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West Virginia State Parks Ready for Camping

The Gilmer Free Press

SOUTH CHARLESTON, WV – Camping is trending and West Virginia’s state parks are ready for the 2015 camping season. “Our campsite reservation process is underway by mail, phone, walk-in and online,” said Sam England, chief of the State Parks and Recreation section of the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources. “Reservations may be made at state parks campgrounds between the Friday before Memorial Day until Labor Day.”

Campgrounds are managed at 29 West Virginia state park areas. Applications and information for each park with reservable sites are located at www.wvstateparks.com under the Lodging and Camping tab, “Campgrounds.” Many of those areas also feature lodges, cabins, cottages, swimming pools and other outdoor recreation options.

During the offseason, sites are available on a first-come, first-served basis, with exceptions. Tygart Lake State Park can take campground reservations prior to Memorial Day weekend and after Labor Day. Canaan Valley’s 34 campsites are all reservable from May 1 through October, weather permitting, but online reservations are not available. Stonewall Resort campsites are reservable online for any time of the year, weather permitting, for the 46 full-hook-up sites.

All of Pipestem Resort State Park’s 82 campsites are reservable online during the regular camping season. Beech Fork State Park made 136 of the 275 campsite available for advance reservations online in 2013.


“As technology, budget and planning allows, we will add more campgrounds to the online reservation service,” England said. “Campers like knowing they have a site reserved prior to arrival. We believe the inclusion of online reservations at more campsites will be a happy change over the next few years.”

Other areas that offer a mix of first-come, first-served and reservable sites are Babcock, Beech Fork, Blackwater Falls, Bluestone, Camp Creek, Cedar Creek, Chief Logan, Holly River, Little Beaver, North Bend, Tomlinson Run, Twin Falls, Tygart Lake and Watoga state parks; and Cabwaylingo, Coopers Rock, Greenbrier, Kanawha and Kumbrabow state forests.

Seven areas are first-come, first-served campsite occupancy only. Those campgrounds are at Audra and Moncove Lake state parks, Seneca State Forest and Berwind, Bluestone, Panther, and Plum Orchard Lake wildlife management areas.


What’s new in 2015 for state parks camping?

  •  Audra State Park has added electrical hook-ups to six of its 67 campsites.

  •  Babcock State Park now has 26 of its 52 campsites available for reservation.

  •  Cedar Creek State Park staff has completed an in-house goal of installing electrical service and water supply to all 65 campsites. Ten sites at Cedar Creek are reservable.

  •  Holly River State Park’s campground will experience extensive primary feed electrical infrastructure work in 2015. This major project began in March and may continue through mid-July.

  •  Beech Fork State Park campers have Wi-Fi access from Park Headquarters.

  •  All campsites at Pipestem Resort are reservable via an online reservation system.


For information about West Virginia State Park campgrounds, visit www.wvstateparks.com.

Karma in the Woods

The Gilmer Free Press

If mice and other small rodents know fear, they would lead lives of constant desperation. Rather than live in fear, though, I think they survive through vigilance. If they fail to concentrate on their surroundings, they simply don’t live very long.

From above, hawks and owls are constant threats. On the ground, they are on the menu of virtually every mammalian predator. Shrews, coyotes, foxes, bears, raccoons, weasels, mink, fishers, skunks and bobcats eat small rodents regularly.

Because predators pursue small mammals relentlessly, small prey counter by breeding almost year-round. Deer mice and voles, for example, breed continuously from February through late October to maintain a relatively stable population. Mice can bear as many as seven litters per year.

If I were a small rodent, I’d probably dread the threat of screech-owls most of all. They are common, eat small mammals and birds almost exclusively and hunt under the cover of darkness. And like most owls, they fly silently. The soft edges of their flight feathers allow them to approach and attack without warning. At least their victims never know what hits them.

On a moonless night, a mouse may feel safe on the forest floor searching for food, but a fatal attack can come at any moment. When mammalian predators attack, there’s often at least a brief chase and a chance to escape. But when a screech-owl attacks, death comes quickly.

Keen vision, even in low light, and incredible hearing allow an owl to locate prey even from treetop perches. It takes off and glides quickly downward toward its victim. As the owl nears its prey, it throws its feet forward, raises its wings, throws its head back and opens its toes. Each toe is armed with a icepick-like talon. Upon impact, the toes close, and the talons impale the prey. One of the talons is certain to hit a vital organ, so death is usually instantaneous. If not, a quick bite to the head finishes the job.

Presently, screech-owls are incubating clutches of four or five eggs. After 26 days, the eggs hatch in late April or early May. The owlets remain in the nest for about a month, so parent screech-owls need many more meals during the nestling period. Predator pressure on small mammals increases throughout the spring and early summer.

A screech-owl requires several tree cavities to conduct its daily business — one to eat in after making a kill, one to sleep in during the day and one for the nest. Immediately after making a kill, a screech-owl must quickly take its meal to its dining cavity. A six-ounce screech-owl preoccupied with a fresh kill on the ground would be easy prey for a bobcat, fox or coyote. So screech-owls carry fresh kills immediately to a cavity to eat in peace or feed young.

I suspect earth-bound predators would be a minor threat to a screech-owl. They would just have to happen to be in the area when the owl made its kill.

Great horned owls, however, use their powerful eyes and ears to survey the woods from high perches. Their domain reaches as far as their eyes can see. And they have no qualms about eating smaller owls. Taking a screech-owl that has just killed a mouse is like getting two meals for the price of one.

Sometimes a screech-owl’s hold on its prey may slip a bit after the kill, and it takes just a moment to get a better grip. BAM! That moment can be one moment too long.

Great horned owls kill with the same precision as their smaller cousins. Just as the screech-owl sailed in silently on the mouse, so too does the great horned owl sail in silently on the screech-owl. And just as the mouse never knew what hit it, neither does the screech-owl. Its life fades to black in an instant.

Life isn’t fair, especially in nature. What goes around, comes around. Call it karma in the woods.

~~  Dr. Shalaway - 2222 Fish Ridge Road, Cameron, WV 26033 ~~

Three Michigan Wolves Are The Last of Their Kind

ISLE ROYALE, MI—A wolf population unique to Michigan’s Isle Royale, an island in Lake Superior, is almost gone. Last time biologists checked, only three wolves remained; the youngest of which was reported to be deformed and unhealthy—the product of inbreeding.

Open wilderness, rich with prey—that’s what all hunters are looking for. Wolves, especially, need lots of space to subsist. But mammal populations also need genetic diversity to survive. Choose a location too isolated from other wolves, and too few new genes will enter the pool.

Just as predator populations hemmed in by roads and development struggle to branch out, leading ultimately to inbreeding, so too do groups that venture too far from the general population.

That seems to be the case on Isle Royale, which is actually closer to Minnesota and Canada than it is to Michigan.

In a statement put out last year by the Isle Royale National Park, officials wrote: “There is still a chance of nature replenishing the gene pool as wolves are able to move to and from the island when ice bridges form.“

The Gilmer Free Press Two of the three wolves that remain on Michigan’s Isle Royale

But one wolf has left since then, leaving just the three, researchers confirm in a new report, and visitors that came across on ice bridges from the U.S.-Canadian border this winter declined to stay.

“There is now a good chance that it is too late to conduct genetic rescue,“ John Vucetich, an associate professor of wildlife ecology at Michigan Tech, said in a press release.

Officials had considered introducing new wolves, in the hope of replenishing the population with new genetic material, but there’s no guarantee new specimens would even be interested in Isle Royale wolves.

Vucetich and his colleague, research professor Rolf Peterson, say there’s little that can be done. The writing is on the wall. What was once a population of 24 just a few years ago, is now only three.

But why do new wolves decline to repopulate the island? Vucetich has the same question: “Everyone wants to know: What does this mean?“

The researchers suggest fewer and smaller ice bridges may play a role. Development on the mainland may also hinder repopulation.

While wolves may be on their way out, moose remain abundant on the island. At last count, there were more than 1,250.

“If that was money in the bank, you’d get rich in a hurry,“ Vucetich says. “Soon we’ll be moose rich.“

But too many moose isn’t good. Overcrowding can disrupt the ecological balance on the island, drastically altering the natural vegetation. But without wolves to keep the population in check, it’s likely moose numbers will continue to rise.

NATIONAL and Local FEEDER & STOCKER CATTLE SUMMARY - WEEK ENDING 04.24.2015

The Gilmer Free Press
RECEIPTS:    Auctions     Direct    Video/Internet     Total
This Week     168,400     36,000         7,200        211,600 
Last Week     221,700     44,800        41,100        307,600 
Last Year     174,200     49,800        40,100        264,100

Compared to last week, yearling feeder cattle sold mostly 5.00-8.00 lower with instances 10.00 lower with the most declines on those weighing over 800 lbs.

Steer and heifer calves traded unevenly steady to mostly 5.00 lower, with unweaned and fleshy calves trading 10.00-15.00 lower.

In the Southeast calves sold mostly 2.00-5.00 lower with instances 10.00 lower.

Prices have leveled off the last couple of weeks with the fed cattle market struggling to hold its ground and most of the more-aggressive stocker orders having been filled.

Farmer-feeders have now fully moved into planting season mode and most will have little interest in the cattle market until they put their planters away.

Good margins do not exist for either the packer or the cattle feeder at this time.

Last Friday, live cattle and feeder cattle futures fell out of bed with aggressive selling pressure with live cattle futures down the limit, and feeder cattle contracts trading near limit losses.

The momentum and support seen early last week saw traders flee the market last Friday as all the gains for the week were wiped out.

As prices turned lower, buyers were not to be found as the market losses kept mounting and the tone of the market was set in part for this week, as futures on Monday were hit with triple digit losses.

Volatility and unpredictable attitudes continued, as on Thursday cattle futures were mostly limit higher and closed with sharp gains on Friday.

Over the last three weeks live fed prices have lost 8.00/cwt seeing significant price erosion going into May.

Packers have kept the lid on cattle slaughter which has been particularly light over the last several months as they have struggled with poor margins.

Packers have drastically cut kills, bought cattle for 3-4 weeks out, now have the leverage over the cattle feeder and will want to guard it with determination.

Feedlots have shown that with higher breakevens for feeder cattle placed on feed they are willing to keep cattle on feed longer stretching out marketing windows as steer carcass weights are at 871 lbs. for the week ending April 11th, 21 lbs. heavier than last year at this time.

Demand for meat is starting to pick up with pork and poultry being priced substantially below beef are starting to take center stage.

The latest USDA cold storage report suggests that more product is ending up in the freezer than being absorbed by the consumer.

Supplies of beef, pork and poultry were significantly higher than a year ago.

This is a result of higher production especially of pork and chicken, lower exports and higher imports of beef.

Total beef in cold storage was 479.8 million pounds ending March 31 compared to year ago totals of 405.8 million lbs.

Pork supplies in cold storage ending March 31 were 668.6 million lbs. compared to year ago totals of 575.5 million lbs.

Chicken had supplies of 751.9 million lbs. ending March 31, compared to year ago levels of 591.6 million lbs.

Friday’s afternoon Cattle on Feed Report had April 01 inventory at 100%; placements at 100% and marketing’s at 98%.

Inventory was slightly higher than expected, with placements larger than expected and marketings close to expectations.

Auction volume included 54% over 600 lbs. and 41% heifers.

AUCTION RECEIPTS:  168,400   Last Week:  221,700   Last Year:  174,200

Buckhannon Livestock, Buckhannon, WV
Weighted Average Report for Wednesday April 22, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  92 

Slaughter cows made up 36% of the offering, slaughter bulls 2%,
replacement cows 1%, and feeders 61%.

The feeder supply included 14% steers, 45% heifers, and 41% bulls.

Near 14% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    420-435    428       250.00         250.00
    1    485-485    485       245.00         245.00
    1    515-515    515       219.00         219.00
    4    665-665    665       207.00         207.00   RED

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    355-355    355       250.00         250.00
    3    407-407    407       245.00         245.00
   10    458-480    468    200.00-250.00     229.83
    3    532-532    532       227.50         227.50
    3    578-595    584    200.00-212.50     204.25
    2    602-602    602       215.00         215.00
    2    675-675    675       197.50         197.50

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    375-375    375       270.00         270.00
   10    467-492    480    247.50-260.00     253.59
   11    511-540    527    222.50-237.00     232.39

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    950-950    950   999.00-1300.00    1300.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                Breaker 70-80% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1   1275-1275  1275        94.00          94.00
    1   1440-1440  1440       115.00         115.00
                               Boner 80-85% Lean
    1    850-850    850       117.50         117.50
    8   1000-1360  1180    104.00-112.00     107.90
    2   1055-1225  1140    120.00-124.50     122.42   High Dressing
   10    965-1315  1161     91.00-99.00       95.24   Low Dressing
    4   1420-1490  1445    106.00-111.50     108.38
    1   1465-1465  1465       116.50         116.50   High Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    5   1140-1355  1282    113.00-117.50     115.66

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    965-965    965       115.00         115.00   Low Dressing
    1   1890-1890  1890       128.50         128.50

Baby Calves			Beef
Head	Age Range		Price Range
1	Newborn to 4 Weeks	360

Cow/ Calf Pairs				M&L1
Head Age Range				Price Range
 1	Over 8 w/calf under 250		1875

Slaughter Lambs
Head	Wt Range	Price Range
 1	100		165

South Branch Livestock, Moorefield, WV
Weighted Average Report for Wednesday April 22, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  170 

Slaughter cows made up 56% of the offering, slaughter bulls 3%,
other cows 8%, and feeders 33%.

The feeder supply included 23% steers, 48% heifers, and 30% bulls.

Near 20% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    395-395    395       291.00         291.00
    1    450-450    450       254.00         254.00
    1    675-675    675       195.00         195.00
                             Small 1
    1    605-605    605       175.00         175.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    260-260    260       296.00         296.00
    3    340-348    345       265.00         265.00
    1    490-490    490       275.00         275.00

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    390-390    390       221.00         221.00
    3    440-445    443    220.00-225.00     223.35
    5    455-490    472    205.00-220.00     208.93
    1    610-610    610       215.00         215.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    3    260-278    272    254.00-260.00     258.09
    5    397-397    397       225.00         225.00
    1    415-415    415       217.00         217.00

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    380-380    380       295.50         295.50
    2    515-535    525    205.00-225.00     214.81
    2    610-640    625    205.00-220.00     212.68
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    250-275    263    277.50-297.50     287.98
    2    368-368    368       230.00         230.00
    2    625-630    628    180.00-184.00     181.99
    1    755-755    755       165.00         165.00

Slaughter Cows                Breaker 70-80% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    5   1270-1375  1305     86.00-95.00       90.36
    4   1210-1375  1301    103.00-111.00     108.52   High Dressing
    7   1420-1715  1541     89.00-99.00       94.96
    9   1400-1760  1563    100.00-111.00     102.93   High Dressing
                               Boner 80-85% Lean
   10    985-1370  1252     86.00-95.00       90.65
    5   1210-1295  1253     97.00-111.00     104.96   High Dressing
    1   1225-1225  1225        78.00          78.00   Low Dressing
    2   1460-1525  1493     88.00-92.00       89.96
    1   1610-1610  1610        77.00          77.00   Low Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
   11   1010-1355  1132     82.00-92.00       86.23
    5    900-1290  1055     94.00-107.00     102.03   High Dressing
    7    965-1315  1136     69.00-80.00       74.97   Low Dressing

Heiferettes                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    855-875    865    118.00-120.00     118.99   
    8    905-1135  1000    113.00-134.00     125.75   

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1   1750-1750  1750       127.50         127.50
    2   1910-2030  1970    131.00-143.00     137.18   High Dressing

Slaughter Barrows &Gilts
 Head	Wt Range	Price Range
    6   250-300		35.00-43.00
    6   300-350		35.00-43.00

Weston Livestock Marketing, Weston, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday April 18, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  641 

Slaughter cows made up 13% of the offering, slaughter bulls 4%,
replacement cows 2%, other cows 2%, and feeders 80%.

The feeder supply included 40% steers, 39% heifers, and 20% bulls.

Near 31% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    3    295-295    295    320.00-340.00     326.67
    1    300-300    300       260.00         260.00   Calves
    2    398-398    398       285.00         285.00
    2    360-360    360    252.50-255.00     253.75   Calves
    2    433-433    433       271.00         271.00
    1    425-425    425       250.00         250.00   RWF
    2    410-445    428    240.00-252.50     245.99   Calves
    3    455-455    455       270.00         270.00
    1    460-460    460       250.00         250.00   Calves
   11    540-540    540       268.00         268.00
    4    505-525    512    222.50-252.50     231.43   Calves
   20    553-555    555    272.50-274.00     273.78
    6    588-588    588       252.50         252.50   Calves
    5    615-629    626    242.50-250.00     243.97
    1    620-620    620       210.00         210.00   Smoke
    3    615-635    622    227.50-230.00     229.15   Calves
    9    653-697    668    236.00-248.00     243.82
    1    670-670    670       200.00         200.00   Red
    1    680-680    680       207.50         207.50   Smoke
    9    716-720    717    226.50-230.00     227.67
    6    754-754    754       220.50         220.50
    2    895-895    895       175.00         175.00
    1    925-925    925       175.00         175.00   Red
                             Small 1
    1    300-300    300       250.00         250.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    265-265    265       275.00         275.00
    3    300-320    313    275.00-282.50     279.15
    9    360-390    375    265.00-277.50     272.22
    1    385-385    385       220.00         220.00   Exotic
    7    405-445    430    255.00-267.50     263.29
    1    430-430    430       250.00         250.00   Red
    6    460-495    480    245.00-255.00     250.03
    3    528-545    534    247.50-250.00     249.15
    5    555-590    576    255.00-259.00     256.54
    3    550-550    550       257.50         257.50   Red
    2    573-573    573       242.50         242.50   RWF
    2    603-603    603       240.00         240.00
    1    655-655    655       224.00         224.00
                             Holstein Medium and Large 3
    1    615-615    615       147.50         147.50

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4    250-295    283    250.00-260.00     255.67
    1    305-305    305       255.00         255.00
    6    350-398    390    250.00-255.00     250.75
    5    405-445    434    247.50-255.00     249.00
    1    445-445    445       220.00         220.00   Red
    3    422-422    422       237.00         237.00   Calves
    2    455-480    468       237.50         237.50
    2    490-495    493    215.00-217.50     216.24   RWF
    1    475-475    475       220.00         220.00   Calves
    2    520-535    528    215.00-220.00     217.46
    1    510-510    510       235.00         235.00   Smoke
    2    525-525    525       205.00         205.00   Calves
    3    573-573    573       230.00         230.00
    1    575-575    575       190.00         190.00   Calves
   13    605-646    632    200.00-210.00     208.37
    1    615-615    615       182.50         182.50   Calves
    4    660-695    674    185.00-197.50     188.06
    3    702-702    702       190.00         190.00
    1    890-890    890       162.50         162.50   Smoke
                             Small 1
    1    425-425    425       210.00         210.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    2    250-290    270    225.00-245.00     234.26
    1    265-265    265       225.00         225.00   Smoke
    4    305-340    319    225.00-235.00     229.86
    2    338-338    338       230.00         230.00   RWF
    1    315-315    315       247.50         247.50   Smoke
    6    350-375    363    245.00-255.00     249.59
   16    403-437    418    235.00-250.00     243.65
    1    400-400    400       185.00         185.00   RWF
   11    450-495    479    223.00-238.00     232.88
    1    485-485    485       195.00         195.00   RWF
    2    500-545    523    215.00-225.00     219.78
   13    555-595    577    202.50-217.00     207.32
    1    580-580    580       205.00         205.00   Red
    2    570-575    573    193.00-195.00     194.00   RWF
    4    608-618    613    190.00-200.00     195.04
    4    600-628    621    193.00-212.00     197.59   Red
    3    600-608    605    190.00-202.50     194.13   RWF
    3    635-643    640    199.00-200.00     199.33   Smoke
    4    652-655    653    190.00-203.00     193.26
    1    790-790    790       157.50         157.50

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    295-295    295       335.00         335.00
    1    360-360    360       250.00         250.00   Smoke
    2    408-408    408       230.00         230.00   Calves
    7    450-495    478    240.00-250.00     243.57
    1    485-485    485       200.00         200.00   RWF
    1    475-475    475       205.00         205.00   Calves
    4    500-538    528    237.50-245.00     239.91
    1    520-520    520       225.00         225.00   RWF
    1    520-520    520       221.00         221.00   Calves
   10    562-562    562       235.00         235.00
    1    560-560    560       220.00         220.00   Smoke
    1    575-575    575       210.00         210.00   Calves
   13    600-640    616    205.00-220.00     216.97
    1    660-660    660       212.50         212.50   Smoke
    1    715-715    715       210.00         210.00
    1    850-850    850       160.00         160.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    280-280    280       242.50         242.50   Smoke
    4    360-395    373    235.00-255.00     245.13
    3    400-418    412    242.50-250.00     244.93
    1    440-440    440       219.00         219.00   Smoke
    3    463-475    467    225.00-237.50     233.26
    1    525-525    525       244.00         244.00
    2    560-560    560       230.00         230.00   Red
    1    600-600    600       200.00         200.00   Red
    2    660-670    665    205.00-217.50     211.30
    3    710-740    727    185.00-195.00     189.95
    1    775-775    775       177.50         177.50   Red
    1    830-830    830       175.00         175.00
    1    805-805    805       162.50         162.50   Smoke

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    885-885    885   999.00-1400.00    1400.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1305-1305  1305   999.00-1525.00    1525.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1    835-835    835   999.00-1450.00    1450.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    1   1155-1155  1155   999.00-1350.00    1350.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1405-1405  1405   999.00-1525.00    1525.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1335-1335  1335   999.00-1375.00    1375.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Aged
    1   1225-1225  1225   999.00-1250.00    1250.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                Breaker 70-80% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2   1285-1315  1300     95.00-96.00       95.49
    1   1355-1355  1355       120.00         120.00   High Dressing
    2   1490-1530  1510     98.00-100.00      98.99
                               Boner 80-85% Lean
   12    995-1370  1219     98.00-109.00     103.86
    6   1035-1380  1231    110.00-119.00     114.75   High Dressing
    6    950-1305  1130     90.00-95.00       92.43   Low Dressing
    3   1465-1555  1523    100.00-108.00     103.93
    1   1435-1435  1435       111.00         111.00   High Dressing
    1   1410-1410  1410        90.00          90.00   Low Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    8    980-1305  1134     98.00-109.00     103.41
    8    950-1315  1123    111.00-133.00     116.27   High Dressing
    6    900-1320  1125     82.00-95.00       90.87   Low Dressing
    1   1625-1625  1625        96.00          96.00   Low Dressing

Other Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    4    820-870    848    120.00-157.50     134.49   
    2    915-915    915    130.00-151.00     140.50   
    1   1210-1210  1210       118.00         118.00   

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2   1035-1170  1103    121.00-123.00     122.06
    3   1335-1440  1370    130.00-131.00     130.32   High Dressing
    2   1105-1250  1178    116.00-119.00     117.59   Low Dressing
    5   1540-2255  1863    125.00-128.00     126.73
    2   1545-1815  1680    135.00-139.75     137.18   High Dressing
    3   1595-1980  1738    110.00-118.00     114.33   Low Dressing

SPECIAL SALE, RIPLEY, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday April 18, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  643 

Replacement cows made up 8% of the offering,
other cows 2%, and feeders 80%.

The feeder supply included 39% steers, 40% heifers, and 21% bulls.

Feeder Steers                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    230-230    230       310.00         310.00
    3    285-295    288    325.00-330.00     328.29
    6    305-345    328    227.50-320.00     282.94
   18    355-395    372    257.50-325.00     298.54
   10    363-395    369    260.00-317.00     304.81   SMOKE
   33    400-445    422    257.50-315.00     292.05
    2    435-445    440    227.50-230.00     228.76   RED
    2    437-437    437       215.00         215.00   RWF
   27    450-495    482    262.50-315.00     275.57
    1    455-455    455       245.00         245.00   RED
    1    495-495    495       265.00         265.00   SMOKE
   16    500-545    526    200.00-285.00     250.26
    2    500-535    518    260.00-272.50     266.04   RED
   12    550-599    560    239.00-263.00     257.17
    3    555-555    555       252.50         252.50   SMOKE
   12    620-640    632    210.00-268.00     249.76
   11    655-695    688    201.00-248.00     222.16
    1    680-680    680       222.50         222.50   RWF
    3    658-658    658       231.00         231.00   SMOKE
    9    710-740    721    171.00-245.00     225.47
    1    785-785    785       175.00         175.00   RWF
                             Small 1 - 2
    1    430-430    430       200.00         200.00
    1    485-485    485       185.00         185.00
    1    575-575    575       185.00         185.00
    1    645-645    645       240.00         240.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    405-405    405       230.00         230.00
    2    460-475    468    250.00-275.00     262.30
    2    530-530    530       247.50         247.50
    1    540-540    540       247.50         247.50   RED
    1    535-535    535       247.50         247.50   SMOKE
    2    570-585    578    235.00-245.00     239.94
    3    610-640    620    187.50-220.00     208.31
    3    726-726    726       185.00         185.00
                             Medium and Large 3
    1    480-480    480       190.00         190.00   SMOKE
    1    520-520    520       200.00         200.00
    1    825-825    825       137.00         137.00
                             Holstein Large 2
    4    505-535    521    142.50-146.00     145.02
    1    605-605    605       150.00         150.00

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    240-240    240       265.00         265.00
    2    255-275    265    230.00-280.00     254.06
    1    295-295    295       190.00         190.00   RWF
   12    301-345    317    237.50-270.00     256.57
   35    359-396    375    231.00-268.00     251.80
    1    385-385    385       233.00         233.00   RED
    6    373-385    375    245.00-260.00     257.43   SMOKE
   27    407-442    419    232.50-271.00     254.54
    2    415-415    415       195.00         195.00   RWF
   10    400-433    411    220.00-245.00     237.64   SMOKE
   20    455-497    473    180.00-277.00     259.19
    1    460-460    460       240.00         240.00   RWF
    3    480-480    480       228.00         228.00   Fleshy
    4    525-530    529    211.00-242.50     218.82
    1    520-520    520       241.00         241.00   RED
    3    526-526    526       192.50         192.50   RWF
    5    505-547    530    182.50-210.00     189.60   Fleshy
   14    551-595    566    219.00-235.00     231.64
    1    575-575    575       220.00         220.00   RED
    1    585-585    585       220.00         220.00   SMOKE
    5    560-590    578    189.00-217.00     206.15   Fleshy
    2    600-625    613    206.00-222.50     214.42
    1    625-625    625       214.00         214.00   RED
    3    665-675    668    175.00-188.00     183.69
    2    655-695    675    175.00-201.00     187.61   RWF
    3    700-725    712    172.50-180.00     176.69
    4    700-725    706    171.00-215.00     189.35   RED
    1    700-700    700       170.00         170.00   RWF
    2    850-895    873    195.00-198.00     196.46
                             Small 1 - 2
    1    610-610    610       159.00         159.00   SMOKE
    1    835-835    835       157.50         157.50
                             Medium and Large 2
    1    205-205    205       290.00         290.00
    1    255-255    255       217.50         217.50
    4    305-335    321    215.00-240.00     229.53
    3    350-385    372    215.00-243.00     226.27
    2    435-445    440    210.00-247.50     228.54
    1    420-420    420       169.00         169.00   RED
    3    480-495    490    195.00-235.00     219.08
    4    542-542    542       231.00         231.00
    1    530-530    530       167.50         167.50   RWF
    1    560-560    560       205.00         205.00
                             Medium and Large 3
    1    290-290    290       175.00         175.00
    1    285-285    285       150.00         150.00   RED
    1    315-315    315       205.00         205.00
    2    337-337    337       182.50         182.50   RED
    1    395-395    395       215.00         215.00
    1    375-375    375       177.50         177.50   RED
    3    510-535    522    172.50-190.00     180.69
    1    515-515    515       157.50         157.50   RWF

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 1 - 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2    247-247    247       257.00         257.00   SMOKE
    2    270-280    275    305.00-310.00     307.55
    4    340-340    340    252.50-300.00     273.13
    9    375-395    391    247.00-300.00     281.96
    1    395-395    395       235.00         235.00   SMOKE
   11    400-443    427    245.00-307.50     267.49
    1    420-420    420       307.50         307.50   SMOKE
    6    455-495    480    245.00-262.50     249.43
    1    470-470    470       211.00         211.00   RED
    1    455-455    455       245.00         245.00   SMOKE
   21    510-540    528    215.00-267.50     245.74
    1    500-500    500       228.00         228.00   RED
    1    525-525    525       225.00         225.00   SMOKE
   13    555-585    570    177.50-252.50     239.90
    2    570-570    570       187.50         187.50   RWF
    6    605-640    623    190.00-225.00     204.11
    3    600-640    618    180.00-200.00     191.75   SMOKE
   12    650-695    665    180.00-235.00     200.61
    1    735-735    735       170.00         170.00
    1    720-720    720       180.00         180.00   SMOKE
    3    755-790    767    185.00-192.50     189.18
    2    815-825    820    140.00-185.00     162.36
    1    880-880    880       144.00         144.00
    2    935-945    940    147.50-155.00     151.27
    1   1100-1100  1100       135.00         135.00
                             Medium and Large 3
    1    405-405    405       152.00         152.00

Bred Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1   1165-1165  1165   999.00-1550.00    1550.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    2   1045-1150  1098   999.00-1950.00    1759.57   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    2    790-865    828   999.00-1750.00    1654.53   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
    7    900-1015   954   999.00-2150.00    1752.47   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    2   1060-1110  1085   999.00-1500.00    1423.27   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1   1235-1235  1235   999.00-1575.00    1575.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    1    850-850    850   999.00-1300.00    1300.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    5   1025-1185  1104   999.00-2250.00    1863.84   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    5   1210-1375  1301   999.00-2100.00    1711.81   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    1   1650-1650  1650   999.00-1825.00    1825.00   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    3    950-1090  1023   999.00-1700.00    1470.44   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
    1   1520-1520  1520   999.00-1875.00    1875.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Aged
    1    955-955    955       900.00         900.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred
    2    745-810    778   625.00-1075.00     859.41   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    2   1135-1140  1138   999.00-1135.00    1129.99   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    2   1250-1285  1268   999.00-1550.00    1410.60   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
    5   1035-1190  1128   999.00-1450.00    1259.40   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
    3   1230-1475  1337   999.00-1750.00    1559.41   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
    1   1520-1520  1520   999.00-1875.00    1875.00   Per Head  7-9 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 2 Young
    3    910-1050   975   965.00-1300.00    1096.15   Per Head  4-6 Months Bred
                            Medium and Large 2 Middle Aged
    1   1145-1145  1145   999.00-1160.00    1160.00   Per Head  1-3 Months Bred

Slaughter Cows                Breaker 70-80% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1   1255-1255  1255       102.00         102.00
    2   1425-1590  1508     95.00-101.00      98.16
    1   1615-1615  1615       110.00         110.00   High Dressing
                               Boner 80-85% Lean
    8    965-1395  1144     95.50-108.50     101.34
   24    955-1390  1149    104.00-115.00     108.57   High Dressing
    2    980-1120  1050        95.00          95.00   Low Dressing
    2   1630-1630  1630    103.50-116.00     109.75   High Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    2    700-775    738     93.00-96.00       94.58
    1   1150-1150  1150        91.00          91.00
    4   1025-1120  1054    108.00-114.00     110.79   High Dressing
    3   1035-1125  1085     74.50-92.00       85.48   Low Dressing

Other Cows                  Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    7    700-895    804    120.00-152.50     136.29   Per Head
    4    940-1120  1039    115.00-143.00     134.97   Per Head
                            Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged
    1   1045-1045  1045       117.00         117.00   Per Head

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    6   1500-2315  1893    117.00-126.00     121.34
    7   1585-2345  1954    128.00-144.00     134.46   High Dressing

South Branch Valley , Moorefield, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday April 18, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  1374 
          
Feeders made up 100% of the offering. 
 
The feeder supply included 52% steers, and 48% heifers. 

Near 51% of the run weighed over 600 lbs.

Feeder Steers                Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    535-535    535       222.00         222.00
    1    945-945    945       159.00         159.00
                             Medium and Large 1
    4    335-335    335       331.00         331.00
   15    423-423    423       312.00         312.00
   41    489-499    497    289.50-292.50     290.22
    2    473-473    473       280.00         280.00   Smoke
    1    500-500    500       280.00         280.00
   62    562-567    564    260.00-274.00     265.19
    3    572-572    572       239.00         239.00   Smoke
    2    573-573    573       259.00         259.00   RED
   35    644-646    645       236.00         236.00
    1    625-625    625       184.00         184.00   RED
   53    654-654    654    255.00-260.50     257.59
    1    650-650    650       195.00         195.00   RED
   33    745-745    745       220.00         220.00
   16    757-757    757       220.00         220.00
    2    835-835    835       197.00         197.00
   25    852-852    852       193.50         193.50
   14    940-940    940       187.50         187.50
    2   1015-1030  1023    159.00-169.00     164.04
    1   1300-1300  1300       139.00         139.00
                             Small 1
    1    480-480    480       221.00         221.00
    1    710-710    710       200.00         200.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    5    364-364    364       310.00         310.00
   25    419-419    419       318.00         318.00
    1    415-415    415       275.00         275.00   RED
   24    496-496    496       291.50         291.50
    1    475-475    475       243.00         243.00   RED
   29    566-566    566       270.00         270.00
    1    550-550    550       210.00         210.00   Smoke
   23    645-645    645       245.50         245.50
    1    605-605    605       224.00         224.00   Exotic
    1    655-655    655       224.00         224.00
   22    753-753    753       224.00         224.00
    1    750-750    750       196.00         196.00   Smoke
    4    823-823    823       193.00         193.00
    1    870-870    870       186.00         186.00

Feeder Heifers                Large 1
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    530-530    530       203.00         203.00
    1    640-640    640       161.00         161.00
                             Medium and Large 1
    4    363-363    363       260.00         260.00
   20    423-423    423       240.00         240.00
    1    420-420    420       227.00         227.00   RED
   40    498-498    498       249.50         249.50
    2    493-493    493       219.00         219.00   Smoke
   35    567-567    567       230.00         230.00
    1    570-570    570       212.00         212.00   RED
   88    656-675    659    206.00-209.50     209.42
   48    750-750    750       193.50         193.50
   12    842-842    842       188.00         188.00
    2    910-910    910       171.00         171.00
    1    950-950    950       157.00         157.00   RWF
                             Small 1
    1    405-405    405       252.00         252.00
    1    635-635    635       180.00         180.00
    2    720-720    720       141.00         141.00
                             Medium and Large 2
    5    340-340    340       259.00         259.00
   18    418-418    418       248.00         248.00
    1    420-420    420       231.00         231.00   RED
   39    489-489    489       231.00         231.00
   37    567-567    567       226.00         226.00
    1    570-570    570       213.00         213.00   Smoke
    1    550-550    550       213.00         213.00   RED
    1    605-605    605       181.00         181.00   RED
   36    650-650    650       218.50         218.50
    1    663-663    663       181.00         181.00   Smoke
   14    726-726    726       195.00         195.00
    3    835-835    835       170.00         170.00

Pocahontas Producers Cooperative, Marlinton, WV
Weighted Average Report for Saturday April 18, 2015

Cattle Receipts:  24 

Slaughter cows made up 83% of the offering,
slaughter bulls 8%, and feeders 8%.

The feeder supply included 50% heifers, and 50% bulls.

Feeder Heifers                Medium and Large 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    270-270    270       196.00         196.00

Feeder Bulls                Medium and Large 2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    1    465-465    465       221.00         221.00

Slaughter Cows                 Boner 80-85% Lean
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    7   1140-1320  1191    100.50-107.50     103.80
    3   1250-1260  1257    109.00-109.50     109.17   High Dressing
    1   1310-1310  1310        91.00          91.00   Low Dressing
    2   1415-1490  1453    102.00-103.00     102.51
    2   1470-1520  1495    108.50-110.50     109.48   High Dressing
    1   1510-1510  1510        96.50          96.50   Low Dressing
                                Lean 85-90% Lean
    2   1080-1180  1130     80.00-90.00       85.22
    2    970-975    973     94.50-102.00      98.26   High Dressing

Slaughter Bulls                Yield Grade 1-2
 Head   Wt Range   Avg Wt    Price Range   Avg Price
    2   1630-2445  2038    113.00-127.50     118.80


 Slaughter lambs
  3 - 105lbs     193.00
  4 -  88lbs     209.00

 Slaughter ewes
   fleshy  1-  64.00
    thin   4-  69.00

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