; 740 lbs 153.50; 770-775 lbs 149.83; 800 lbs 144.25; 
Oct 725 lbs 152.50; 750 lbs 148.50; Jan 825 lbs 131.00.  Heifers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB Current 700-725 lbs 144.67; Del 775 lbs 141.00. 

   IOWA 100.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  No heifers.  Steers:  Medium and Large 1 
Del Current 875 lbs 144.00. 

   COLORADO 2800.  92 pct over 600 lbs.  24 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB Current 770 lbs 145.50; 850 lbs 143.00; Del 1000 lbs 145.00; 600-615 
lbs 167.63; 660 lbs 162.75; 725 lbs 151.00; 800-825 lbs 143.04; 850 lbs 145.50; 
900-925 lbs 141.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Del Current 560 lbs 158.00; 
600 lbs 154.75; 650 lbs 150.24; 800 lbs 139.30; 875 lbs 142.50; 875 lbs 142.50; 
900 lbs 132.00. 

   WYOMING 500.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  35 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 FOB 1000 lbs 143.09.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 FOB 850 lbs 135.00. 

   DAKOTAS 300.  No cattle over 600 lbs.  50 pct heifers.  Steers:  Medium and 
Large 1 Del Current 500 lbs 180.00.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Del Current 
470 lbs 170.00. 

   MONTANA – There were no direct sales reported. 

   SOUTHWEST (AZ-CA-NV) 5200.  No cattle over 600 lbs.  No heifers.  Holsteins:  
Large 3  325 lbs 140.00 Oct Del; 325 lbs 146.00 Nov Del; 325 lbs 143.00 Dec Del; 
300 lbs 146.00-148.00 Jan Del; 325 lbs 138.00-146.00 Jan Del. 

   NORTHWEST (WA-OR-ID) 3900.  65 pct over 600 lbs.  41 pct heifers.  Steers: 
Medium and Large 1 Current FOB Price 850-900 lbs 138.00 ID.  Large 1 Current FOB 
Price 900-950 lbs 130.00-132.00 ID-OR. Current Delivered Price 900-1000 lbs 
132.00-135.00 ID. Medium and Large 1 Future FOB Price 500-550 lbs 159.00 for 
Oct-Nov ID; 600-700 lbs 138.00-152.00 calves, 600-650 lbs 158.00 thin fleshed 
WA-OR-ID for Oct-Nov. Future Delivery Delivered Price 550-600 lbs 154.00 for 
Oct-Nov ID;600-650 lbs 155.50-157.00 for Oct-Nov ID; 850 lbs for Oct-Nov ID.  
Heifers Large 1 Current FOB Price 800 lbs 120.00 WA; 900-1000 lbs 123.00-127.00 
OR-ID. Current Delivered Price 850 lbs 135.00 ID; 900-950 lbs 129.00-135.00 ID. 
Medium and Large 1 Future Delivery Delivered Price 450-600 lbs 149.00 for Oct-
Nov ID; 500-550 lbs 150.00 for Oct-Nov WA-ID; 600 lbs 135.00 calves WA for Oct-
Nov. Future Delivery Delivered Price 550-600 lbs 144.00-147.00 for Oct-Nov ID. 

   EASTERN CORNBELT (IL-IN-MI-OH) 1600.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  73 pct heifers.  
Steers:  Medium and Large 1 Current 875 lbs 141.00.  Medium and Large 1-2 
Current 815 lbs 141.00; Nov 750 lbs 139.27; Dec 750 lbs 138.00.  Heifers:  
Medium and Large 1 Nov 650 lbs 139.60.  Heifers:  Medium and Large 1-2 Oct 725 
lbs 131.50; Nov 725 lbs 132.56; Dec 725 lbs 130.92. 

Video/Internet Receipts:  20,800   Last Week 11,600   Last Year 88,500
(64 pct over 600 lbs, 34 pct heifers)

   WESTERN VIDEO MARKET 17,700.  58 over 600 lbs.  36 pct heifers.  

Southcentral Region (TX-OK-NM-KS-MO)
   Steers:  Medium and Large 1 Current few loads 790 lbs 150.00; Sep-Oct part 
load 620 lbs 162.50;  part load 700 lbs 155.50; Oct part load 620 lbs 160.50; 
Oct-Nov few loads 565 lbs 163.00.
   Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Oct part load 580 lbs 156.50; Oct-Nov few loads 
525 lbs 161.50.

Northcentral Region (CO-WY-NE-MT-ND-SD-IA)
   Steers:  Medium and Large 1 Current few loads 450 lbs 215.00; Oct few loads 
440 lbs 202.00;  part load 495 lbs 197.00;  few loads 500 lbs 196.50;  550-600 
lbs (581) 175.19;  part load 570 lbs 170.00;  600-650 lbs (615) 175.98;  650-700 
lbs (670) 173.16; Oct-Nov few loads 500 lbs 203.00;  550-600 lbs (576) 180.44;  
600-650 lbs (634) 177.50; Nov 500-550 lbs (525) 194.43;  550-600 lbs (557) 
193.52;  600-650 lbs (612) 176.98;  few loads 650 lbs 177.00; Dec few loads 650 
lbs 155.00; Jan few loads 810 lbs 148.00.  Medium and Large 1-2 Oct load 540 lbs 
162.50; Nov 550-600 lbs (581) 171.38.
   Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Current several loads 825 lbs 153.75;  850-900 
lbs (865) 146.27; Oct few loads 420 lbs 168.00;  few loads 475 lbs 166.00;  part 
load 510 lbs 160.50;  part load 530 lbs 158.00;  few loads 560 lbs 158.54; Oct-
Nov few loads 535 lbs 163.00;  few loads 550 lbs 153.00; Nov load 500 lbs 
162.50;  few loads 600 lbs 151.00.

Western Region (AZ-NV-UT-CA-ID-WA-OR)
   Steers:  Medium and Large 1 Current few loads 825 lbs 149.67;  850-900 lbs 
(864) 147.59; Sep-Oct 700-750 lbs (724) 150.70;  750-800 lbs (762) 149.60;  850-
900 lbs (869) 141.56; Oct part load 590 lbs 158.50;  few loads 625 lbs 150.00;  
part load 600 lbs 151.00;  few loads 670 lbs 142.25;  few loads 700 lbs 146.50;  
part load 720 lbs 146.50;  800-850 lbs (819) 144.61;  part load 850 lbs 142.00;  
few loads 915 lbs 136.00.  Medium and Large 1-2 Current 750-800 lbs (776) 
147.47; pkg 850 lbs 136.00; Oct part load 915 lbs 135.50.
   Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Current 750-800 lbs (778) 144.04;  800-850 lbs 
(808) 143.08;  part load 800 lbs 135.00;  few loads 855 lbs 132.00; Sep-Oct few 
loads 640 lbs 147.00;  650-700 lbs (680) 141.08;  part load 850 lbs 133.00; Oct 
part load 550 lbs 144.00;  part load 560 lbs 141.00;  pkg 680 lbs 140.50;  few 
loads 875 lbs 141.50;  few loads 900 lbs 140.00; Nov few loads 425 lbs 167.25;  
few loads 510 lbs 151.00;  few loads 550 lbs 146.00;  part load 665 lbs 134.00; 
Dec part load 580 lbs 145.00.  Medium and Large 1-2 few loads 725 lbs 138.00;  
several loads 760 lbs 136.50; Oct part load 635 lbs 135.25;  800-850 lbs (804) 
135.89.   Medium and large 1-2  Current few loads 725 lbs 138.00;  several loads 
760 lbs 136.50; Oct part load 635 lbs 135.25;  800-850 lbs (804) 135.89.
   LEXINGTON INTERNET 1700.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  No heifers.  

Eastern Region (All States East of the MS, LA, and AR)
   Steers:  Medium and Large 1-2 Current 600-650 lbs (650) 144.50; 750-800 lbs (775) 
144.50; 800-850 lbs (822) 143.68; 850-900 lbs (889) 141.87; 900-950 lbs (906) 141.34; 
Oct 800-850 lbs (850) 145.25; Dec 600-650 lbs (650) 156.00; 750-800 lbs (775) 151.50; 
750-800 lbs (800) 146.50. 
   JOPLIN REGIONAL STOCKYARDS VIDEO 1300.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  53 pct 
heifers.  

Southcentral Region (TX-OK-NM-KS-MO)
   Steers:  Medium and Large 1 Current load 835 lbs 147.00; Nov load 850 lbs 
147.00; Nov-Dec load 825 lbs 143.00; Jan-Feb load 850 lbs 138.75.  Medium and 
Large 1-2 Current few loads 840 lbs 144.50.  
   Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Current load 810 lbs 135.50.  Medium and Large 
1-2 Oct few loads 825 lbs 130.75; Nov-Dec few loads 775 lbs 137.00; Dec few 
loads 720 lbs 139.00; load 850 lbs 130.00. 
   APACHE VIDEO 100.  100 pct over 600 lbs.  100 pct heifers.  

Southcentral (OK)
   Heifers:  Medium and Large 1 Mar 750 lbs 133.00. 

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